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See detailLes compétences syntaxiques et lexicales dans les notions de complexité, de fluidité et d'exactitude
Defays, Jean-Marc ULg; Deltour, Sarah; Thonard, Audrey ULg

in Complexity, accuracy and fluency in second language use, learning and teaching (2007, March 29)

Detailed reference viewed: 63 (12 ULg)
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See detailLes compétences, des objectifs particuliers.
Beckers, Jacqueline ULg; Leclercq, Dieudonné ULg; Poumay, Marianne ULg

Learning material (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 278 (56 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailCompetency Model validation process : an illustration in public administration sector
Lothe, Benoit ULg; Hansez, Isabelle ULg; Bertrand, Françoise ULg

Poster (2011, May 26)

Background: Nowadays Human Resource Management issues are highly related to the strategic approach (Analoui, 2007; Daft, 2008; Becker, Huselid & Beatty, 2009 ; Jackson, Schuler & Werner, 2009). Workforce ... [more ▼]

Background: Nowadays Human Resource Management issues are highly related to the strategic approach (Analoui, 2007; Daft, 2008; Becker, Huselid & Beatty, 2009 ; Jackson, Schuler & Werner, 2009). Workforce is considered as an asset and HRM is required to match human capital with organization strategic purposes. HRM practices have accordingly evolved to better fulfil this requirement through for instance Competency Modelling (CM) (Werbel & De Marie, 2005). Diagnosis: This communication illustrates a specific CM validation process in a wide Public Administration. Through a “one-size-fits-all” competency model approach (Mansfield, 1996), the HRM department of this Public Administration has developed a set of 29 transverse competencies broken down across 290 behavioural indicators. After several in-house pre-validation steps (workshops and test cases), Human Resources Development Unit of University of Liege was invited to collaborate to the final validation process. Solution: Based on Van Beirendonck (2006) CM validation criteria, a two steps validation method was jointly developed. Four main criteria were used, therefore each behavioural indicator ought to : (1) meet various organizational departments needs; (2) be clearly understood within the organization (Bowen & Ostroff, 2004); (3) have a straight link with its belonging competency and (4) be observable. A questionnaire survey (n=252) was drawn up to appraise the first three criteria and quantitative analysis results provided the CM improvement framework. The concluding validation stage assessed the three last criteria by measuring Subject Matter Experts (HR managers responsible for staff evaluation) interrater agreement in order to improve CM content validity (Sanchez & Levine, 2009). Finding: Results comfortably confirm CM content validation under the four criteria. One of the project’s more relevant elements is developing a scientifically based method adapted to wide administration organizational features and constraints. In contrast, this CM validation project presents some limitations in relation to the CM theoretical concept (ambiguous concept in its validation perspective) and to organizational constraints (lack of strategic project concerning the use of the CM). Method and outcomes will be discussed in connection with the customer’s requirements and the constraints from the organizational context. [less ▲]

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See detailCompétenes et transférabilité au sein d'une famille de situations
Chenu, Florent ULg

Scientific conference (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (7 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailCompeting as a Luxury SME
Riguelle, France ULg; Van Caillie, Didier ULg

in Reinecke, Sven; Berghaus, Benjamin; Müller-Stewens, Günter (Eds.) The Management of Luxury (2014)

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See detailCompeting Latin American Regionalisms in a changing world
Santander, Sébastian ULg

in Telò, Mario (Ed.) European Union and New Regionalism. (2014)

Collective ambitions in Latin America (LA) go hand in hand with the processes of independence and the creation of States. Since the 19th century, the continent has experienced wave after wave of different ... [more ▼]

Collective ambitions in Latin America (LA) go hand in hand with the processes of independence and the creation of States. Since the 19th century, the continent has experienced wave after wave of different types of regionalism: the ‘Bolivarian’ joint project, ‘introverted’ regional associations and ‘open’ regionalism. LA’s ‘left-turn’ has given rise to a new wave of regional projects. Described by some as post-liberal, these projects have also seen changes. Shared ambitions have therefore continued to be at the heart of the political debate of LA decision-makers. Nonetheless, while LA regionalism is a constant over time, it is still a work-in-progress. Its nature keeps evolving, based on changes in the domestic and international political context. As a political phenomenon, regionalism covers a dynamic and shifting reality. This reality can move forward, slow down or move backwards, as this comparative analysis of LA regional organisations (ROs) shows. These changes can also be the result of competition between these projects. We will also see that, while regionalisms are the result of a political will of their own, they can also be fashioned by external actors’ strategies. The US’s penchant for bilateralism and the EU’s role as an active promoter of international regionalism all affect these collective LA projects. Thus, this paper does not just aim to study regionalism in a comparative way but also to situate it in its links with international relations (IR). The article is structured in three parts. The first aims to study the structural nature of regionalism in LA. To do so, a comparative analysis of the different regional initiatives is suggested, plus a look at the impact from outside factors and actors. This approach will also allow us to bring out the similarities and differences between the different waves of regionalism, to understand what has been achieved and the lessons learnt from old projects in order to better grasp the specificity and nature of current regional initiatives. Our last point will focus on the implications of LA and global geopolitical changes for the new regionalism in LA. [less ▲]

