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See detailCitrobacter diversus ULA-27 beta-lactamases. Improved purification and general properties.
Amicosante, G.; Oratore, A.; Franceschini, N. et al

in The Biochemical journal (1988), 254(3), 885-90

Two chromosome-encoded beta-lactamases have been purified from Citrobacter diversus ULA-27. They exhibited slightly different isoelectric points (6.8 and 6.2) and very similar Mr values (congruent to 29 ... [more ▼]

Two chromosome-encoded beta-lactamases have been purified from Citrobacter diversus ULA-27. They exhibited slightly different isoelectric points (6.8 and 6.2) and very similar Mr values (congruent to 29,000). Their specificity spectrum was rather wide, since they hydrolysed some cephalosporins with kcat: values similar to those observed with the best penicillin substrates. Cloxacillin, methicillin and imipenem were hydrolysed very slowly. Hydrolysis of azthreonam could not be detected. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 50 (0 ULg)
See detailLa città del crepuscolo
Pille, Lolita; Ricciardi, Stefania ULg

Book published by Fazi (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (0 ULg)
See detailLa città Multiculturale : Identità, Diversità, Pluralità
Martiniello, Marco ULg; Allam, Khaled Fouad; Tosolini, Aluisi

Book published by EMI (2004)

Detailed reference viewed: 68 (0 ULg)
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See detailCity as Organism. New Vision for Urban Life
Occhiuto, Rita ULg

Scientific conference (2015, September)

Detailed reference viewed: 77 (7 ULg)
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See detailCity Branding
Brandt, Céline ULg; Froehlicher, Thomas ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2009)

The goal of this conference was to emphasize the places’ need for a good positioning. Considering the numerous target markets of a place (exporters, investors, residents, tourists, manufacturers), a city ... [more ▼]

The goal of this conference was to emphasize the places’ need for a good positioning. Considering the numerous target markets of a place (exporters, investors, residents, tourists, manufacturers), a city has to focus on 4 marketing factors to improve its attractiveness: attractions, people, image and infrastructures. Building on the examples of Lyon, Montreal, Freiburg and Helsinki, we suggested some development tracks for the city of Liege. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 89 (41 ULg)
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See detailCity Branding : A Brand Concept Map Analysis of a university town
Brandt, Céline ULg

Article for general public (2008)

Because of the links to brand equity, it is crucial for marketing managers to be aware of the brand perception and its strategic and tactical implications. This article reports an empirical application of ... [more ▼]

Because of the links to brand equity, it is crucial for marketing managers to be aware of the brand perception and its strategic and tactical implications. This article reports an empirical application of brand concept map (BCM) to city branding, and especially to the determination of how a large university town is perceived by students. After having generated the list of attributes using Zaltman metaphor elicitation technique (ZMET), we build 6 categories of important criteria when choosing a university town: economy, physical environment, activities and facilities, brand and reputation, people, and finally accessibility. The study the provides evidence that, among these attributes, Liège is particularly famous for the nightlife, the young population and the historical heritage. The effect of the students’’s country of origin appears to play a major role on the city perception. This research also gets insights into Liège’s weaknesses in terms of brand image. Managerial and research applications are provided. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 192 (13 ULg)
See detailLe city Branding
Brandt, Céline ULg; Cadiat, Anne-Christine ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2013)

Les villes sont sujettes à des croissances internes, des cycles de déclin, des chocs externes et des forces au-delà de leur contrôle. Le déclin de certaines industries, le chômage, la fermeture des ... [more ▼]

Les villes sont sujettes à des croissances internes, des cycles de déclin, des chocs externes et des forces au-delà de leur contrôle. Le déclin de certaines industries, le chômage, la fermeture des commerces, la migration des résidents et des entreprises, le crime, la drogue,… poussent de nombreuses villes vers la dépression. La plupart de ces villes possèdent un réel potentiel de revitalisation. Comment réaliser un plan marketing pour une ville ? Quelles sont les stratégies d’amélioration de l’attractivité ? Comment positionner une ville ? Qui sont les cibles privilégiées du marketing des villes ? Comment les villes gèrent-elles leur image ? Qui participe au marketing des villes ? Comment les publics-cibles des villes font-ils leur choix ? Quels sont les moyens de communication à disposition des villes ? Voici quelques-unes des questions auxquelles nous essayerons de répondre ensemble. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 168 (49 ULg)
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See detailCity Branding: A Brand Concept Map Analysis
Brandt, Céline ULg; Pahud de Mortanges, Charles ULg

Conference (2008, April)

