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See detailCognitive intervention
Van der Linden, Martial ULg; Juillerat, Anne-Claude; Adam, Stéphane ULg

in Mulligan, Reinhild; Van der Linden, Martial; Juillerat, Anne-Claude (Eds.) The clinical management of early Alzheimer's disease: A handbook (2003)

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See detailCognitive landscape and information: new perspectives to investigate the ecological complexity.
Farina, A; Bogaert, Jan ULg; Schipani, I

in Biosystems (2005), 79(1-3), 235-240

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See detailThe cognitive management of daily life activities in patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease me in a day care centre : A case report
Adam, Stéphane ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg; Juillerat, Anne- Claude et al

in Neuropsychological Rehabilitation (2000), 10(5), 485-509

The day care centre appears to be a structure especially well suited for the management of mild to moderate Alzheimer patients. It constitutes a place in which performance in everyday life activities can ... [more ▼]

The day care centre appears to be a structure especially well suited for the management of mild to moderate Alzheimer patients. It constitutes a place in which performance in everyday life activities can be explored, and optimisation strategies can be installed before they are used at home. Another objective of the day care centre might also be to provide caregivers with support and ease the burden that the daily care of a demented patient represents. Finally, it may also help to alleviate the patient's loneliness. In this perspective, we describe the general organisation of the recently-created day care centre at the University Hospital of Liege. We also present the assessment and intervention programme which was conducted in this day care centre in order to reduce the generalised apathy and depressed mood observed in a 70-year-old Alzheimer patient (AM). This programme aimed at restoring a leisure activity (knitting) at home by proposing several adaptations designed to minimise the impact of AM's cognitive deficits on knitting activity. While an aggravation of her memory deficits was observed, the intervention significantly decreased AM's apathy and depressed mood as well as her husband's burden. [less ▲]

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See detailCognitive Mediation and hyper-reflexivity: Analyzing a “non-valid” Rorschach protocol of a schizophrenic patient
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

Conference (2012, September 01)

Nous proposons de réaliser une analyse du Rorschach d’un sujet schizophrène en phase de stabilisation. Le protocole ne répond pas aux critères de validité (moins de 14 réponses et refus de planche à 3 ... [more ▼]

Nous proposons de réaliser une analyse du Rorschach d’un sujet schizophrène en phase de stabilisation. Le protocole ne répond pas aux critères de validité (moins de 14 réponses et refus de planche à 3 reprises) et ne permet donc pas de réaliser une analyse structurale complète selon les recommandations du Système Intégré. Cependant, une étude que nous qualifierons de « phénoménologique » se révèle intéressante. En centrant notre réflexion sur le processus de médiation cognitive, que le sujet emploie de manière idiosyncrasique lorsqu’il est confronté à la consigne du test, nous observerons que la démarche implicite de « fausse perception » qui est suggérée au sujet (« qu’est-ce que cela pourrait-être ? ») semble difficilement tolérable. La principale particularité de ce protocole consiste en une remise en question par le sujet des éléments perçus, pour finir, la plupart du temps, par rejeter la réponse fournie. Le recours à ce « doute méthodique » est superposable à ce que les théorisations modernes de la psychopathologie phénoménologique appellent l’« hyper-réflexivité schizophrénique » (Sass, 1992, 1994, 2001 ; Stanghellini, 2006). Nous pouvons également réaliser un rapprochement entre ce processus perceptif et les théories du « salience syndrome » développées par la neuropsychologie sociale (Van Os, 2009 ; Van Os & Kapur, 2009). Ces considérations nous permettent de rediscuter la pertinence de la remédiation cognitive basée sur la connaissance de la maladie et la reconnaissance des symptômes associés à laquelle a été soumis le patient. L’analyse du Rorschach nous donne également des informations intéressantes sur la stabilisation symptomatologique de notre patient et sur la composante résiduelle de son trouble schizophrénique. Ces observations semblent incompatibles avec des hypothèses homéostatiques et la possibilité d’un retour à un état antérieur à la schizophrénie, et démontrent l’utilité du diagnostic de schizophrénie résiduelle. Enfin, cette présentation cherchera à construire des ponts entre la méthode du Système Intégré et la psychopathologie phénoménologique moderne. [less ▲]