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See detailCompeting One-Way Essential Complements : the Forgotten Side of the Net Neutrality Story
Broos, Sébastien ULg; Gautier, Axel ULg

Conference (2014, July 11)

We examine the incentives of an internet service provider (ISP) to break net neutrality by excluding internet applications competing with its own products, a typical example being the exclusion of VoIP ... [more ▼]

We examine the incentives of an internet service provider (ISP) to break net neutrality by excluding internet applications competing with its own products, a typical example being the exclusion of VoIP applications by a telecom company offering internet and voice services. We show that exclusion is not a concern when the ISP is a monopoly because it can extract the additional surplus created by the application through price rebalancing. By contrast, when ISP’s compete, in an attempt to differentiate, only one ISP will offer the app. Applying a no-exclusion rule in this case can lead to monopoly. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailCompeting One-Way Essential Complements : the Forgotten Side of the Net Neutrality Story}
Broos, Sébastien ULg; Gautier, Axel ULg

Conference (2014, June 12)

We examine the incentives of an internet service provider (ISP) to break net neutrality by excluding internet applications competing with its own products, a typical example being the exclusion of VoIP ... [more ▼]

We examine the incentives of an internet service provider (ISP) to break net neutrality by excluding internet applications competing with its own products, a typical example being the exclusion of VoIP applications by a telecom company offering internet and voice services. We show that exclusion is not a concern when the ISP is a monopoly because it can extract the additional surplus created by the application through price rebalancing. By contrast, when ISP’s compete, in an attempt to differentiate, only one ISP will offer the app. Applying a no-exclusion rule in this case can lead to monopoly. [less ▲]

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See detailCompetition between benzo[a]pyrene and various steroids for cytochrome P-450-dependent rat liver monooxygenases.
Pasleau, Françoise ULg; Kremers, Pierre ULg; Gielen, Jacques

in Chemico-Biological Interactions (1981), 34

Cytochrome P-450-dependent monooxygenases are able to oxidize a large variety of endogenous and exogenous substrates. This paper describes the in vitro interaction between benzopyrene and steroids at the ... [more ▼]

Cytochrome P-450-dependent monooxygenases are able to oxidize a large variety of endogenous and exogenous substrates. This paper describes the in vitro interaction between benzopyrene and steroids at the level of two rat liver monooxygenases: steroid-16 alpha-hydroxylase and aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase (AHH). The results obtained suggest the following conclusions: (1) Steroid-16 alpha-hydroxylase is partially supported by a specific cytochrome P-450 form which is not inhibited in vitro by exogenous substrates. Steroid-16 alpha-hydroxylase is completely independent from cytochrome P1-450 (or P-448), as it is insensitive, in vitro, to alpha-naphthoflavone; (2) AHH is supported by two cytochrome P-450 forms: a specific form which is inducible by methylcholanthrene and inhibited in vitro by alpha-naphthoflavone, but is insensitive to metyrapone and steroids; and another less specific form which is inhibited by metyrapone and steroids in vitro. [less ▲]

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See detailCompetition between deep impurity and dopant behavior of Mg in GaN Schottky diodes
Schmeits, Marcel; Nguyen, Ngoc Duy ULg; Germain, Marianne

in Journal of Applied Physics (2001), 89

The effect of the deep acceptor Mg on the electrical characteristics of p-doped GaN Schottky diodes is analyzed. The theoretical study is based on the numerical resolution of the basic semiconductor ... [more ▼]

