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See detailConstraining Outgassing Activity in the Main-Belt Comet 176P/LINEAR with Herschel
de Val-Borro, M.; Hartogh, P.; Biver, N. et al

in Asteroids, Comets, Meteors 2012, Proceedings of the conference (2012, May 01)

176P/LINEAR was observed with the Heterodyne Instrument for the Far Infrared (HIFI) on-board Herschel. The line emission from the fundamental transition of water at 557 GHz was searched for and an upper ... [more ▼]

176P/LINEAR was observed with the Heterodyne Instrument for the Far Infrared (HIFI) on-board Herschel. The line emission from the fundamental transition of water at 557 GHz was searched for and an upper limit on its production was inferred. [less ▲]

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See detailConstraining statistical-model parameters using fusion and spallation reactions
Mancusi, D.; Charity, R. J.; Cugnon, Joseph ULg

in European Physics Journal: Web of conferences (2011)

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See detailConstraining the fundamental parameters of the O-type binary CPD-41 7733
Sana, H.; Rauw, Grégor ULg; Gosset, Eric ULg

in Astrophysical Journal (2007), 659(2, Part 1), 1582-1591

Using a set of high-resolution spectra, we studied the physical and orbital properties of the O-type binary CPD -41 7733, located in the core of NGC 6231. We report the unambiguous detection of a ... [more ▼]

Using a set of high-resolution spectra, we studied the physical and orbital properties of the O-type binary CPD -41 7733, located in the core of NGC 6231. We report the unambiguous detection of a secondary spectral signature and we derive the first SB2 orbital solution of the system. The period is 5.6815 + 0.0015 days, and the orbit has no significant eccentricity. CPD -41 7733 probably consists of stars of spectral types O8.5 and B3. As for other objects in the cluster, we observe discrepant luminosity classifications while using spectroscopic or brightness criteria. Still, the present analysis suggests that both components display physical parameters close to those of typical O8.5 and B3 dwarfs. We also analyze the X-ray light curves and spectra obtained during six 30 ks XMM-Newton pointings spread over the 5.7 day period. We find no significant variability between the different pointings, nor within the individual observations. The CPD - 41 7733 X- ray spectrum is well reproduced by a three-temperature thermal mekal model with temperatures of 0.3, 0.8, and 2.4 keV. No X-ray overluminosity, resulting, e. g., from a possible wind interaction, is observed. The emission of CPD -41 7733 is thus very representative of typical O-type star X- ray emission. [less ▲]

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See detailConstraint Based Learning of Mixtures of Trees
Schnitzler, François ULg; Wehenkel, Louis ULg

Conference (2009)

Mixtures of trees can be used to model any multivariate distributions. In this work the possibility to learn these models from data by causal learning is explored. The algorithm developed aims at ... [more ▼]

Mixtures of trees can be used to model any multivariate distributions. In this work the possibility to learn these models from data by causal learning is explored. The algorithm developed aims at approximating all first order relationships between pairs of variables by a mixture of a given size. This approach is evaluated based on synthetic data, and seems promising. [less ▲]

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See detailConstraint-Generating Dependencies
Baudinet, Marianne; Chomicki, Jan; Wolper, Pierre ULg

in Proceedings 5th International Conference on Database Theory (ICDT) (1995)

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See detailConstraint-generating dependencies
Baudinet, Marianne; Chomicki, Jan; Wolper, Pierre ULg

in Journal of Computer & System Sciences (1999), 59(1), 94-115

Traditionally, dependency theory has been developed for uninterpreted data. Specifically, the only assumption that is made about the data domains is that data values can be compared for equality. However ... [more ▼]

