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See detailLa Commission européenne décide de ne pas donner suite à une plainte arguant d’effets de ciseau tarifaire.
Sibony, Anne-Lise ULg

in Concurrences : Revue des Droits de la Concurrence (2011), 1

Comm. eur., déc. C(2010) 4730 du 2 juillet 2010, Vivendi et Iliad/France Telecom, aff. COMP/39653 La Commission européenne décide de ne pas donner suite à une plainte arguant d’effets de ciseau tarifaire.

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See detailLa Commission européenne face à l'efficacité et l'équité des systèmes éducatifs européens
Demeuse, Marc; Baye, Ariane ULg

in Education et Sociétés : Revue Internationale de Sociologie de l'Education (2007), 20

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See detailLa Commission européenne publie un guide de mise en œuvre de l’article 82 CE intégrant l’analyse économique à la qualification d’abus de position dominante
Sibony, Anne-Lise ULg

in Concurrences : Revue des Droits de la Concurrence (2009), (1), 118-125

EC Comm., 3 December 2008, Guidance on the Commission’s Enforcement Priorities in Applying Article 82 EC Treaty to Abusive Exclusionary Conduct by Dominant Undertakings : Guidance on the Commission’s ... [more ▼]

EC Comm., 3 December 2008, Guidance on the Commission’s Enforcement Priorities in Applying Article 82 EC Treaty to Abusive Exclusionary Conduct by Dominant Undertakings : Guidance on the Commission’s enforcement priorities in applying Article 82 EC Treaty to abusive exclusionary conduct by dominant undertakings: A new framework for analysis of exlusionary conduct [less ▲]

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See detailCommission Internationale de la Microflore du Paléozoïque (CIMP)
Steemans, Philippe ULg

Computer development (2008)

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See detailla commission Lumumba
Raxhon, Philippe ULg

in Dard, Olivier; Lefeuvre, Daniel (Eds.) L'Europe face à son passé colonial (2008)

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See detailLa "Commission nationale des sciences" et l’émergence d’un concept de politique scientifique en Belgique
Pirot, Pascal ULg

in MALPANGOTTO, Michela; JULLIEN, Vincent; NICOLAIDIS, Efthymios (Eds.) L’homme au risque de l’infini. Mélanges d’histoire et de philosophie des sciences offerts à Michel Blay (2013)

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See detailCommission on New Minerals, Nomenclature and Classification (CNMNC), Newsletter 10
Williams; Hatert, Frédéric ULg; Pasero, Marco et al

in Mineralogical Magazine (2011), 75(5), 2549-2561

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See detailLa Commission rend obligatoires les engagements du gestionnaire du réseau de transport d’électricité en Suède visant à lever un doute sur la compatibilité avec l’article 102 TFUE d’une pratique consistant à gérer les risques de congestion du réseau en favorisant les flux à destination du marché national par rapport aux flux destinés à l’exportation
Sibony, Anne-Lise ULg

in Concurrences : Revue des Droits de la Concurrence (2010), (3), 88-100

Eur. Comm., dec. art. 9 Reg. 1/2003, 14.04.10, Swedish Interconnectors, case COMP/39.351; CA Paris, 15.04.10, Vicat et Lafarge Ciments v. Fr. NCA, 12.03.07, Corsican cement, 07-D-08; Fr. NCA, 17.05.10 ... [more ▼]

Eur. Comm., dec. art. 9 Reg. 1/2003, 14.04.10, Swedish Interconnectors, case COMP/39.351; CA Paris, 15.04.10, Vicat et Lafarge Ciments v. Fr. NCA, 12.03.07, Corsican cement, 07-D-08; Fr. NCA, 17.05.10, Sanofi-Aventis France, 10-D-06; Fr. NCA, 16.04.10, biogas, 10-D-14 and, on appeal, CA Paris, 01.06.10, Euro Power Technology, RG 2010/07349 [less ▲]

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See detailCommission Université Palais (C.U.P.) - Libéralités et successions
Moreau, Pierre ULg; Rosoux, Hélène ULg; Rousseau, Laura ULg et al

in Libéralités et successions - CUP (2012)

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See detailThe Commission's Non Contractual Liability in the Field of Merger Control - Don't Use a Hammer When You Need a Screwdriver
Petit, Nicolas ULg; Rato, Miguel

in Global Competition Policy (2007)

It has become conventional wisdom to view the rulings handed down by the CFI in Airtours, Schneider, Tetra Laval and Impala as unprecedented setbacks for the European Commission ("the Commission") that ... [more ▼]