The purpose of this study is to identify the dimensions of beliefs among students choosing a university town and investigate if brand concept mapping (BCM) is applicable to cities. The city brand image is ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this study is to identify the dimensions of beliefs among students choosing a university town and investigate if brand concept mapping (BCM) is applicable to cities. The city brand image is captured through Zaltman’s Metaphor Elicitation Technique (ZMET), BCM and importance-performance ratings. The authors identified six categories of criteria used by students when selecting a university town. In applying the results to Liege, a Belgian university town, the authors showed that Liege is recognized for its nightlife, its young population and its historical heritage. This paper proposes a useful framework for city councils to assess how to compare the perception of different segments regarding cities; how to improve the city brand image; how to compare different university towns and how to attract students. Finally, the research validates earlier studies on BCM, confirms the improvement of the methodology and widens its applications to city brands. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 586 (13 ULg)
See detailCity Branding: A brand Concept Map Analysis
Brandt, Céline ULg; Pahud de Mortanges, Charles ULg

Scientific conference (2008, February)

The purpose of this study is to identify the dimensions of beliefs among students choosing a university town and investigate if brand concept mapping (BCM) is applicable to cities. The city brand image is ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this study is to identify the dimensions of beliefs among students choosing a university town and investigate if brand concept mapping (BCM) is applicable to cities. The city brand image is captured through Zaltman’s Metaphor Elicitation Technique (ZMET), BCM and importance-performance ratings. The authors identified six categories of criteria used by students when selecting a university town. In applying the results to Liege, a Belgian university town, the authors showed that Liege is recognized for its nightlife, its young population and its historical heritage. This paper proposes a useful framework for city councils to assess how to compare the perception of different segments regarding cities; how to improve the city brand image; how to compare different university towns and how to attract students. Finally, the research validates earlier studies on BCM, confirms the improvement of the methodology and widens its applications to city brands. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 88 (7 ULg)
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Peer Reviewed
See detailCity branding: A brand concept map analysis of a university town
Brandt, Céline ULg; Pahud de Mortanges, Charles ULg

in Place Branding and Public Diplomacy (2011), 7(1), 50-63

The aims of this research are (1) to assess the relative saliency of image attributes associated with history, heritage and culture in shaping the perceptions of students choosing a university town and (2 ... [more ▼]

The aims of this research are (1) to assess the relative saliency of image attributes associated with history, heritage and culture in shaping the perceptions of students choosing a university town and (2) to investigate whether brand concept mapping (BCM) is applicable to cities. The city brand image is captured through Zaltman ’ s Metaphor Elicitation Technique, BCM and importanceperformance ratings. The authors identifi ed six categories of criteria used by students when selecting a university town. In applying the results to Liege, a Belgian university town, the authors showed that Liege is recognized for its nightlife, its young population and its historical heritage. This article proposes a useful framework for city councils to assess how to compare the perception of different segments regarding cities; how to improve the city brand image; how to compare different university towns; and how to attract students. Finally, the research validates earlier studies on BCM, confi rms the improvement of the methodology and widens its applications to city brands. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 184 (24 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailCity dwellers without a background
Meulemans, Germain ULg

Conference (2016, July 06)

One implication of the notion of taskscape is to make an argument against the idea of the landscape being a 'background for life'. It entails that in a truly ecological view of the world, there cannot be ... [more ▼]

One implication of the notion of taskscape is to make an argument against the idea of the landscape being a 'background for life'. It entails that in a truly ecological view of the world, there cannot be such a thing as a 'background'. This paper examines how these entailments may concern present discussions about 'nature in town' - a notion that has gained importance in different fields since the 1990s. From offshoots in population ecology or ethology to the development of state led initiatives aiming at managing species and ecosystems in towns, it has added city areas to the list of biodiversity hot spots. Anthropologists are not left out of the subject, and have generally invested the notion as a 'hybrid' in which common categories of nature and culture are blurred and re-defined. The paper argues that in these approaches cities are often taken as a background to life, in terms similar to those Ingold aimed at overpassing in his writings on landscape. Building on the case of the study of city soils, I suggest that an approach in which soils are a multispecies compound taken in pedogenesis may provide a way around the 'nature in town' approach. Prolonging the recent soil science assumption that soil organisms 'altogether are the soil', I argue that humans too join them in pedogenesis. In this, the city stops being a background for lives, and becomes a processual entity in which humans, species and materials in fluxes shape one another. [less ▲]

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See detailCity Energy Management : A Case Study on the Area of Liège in Belgium
Reiter, Sigrid ULg; Wallemacq, Véronique

in Rückermann, Claus-Peter; Wolfson, Ouri (Eds.) Proceedings of the International Conference GEOProcessing 2011 (2011)