Traditionally, dependency theory has been developed for uninterpreted data. Specifically, the only assumption that is made about the data domains is that data values can be compared for equality. However, data is often interpreted and there can be advantages in considering data as such, for instance, obtaining more compact representations as is done in constraint databases. This paper considers dependency theory in the context of interpreted data. Specifically, it studies constraint-generating dependencies. These are a generalization of equality-generating dependencies where equality requirements are replaced by constraints on an interpreted domain. The main technical results in the paper are a general decision procedure for the implication and consistency problems for constraint-generating dependencies and complexity results for specific classes of such dependencies over given domains. The decision procedure proceeds by reducing the dependency problem to a decision problem for the constraint theory of interest and is applicable as soon as the underlying constraint theory is decidable. The complexity results are, in some cases, directly lifted from the constraint theory; in other cases, optimal complexity bounds are obtained by taking into account the specific form of the constraint decision problem obtained by reducing the dependency implication problem. (C) 1999 Academic Press. [less ▲]

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See detailConstraints analysis of family agriculture in Kirundo Province Northern of Burundi
Minani, Bonaventure ULg; Rurema, Déo-Guide; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Agriculture; University of Belgrade, Faculty of Agriculture; Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Bari (IAMB) (Eds.) IV International Symposium "Agrosym 2013" : Proceedings (2013)

In Burundi, family agriculture occupies more than 90% of the active population. That sector accounts more than 50% of GDP. Before the civil war of 1993, Kirundo province was deemed "breadbasket of the ... [more ▼]

In Burundi, family agriculture occupies more than 90% of the active population. That sector accounts more than 50% of GDP. Before the civil war of 1993, Kirundo province was deemed "breadbasket of the country" because the family farming was market-oriented. Today, this region is the first province in Burundi who accuses a high rate of householders who live in food insecurity. In order to conduct this study, 355 randomly selected farmers were surveyed in all municipalities of the province. This preliminary study revealed that the farmers had as major constraints: the small and land conflicts. The study case had identified 73 farmers among them who had not farmland and/ or land conflicts as constraints of agricultural productivity. Two groups emerged: 42 farmers who were not able to fully exploit their land and another group of 32 farmers with a high agricultural productivity. Results from this study show that the major problems in the first group were: lack of applying soil protection techniques, illiteracy, lack of credit which leads farmers to contract moneylenders, lack of improved seed, etc. Moreover, the main strategy used by the second group to boost their income is the practice of non-agricultural activities which influences whole production system. [less ▲]

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See detailConstraints experienced by physical education teachers with overweight and obese students
Cloes, Marc ULg; Feron, Isaline; LEBRETHON, Marie-Christine ULg

Conference (2014, February 10)

Despite ‘antifat’ attitude of some PE teachers (Greenleaf & Weiller, 2005) and the PE public relations problem in regard to how obese students are treated (Irwin et al., 2003), it seems evident that this ... [more ▼]

Despite ‘antifat’ attitude of some PE teachers (Greenleaf & Weiller, 2005) and the PE public relations problem in regard to how obese students are treated (Irwin et al., 2003), it seems evident that this school subject represents a key element in the involvement of the education sector in the fight against the worldwide escalating global epidemic of obesity (Tappe & Burgeson, 2004). In fact, PE teachers consider that they lack of specific knowledge to implement instructional strategies dealing with overweight and obese students (Cloes & Ziant, 2009). Some authors proposed models to illustrate constraints that PE teachers encounter in their classes with obese students and their potential solutions (Cloes et al., 2013; Rukavina et al., 2010). On the other hand, data are missing when identifying those that are considered as their main concerns and the ways that they would prefer to receive some support regarding this specific topic. This study is focused on these two aspects. Five hundred thirteen PE teachers fulfilled an online questionnaire (Lickert scales) in which they had to determine (1) the perceived importance of 20 problems proposed by PE teachers and validated by 8 experts; (2) their relative interest toward the reception of support aiming to deal with those problems; (3) their preference for receiving information about the potential instructional strategies. Based on the answers, the top 3 problems are: (1) Students’ lack of awareness about the risks of overweight and obesity; (2) Constraints associated with the motor/physical disabling; (3) Parents’ lack of awareness about physical activity impact on health. Internet (3.49±.6/4), continuing professional development activities (3.29±.8/4), and educational info capsules (3.07±.8/4) were identified as the main resources that PE teachers would use preferentially. This study provides useful information for PE teachers’ educators who should develop now material to be shared with the practitioners. [less ▲]

