Browsing
     by title


0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

or enter first few letters:   
OK
Full Text
See detailLes conflits de procédure - étude de droit international privé comparé
Wautelet, Patrick ULg

Doctoral thesis (2002)

The dissertation focuses on multiple (or parallel) proceedings in private international litigation. In international civil disputes it is not unusual that jurisdiction for a particular dispute exists in ... [more ▼]

The dissertation focuses on multiple (or parallel) proceedings in private international litigation. In international civil disputes it is not unusual that jurisdiction for a particular dispute exists in several countries. In that case, each party may be tempted to start litigation in the forum most favorable to it, for example to take advantage of the forum’s more generous recovery rules or the extended possibilities of discovery. Similarly, one party can also choose to initiate proceedings in different countries for the same dispute. The question arises how the legal systems involved will and should deal with such ‘multi-fora’ disputes. The first question addressed is whether and to what extent the international legal community should strive to prevent and/or eliminate such duplicate proceedings. It is undubitable that multiple proceedings could lead to undesirable consequences, such as conflicting judgments. Concurrent jurisdiction also brings about a waste of (scarce) judicial resources, and unnecessary expenses for the litigants. To prevent altogether parallel proceedings from happening however, seems at best utopic or even dangerous. Even if the international community were to achieve a global agreement on a comprehensive set of jurisdiction rules, one cannot imagine that there rules would designate one and only one court for each particular dispute. The desire to concentrate jurisdiction for all related disputes in the hands of one court is indeed but one of the numerous factors influencing the allocation of jurisdiction in international matters. The dissertation therefore undertakes to study the rules and instruments that can be used to resolve parallel litigation once multiple proceedings have been issued. The study learns that courts can adopt a variety of attitudes when faced with parallel litigation. A legal system can decide to ignore altogether the fact that a foreign court is seised of parallel proceedings, relying on the res judicata effect of the first decision to be rendered. It can also decide to abstain from taking up the case in deference to the foreign proceedings. Finally it can try to put an end to the parallel proceedings, by enjoining a party from further proceeding before the foreign court. After an in-depth analysis of these different policies and of the various rules and instruments in which they are embodied, my conclusion is that the preference should be given to mechanisms whereby one court voluntarily declines jurisdiction in favor of the other. The preference I express for a mechanism of ‘international abstention’ is however qualified. Whether or not a court declines jurisdiction in favor of a foreign court, will depend inter alia on the confidence it has that justice will be done in the foreign forum. Even with a minimum level of trust and confidence between jurisdictions, the abstention rule can follow different models, from the continental lis alibi pendens rule, which offers almost automatic priority to the court first seised, to the common law doctrine of ‘forum non conveniens’, where priority goes to the more appropriate forum. Between these two extremes lies a world of nuances. The dissertation therefore attempts to formulate an abstention rule which will reconcile these seemingly opposed visions and explain in which circumstances and under which conditions a court should or can decline jurisdiction in deference to litigation pending before a foreign court. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 513 (11 ULg)
See detailLes conflits entre actionnaires - Prévention et Résolution
Caprasse, Olivier ULg; Aydogdu, Roman ULg

Book published by Larcier (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 120 (42 ULg)
Full Text
See detailConflits entre noms de domaine .eu et marques: une première analyse
Defossez, Alexandre ULg

in Revue du Droit de l'Union Européenne (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (4 ULg)
Full Text
See detailConflits entre noms de domaine et marques: l'approche OMPI
Defossez, Alexandre ULg

Master of advanced studies dissertation (2005)

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (3 ULg)
Full Text
See detailConflits entre noms de domaines et marques (renommées)
Defossez, Alexandre ULg

in Revue Internationale de Droit Economique (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (2 ULg)
See detailLes conflits et l'analyse de leurs résolutions
Wintgens, Sophie ULg; Piet, Grégory ULg

Book published by Editions de l'Université de Liège (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (10 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailConflits et territorialisation
Mormont, Marc ULg

in Géographie Economie Sociétés (2006), 8(3), 399-418

Detailed reference viewed: 93 (14 ULg)
See detailIl conflitto sulla regolarizzazione dei sans-papiers in Belgio
Martiniello, Marco ULg; Kagné, Bonaventure

in Basso, Pietro; Perocco, Fabio (Eds.) Gli immigrati in Europa. Disegualianze, razzismo, lotte (2003)

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailA confocal microscopic study of mitochondrial alterations of renal HK-2 cells exposed to an endotoxic stress
Quoilin, Caroline ULg; Mouithys-Mickalad, Ange ULg; Fontaine-Aupart, Marie-Pierre et al

Poster (2012, September)

Sepsis has a profound deleterious effect on kidney functions through complex mechanisms, which involve the immune response, inflammatory pathways, intracellular dysfunction and hemodynamic instability ... [more ▼]