Within the framework of sustainable development, it is important to take into account environmental aspects of urban areas related to their energy use. In this research, a typology of urban blocks is ... [more ▼]

Within the framework of sustainable development, it is important to take into account environmental aspects of urban areas related to their energy use. In this research, a typology of urban blocks is drawn up for the urban area of Liège through the use of GIS tools in order to assess energy uses of residential buildings and transport of residents at the city scale. For each class of this typology, a representative block is selected in order to model energy use at the city scale, as well as to consider the possible evolution of the city energy consumption and to simulate the effects of some strategies of urban renewal. An application study on the residential buildings energy consumption part of this typology is given to compare different energy management strategies. This case study allow to conclude that the European Directive on the Energy Performance of Buildings and even more selective energy policies on new buildings are not sufficient to widely decrease the energy consumption of Liège building stock but that renovation of the existing building stock has a much larger positive impact on city energy consumption reductions. These conclusions put forward the benefits of using urban GIS for policymaking and city management. Energy management is an important GIS application field. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 69 (13 ULg)
See detailThe City museum : a concept with multiple interpretations
Postula, Jean-Louis ULg

Conference (2016, January 27)

As early as the second half of the nineteenth century, some major European cities have developed museums to expose their history. This movement has then grown throughout the twentieth century around the ... [more ▼]

As early as the second half of the nineteenth century, some major European cities have developed museums to expose their history. This movement has then grown throughout the twentieth century around the world. At the beginning of the third millennium, the phenomenon is more relevant than ever, as evidenced by numerous projects of creation and renovation of such institutions. Nevertheless, it took a long time before that kind of museums began to be considered as part of a specific museum category, with its own characteristics and challenges. It is only in 1993, at the Museum of London, that representatives of museums devoted to the study of cities met for the very first time, in order “to discuss [their] problems, to develop theories and to promote [their] special place in the museum movement worldwide” (HEBDITCH Max, “Key-note address”, in JOHNSON Nichola (ed.), Reflecting cities, London, 1993, p. 1). The expression “city museum” took shape for this occasion, with the creation at the end of the symposium of a first International Association of City Museums, followed subsequently by other organizations. The purpose of this presentation is to provide an overview of the multiple interpretations and meanings attached to the quite recent concept of “city museum”, examined through its different uses and definitions within the museological literature. The analysis of these speeches will highlight the fact that there are no unanimously established uses of the expression among the specialists. It will also show that, as a museum category, city museum is an object whose identity is still under construction. [less ▲]

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See detailCity museum, community and temporality: a historical perspective
Postula, Jean-Louis ULg

Conference (2010, November 10)

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (3 ULg)
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Peer Reviewed
See detailCity museum, community and temporality: a historical perspective
Postula, Jean-Louis ULg

in Jones, Ian; Sandweiss, Eric; Mouliou, Marlen (Eds.) et al Our greatest artefact, the city: Essays on cities and museums about them (2012)

Detailed reference viewed: 128 (12 ULg)
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See detailCity pattern as a factor influencing the impact of urbanization on ecosystems - A diachronic analysis of the dynamic of two cities: Kisangani and Lubumbashi (Democratic Republic of Congo)
Andre, Marie ULg; Mahy, Grégory ULg; Lejeune, Philippe ULg et al

Conference (2013, September 06)

The patterns and dynamics of two cities between two years (2002 and 2010 for Kisangani; 2002 and 2008 for Lubumbashi, both part of the Democratic Republic of Congo) have been examined in order to estimate ... [more ▼]

The patterns and dynamics of two cities between two years (2002 and 2010 for Kisangani; 2002 and 2008 for Lubumbashi, both part of the Democratic Republic of Congo) have been examined in order to estimate how they influence the impact of extension and/or of densification on urban internal and peripheral ecosystems. For each city two SPOT 5 images were classified with a oriented-object supervised approach; then composition landscape metrics (built area proportion index, anthropized surface proportion index, equitability index of area proportion of classes, dominant class index, dominant class proportion index) have been evaluated in order to 1) identify the extend of each area (urban, suburban, rural) within the urban-rural gradient, 2) quantify the most commonly cited morphological characteristics to describe these different areas and 3) quantify the dynamic of the different areas during this decade. Landscape ecology assumes that the landscape pattern description is important because, according to the central hypothesis called “pattern-process paradigm”, the ecological processes influence landscape structure and vice versa. Composition metrics, which are commonly used in landscape ecology, describe the pattern among other things in quantifying the presence and the number of patches from the various classes within the landscape. This study singularizes itself from the subjective ones by its quantified and objective approach. The similarities and differences between these cities, relevance and gaps in the method have then been identified and discussed. The results of this study are aimed to be used by urban planners for the evaluation of the potential resistance of internal and peripheral natural ecosystems to the extension and/or the densification of a given city, taking into account its pattern and dynamic. It might help them in their choice between different planning alternatives. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 72 (8 ULg)
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See detailCity pattern as a factor influencing the impact of urbanization on ecosystems - A diachronic analysis of the dynamic of two cities: Kisangani and Lubumbashi (Democratic Republic of Congo)
Andre, Marie ULg; Mahy, Grégory ULg; Lejeune, Philippe ULg et al

in Nunes Silva, Carlos (Ed.) Colonial and postcolonial urban planning in Africa (2013, September 06)