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See detailCognitive modulation of pain
FAYMONVILLE, Marie-Elisabeth ULg; TEUWIS, Sandrine ULg; VERSCHEURE, Sara ULg et al

in Actes du 26th International Winter Symposium : Update in Cardiothoracic Anesthesia (2010, January)

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See detailThe cognitive modulation of pain: hypnosis- and placebo-induced analgesia.
Kupers, Ron; Faymonville, Marie-Elisabeth ULg; Laureys, Steven ULg

in Progress in Brain Research (2005), 150

Nowadays, there is compelling evidence that there is a poor relationship between the incoming sensory input and the resulting pain sensation. Signals coming from the peripheral nervous system undergo a ... [more ▼]

Nowadays, there is compelling evidence that there is a poor relationship between the incoming sensory input and the resulting pain sensation. Signals coming from the peripheral nervous system undergo a complex modulation by cognitive, affective, and motivational processes when they enter the central nervous system. Placebo- and hypnosis-induced analgesia form two extreme examples of how cognitive processes may influence the pain sensation. With the advent of modern brain imaging techniques, researchers have started to disentangle the brain mechanisms involved in these forms of cognitive modulation of pain. These studies have shown that the prefrontal and anterior cingulate cortices form important structures in a descending pathway that modulates incoming sensory input, likely via activation of the endogenous pain modulatory structures in the midbrain periaqueductal gray. Although little is known about the receptor systems involved in hypnosis-induced analgesia, studies of the placebo response suggest that the opiodergic and dopaminergic systems play an important role in the mediation of the placebo response. [less ▲]

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See detailA cognitive neuropsychological approach to Alzheimer's disease
Collette, Fabienne ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg; Juillerat, Anne-Claude et al

in Mulligan, Reinhild; Van der Linden, Martial; Juillerat, Anne-Claude (Eds.) Clinical management of Alzheimer's disease (2003)

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See detailA cognitive neuropsychological approach to spatial memory deficits in brain-damaged patients
Van der Linden, Martial ULg; Meulemans, Thierry ULg

in Foreman, N. (Ed.) Handbook of spatial research paradigms and methodologies. Vol. 2 (1998)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (1 ULg)
See detailThe cognitive psychology of proper names: On the importance of being Ernest
Valentine, T.; Brennen, T.; Brédart, Serge ULg

Book published by Routledge (1996)

Detailed reference viewed: 86 (6 ULg)
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See detailA cognitive psychopathological approach to hallucinations
Laroi, Frank ULg

Conference (2012, February 16)

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See detailCognitive rehabilitation : Past, present and future.
Majerus, Steve ULg

Conference (2014, October 04)

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (4 ULg)
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See detailCognitive rehabilitation of the updating sub-component of working memory in schizophrenia: a case study.
Levaux, Marie-Noëlle ULg; Vezzaro, J.; Laroi, Frank ULg et al

in Neuropsychological Rehabilitation (2009), 19(2), 244-73

Working memory problems have been identified as a core cognitive deficit in schizophrenia. In this paper, we present the results of a cognitive rehabilitation programme (Duval & Coyette, 2005 ... [more ▼]