Sepsis has a profound deleterious effect on kidney functions through complex mechanisms, which involve the immune response, inflammatory pathways, intracellular dysfunction and hemodynamic instability. Those factors are difficult to discriminate in vivo. To get a better understanding of renal respiratory dysfunction, we developed an in vitro model of sepsis-induced acute kidney injury using proximal tubular epithelial cell lines (HK-2) exposed to a bacterial endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide, LPS). Using this model, our first work has demonstrated that the basal respiration of renal HK-2 cells subjected to endotoxins was altered and presented a strong decrease in the oxygen consumption rates. Our working hypothesis of the pathophysiology of sepsis-induced AKI is based on a change in mitochondrial function that has been termed cytopathic hypoxia. A consequence of mitochondrial function alterations is an inability of the cell to use molecular oxygen for ATP production. The oxidative phosphorylation within mitochondria is interrupted because of the inhibition of cytochrome oxidase. The present investigation was carried out to establish whether mitochondrial alterations might be a mechanism of renal tubular epithelial injury during sepsis. To reach this goal the mitochondrial alterations of renal HK-2 cells exposed to an endotoxic stress was studied by confocal laser-scanning microscope. Confocal microscope allowed observation of the evoked phenomena at the single cell level and in real time. More particulary, mitochondrial morphology, mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) and generation of reactive oxygen species were recorded using specific vital fluorescent probes and quantified by image processing and analysis. Mitochondrial membrane potential is generated by the mitochondrial electron transport chain. This gradient is critical for the formation of ATP, and a fall in membrane potential is an indicator of mitochondrial dysfunction. ΔΨm was measured using the lipophilic cationic probe TMRE and it was shown that LPS produced a decrease in ΔΨm. In parallel, superoxide generation was measured by using MitoSOX which is selectively targeted to the mitochondria. There was a significant increase in mitochondrial superoxide-specific oxidation of MitoSOX when HK-2 cells were submitted to LPS. Overall, the model of HK-2 cells exposed to LPS displays some key features of sepsis-induced acute kidney injury. The confocal microscopy study has suggested a mechanism of toxicity dependent on mitochondrial oxidant generation and mitochondrial dysfunction. Indeed, the exposure to LPS has resulted in an increased generation of superoxide and a loss of mitochondrial function probably initiated by a fall in mitochondrial potential. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 44 (6 ULg)
Full Text
See detailConformal doping of FINFET's : a fabrication and metrology challenge
Vandervorst, Wilfried; Eyben, Pierre; Mody, Jay et al

Conference (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 44 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailConformal geometry of the supercotangent and spinor bundles
Michel, Jean-Philippe ULg

in Communications in Mathematical Physics (2012), 312(2)

We study the actions of local conformal vector fields X∈conf(M,g) on the spinor bundle of (M,g) and on its classical counterpart: the supercotangent bundle M of (M,g). We first deal with the classical ... [more ▼]

We study the actions of local conformal vector fields X∈conf(M,g) on the spinor bundle of (M,g) and on its classical counterpart: the supercotangent bundle M of (M,g). We first deal with the classical framework and determine the Hamiltonian lift of conf(M,g) to M. We then perform the geometric quantization of the supercotangent bundle of (M,g), which constructs the spinor bundle as the quantum representation space. The Kosmann Lie derivative of spinors is btained by quantization of the comoment map. The quantum and classical actions of conf(M,g) turn, respectively, the space of differential operators acting on spinor densities and the space of their symbols into conf(M,g)-modules. They are filtered and admit a common associated graded module. In the conformally flat case, the latter helps us determine the conformal invariants of both conf(M,g)-modules, in particular the conformally odd powers of the Dirac operator. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailConformal invariance and degrees of freedom in the QCD string
Dienes, Keith R; Cudell, Jean-René ULg

in Physical Review Letters (1994), 72

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailConformal ultra shallow junctions by vapor phase doping with boron
Nguyen, Ngoc Duy ULg; Leys, Frederik; Takeuchi, Shotaro et al

Poster (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailConformally Equivariant Quantization - a Complete Classification
Michel, Jean-Philippe ULg

in Symmetry, Integrability and Geometry: Methods and Applications [=SIGMA] (2012), 8(022), 20

Conformally equivariant quantization is a peculiar map between symbols of real weight d and differential operators acting on tensor densities, whose real weights are designed by l and l+d. The existence ... [more ▼]

Conformally equivariant quantization is a peculiar map between symbols of real weight d and differential operators acting on tensor densities, whose real weights are designed by l and l+d. The existence and uniqueness of such a map has been proved by Duval, Lecomte and Ovsienko for a generic weight d. Later, Silhan has determined the critical values of d for which unique existence is lost, and conjectured that for those values of d existence is lost for a generic weight l. We fully determine the cases of existence and uniqueness of the conformally equivariant quantization in terms of the values of d and l. Namely, (i) unique existence is lost if and only if there is a nontrivial conformally invariant differential operator on the space of symbols of weight d, and (ii) in that case the conformally equivariant quantization exists only for a finite number of l, corresponding to nontrivial conformally invariant differential operators on l-densities. The assertion (i) is proved in the more general context of IFFT (or AHS) equivariant quantization. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailConformance relation, associated equivalence, and minimum canonical tester in LOTOS
Leduc, Guy ULg

in Jonsson, B.; Parrow, J.; Pehrson, B. (Eds.) Protocol Specification, Testing, and Verification, XI (1991, June)

