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See detailComposantes métacognitives ; Définitions et outils d’évaluation
Frenkel, Stéphanie ULg

in Enfance : Psychologie, Pédagogie, Neuropsychiatrie, Sociologie (in press)

Many tools have been developed since the 1970s in order to assess metacognition and its first implementations. Over time, questionnaires, tests, interviews, observations, computer programmes, and other ... [more ▼]

Many tools have been developed since the 1970s in order to assess metacognition and its first implementations. Over time, questionnaires, tests, interviews, observations, computer programmes, and other methods have become more and more based on self-regulated learning theories. At the same time, for the last fifteen years or so, the number of students with learning difficulties linked to the way they learn seems to be increasing slowly but steadily. Therefore, it seems essential to enable these learners develop a more efficient learning behaviour. Similarly, we see that professional field workers are increasingly asking for efficient and adapted tools in this field. The purpose of this paper is twofold: it provides a review of the above-mentioned assessment tools, and it discusses them in order to contribute to the creation of new tools with a wider scope. Following an analysis of the abundant literature on the subject, two classifications were developed. Thirty-five tools were kept and categorised: first, according to a developmental perspective (preschool, primary school, secondary school and/or adult), second, according to the metacognitive component they assess (metacognitive knowledge, strategies and/or experiences). However, no existing tool covers the whole period of compulsory education. Moreover, in order to assess the learners’ metacognitive abilities fully, it is necessary to combine online and offline assessments in concrete situations. There are still some needs to be met in this regard. [less ▲]

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See detailComposantes psychologiques des plaintes relatives à la taille du pénis après implantation d'une prothèse pénienne
Kempeneers, Philippe ULg; Andrianne, Robert ULg; Mormont, Christian ULg et al

in Sexologies (2004), 13(47), 26-29

A survey questionnaire completed by 39 users of penile prosthesis shows that complaints related to the size of the implanted penis involve a decrease in satisfaction towards the prosthetic device. However ... [more ▼]

A survey questionnaire completed by 39 users of penile prosthesis shows that complaints related to the size of the implanted penis involve a decrease in satisfaction towards the prosthetic device. However, a reduced penile size is not necessary considered as a problem by all patients. Beyond functional considerations, the disappointment concerning the length of the penis is mostly related to the representation of a virility debased by the notions of artifice and assistance which are associated to the penile implant. Strong correlations are actually reported between a lower satisfaction, complaints related to the length of the implanted penis, feelings of shame, a lower self-esteem due to the idea of an "artificial virility" and a trend to attribute a negative attitude towards penile implant to the partner. On the whole, these variables appear to be the expression of a global castration experience that makes the psychosexual assimilation of the prosthesis rather precarious. This castration experience is derived from a certain representation of male erotic quality which requires long, natural and spontaneous erections. From this point of view, the injurious impact of reduced erections seems inseparable from an injurious representation of prosthetic sexuality globally perceived as a “parodic”, “reduced” virility. It is remarkable that none of these variables correlates with the partners' actual opinions concerning prosthesis and sexuality permitted by penile implant. Parallel questionnaires completed separately by 27 partners show that part of the men's injurious representation partakes of projective mechanisms. Such observations underline the relevance of a psychosexological approach of the couple in addition of the surgical approach. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 66 (2 ULg)
See detailComposés 'Revolverkop' à 'Revolverweefstoel'
Vromans, Joseph ULg; Moerdijk, A.

in Woordenboek der Nederlandsche Taal XII/6 (1981)

Detailed reference viewed: 3 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailComposite columns to mitigate soft storey in reinforced concrete structures submittes to earthquake.
Plumier, André ULg; Stoychev, L.; Doneux, C.

in Proceedings of the Colloquium recent Advances and New Trends in Structural Design (2004)

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 ULg)
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See detailComposite comprising nanoparticles and method of making nanoparticles
Bozukova, Dimitriya; Jérôme, Christine ULg

Patent (2012)

A method for making nanoparticles of a conjugated polymer, the method having the following steps (i) providing a reaction mixture with a monomer, a photosensitising agent and a solvent, and (ii) exposing ... [more ▼]

A method for making nanoparticles of a conjugated polymer, the method having the following steps (i) providing a reaction mixture with a monomer, a photosensitising agent and a solvent, and (ii) exposing the reaction mixture to photo irradiation to form nanoparticles of a conjugated polymer. The composite compring the nanoparticles may be used in an intraocular lens implant. [less ▲]

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See detailComposite comprising nanoparticles and method of making nanoparticles
Jérôme, Christine ULg; Bozukova, Dimitriya

Patent (2012)

The invention relates to a method for the production of nanoparticles comprising a conjugated polymer. The method comprises (i) providing a reaction mixture with a monomer, a photosensitising agent and a ... [more ▼]