Working memory problems have been identified as a core cognitive deficit in schizophrenia. In this paper, we present the results of a cognitive rehabilitation programme (Duval & Coyette, 2005) administered to a schizophrenia patient, and specifically designed to improve the updating sub-component of working memory. The original feature of this programme was that it involved two types of updating exercises: cognitive and ecological. The purpose was to enable the patient to acquire cognitive strategies that alleviate the mental load of the central executive and to transfer them to daily life. The specificity and efficacy of the programme were assessed with multiple (cognitive, ecological and non-target) baseline measurements. In addition, several questionnaires were administered to assess the effect of the programme on subjective cognitive complaints affecting daily life, psychiatric symptoms and self-esteem. The results demonstrated the efficacy of the rehabilitation programme on the updating function and the generalisation of these beneficial effects to daily life. A significant decrease in both subjective cognitive complaints and psychiatric symptoms was also observed. However, the patient's self-esteem did not improve. [less ▲]

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See detailCognitive remediation of autobiographical memory in schizophrenia and its relation with depressive mood.
Blairy, Sylvie ULg

Scientific conference (2015, February 09)

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See detailCognitive reserve impacts on inter-individual variability in resting-state cerebral metabolism in normal aging
Bastin, Christine ULg; Yakushev, Igor; Bahri, Mohamed Ali ULg et al

in NeuroImage (2012), 63

There is a great deal of heterogeneity in the impact of aging on cognition and cerebral functioning. One potential factor contributing to individual differences among the elders is the cognitive reserve ... [more ▼]

There is a great deal of heterogeneity in the impact of aging on cognition and cerebral functioning. One potential factor contributing to individual differences among the elders is the cognitive reserve, which designates the partial protection from the deleterious effects of aging that lifetime experience provides. Neuroimaging studies examining task-related activation in elderly people suggested that cognitive reserve takes the form of more efficient use of brain networks and/or greater ability to recruit alternative networks to compensate for age-related cerebral changes. In this multi-centre study, we examined the relationships between cognitive reserve, as measured by education and verbal intelligence, and cerebral metabolism at rest (FDG-PET) in a sample of 74 healthy older participants. Higher degree of education and verbal intelligence was associated with less metabolic activity in the right posterior temporoparietal cortex and the left anterior intraparietal sulcus. Functional connectivity analyses of resting-state fMRI images in a subset of 41 participants indicated that these regions belong to the default mode network and the dorsal attention network respectively. Lower metabolism in the temporoparietal cortex was also associated with better memory abilities. The findings provide evidence for an inverse relationship between cognitive reserve and resting-state activity in key regions of two functional networks respectively involved in internal mentation and goal-directed attention. [less ▲]

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See detailCognitive reserve, recollection and familiarity in normal aging, Mild Cognitive Impairment and Alzheimer's disease
Laisney, Mickaël; Salmon, Eric ULg; Bastin, Christine ULg

in Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Belgian Association for Psychological Sciences (2013)

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See detailCognitive support for a better handoff: does it improve the quality of medical communication at shift change in an emergency department?
Gillet, Aline ULg; GHUYSEN, Alexandre ULg; BONHOMME, Suzanne ULg et al

in European Journal of Emergency Medicine (2015), 22(3), 192-198

AIM: To improve the communication during shift handover in an emergency department. METHODS: We observed the handover process and analysed the discourse between physicians at shift change first, and then ... [more ▼]

AIM: To improve the communication during shift handover in an emergency department. METHODS: We observed the handover process and analysed the discourse between physicians at shift change first, and then we created two cognitive tools and tested their clinical impact on the field. We used different measures to evaluate this impact on the health care process including the frequency and type of information content communicated between physicians, duration of the handoff, physician self-evaluation of the quality of the handoff and a posthandover study of patient handling. RESULTS: Our results showed that the patient's medical history, significant test results, recommendations (treatment plan) and patient follow-up were communicated to a greater extent when the tools are used. We also found that physicians spent more time at the bedside and less time consulting medical records using these tools. CONCLUSION: The present study showed how in-depth observations and analyses of real work processes can be used to better support the quality of patient care. [less ▲]

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See detailCognitive topography imbalance in alcoholism
Papart, Patrick ULg; Liota, F.; Bartholomé, F. et al

in Journal of Psychophysiology (2003), 17(Suppl 1), 7-8

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (1 ULg)