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See detailChemical Composition and Antioxidant Activity of seeds oils and fruit juice of Opuntia Ficus Indica and Opuntia Dillenii from Morocco
Ghazi, Z.; Ramdani, M.; Tahri, M. et al

in Journal of Materials and Environmental Science (2015), 6(8), 2338-2345

This study provides basic information on the mineral composition of the seeds and antioxidant activity in seeds oils and fruit juices of cactus belonging to two species Opuntia ficus indica and Opuntia ... [more ▼]

This study provides basic information on the mineral composition of the seeds and antioxidant activity in seeds oils and fruit juices of cactus belonging to two species Opuntia ficus indica and Opuntia dillenii, from Morocco (Oujda), in order to evaluate the nutritional value of the Opuntia extracts. Minerals determined from dry seeds of Opuntia ficus indica and Opuntia dillenii were: calcium 480.93 and 408.28; phosphorus 1417.59 and 970.15; potassium 304.51 and 201.96; magnesium: 316.59 and 240.30; sodium: 48.33 and 18.18; zinc: 70.77 and 78.26 mg/100g respectively. The main fatty acids of Opuntia ficus indica and Opuntia dillenii seed oil were respectively: linoleic acid: 58.79 and 79.83%, Palmitic acid: 11.18 and 13.52%. The antioxidant activity of Opuntia ficus indica and Opuntia dillenii seed oils and fruit juices were assessed by means of 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical-scavenging assay and ascorbic acid test. The results showed that the antioxidant activities of Opuntia ficus indica and Opuntia dillenii seed oil (IC50 = 19.79 ± 0.023 and 27.21 ± 0.075 μL/mL) are higher than that of the reference ascorbic acid (IC50 = 16.56 ± 0.019 μg/mL). However, the Opuntia dillenii juice presents antioxidant activity more important than this of Opuntia seed oil and ascorbic acid. It possessed strong antioxidant activity (IC50 = 8.18 μL/mL). The antioxidant activity of the seed oil and juice were also found to be concentration-dependent. [less ▲]

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See detailChemical Composition and Antioxydant Activity of Laurus nobilis Floral Buds Essential Oil
Bouzouita, N.; El Omri, A.; Kachouri, F. et al

in Journal of Essential Oil Research (2009)

The essential oil of Laurus nobilis floral buds (FB) collected in Tunisia was obtained by hydrodistillation and analysed by GC-MS. Twenty three constituents were identified. The main components of this ... [more ▼]

The essential oil of Laurus nobilis floral buds (FB) collected in Tunisia was obtained by hydrodistillation and analysed by GC-MS. Twenty three constituents were identified. The main components of this oil were α-terpinyl acetate (28.43 %), methyl eugenol (19.57 %), eugenol (7.42 %) and elemicin (4.41 %). The antioxidant activity of the oil of Laurus nobilis FB was evaluated by two methods, β-carotene bleaching (BCB) test and 2.2-diphenyl-β-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay using respectively butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), trolox, gallic acid, caffeic acid and δ-tocopherol as standards. It was found that the Laurus nobilis FB oil have a significant antioxidant effect when tested by each method respectively. The antioxidant activity of this oil is more effective than the synthetic antioxidant (BHT) at 200 ppm and can be attributed to the active compounds eugenol, elemicin and methyl eugenol present in this essential oil. [less ▲]

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See detailChemical composition and functional properties of dietary fibre extracted by Englyst and Prosky methods from the alga Ulva lactuca collected in Tunisia
Yaich, Hela; Garna, Haikel; Bchir, Brahim et al

in Algal Research (2015), 9

Nowadays there is a growing trend to find new sources of dietary fibre (DF), such as marine algae by-products that have traditionally been undervalued. In this respect, the aim of the present ... [more ▼]