It has become conventional wisdom to view the rulings handed down by the CFI in Airtours, Schneider, Tetra Laval and Impala as unprecedented setbacks for the European Commission ("the Commission") that would usher in a new era of administrative accountability in the field of merger control. However, several commentators still consider that the Commission regretfully enjoys a de facto power of "life or death" over notified mergers, and that judgments striking down its decisions are unlikely to change much in practice. Parties to a blocked merger generally abandon their projects following the Commission's decision, irrespective of the outcome of the actions they may subsequently bring before the EC Courts (e.g. the Airtours/First Choice or Schneider/Legrand mergers). Third parties - competitors or consumers - to an illegally approved merger have little prospect of inducing the Commission to unscramble a consummated transaction (e.g. the Sony/BMG merger). This unsatisfactory state of affairs has led practitioners to explore other legal avenues to hold the Commission accountable for its mistakes. One such possible means of redress is to resort to Article 288 EC which provides that the EC shall "make good any damage caused by its institutions". Where an EC institution such as the Commission is found liable for such damage, Article 235 EC grants the Community Courts jurisdiction to award compensation In light of the virulence of some of criticism directed at the Commission by the CFI in the Airtours and Schneider/Legrand judgments, the parties to those mergers initiated proceedings against the Commission, seeking compensation for the unlawful prohibition of their proposed mergers. These actions drew enthusiastic reactions from certain EC competition law experts which, upon close examination, appear unjustified. The legal avenue provided for by Article 288 EC is most likely a procedural dead-end. First, from the applicants' perspective, the conditions under which the Commission's liability can give rise to a right to compensation in the field of merger control are set so high by existing case-law that most Article 288 EC claims are likely to be dismissed as unfounded. Second, from a public policy standpoint, Article 288 EC does not constitute an adequate instrument to improve the Commission's accountability for its unlawful decisions. [less ▲]

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See detailCommissioning case study of a cooling ceiling system
Fonseca, N.; Hannay, J.; Andre, Philippe ULg

in Proceedings Building Simulation 2009: BS'09, Glasgow, August 2009 (2009, August)

As a part of commissioning case study, the cooling ceiling system of a commercial building in Brussels is experimentally evaluated by means a functional test procedure and a detailed thermal model of this ... [more ▼]

As a part of commissioning case study, the cooling ceiling system of a commercial building in Brussels is experimentally evaluated by means a functional test procedure and a detailed thermal model of this system. This one has to be used on situ, as diagnosis tool in commissioning process in order to determine the main parameters of the cooling ceiling systems. Due to the extended gazing surface of the building, the problem is the overheated zones submitted to the expected solar heat gain. The subsystems considered for commissioning process includes the fenestration, ventilation and cooling ceiling system. The interaction and individual operation conditions of each system are evaluated. A Functional Performance Testing guide (FPT) for cooling ceiling commissioning process is proposed. [less ▲]

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See detailCommissioning-orientated building loads calculations. Application to the CA-MET building in Namur (Belgium).
Adam, Ch.; Andre, Philippe ULg; Aparecida Silva, Cl. et al

Conference (2004, October)

The parallel use of whole building simulation and monitoring of building energy consumptions (heating, cooling, lighting and other electricity consumptions) represents a potential “high-level” ... [more ▼]

The parallel use of whole building simulation and monitoring of building energy consumptions (heating, cooling, lighting and other electricity consumptions) represents a potential “high-level” commissioning tool in order to verify, either as a one shot campaign or as a continuous process, the correct operation of a building. The most advanced approaches use on-line building simulation to continuously compare the real performance of the building to a base line provided by simulation. In that context, different levels of building loads calculation can be used, ranging from rough methods like eg degree day methods to detailed multizone building simulation. The former methods use aggregated information about the buildings (“global” parameters like the heat loss coefficient for instance) and provide as outputs average quantities (energy consumption for a given average controlled temperature) while the latter require a high number of parameters and deliver very detailed results (hourly evolution of demands in each zone of the building). A major question concerns the suitability of the different approaches in a commissioning context. This papers illustrates the use of different calculation methods (heating and cooling loads) for the particular case of an office building located in Namur (Belgium), which is the object of an intensive re-commissioning activity for several years. Very global methods are used as well as detailed computer simulations using TRNSYS Multizone building types 46 and 56. In the latter case, the model is calibrated using reference periods and can serve as a baseline indicator of the energy consumption in the building. The complexity of the building (300 m long, modular architecture, presence of an atrium-like internal street) required some simplifications in the modelling associated to a specific methodology to extrapolate the results got from the simulation of a relatively small part of the building to the whole picture. The paper will explain the advantages and disadvantages of each approach, the required information and the limits of the results. The potential use of the different calculation levels for the implementation in a continuous commissioning process will be examinated as conclusion of the work. [less ▲]

