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See detailLa contamination de l'eau et des aliments par les virus pathogènes pour l'homme
Scipioni, Alexandra ULg; Daube, Georges ULg; Thiry, Etienne ULg

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2000), 144

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See detailLa contamination de la filière laitière par les mycotoxines : un risque pour la santé publique en Afrique subsaharienne
Ruppol, Patrick; Delfosse, Philippe; Hornick, Jean-Luc ULg

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2004), 148(3), 141-146

Mycotoxins are toxic metabolites produced by some fungi developing on several agricultural commodities. In sub-Saharan Africa, the recent changes in feeding practices increase the risk of contamination ... [more ▼]

Mycotoxins are toxic metabolites produced by some fungi developing on several agricultural commodities. In sub-Saharan Africa, the recent changes in feeding practices increase the risk of contamination for dairy cattle and subsequently the passage of mycotoxins in the food chain. Aflatoxins are the major mycotoxins known to enter into milk and many milk-based foods. The naturally occurring aflatoxin B is (bio-) transformed by mammals into various metabolites including the aflatoxin M excreted in milk. Food processing aiming at long term food storage (sterilization, pasteurisation, freeze-drying.) do not alter, or only slightly, the toxicity of aflatoxins. The best option to reduce milk contamination is to prevent the introduction of contaminated feed in the dairy cattle diet. Very little information is available on the flux and modifications of mycotoxins (synthesis, alteration, dilution or concentration) during the processing of milk and milk-based products. Therefore this field of research is given a high priority by the scientific community. [less ▲]

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See detailContamination des sols par les activités minières à Lubumbashi (RDC). Incidences en matière de diagnostic et de choix de solutions de gestion.
Mpundu Mubemba, Michel; Ngoy Shutcha, Mylor; Faucon, Michel-Pierre et al

in Schwartz, Dominique (Ed.) Actes des 10emes JES (2009, May)

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See detailContamination du marsouin commun (Phocoena phocoena) de la Mer du Nord par des perturbateurs endocriniens persistants
Didimo Imazaki, Pedro Henrique ULg

Master's dissertation (2009)

Endocrine disrupters are molecules able to interfere with the endocrine system and are largely spread in the environment. The evaluation of the estrogenic activity of some of these substances by reporter ... [more ▼]

Endocrine disrupters are molecules able to interfere with the endocrine system and are largely spread in the environment. The evaluation of the estrogenic activity of some of these substances by reporter gene assays was the first aim of this paper. The substances chosen are also persistent organic pollutants (POP), which are capable to bioaccumulate in several organisms. Then, the occurrence of these substances was evaluated in the blubber tissue of North Sea harbour porpoises (Phocoena phocoena). Harbour porpoises are good indicators of the environmental contamination and therefore of seafood by POP. These POP were quantified by GC-MS and also by reporter gene assays. For the achievement of these aims, different analytical methods were developed. The following raking is proposed for the studied substances, according to their estrogenic activity: o,p’-DDT > o,p’-DDD > β-HCH > p,p’-DDT > p,p’-DDD > p,p’-DDE > δ-HCH > PCB 138 > γ-HCH > α-HCH > PCB 153 > HCB > PCB 180. None of them presented anti-estrogenic activity. The analysed samples presented high levels of POP, sometimes associated with estrogenic activity, confirming the occurrence of endocrine disruptors in these animals. [less ▲]

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See detailContamination of European otters (Lutra lutra) by PCB congeners and organochlorinated pesticides in the wetlands of western France
Tans, Michael; Hugla, Jean Louis; Libois, Roland ULg et al

in Netherlands Journal of Zoology (1996), 46(3-4), 326-336

During the forty years, otter (Lutra lutra) populations have severely declined over much of Europe. One of the main regression factors appears to be pollution by organochlorine xenobiotics, especially ... [more ▼]