Nowadays there is a growing trend to find new sources of dietary fibre (DF), such as marine algae by-products that have traditionally been undervalued. In this respect, the aim of the present investigation was firstly to compare two methods of dietary fibre quantification (Englyst and Prosky) and secondly to determine the chemical composition and some of the functional properties of total and insoluble fibres extracted in accordance with the Englyst method. The dietary fibres of dried Ulva lactuca collected from the Tunisian littoral were determined by the Prosky (gravimetric method) and Englyst (enzymatic-chemical method) methods. The two extraction methods (Englyst–Prosky) provided approximately the same values in total fibres (~54%). However, they had different insoluble and soluble fibre contents. U. lactuca contained 20.53% and 31.55% of soluble fibres and 34.37% and 21.54% of insoluble fibres using the Prosky and Englyst methods, respectively. The fractionation of the insoluble dietary fibre concentrate revealed that hemicellulose was the most abundant fraction (32.49%), followed by cellulose (16.59%) and “lignin-like” compounds (1.53%). For both fibre concentrates, the main neutral sugar was glucose (20.70%–27.59%), which corresponded to hemicellulose and cellulose. The water holding capacity of insoluble fibre concentrate was relatively high. It varied between 9.32 g and 10.3 g of water/g of dry fibre at 25 °C and 80 °C, respectively. Nevertheless, the oil holding capacity of the insoluble fibre concentrate was not affected by temperature. It was about 1.08 and 1.01 g of oil/g of dry fibre at 25 °C and 80 °C. Despite the significant functional properties of fibre concentrate, the presence of lead limits its use as an ingredient in the food industry. [less ▲]

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See detailChemical composition and functional properties of Ulva lactuca seaweed collected in Tunisia
Yaich, H.; Garna, H.; Besbes, S. et al

in Food Chemistry (2011), 128(4), 895-901

The chemical composition and some functional properties of the dried "Ulva lactuca" algae, collected from the littoral between the Taboulba and Sayada area, were determined. The dried "U. lactuca" algae ... [more ▼]

The chemical composition and some functional properties of the dried "Ulva lactuca" algae, collected from the littoral between the Taboulba and Sayada area, were determined. The dried "U. lactuca" algae were investigated for their soluble, insoluble and total dietary fibre content, mineral amount, amino acid and fatty acid profiles, swelling capacity (SWC), water holding capacity (WHC) and oil holding capacity (OHC). Results showed that "U. lactuca" alga powder was characterised by a high content of fibres (54.0%), minerals (19.6%), proteins (8.5%) and lipids (7.9%). The neutral fibres contain hemicellulose (20.6%), cellulose (9.0%) and lignin (1.7%). The proteinic fraction analysis indicated the presence of essential amino acids, which represent 42.0% of the total amino acids. The fatty acids profile was dominated by the palmitic acid, which represents about 60.0% of the total fatty acids, followed by oleic acid (16.0%). The study of the functional properties proved that SWC, WHC and OHC of this alga varied with temperatures and that were comparable to those of some commercial fibre rich products. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailChemical composition and lipid fraction characteristics of aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis Mill.) seeds cultivated in Tunisia
Cheikh-Rouhou, S.; Hentati, B.; Besbes, S. et al

in Food Science & Technology International (2006), 12(5), 407-415

The proximate composition of Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis Mill.) seeds cultivated in Bizerta (Tunisia) were investigated for their fatty acid composition, and their thermal and physical properties of ... [more ▼]

The proximate composition of Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis Mill.) seeds cultivated in Bizerta (Tunisia) were investigated for their fatty acid composition, and their thermal and physical properties of lipid fraction. The proximate analysis of pine seeds showed the following composition (on a dry-weight basis): protein 22.7%, oil 43.3%, ash 8.3% and total carbohydrate 25.7%. Potassium, magnesium and calcium were the predominant mineral elements present in the seeds and reached, together, about 1%. Oleic and linoleic acids were the major unsaturated fatty acids (27.3 and 48.8%, respectively), while the main saturated one was palmitic acid (8.75%). Myristic, myristoleic, palmitoleic, margaric, margaroleic, stearic, linolenic, arachidic, eicosenoic, eicosadienoic eicosatrienoic behenic and lignoceric acids were also detected. Thermal profile of Pinus halepensis Mill. seed oil, determined by its DSC melting curve, showed that the entire liquefaction of the Aleppo pine seed oil occurs at -8 degrees C. GeLab colour parameters (L*, a*, b*), oxidative stability by Rancimat test and viscosity were also determined. Physicochemical properties of the oil include: saponification number 190, peroxide value 3.18, iodine index 117, and a low acidity of 0.61%. Results suggested that the production of oil from Pinus halepensis seeds could provide a potential use in food, pharmaceutical, cosmetics and other non-food industries. [less ▲]

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See detailChemical composition and lipid fraction characteristics of aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis Mill.) seeds cultivated in Tunisia
Cheikh-Rouhou, S.; Besbes, S.; Hentati, B. et al

Poster (2006, September)