The invention relates to a method for the production of nanoparticles comprising a conjugated polymer. The method comprises (i) providing a reaction mixture with a monomer, a photosensitising agent and a solvent, and (ii) exposing the reaction mixture to photo-irradiation to form nanoparticles of a conjugated polymer wherein the photosensitising agent is immiscible with the solvent. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Composite Genome Of The Legume Symbiont Sinorhizobium Meliloti
Galibert, Francis; Finan, Turlough M.; Long, Sharon R. et al

in Science (2001), 293(5530),

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See detailComposite joints in robust building frames
Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg; Demonceau, Jean-François ULg

(2008, July)

Recent events such as natural catastrophes or terrorism attacks have highlighted the necessity to ensure the structural integrity of buildings under exceptional actions. Accordingly, a European RFCS ... [more ▼]

Recent events such as natural catastrophes or terrorism attacks have highlighted the necessity to ensure the structural integrity of buildings under exceptional actions. Accordingly, a European RFCS project entitled “Robust structures by joint ductility” has been set up in 2004, for three years, with the aim to provide requirements and practical guidelines for the design of steel and composite structures under exceptional actions. In this project, the importance of the structural joints has been shown; as a particular case, these ones experience additional high tying forces after the loss of a column, as a result of the development of membrane forces in the beams located just above the damaged column. Moreover a reversal of moments occurs in some joints. In this paper design models for the evaluation of the mechanical properties of joints in such extreme situations are presented. References are made to recent tests on joints in isolation and joints in frames recently achieved at Stuttgart and at Liège University in the framework of the above-mentioned RFCS project. [less ▲]

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See detailComposite joints under M-N at elevated temperatures - Experimental investigations and analytical model
Demonceau, Jean-François ULg; Haremza, Cécile; Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg et al

in Proceeding of the Composite Construction VII conference (2013)

The Eurocodes recognise robustness as a way to ensure the structural integrity of a building frame subjected to an unforeseen event and therefore to avoid a so-called “progressive failure” mode in extreme ... [more ▼]

The Eurocodes recognise robustness as a way to ensure the structural integrity of a building frame subjected to an unforeseen event and therefore to avoid a so-called “progressive failure” mode in extreme loading situations. However few practical guidelines exist nowadays which would allow a designer to design a structure accordingly. Within the European RFCS ROBUSTFIRE project, the behaviour of steel and composite car parks subjected to localised fire leading to a column loss was investigated. Under such a scenario, the beam-to-column joints play a key role in the global structural response. Indeed, these joints, initially loaded in bending, may be subjected to elevated temperatures and to combined axial load “N” and bending moment “M”. In this paper, a methodology to predict the mechanical response of bolted composite beam-to-column joints at elevated temperatures under M-N is presented and validated through comparison to experimental tests conducted at the University of Coimbra. [less ▲]

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See detailComposite Manufacturing by Friction Stir Processing
Simar, Aude; de Meester, Bruno; Delannay, Francis et al

Conference (2012, October 29)

A new solid-state process developed recently on the same principles as Friction Stir Welding (FSW), Friction Stir Processing appear as a very promising technique for the production of metal matrix ... [more ▼]

A new solid-state process developed recently on the same principles as Friction Stir Welding (FSW), Friction Stir Processing appear as a very promising technique for the production of metal matrix composites and for tailoring materials properties. In the present work, this process has been applied to two different composite systems: (i) magnesium-matrix composites reinforced with carbon fibers, and (ii) copper-matrix composites reinforced with Y2O3 powder. Process optimization and mechanical properties of the composites are discussed in both systems. [less ▲]

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See detailComposite modeling to enhance hydraulic structures studies
Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

in Proceedings of SimHydro 2012 (2012)

Physical modeling and numerical modeling are two efficient analysis approaches in hydraulic engineering. The interactive application of both methods is obviously the more effective response to most flow ... [more ▼]

Physical modeling and numerical modeling are two efficient analysis approaches in hydraulic engineering. The interactive application of both methods is obviously the more effective response to most flow problems analyses. Indeed, it enables combining the inherent advantages of both approaches, which are complementary, while being beneficial to the delays as well as the quality of the analysis. The paper presents the way composite modeling is applied for years at the HECE - Laboratory of Engineering Hydraulics (University of Liege) to enhance hydraulic structures studies. Besides numerical model validation for which experimental benchmarks constitute the first reliable data source, simultaneous application of both modeling approaches may be envisaged in three different ways. Composite modeling may be used to increase the scale factor of physical models by reducing the layout of the real structure to be modeled, to provide a better answer to specific problems than a single approach study or to maximize the efficiency of experimental tests by reducing the range of variation of the unknown parameters to be tested. For each of these three issues depicted in the paper, several examples show how the combined use of efficient numerical solvers together with physical scale models enables to increase the overall quality and scope of the analyses while decreasing the delays and possibly the costs. [less ▲]