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See detailCommon agricultural policy and its objectives for sustainable management of natural resources and measures in favor of the climate
Terrones Gavira, François ULg; Burny, Philippe ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Petrescu, Dacinia Crina; Burny, Philippe; Petrescu-Mag, Ruxandra-Malina (Eds.) Agri-environment : perspectives on sustainable development (2012)

The first part of this article is a history of the greening of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). The second part focuses on parameters and methodologies to take into account in order to evaluate the ... [more ▼]

The first part of this article is a history of the greening of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). The second part focuses on parameters and methodologies to take into account in order to evaluate the costs and the benefits of the future CAP. Finally, the last part of this paper is a discussion about the objectives of the greening and the instruments used to achieve them. [less ▲]

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See detailCommon Agricultural Policy and the environment : are they compatible ?
Burny, Philippe ULg

in Universitatea "Babes-Boliay" Cluj-Napoca (Ed.) Simpozion national "Contributii stiintifice în tehnologii si echipamente pentru evaluarea si protectia mediului" (2005)

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See detailThe Common Agricultural Policy towards 2020
Burny, Philippe ULg; Habran, Maxime ULg; Terrones Gavira, François ULg

in Lorencowicz, Edmund; Uziak, Jacek; Huyghebaert, Bruno (Eds.) VI International Scientific Symposium "Farm Machinery and Processes Management in Sustainable Agriculture" : Symposium Proceedings (2013)

The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) defined in the Treaty of Rome and implemented since 1962, has always been under reform, mainly in 1992, 1999, 2003 and 2009. However, after the last enlargements and ... [more ▼]

The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) defined in the Treaty of Rome and implemented since 1962, has always been under reform, mainly in 1992, 1999, 2003 and 2009. However, after the last enlargements and the international financial crisis, a new reform was needed for the budget period going from 2014 to 2020. The first ideas were launched by the EU Commissionner for Agriculture, M. Dacian Ciolos, in 2010. After three years of discussions, the political agreement between the Council of Ministers, the EU Parliament and the Commission was reached in June 2013. So, this paper presents the main decisions of this agreement. [less ▲]

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See detailA common mutation (epsilon1267delG) in congenital myasthenic patients of Gypsy ethnic origin
Abicht, A.; Stucka, R.; Karcagi, V. et al

in Neurology (1999), 53(7), 1564-9

OBJECTIVE: Mutation analysis of the acetylcholine receptor (AChR) epsilon subunit gene in patients with sporadic or autosomal recessive congenital myasthenic syndromes (CMS). BACKGROUND: The nicotinic ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: Mutation analysis of the acetylcholine receptor (AChR) epsilon subunit gene in patients with sporadic or autosomal recessive congenital myasthenic syndromes (CMS). BACKGROUND: The nicotinic AChR of skeletal muscle is a neurotransmitter-gated ion channel that mediates synaptic transmission at the vertebrate neuromuscular junction. Mutations in its gene may cause congenital myasthenic syndromes. A recently described mutation in exon 12 of the AChR epsilon subunit (epsilon1267delG) disrupts the cytoplasmic loop and the fourth transmembrane region (M4) of the AChR epsilon subunit. METHODS: Forty-three CMS patients from 35 nonrelated families were clinically classified as sporadic cases of CMS (group III according to European Neuromuscular Centre consensus) and were analyzed for epsilon1267delG by PCR amplification and sequence analysis. RESULTS: The authors report the complete genomic sequence and organization of the gene coding for the epsilon subunit of the human AChR (accession number AF105999). Homozygous epsilon1267delG was identified in 13 CMS patients from 11 independent families. All epsilon1267delG families were of Gypsy or southeastern European origin. Genotype analysis indicated that they derive from a common ancestor (founder) causing CMS in the southeastern European Gypsy population. Phenotype analysis revealed a uniform pattern of clinical features including bilateral ptosis and mild to moderate fatigable weakness of ocular, facial, bulbar, and limb muscles. CONCLUSIONS: The mutation epsilon1267delG might be frequent in European congenital myasthenic syndrome patients of Gypsy ethnic origin. In general, patients (epsilon1267delG) were characterized by the onset of symptoms in early infancy, the presence of ophthalmoparesis, positive response to anticholinesterase treatment, and the benign natural course of the disease. [less ▲]

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