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See detailConscious states, wakefulness, sleep, coma, the vegetative state, and hypnosis
Laureys, Steven ULg

in Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry (2004, June), 75(6), 945-946

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See detailConsciousness and cerebral baseline activity fluctuations
Boly, Mélanie ULg; Phillips, Christophe ULg; Balteau, Evelyne ULg et al

in Human Brain Mapping (2008), 29

The origin of within-subject variability in perceptual experiments is poorly understood. We here review evidence that baseline brain activity in the areas involved in sensory perception predict subsequent ... [more ▼]

The origin of within-subject variability in perceptual experiments is poorly understood. We here review evidence that baseline brain activity in the areas involved in sensory perception predict subsequent variations in sensory awareness. We place these findings in light of recent findings on the architecture of spontaneous BOLD fluctuations in the awake human brain, and discuss the possible origins of the observed baseline brain activity fluctuations. [less ▲]

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See detailConsciousness and disorders of consciousness
Vanhaudenhuyse, Audrey ULg

Scientific conference (2010)

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See detailConsciousness and responsiveness: Lessons from anaesthesia and the vegetative state
Boly, M; Sanders, RD; Mashour, GA et al

in Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology (2013), Vol 26

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this article is to review recent behavioural and neuroimaging studies in anaesthesia and the vegetative state. RECENT FINDINGS: These studies highlight possible dissociations ... [more ▼]

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this article is to review recent behavioural and neuroimaging studies in anaesthesia and the vegetative state. RECENT FINDINGS: These studies highlight possible dissociations between consciousness and responsiveness in both these states. SUMMARY: We discuss future avenues of research in the field, in order to improve the detection of awareness during anaesthesia and the vegetative state using neuroimaging and neurophysiologic techniques. [less ▲]

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See detailConsciousness and Unconsciousness: An EEG Perspective
Noirhomme, Quentin ULg; Laureys, Steven ULg

in Clinical EEG and Neuroscience (2014), 45

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See detailConsciousness in coma patients.
Guldenmund, Justus Pieter ULg

Speech (2010)

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See detailConsciousness in the Locked-in Syndrome
Gosseries, Olivia ULg; Bruno, Marie-Aurélie ULg; Vanhaudenhuyse, Audrey ULg et al

in S. Laureys & G. Tononi (Ed.) The Neurology of Consciousness (2009)

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See detailConsciousness of memory functioning in Alzheimer’s disease
Jaspar, Mathieu ULg; Feyers, Dorothée ULg; Bastin, Christine ULg et al

Poster (2010, May 28)

Metamemory is a multi-faceted concept which deals with the individual’s knowledge and control of memory functioning. Previous studies that have examined the ability of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) patients to ... [more ▼]

Metamemory is a multi-faceted concept which deals with the individual’s knowledge and control of memory functioning. Previous studies that have examined the ability of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) patients to monitor efficiently their memory processes provided contradictory results. These discrepancies between studies could be the result of two factors: the kind of memory task used (episodic, semantic) and the kind of memory process on which memory monitoring is assessed (encoding, maintenance, retrieval). In the present study, different aspects of memory monitoring in 21 AD patients and 21 healthy elderly participants were explored with two tasks : a semantic memory task assessing the feeling-of-knowing (FOK) accuracy for general knowledge and an episodic memory task assessing judgment-of-learning (JOL) and FOK accuracy for information associated to a specific spatiotemporal encoding context By comparison to healthy participants, AD patients exhibit impaired performance on episodic FOK accuracy but not on semantic FOK accuracy. Moreover, no difference was observed between the two groups on the JOL post-encoding accuracy. These results confirm that not all aspects of memory monitoring are impaired in AD. Indeed, although there exists an impairment of episodic FOK performance, semantic FOK and JOL post-encoding appear preserved. The dissociation between the two FOK performance could be due to recruitment of more automatic processes for metacognitive judgment on general knowledge (semantic FOK) than for metacognitive judgment based on specific recent experience (episodic FOK). Similarly, a global prediction during maintenance (JOL) could be based on more automatic processes than an item-by-item judgment during retrieval. [less ▲]