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See detailChemical composition and Microbial Quality of dates grown in Figuig oasis of Marocco
Hasnaoui, Amina; ElHoumaizi, Mohamed Aziz; Asehraou, Abdeslam et al

in International Journal of Agriculture and Biology (2010), 12(2), 311-314

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See detailChemical composition and physicochemical characteristics of fixed oils from Algerian Nigella sativa seeds
Benkaci, Ali; Wathelet, Jean-Paul ULg

in Chemistry of Natural Compounds (2012), 47(6), 925-931

The fatty acids, sterols, and polyphenols from the fixed oils of Nigella sativa seeds originating from four locations were determined. The seeds contained respectively 30.63–34.27% and 25.66–32.77% of ... [more ▼]

The fatty acids, sterols, and polyphenols from the fixed oils of Nigella sativa seeds originating from four locations were determined. The seeds contained respectively 30.63–34.27% and 25.66–32.77% of fixed oils using hexane and isopropyl alcohol in solvent extraction. Linoleic, oleic, and palmitic acids formed the main proportion using the two solvents, respectively: hexane 54.47–61.28%, isopropanol 56.98–67.30%; hexane 19.62–22.94%, isopropanol 18.85–21.96%, and hexane 11.17–13.60%, isopropanol 9.20–14.18%. Other minor unsaturated fatty acids were identified. Eight phytosterols were isolated and identified in the fixed oils by GC and GC/MS analysis, wherein -sitosterol was the dominating compound that inhibits the absorption of dietary cholesterol, followed by stigmasterol, campesterol, and 5-avenasterol. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Chemical Composition of B-type Pulsators: Some Unexpected Results
Morel, Thierry ULg; Briquet, Maryline ULg; Aerts, C.

in Precision Spectroscopy in Astrophysics (2008)

We present a project aimed at self-consistently deriving the physical parameters and chemical composition of massive pulsators (β, Cephei stars, Slowly Pulsating B stars) based on high-resolution optical ... [more ▼]

We present a project aimed at self-consistently deriving the physical parameters and chemical composition of massive pulsators (β, Cephei stars, Slowly Pulsating B stars) based on high-resolution optical spectra. Such data will be essential for a proper theoretical interpretation of their oscillation spectrum, but may also contribute in a broader context to our understanding of mixing and diffusion processes in B-type stars. As an illustration, our first results reveal the existence of core-processed material at the surface of some slowly-rotating β, Cephei stars which is not predicted by current evolutionary models including rotation. [less ▲]

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See detailChemical composition of colostrum from Azawak cow in Niger compared with meta-analytical data
Abdou, Harouna; Marichatou, Hamani; Beckers, Jean-François ULg et al

in Animal Genetic Resources Information = Bulletin d'Information sur les Ressources Génétiques Animales = Boletin de Informacion sobre Recursos Geneticos Animales (2014), 55

This study aimed at comparing data obtained from Azawak zebu colostrum with literature data. The comparison was performed by a meta-analytical approach. Colostrum samples were hand-collected after 5 h ... [more ▼]

This study aimed at comparing data obtained from Azawak zebu colostrum with literature data. The comparison was performed by a meta-analytical approach. Colostrum samples were hand-collected after 5 h from 7 Azawak cows at calving between August 27, to September 10, 2009 in the Sahel. For data from literature, twenty one (21) references were identified in the following analytical databases: PubMed, Science Direct, Google scholar, Collection from University of Liege. The references were selected according to the following two criteria: i) only studies reported on bovine colostrum were used irrespective of breeds, and ii) among the selected studies, those not providing complete information to allow meta-analytical calculation were excluded. Samples were analyzed for immunoglobulins (IgG, IgM, IgA), lactoferrin, and chemical composition (dry mater, protein, fat, lactose, ash, Ca, P, NA, K, Mg). The mean levels of IgG, IgM, dry matter, protein and fat for Azawak cows were lower (P ˂ 0.001) than those obtained in other breeds; however colostrum from the Azawak was higher in IgA but the difference was not significant. For lactose and ash, mean values for Azawak cows were higher (P ˂ 0.001) than those from the literature. Contents of Ca, P, Na and Mg in Azawak bovine colostrum were significantly higher (P ˂ 0.001) than the mean levels in form the literature data. In conclusion, the colostrum from Azawak cows appears to be lower in most immunoglobulins, in fat and in protein than the values reported in the literature, but higher in lactose and minerals. This could be an adaptation to sahelian contraints. [less ▲]

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See detailChemical composition of essential oils and floral waters of Mentha longifolia (L.) Huds. from Senegal
Diop, Serigne Mbacké; Guèye, Momar Talla; Ndiaye, Ibrahima et al

in American Journal of Essential Oils and Natural Products (2016), 4(1), 46-49

Essential oils of Mentha longifolia from Senegal were extracted from fresh plants and dried plants in the shade for 7 days. The yields were of 0.39 and 0.32% in the fresh and dried plants respectively ... [more ▼]