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See detailConstraints Imposed on International Nuclear Trade by Nuclear Export Control Regimes
Michel, Quentin ULg

Scientific conference (2009, November)

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See detailConstraints on concordance measures in bivariate discrete data
Denuit, Michel; Lambert, Philippe ULg

in Journal of Multivariate Analysis (2005), 93

This paper aims to investigate the constraints on dependence measures based on the concept of concordance when discrete random variables are involved. The main technical argument consists in a continuous ... [more ▼]

This paper aims to investigate the constraints on dependence measures based on the concept of concordance when discrete random variables are involved. The main technical argument consists in a continuous extension of integer-valued random variables by convolution with unit support kernels [less ▲]

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See detailConstraints on Seismic Models of Balloon 090100001 through High-Sensitivity Multicolour Photometry
Charpinet, Stéphane; Fontaine, Gilles; Brassard, Pierre et al

in Leaflet - Astronomical Society of the Pacific (2008, January), 392

We report on an analysis of high S/N ratio UBV multicolour photometry of the bright pulsating sdB star Balloon 090100001 gathered at the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope with the help of the Montreal 3 ... [more ▼]

We report on an analysis of high S/N ratio UBV multicolour photometry of the bright pulsating sdB star Balloon 090100001 gathered at the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope with the help of the Montreal 3-channel photometer LAPOUNE. Through an application of the color-amplitude method described in Randall et al. (2005), we were able to identify the degree index ℓ of several individual pulsation modes. These identifications provide extremely useful constraints on possible seismic models for Balloon 090100001. [less ▲]

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See detailConstraints on the Parental Melts of Enriched Shergottites from Image Analysis and High Pressure Experiments
Collinet, Max ULg; Medard, Etienne; Devouard, Bertrand et al

Poster (2012, March 20)

Martian basalts can be classified in at least two geochemically different families: enriched and depleted shergottites. Enriched shergottites are characterized by higher incompatible element ... [more ▼]

Martian basalts can be classified in at least two geochemically different families: enriched and depleted shergottites. Enriched shergottites are characterized by higher incompatible element concentrations and initial 87Sr/86Sr and lower initial 143Nd/144Nd and 176Hf/177Hf than depleted shergottites. It is now generally admitted that shergottites result from the melting of at least two distinct mantle reservoirs. Some of the olivine-phyric shergottites (either depleted or enriched), the most magnesian Martian basalts, could represent primitive melts, which are of considerable interest to constrain mantle sources. Two depleted olivine-phyric shergottites, Yamato 980459 and Nothwest Africa (NWA) 5789, are in equilibrium with their most magnesian olivine and their bulk rock compositions are inferred to represent primitive melts. Larkman Nunatak 06319 and NWA 1068, the most magnesian enriched basalts, have bulk Mg# that are too high to be in equilibrium with their olivine megacryst cores. Parental melt compositions have been estimated by subtracting the most magnesian olivine from the bulk rock composition, assuming that olivine megacrysts have partially accumulated. However, because this technique does not account for the actual petrography of these meteorites, we used image analysis to study these rocks history, reconstruct their parent magma and understand the nature of oli-vine megacrysts. Our image analysis results are supported by a series of high-pressure experiments performed on LAR 06319 bulk rock composition to test if it could represent a primitive melt, and understand its crystallization history. [less ▲]

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See detailConstraints on the standard model and two Higgs models from $B$ and $K$ physics
Cocolicchio, Decio; Cudell, Jean-René ULg

in Physics Letters B (1990), B245

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See detailConstraints on the summer-to-winter transport from SPICAM/MEX nitric oxide observations
Stiepen, Arnaud ULg; Gérard, Jean-Claude ULg; Gagné, M.-E. et al