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See detailConsciousness supporting networks
Demertzi, Athina ULg; Soddu, Andrea ULg; Laureys, Steven ULg

in Current Opinion in Neurobiology (2013), 23(2), 239-244

Functional neuroimaging shows that patients with disorders of consciousness exhibit disrupted system-level functional connectivity. Unresponsive/"vegetative state" patients preserve wakefulness networks ... [more ▼]

Functional neuroimaging shows that patients with disorders of consciousness exhibit disrupted system-level functional connectivity. Unresponsive/"vegetative state" patients preserve wakefulness networks of brainstem and basal forebrain but the cerebral networks accounting for external perceptual awareness and internal self-related mentation are disrupted. Specifically, the 'external awareness' network encompassing lateral fronto-temporo-parietal cortices bilaterally, and the 'internal awareness' network including midline anterior cingulate/mesiofrontal and posterior cingulate/precuneal cortices, are functionally disconnected. By contrast, patients in minimally conscious state 'minus', who show non-reflex behaviors, are characterized by right-lateralized recovery of the external awareness network. Similarly, patients who evolve to minimally conscious state 'plus' and respond to commands recover the dominant left-lateralized language network. Now, the use of active experimental paradigms targeting at detecting motor-independent signs of awareness or even establishing communication with these patients, challenge these two clinical boundaries. Such advances are naturally accompanied by legitimate neuroscientific and ethical queries demanding our attention on the medical implementations of this new knowledge. [less ▲]

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See detailConsciousness supporting networks
Demertzi, Athina ULg; Soddu, Andrea ULg; Laureys, Steven ULg

in Current Opinion in Neurobiology (2013), 23(2), 239244

Functional neuroimaging shows that patients with disorders of consciousness exhibit disrupted system-level functional connectivity. Unresponsive/’’vegetative state’’ patients preserve wakefulness networks ... [more ▼]

Functional neuroimaging shows that patients with disorders of consciousness exhibit disrupted system-level functional connectivity. Unresponsive/’’vegetative state’’ patients preserve wakefulness networks of brainstem and basal forebrain but the cerebral networks accounting for external perceptual awareness and internal self-related mentation are disrupted. Specifically, the ‘external awareness’ network encompassing lateral fronto-temporo-parietal cortices bilaterally, and the ‘internal awareness’ network including midline anterior cingulate/mesiofrontal and posterior cingulate/ precuneal cortices, are functionally disconnected. By contrast, patients in minimally conscious state ‘minus’, who show nonreflex behaviors, are characterized by right-lateralized recovery of the external awareness network. Similarly, patients who evolve to minimally conscious state ‘plus’ and respond to commands recover the dominant left-lateralized language network. Now, the use of active experimental paradigms targeting at detecting motor-independent signs of awareness or even establishing communication with these patients, challenge these two clinical boundaries. Such advances are naturally accompanied by legitimate neuroscientific and ethical queries demanding our attention on the medical implementations of this new knowledge. [less ▲]

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See detailLa consécration à l'envers. Quelques scénarios physiologiques (1840-1842)
Stienon, Valérie ULg

in COnTEXTES : Revue de Sociologie de la Littérature (2010), 7

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See detailLa Consécration de la Charte des Droits fondamentaux
Defossez, Alexandre ULg

in Revue de la Faculté de Droit de l'Université de Liège (2008)

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See detailLa consécration de la Charte des droits fondamentaux
Defossez, Alexandre ULg

Conference (2008)

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See detailLa consécration par la théorie
Provenzano, François ULg

in COnTEXTES : Revue de Sociologie de la Littérature (2010)

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See detailLa consécration. Quelques notes introductives
Denis, Benoît ULg

in COnTEXTES : Revue de Sociologie de la Littérature (2010), (7),

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See detailConsécrations d'enfants dans le monde grec antique
Delli Pizzi, Aurian ULg