During the forty years, otter (Lutra lutra) populations have severely declined over much of Europe. One of the main regression factors appears to be pollution by organochlorine xenobiotics, especially PCBs. The present study took place in France, in the wetlands of the Atlantic border, where otter populations are considered to the stable. Muscle, pericaudal fat, and liver of 33 otters were analysed for 22 PCB congeners and organochlorine pesticides. The mean concentrations of organochlorinated pesticides in samples are relatively low (from 0 to 5.71 mg/kg lipid weight). The PCB concentrations are higher (mean in muscular tissue: 26.19 mg/kg lipid weight), but still remain low compared to similar samples from other countries. The relation between PCB concentration and physiological variables is discussed. Congener specific analysis shows an important contamination due to highly chlorinated congeners and a poor contaminatin due to low chlorinated congeners. Potential hazards due to organochlorinated compounds are also discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailContamination of poultry flocks by the human pathogen Campylobacter spp. and strategies to reduce its prevalence at the farm level.
Vandeplas, Sabrina ULg; Marcq, Christopher ULg; Dubois Dauphin, Robin et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2008), 12(3), 317-334

Enteric Campylobacter spp. bacteria are human pathogens that frequently contaminate poultry flocks. Consumption of products from poultry origin may then lead to acute bacterial enteritis called ... [more ▼]

Enteric Campylobacter spp. bacteria are human pathogens that frequently contaminate poultry flocks. Consumption of products from poultry origin may then lead to acute bacterial enteritis called campylobacteriosis of which prevalence is increasing for about ten years in Europe. This review summarizes Campylobacter epidemiological data, risk factors for contamination in poultry flocks and conceivable strategies to control this pathogen. [less ▲]

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See detailContamination of the Marine Environment by trace metals: old and emergent elements, case studies and perspectives
Gobert, Sylvie ULg; Richir, Jonathan ULg

Scientific conference (2011, November 25)

Presentation of 18 trace elements (old: Cd, Ni, Cu, Zn, Cr, Pb, Fe ; emergent: Be, Al, V, Mn, Sb, As, Bi, Se, Mo, Ag, Sn studied in the laboratory of Oceanology. Study cases in the Mediterranaen Sea ... [more ▼]

Presentation of 18 trace elements (old: Cd, Ni, Cu, Zn, Cr, Pb, Fe ; emergent: Be, Al, V, Mn, Sb, As, Bi, Se, Mo, Ag, Sn studied in the laboratory of Oceanology. Study cases in the Mediterranaen Sea (Seagrass, mussel, seaurchin). [less ▲]

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See detailContamination rate of sterilized ventilators in an ICU
Comhaire, A.; Lamy, Maurice ULg

in Critical Care Medicine (1981), 9(7), 546-548

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See detailConte de Ganem (fragment autographe de la première rédaction et de la partie correspondante de la version publiée)
Bauden, Frédéric ULg

in Bauden, Frédéric; Waller, Richard (Eds.) Le Journal d'Antoine Galland (1646-1715). La période parisienne. Volume I (1708-1709) (2011)

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See detailLe Conte de la charrette dans le Lancelot en prose: une version divergente de la Vulgate
Combes, Annie ULg

Book published by Honoré Champion (2009)

Au centre du Lancelot-Graal, l'épisode de la Charrette reçoit dans trois manuscrits une rédaction particulière, ici éditée. Il s'agit de l'unique mise en prose du Chevalier de la charrette, le roman de ... [more ▼]

Au centre du Lancelot-Graal, l'épisode de la Charrette reçoit dans trois manuscrits une rédaction particulière, ici éditée. Il s'agit de l'unique mise en prose du Chevalier de la charrette, le roman de Chrétien de Troyes. Mais, grâce à des ajouts, cette rédaction infléchit de façon spectaculaire la fin du cycle en accordant un destin de roi terrestre à Galaad tandis que Perceval y apparaît comme l'élu de la Quête du Graal. L'édition s'accompagne d'une importante introduction: problèmes de datation, examen précis du dérimage, étude littéraire approfondie. [less ▲]