Essential oils of Mentha longifolia from Senegal were extracted from fresh plants and dried plants in the shade for 7 days. The yields were of 0.39 and 0.32% in the fresh and dried plants respectively. Analysis of the essential oils, floral waters and the assay of pulegone were carried out by GC/FID and GC/MS. The major compounds identified in the oils were pulegone (52.0 and 42.4%), menthone (14.3 and 21.2%), 1, 8-cineole (13.1 and 11.4%) and isomenthone (9.0 and 13.2%) in the fresh and dried plants, respectively. Analyses revealed that floral waters were also characterized by the same major compounds as essential oils but at different rates. In these floral waters, pulegone constituted 60.2 and 47.0%, 1,8- cineole 7.9 and 19.6%, isomenthone 7.2 and 10.7%, menthone 6.4 and 9.2%, chrysanthenone 6.4 and 3.2% and α-terpineol 3.0 and 2.7% in the fresh and dried plants, respectively. The assay results of pulegone, a hepatotoxic compound, have shown very high levels (444.6 and 393.3mg/g) in both fresh and dried plants. [less ▲]

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See detailChemical Composition Of Pea Fibre Isolates And Their Effect On The Endogenous Amino Acid Flow At The Ileum Of The Pig
Leterme, Pascal; Thewis, André ULg; Van leeuwen, Piet et al

in Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture (1996), 72(1), 127-134

Pea starch, hulls and cotyledon inner fibres, isolated from pea seeds, were incorporated in N-free diets, on a NDF-content basis, in order to study their effect on the ileal endogenous amino acid (AA ... [more ▼]

Pea starch, hulls and cotyledon inner fibres, isolated from pea seeds, were incorporated in N-free diets, on a NDF-content basis, in order to study their effect on the ileal endogenous amino acid (AA) excretion in the growing pig. Maize starch and wood cellulose were selected as references. The inner fibrecontaining diet was also supplemented with enzymatically hydrolysed casein (EHC) in order to test the peptide alimentation method on a diet containing a fibre source with a high water-holding capacity (WHC = 10.9 g water g-' DM). The fibres were also analysed by different methods (crude fibre, NDF, ADF, enzymatic-gravimetric method, Englyst method). The fibre content of the inner fibre fraction varied widely from one method to another and ranged from 109 g crude fibre to 480 g AOAC fibre kg-' DM. Compared to the 'maize starch + wood cellulose' diet (11.0 g AA excreted kg-' DM intake), pea starch had no effect on ileal AA losses (9.6 g), whereas pea hulls slightly increased them (14.2 g). The AA excretion dramatically increased with the incorporation of inner fibres (28.0 g), because of their very high WHC. The addition of EHC increased the output (48.0 g) further, at a level that can hardly be explained only by an increase of the endogenous secretions. The results suggest that the NDF content of grain legume products is not indicative of their effect on the ileal endogenous AA losses in pigs and that the physiological effects of fibres along the gastrointestinal tract are due to both their chemical and physical properties. [less ▲]

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See detailChemical composition of silage residues sustaining the larval development of the Culicoides obsoletus/Culicoides scoticus species (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae)
Zimmer, Jean-Yves ULg; Saegerman, Claude ULg; Losson, Bertrand ULg et al

in Veterinary Parasitology (2013), 191(1-2), 197-201

Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) are biological vectors of bluetongue virus (BTV). Bluetongue is a viral disease that affects domestic and wild ruminants. Since its recent emergence in northern ... [more ▼]

Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) are biological vectors of bluetongue virus (BTV). Bluetongue is a viral disease that affects domestic and wild ruminants. Since its recent emergence in northern Europe, this disease has caused considerable economic losses to the sheep and cattle industry. The biotopes, and more particularly the chemical characteristics which are suitable for larval development of the main vector species, are still relatively unknown. This study shows that the larvae of biting midges belonging to the species Culicoides obsoletus and Culicoides scoticus are able to breed in different types of silage residue (maize, grass, sugar beet pulp and their combinations). The chemical composition of substrates strongly influences the presence of the immature stages of these biting midges. Higher lignin and insoluble fibre contents seem to favour their presence and could play the role of a physical support for semi-aquatic larvae. In contrast, higher concentrations of magnesium and calcium are negatively correlated with the presence of these two species. These data will help to locate and monitor the breeding sites of these species and could contribute to the control of these insects on farms. [less ▲]