Scientific conference (2011, November 18)

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See detailConsecutive fecal calprotectin measurements to predict relapse in patients with ulcerative colitis receiving infliximab maintenance therapy.
De Vos, Martine; Louis, Edouard ULg; Jahnsen, Jorgen et al

in Inflammatory bowel diseases (2013), 19(10), 2111-7

BACKGROUND: This study examined whether fecal calprotectin can be used in daily practice as a marker to monitor patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) receiving infliximab maintenance therapy. METHODS ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: This study examined whether fecal calprotectin can be used in daily practice as a marker to monitor patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) receiving infliximab maintenance therapy. METHODS: This prospective multicenter study enrolled adult patients with UC in clinical remission under infliximab maintenance therapy. Fecal calprotectin levels were measured every 4 weeks. Sigmoidoscopies were performed at inclusion and at study end. Relapse was defined as a clinical need for change in treatment or an endoscopic Mayo subscore of >/=2 at week 52. Sustained deep remission was defined as a partial Mayo score <3 at all points and an endoscopic Mayo score 0 at week 52. RESULTS: Full analysis was possible for 87 of 113 included patients with UC (77%). Of these patients, 30 (34.4%) were considered to be in sustained deep remission and 13 (14.9%) to have relapsed. Calprotectin levels in patients with sustained deep remission remained very low (median < 40 mg/kg at all time points). Patients who flared had significantly higher calprotectin levels (median > 300 mg/kg) already 3 months before the flare. Further receiver operator curve analysis suggested that a calprotectin level >300 mg/kg had a reasonable sensitivity (58.3%) and specificity (93.3%) to model flare. Two consecutive calprotectin measurements of >300 mg/kg with 1-month interval were identified as the best predictor of flare (61.5% sensitivity and 100% specificity). CONCLUSIONS: Fecal calprotectin can be used in daily practice to monitor patients with UC receiving infliximab maintenance therapy. Two consecutive measurements >300 mg/kg is more specific than a single measurement for predicting relapse. [less ▲]

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See detailLa consegna dei testimoni tra letteratura e critica : A partire da Nerval, Valéry, Foscolo, d'Annunzio,
Curreri, Luciano ULg

Book published by Firenze University Press (2009)

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See detailLE CONSEIL D'ETAT DE BELGIQUE
Thibaut, Eric ULg; Jaumotte, Jacques; Salmon, Jacques

Book published by Bruylant (2012)

Cet ouvrage, par son approche tant pratique que méthodique, guide le lecteur à travers les législations applicables, les procédures, les méthodes et la jurisprudence du Conseil d’État, tant de sa section ... [more ▼]

Cet ouvrage, par son approche tant pratique que méthodique, guide le lecteur à travers les législations applicables, les procédures, les méthodes et la jurisprudence du Conseil d’État, tant de sa section de législation que de sa section du contentieux administratif. Il se caractérise notamment par une description complète, légisprudence et/ou jurisprudence à l’appui, de l’ensemble des procédures applicables. Cet ouvrage s’inscrit dans le cadre d’une généralisation de plus en plus accentuée de juridictions administratives spécialisées, tant aux niveaus fédéral que régionaux et communautaires, pour lesquelles les principes et procédures applicables sont le plus souvent inspirés de ceux applicables devant le Conseil d’État. Il s’efforce par ailleurs de faire le point sur la jurisprudence pertinente en la matière, tout en prenant en considération le plus souvent possible la jurisprudence tant des chambres de langue néerlandaise que des chambres de langue française de la section du contentieux administratif du Conseil d’État. Il comporte également d’importants développements par rapport à la procédure de cassation administrative, laquelle prend une importance sans cesse croissante depuis la réforme opérée par la loi du 15 septembre 2006 et l’introduction d’une procédure de « filtrage » des pourvois en cassation. [less ▲]

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See detailLe Conseil d'Etat et la connexité
Donnay, Luc ULg

in Journal des Tribunaux (2006), 6234

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