Conference (2014, July 01)

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See detailLa construcción del territorio plurinacional. Bolivia 1950-2010
Cabrera Quispe, Juan Edson ULg

in Territorios : Revista de Estudios Regionales y Urbanos (2011), XXIV(2011), 13-58

As a result of a set of public policies and of the emergence of various social movements as of 1952 and especially in the years 1994 to 2006, Bolivia has known one of the most important processes of ... [more ▼]

As a result of a set of public policies and of the emergence of various social movements as of 1952 and especially in the years 1994 to 2006, Bolivia has known one of the most important processes of territorial restructuring and re organization of all its state structures. This article tackles the specific characteristics of the major transformations of the country in a period of more than 50 years; a period that led to the rise of what is now called the “Plurinational State of Bolivia”. This is done by analyzing the most important effects of certain public policies implemented between 1950 and 2010. [less ▲]

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See detailConstructing a fuzzy Shewhart control chart for variables when uncertainty and randomness are combined
Faraz, Alireza ULg; Kazemzadeh, R. B.; Moghadam, M. B. et al

in Quality & Quantity (2010), 44(5), 905-914

In this paper we introduce a fuzzy chart for variables which is used in situations when uncertainty and randomness are combined. It is showed that the Shewhart chart’s control limits must be adjusted in ... [more ▼]

In this paper we introduce a fuzzy chart for variables which is used in situations when uncertainty and randomness are combined. It is showed that the Shewhart chart’s control limits must be adjusted in these situations. However, this chart is based on a fuzzy acceptance region and this method arises when a decision should be made by referring to the grade of a sample statistic belonging to the fuzzy acceptance region. [less ▲]

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See detailConstructing approximatively diabatic states from LCAO-SCF-CI calculations
Desouter-Lecomte, Michèle ULg; Dehareng, Dominique ULg; Lorquet, Jean-Claude ULg

in Journal of Chemical Physics (1987), 86(3), 1429-1436

We consider here two approaches which have been proposed in the literature to obtain diabatic states from ab initio calculations. First by calculating explicitely the coupling vector g which describes the ... [more ▼]

We consider here two approaches which have been proposed in the literature to obtain diabatic states from ab initio calculations. First by calculating explicitely the coupling vector g which describes the nonadiabatic interaction between the adiabatic states. Second, by some extrapolation process of the wavefunctions obtained at a particular reference point. The coupling vector is a sum of three contributions. The first two represent the the change in character of the adiabatic states in the region of nonadiabatic coupling due the variation of the CI and LCAO coefficients, whereas the third results from the translation of the atomic orbitals with the moving nuclear centers. Criteria have been given to recognize when it is possible to transform a set of CI wave functions into a pair of useful diabatic states. A particularly favorable situation is obtained when the interacting electronic states are doubly excited with respect to each other. Within the two-states approximation, the first term, depending on the CI coefficients, is strictly irrotational and never gives rise to problems. One can expect situations where it is also true for the second term depending on the LCAO coefficients. However, the third term of the coupling can never be described as a rotation of two diabatic functions. Nevertheless, the latter contribution can frequently be neglected, at least when the coupling is strong. The theory of the electron transfer factors (ETF's) provides further insight into the problem and confirm our conclusions. [less ▲]

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See detailConstructing Automata from Temporal Logic Formulas: A Tutorial
Wolper, Pierre ULg

in Lecture Notes in Computer Science (2001), 2090

This paper presents a tutorial introduction to the construction of finite-automata on infinite words from linear-time temporal logic formulas. After defining the source and target formalisms, it describes ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a tutorial introduction to the construction of finite-automata on infinite words from linear-time temporal logic formulas. After defining the source and target formalisms, it describes a first construction whose correctness is quite direct to establish, but whose behavior is always equal to the worst-case upper bound. It then turns to the techniques that can be used to improve this algorithm in order to obtain the quite effective algorithms that are now in use. [less ▲]

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