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See detailChemical composition of solar-type stars
Neuforge, Corinne; Magain, Pierre ULg

in Pallavicini, R.; Dupree, A. K. (Eds.) Cool Stars, Stellar Systems, and the Sun, Proceedings of the 9th Cambridge workshop (1996)

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See detailChemical Composition of the Essential Oil of Pistacia lentiscus L. from Eastern Morocco
Amhamdi, Hassan; Aounti, Fatima; Wathelet, Jean-Paul ULg et al

in Record of Natural Products (2009), 3(2), 90-95

The essential oil from leaves of Pistacia lentiscus L., an aromatic member of the Anarcadiaceae family from Eastern Morocco, obtained by hydrodistillation, was analysed by GC-FID and GC-MS. The ... [more ▼]

The essential oil from leaves of Pistacia lentiscus L., an aromatic member of the Anarcadiaceae family from Eastern Morocco, obtained by hydrodistillation, was analysed by GC-FID and GC-MS. The constituents were identified by their mass spectra and Kovats’indices. About 104 constituents were detected in the oil. From these components, about 40 could be identified and quantified, comprising over 88.6% of the oil. The main constituents of the oil were: myrcene (39.2%), limonene (10,3) -gurjunene (7.8), germacrene (4.3%), -pinene (2.9%), muurolene (2.9), -humulene (2.6), Epi- bicyclosesquiphellandrene (2.5), -pinene (2.2). The results of this study shows both qualitative and quantitative differences with oils from P. lentiscus L of other countries. [less ▲]

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See detailThe chemical composition of the extreme halo stars. I - Blue spectra of 20 dwarfs
Magain, Pierre ULg

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (1989), 209

Spectra obtained with the ESO Cassegrain echelle spectrograph are used to determine the abundances of 13 elements in the atmospheres of 20 extreme halo dwarfs. It is found that the alpha elements Mg, Ca ... [more ▼]

Spectra obtained with the ESO Cassegrain echelle spectrograph are used to determine the abundances of 13 elements in the atmospheres of 20 extreme halo dwarfs. It is found that the alpha elements Mg, Ca, and Ti are overabundant with respect to Fe, that the Cr/Fe ratio is solar at all metallicities, and that Al is overdeficient relative to Mg. The results also indicate that the s elements Sr, Y, and Ba are overdeficient with respect to Fe in stars with Fe/H ratios of less than 2.3, and that for ratios greater than 2.3 the s element abundances relative to Fe are roughly constant (at either solar or higher values). [less ▲]

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See detailThe chemical composition of the extreme halo stars. II - Green spectra of 20 dwarfs
Zhao, G.; Magain, Pierre ULg

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (1990), 238

The abundances of nine elements in the atmospheres of 20 extreme metal-poor stars are derived from green spectra obtained with the ESO Cassegrain Echelle Spectrograph (CASPEC). Sodium is found to be ... [more ▼]

The abundances of nine elements in the atmospheres of 20 extreme metal-poor stars are derived from green spectra obtained with the ESO Cassegrain Echelle Spectrograph (CASPEC). Sodium is found to be overabundant with respect to aluminum by as much as one dex. There is some scatter in Ca/Fe which cannot be accounted for by random errors in equivalent widths or atmospheric parameters. Scandium is overabundant relative to iron. Some barium lines may be affected by strong departures from local thermodynamic equilibrium. The nitrogen-rich metal-poor star HD 74000, which was found in previous work to be also Al-rich, also presents higher than usual abundances of Na and of s-process elements. It can thus be considered as a mild barium dwarf of Population II. [less ▲]

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See detailThe chemical composition of the extreme halo stars. III - Equivalent widths of 20 dwarfs
Zhao, G.; Magain, Pierre ULg

in Astronomy and Astrophysics. Supplement Series (1990), 86

In the first two papers of this series the chemical composition of 20 extreme halo stars was discussed. The abundances of a number of elements were determined using model atmosphere analysis of equivalent ... [more ▼]

In the first two papers of this series the chemical composition of 20 extreme halo stars was discussed. The abundances of a number of elements were determined using model atmosphere analysis of equivalent widths. In this paper a tabulation of the equivalent width data is presented. A comparison of the measurements with the equivalent widths from different sources is used to assess the quality of the data. [less ▲]

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See detailChemical Composition Of The Leaf Oil Of Mentha Rotundifolia (L.) From Algeria
Brada, M.; Bezzina, M.; Marlier, M. et al

in Journal of Essential Oil Research (2006), 18(6), 663-665

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