The effect of the deep acceptor Mg on the electrical characteristics of p-doped GaN Schottky diodes is analyzed. The theoretical study is based on the numerical resolution of the basic semiconductor equations, including the continuity equation for the Mg-related acceptor level. It gives the steady-state and small-signal analysis of p-doped GaN:Mg Schottky diodes, yielding as final result the frequency dependent capacitance and conductance of the structure. It is shown that the low-frequency characteristics are determined by the carrier exchange between the Mg related impurity level and the valence band, whereas above the impurity transition frequency, the hole modulation of the depletion layer edge governs the electrical response. Detailed results are shown on the effect of temperature, applied steady-state voltage and series resistance. The study of two back-to-back connected GaN Schottky diodes reveals the appearance of typical features in the electrical characteristics, depending on the respective Schottky barrier height of the two junctions. [less ▲]

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See detailCompetition between ordering and phase separation in a model superalloy NiCrAl
Delheusy, M.; Bley, F.; Gaspard, Jean-Pierre ULg et al

Report (2002)

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See detailCompétition et choix du partenaire sexuel chez les primates
Huynen, Marie-Claude ULg

in Cahiers d'Ethologie (2000), 20(1), 85-112

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (0 ULg)
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See detailCompetition for amino acids as a potential mechanism of Aureobasidium pullulans against post-harvest apple blue mold.
Bencheqroun, S. K.; Bajji, M.; Labhilili, M. et al

in Bulletin OILB/SROP = IOBC/WPRS Bulletin (2007), 30(6(1)),

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See detailCompetition Policy and the Euromed Partnership
Petit, Nicolas ULg; Geradin, Damien

in European Foreign Affairs Review (2003)

This paper seeks to provide a critical assessment of the efforts made by the EC to stimulate the development of competition laws in the Mediterranean countries with which it is engaged in partnership ... [more ▼]

This paper seeks to provide a critical assessment of the efforts made by the EC to stimulate the development of competition laws in the Mediterranean countries with which it is engaged in partnership agreements. It reviews the content of the competition provisions of the association agreements, as well as their effectiveness. In then examines the regular calls for convergence on the EC competition law model to which Mediterranean countries are object. There is indeed room for debate regarding the opportunity, as well as the nature of such convergence. The paper concludes that a deep convergence approach, whereby the non-candidate Partner countries would transpose EC competition rules in their domestic legal order, would provide many benefits for both the EC and these countries. [less ▲]

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See detailCompétition pour l'azote inorganique entre le pelagos et le benthos dans un écosystème côtier oligotrophe. Effets sur la dynamique de l'écosystème.
Lepoint, Gilles ULg

Doctoral thesis (2001)

Résumé de la thèse intitulée : Compétition pour l’azote inorganique entre le benthos et le pelagos d’un milieu côtier oligotrophe. Effets sur la dynamique de l’écosystème. Dissertation présentée le 9 mai ... [more ▼]

Résumé de la thèse intitulée : Compétition pour l’azote inorganique entre le benthos et le pelagos d’un milieu côtier oligotrophe. Effets sur la dynamique de l’écosystème. Dissertation présentée le 9 mai 2001 par Gilles Lepoint en vue de l’obtention du grade de Docteur en Sciences de l’Université de Liège. Dans la Baie de la Revellata (Calvi, Corse, France), comme dans de nombreux sites côtiers méditerranéens, les biocénoses benthiques sont très développées et productives, malgré le caractère oligotrophe du compartiment pélagique et la pauvreté relative en nutriment de la colonne d’eau. Dans ce travail, nous avons abordé la résolution de ce paradoxe apparent sous l’angle de la compétition pour l’azote inorganique, élément dont la disponibilité influence la dynamique des compartiments benthique et pélagique. Notre démarche scientifique s’est déroulée en trois étapes : mesure des paramètres environnementaux pouvant influencer la dynamique de l’azote dans l’écosystème (lumière, température, concentrations en azote inorganique), mesure des concentrations relatives en azote et des biomasses des organismes étudiés (phytoplancton, macroalgues, posidonies et communauté épiphyte), mesure des vitesses spécifiques et des flux d’incorporation de nitrate et d’ammonium par ces organismes. Nous montrons que les différents producteurs de la Baie de la Revellata sont des organismes adaptés à une disponibilité faible en nutriments. Les flux d’incorporation mesurés et l’acquisition de stratégies saisonnières de type stockage / remobilisation permet aux producteurs benthiques d’assurer leurs besoins en azote. L’impact des communautés benthiques sur la dynamique du compartiment pélagique est manifeste et contribue probablement à maintenir la pauvreté en nutriments de ce système. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 89 (13 ULg)