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See detailComposite modeling to enhance hydraulic structures studies
Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

in Houille Blanche (2012), 6

Physical modeling and numerical modeling are two efficient analysis approaches in hydraulic engineering. The interactive application of both methods is obviously the more effective response to most flow ... [more ▼]

Physical modeling and numerical modeling are two efficient analysis approaches in hydraulic engineering. The interactive application of both methods is obviously the more effective response to most flow problems analyses. Indeed, it enables combining the inherent advantages of both approaches, which are complementary, while being beneficial to the delays as well as the quality of the analysis. The paper presents the way composite modeling is applied for years at the HECE - Laboratory of Engineering Hydraulics (University of Liege) to enhance hydraulic structures studies. Besides numerical model validation for which experimental benchmarks constitute the first reliable data source, simultaneous application of both modeling approaches may be envisaged in three different ways. Composite modeling may be used to increase the scale factor of physical models by reducing the layout of the real structure to be modeled, to provide a better answer to specific problems than a single approach study or to maximize the efficiency of experimental tests by reducing the range of variation of the unknown parameters to be tested. For each of these three issues depicted in the paper, several examples show how the combined use of efficient numerical solvers together with physical scale models enables to increase the overall quality and scope of the analyses while decreasing the delays and possibly the costs. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (3 ULg)
See detailComposite steel-concrete joints in braced frames for buildings
Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg

in Composite steel-concrete joints in braced frames for buildings (1996)

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (1 ULg)
See detailComposite steel-concrete joints in frames for buildings: Design provisions
Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg

in Composite steel-concrete joints in frames for buildings: Design provisions (1999)

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (1 ULg)
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See detailComposite structures design for strength and stiffness with respect to ply thickness and/or fibers orientation
Bruyneel, Michaël ULg; Duysinx, Pierre ULg; Fleury, Claude ULg

in CHENG, Gen Dong (Ed.) Proceedings of the 4th World Congress of Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization WCSMO4 (2001, June)

This paper presents an optimization approach that allows the design of composite structures under stiffness and strength criteria, with fibers orientations and plies thickness taken into account in the ... [more ▼]

This paper presents an optimization approach that allows the design of composite structures under stiffness and strength criteria, with fibers orientations and plies thickness taken into account in the same optimization loop. The approach is based on the sequential convex programming. An industrial application is presented. [less ▲]

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See detailComposite structures optimization using sequential convex programming
Bruyneel, Michaël ULg; Fleury, Claude ULg

in Advances in Engineering Software (2002), 33(7-10), 697-711

The design of composite structures is considered here. The approximation concepts approach is used to solve the optimization problem. The convex approximations of the MMA family are briefly described ... [more ▼]

The design of composite structures is considered here. The approximation concepts approach is used to solve the optimization problem. The convex approximations of the MMA family are briefly described. Several modifications of these approximations are presented. They are now based on gradient information at two successive iterations, avoiding the use of the expensive second-order derivatives. A two-point fitting scheme is also described, where the function value at the preceding design point is used to improve the approximation. Numerical examples compare these new purely non-monotonous schemes to the existing ones for the selection of optimal fibers orientations in laminates. It is shown how these two-point based approximations are well adapted to the problem and can improve the optimization task, leading to reasonable computational efforts. A procedure is also derived for considering simultaneously monotonous and non-monotonous structural behaviors. The resulting generalized approximation scheme is well suited for the optimization of composite structures when both plies thickness and fibers orientations are considered as design variables. It is concluded that the newly developed approximation schemes of the MMA family are reliable for composite structures optimization. All the studied approximations are convex and separable: the optimization problem can then be solved using a dual approach. (C) 2002 Civil-Comp Ltd and Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailLes composites à matrice métallique/céramique – De nouveaux procédés de fabrication pour de nouvelles applications
Mertens, Anne ULg; Lecomte-Beckers, Jacqueline ULg

Conference (2014, May 20)

A l’heure où la plupart des matériaux composites essentiellement structuraux sont faits d’une matrice à base polymère, les matériaux composites à matrice métallique ou céramique offrent de nouvelles ... [more ▼]

A l’heure où la plupart des matériaux composites essentiellement structuraux sont faits d’une matrice à base polymère, les matériaux composites à matrice métallique ou céramique offrent de nouvelles perspectives en termes de performances et de durabilité. Le présent exposé s’attache plus particulièrement à retracer les possibilités offertes par de nouvelles méthodes de mise en oeuvre telles que la friction-malaxage et les techniques d’impression 3D, aussi bien en termes d’amélioration des propriétés mécaniques des matériaux composites que des fonctionnalités inédites qui peuvent leur être conférées. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (0 ULg)