The patterns and dynamics of two cities between two years (2002 and 2010 for Kisangani; 2002 and 2008 for Lubumbashi, both part of the Democratic Republic of Congo) have been examined in order to estimate ... [more ▼]

The patterns and dynamics of two cities between two years (2002 and 2010 for Kisangani; 2002 and 2008 for Lubumbashi, both part of the Democratic Republic of Congo) have been examined in order to estimate how they influence the impact of extension and/or of densification on urban internal and peripheral ecosystems. For each city two SPOT 5 images were classified with a oriented-object supervised approach; then composition landscape metrics (built area proportion index, anthropized surface proportion index, equitability index of area proportion of classes, dominant class index, dominant class proportion index) have been evaluated in order to 1) identify the extend of each area (urban, suburban, rural) within the urban-rural gradient, 2) quantify the most commonly cited morphological characteristics to describe these different areas and 3) quantify the dynamic of the different areas during this decade. Landscape ecology assumes that the landscape pattern description is important because, according to the central hypothesis called “pattern-process paradigm”, the ecological processes influence landscape structure and vice versa. Composition metrics, which are commonly used in landscape ecology, describe the pattern among other things in quantifying the presence and the number of patches from the various classes within the landscape. This study singularizes itself from the subjective ones by its quantified and objective approach. The similarities and differences between these cities, relevance and gaps in the method have then been identified and discussed. The results of this study are aimed to be used by urban planners for the evaluation of the potential resistance of internal and peripheral natural ecosystems to the extension and/or the densification of a given city, taking into account its pattern and dynamic. It might help them in their choice between different planning alternatives. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 72 (17 ULg)
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See detailCiudadanos en el exterior y participación electoral transnacional: Lecciones de la primera experiencia boliviana de voto en el exterior en las elecciones presidenciales del 2009.
Lafleur, Jean-Michel ULg

in Lafleur, Jean-Michel (Ed.) Diáspora y voto en el exterior. La participación política de los emigrantes bolivianos en las elecciones de su país de origen (2012)

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (1 ULg)
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See detailCivic Participation and Integration: A Country of Origin Perspective
Gsir, Sonia ULg

Report (2014)

This paper offers an insight into how emigration countries influence immigrants in their host society. Our main objective is to explore the following questions: first, whether and how emigration countries ... [more ▼]

This paper offers an insight into how emigration countries influence immigrants in their host society. Our main objective is to explore the following questions: first, whether and how emigration countries can influence the civic participation of immigrants in immigration countries and second, whether transnational links, in particular political transnational activities, have an impact on civic participation in receiving countries. Civic participation is approached as a form of political participation outside of traditional political institutions. As an active and collective dimension of engagement in society, one form of civic participation consists in being active in organizations. This paper addresses three forms of involvement: in local politics (mainstream organizations focused on mainstream issues), immigrant and homeland politics (migrant organizations focused on ethnic or country of origin issues) and finally a combination of mainstream and other issues with bi-national associations. The paper also raises the issue of maintaining links with the country of origin and simultaneously integrating into the immigration country. It questions, in particularly, the impact of transnational civic engagement on civic participation in destination countries. Several case studies are presented and, in the case of Mexico/U.S., some show that the Mexican migrant experience in hometown associations help maintain civic ties with Mexico and positively affect civic participation with U.S. issues. Other cases indicate that civic participation can, indeed, be influenced by transnational links, but also that it relies on the institutional context of the receiving country: for example questions such as access to citizenship). Possible conflicts of interests with countries of origin and countries of destination are also raised in relation to the civic participation of emigrants here and there. Finally, different diaspora policy mechanisms are put forward and in particular, the paper hypothesizes the existence of diaspora empowering mechanism. In order to highlight this mechanism, we map country of origin actors also chart the different kind of actions that can affect civic participation. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 40 (3 ULg)
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See detailCivic participation and integration: a country of origin perspective
Gsir, Sonia ULg

Conference (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (0 ULg)