We first study the conf relation proposed by E. Brinksma and G. Scollo to formalise testing conformance. It is well-known from their work that, in order to test whether an implementation of a ... [more ▼]

We first study the conf relation proposed by E. Brinksma and G. Scollo to formalise testing conformance. It is well-known from their work that, in order to test whether an implementation of a specification S (i.e. I conf S), it suffices to build, from S, a canonical tester T(S) such that, when T(S) is synchronised with an implementation I, it always reaches a correct final state if, and only if, I conf S. For instance, if I is not a valid implementation of S, the canonical tester T(S) may deadlock with I before reaching a correct final state. We put into evidence the role of the equivalence relation, conf-eq, associated naturally with conf. An important result states that if S1 conf S2, their canonical testers T1 and T2 must also satisfy T1 conf-eq T2, and reversely. Therefore, the best approach is to define the canonical tester modulo conf-eq, whereas it is currently defined modulo the testing equivalence te. Taking into account that conf-eq is weaker than te, we were able to propose a minimum canonical tester which is simpler than T(S): unlike T(S), it may have fewer traces than the specification S. The term minimum means that no trace from this tester can be deleted without losing the exhaustive test property or, stated otherwise, without taking the risk of accepting an invalid implementation (in the conf sense). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLa conformation bouchère des agneaux. Etude d'après la variabilité génétique entre races
Laville, E.; Bouix, J.; Sayd, T. et al

in INRA Productions Animales (2002), 15(1), 53-66

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailConformational analyses of bacillomycin D, a natural antimicrobial lipopeptide, alone or in interaction with lipid monolayers at the air-water interface
Nasir, Mehmet Nail ULg; Besson, Françoise

in Journal of Colloid & Interface Science (2012), 387(1), 187-193

Bacillomycin D is a natural antimicrobial lipopeptide belonging to the iturin family. It is produced by Bacillus subtilis strains. Bacillomycin D is characterized by its strong antifungal and hemolytic ... [more ▼]

Bacillomycin D is a natural antimicrobial lipopeptide belonging to the iturin family. It is produced by Bacillus subtilis strains. Bacillomycin D is characterized by its strong antifungal and hemolytic properties, due to its interaction with the plasma membrane of sensitive cells. Until now, only few limited analyses were conducted to understand the biological activities of bacillomycin D at the molecular level. Our purpose was to analyze the conformation of bacillomycin D using IR spectroscopy and to model its interactions with cytoplasmic membranes using Langmuir interfacial monolayers. Our findings indicate that bacillomycin D contains turns and allow to model its three-dimensional structure. Bacillomycin D formed a monolayer film at the air–water interface and kept its turn conformation, as shown by polarization modulation infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy (PM-IRRAS). To identify the membrane lipid target of bacillomycin D, its interactions with pure lipid monolayers were analyzed and an original behavior of the lipopeptide toward cholesterol-containing monolayers was shown. This original behavior was lost when bacillomycin D was interacting with pure cholesteryl acetate monolayers, suggesting the involvement of the alcohol group of cholesterol in the lipopeptide–cholesterol interaction. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (7 ULg)
Full Text
See detailConformational analysis of a linear antibiotic heptapeptide using computer graphics
Demeuse, Françoise; De Coen, Jean-Louis; Wathelet, Bernard ULg

Poster (1991)

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (1 ULg)
Full Text
See detailConformational analysis of new 5-HT1A ligands by molecular modeling
Dilly, Sébastien ULg; Graulich, Amaury; Liégeois, Jean-François ULg

Conference (2009, May 14)

5-HT1A receptors represent a major target for research and drug development due to their involvement in pathologies such as anxiety,1 depression,2 sleep and memory disorders,3,4 and schizophrenia.5 The ... [more ▼]

5-HT1A receptors represent a major target for research and drug development due to their involvement in pathologies such as anxiety,1 depression,2 sleep and memory disorders,3,4 and schizophrenia.5 The main feature of many drugs having a 5-HT1A affinity is the presence of arylpiperazine moiety.6 Indeed, the protonated nitrogen and the aromatic ring of the arylpiperazine compounds are considered crucial for the interaction with the receptor.7 Interestingly, an in vitro binding study realized in our laboratory reveals the presence of the 1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine instead of the piperazine moiety in 4-arylpiperazine-ethyl carboxamide derivatives is highly favourable for 5-HT1A affinity. In order to better understand the favourable effect of this chemical modification, we have performed a conformational analysis of these compounds mainly based on the position of the phenyl ring relative to the piperazine and tetrahydropyridine ones. In the piperazine compounds, the phenyl ring is found in a perpendicular orientation, whereas an almost planar orientation seems to be the most favourable conformation for the tetrahydropyridine compounds (See figure). Therefore, the almost planar orientation of the 4-substituted phenyl ring appears as an important spatial requirement for an optimal interaction with the receptor binding site. This finding could lead to new ideas in the design of high-affinity 5-HT1A ligands. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (0 ULg)