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See detailLe Conte du Franklin. Chaucer décline la plainte au masculin et au féminin
Dor, Juliette ULg

in Alazard, Florence (Ed.) La Plainte au Moyen Âge (2008)

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See detailContemplatio Mundi. Le paysage cosmique à la Renaissance
Allart, Dominique ULg

in Angotti Salgueiro (Ed.) Paisagem e Arte. A invençao da natureza, a evoluçao do olhar (2000)

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See detailContemporaneidad de las figuras de traductor en el Buenos Aires del 900
Willson, Patricia ULg

in Blas, Amelia; Menczel, Gabriella; Scholz, László (Eds.) El reverso del tapiz. La traducción literaria en el ámbito hispánico, VII Coloquio Internacional de Hispanistas, Budapest, 2008 (2008)

En este trabajo se analizan las diferentes «figuras de traductor» que pueden identificarse a principios del siglo XX en Buenos Aires. El trabajo tiene una dimensión teórica, en la que se define la noción ... [more ▼]

En este trabajo se analizan las diferentes «figuras de traductor» que pueden identificarse a principios del siglo XX en Buenos Aires. El trabajo tiene una dimensión teórica, en la que se define la noción de «figura de traductor», entendida como un concepto mediador entre el individuo traductor y el haz de determinaciones sociales que contribuyen a la significación de su práctica. En segundo lugar, tiene una dimensión historiográfica, ya que se proporcionan diversos ejemplos de figura de traductor, que van desde el letrado-traductor propio del siglo XIX hasta el traductor profesional que se afianza en las décadas de 1930 y 1940. [less ▲]

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See detailContemporary Crisis of the Nation State ? - J. Dunn
Martiniello, Marco ULg

in Ethnic and Racial Studies (1997), 20(1), 210-211

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See detailThe Contemporary Significance of Historical Legacies in Belgium
Reuchamps, Min ULg

Conference (2011, April 05)

Since 1993, Belgium is officially a federal state, composed of – three – communities and – three – regions, as the – new at the time – first article of the Constitution proclaims. The history of ... [more ▼]

Since 1993, Belgium is officially a federal state, composed of – three – communities and – three – regions, as the – new at the time – first article of the Constitution proclaims. The history of federalism in Belgium is therefore quite recent. Nevertheless, the story is – much – longer since it starts with the independence of Belgium from the United Kingdom of the Netherlands in 1830. The very beginning of a state and the underlying causes of its creation, as well as its place on the map, the timing of its creation and the characteristics of the elites who take the lead and define the new state’s nature are of crucial importance and these elements shape the country’s political development for centuries. Nonetheless, although the beginning of any state sets up a path dependency, there are also critical junctures along its political development which in turn influences the course of history. This is especially true for Belgium. Here, history and politics are intrinsically interrelated. Indeed, these dual dynamics – history as politics and politics as history – are at the heart of Belgium’s federalism. To explore these dynamics, this paper distinguishes three key variables of the historical-political relationship in order to apprehend the contemporary significance of historical legacies in Belgium. The first variable is the territorial principle vs. linguistic principle debate, which constitutes the backbone of the so-called Belgian community question – or in other words the foremost divisive issue of federalism in Belgium. The second variable is the political parties because they have played and play the major role in Belgian politics and therefore in the Belgian federal dynamics. The third variable is made of the people; that is, at the individual level, the inhabitants or the citizens or the voters and, at the collective level, the communities and/or the nations of Belgium. These three variables are at the heart of Belgium’s past, present and future and continuously interact with one another – i.e. they form a triangle of interactions. In order to offer a clear picture of these interactions, Belgium’s history is divided into three periods: before federalism (1830-1960), federalism (1960-2010) and after federalism (2010-onwards). This division in three variables and in three periods structures the paper. [less ▲]

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