Browsing
     by title


0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

or enter first few letters:   
OK
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCognitive reserve impacts on inter-individual variability in resting-state cerebral metabolism in normal aging
Bastin, Christine ULg; Yakushev, Igor; Bahri, Mohamed Ali ULg et al

in NeuroImage (2012), 63

There is a great deal of heterogeneity in the impact of aging on cognition and cerebral functioning. One potential factor contributing to individual differences among the elders is the cognitive reserve ... [more ▼]

There is a great deal of heterogeneity in the impact of aging on cognition and cerebral functioning. One potential factor contributing to individual differences among the elders is the cognitive reserve, which designates the partial protection from the deleterious effects of aging that lifetime experience provides. Neuroimaging studies examining task-related activation in elderly people suggested that cognitive reserve takes the form of more efficient use of brain networks and/or greater ability to recruit alternative networks to compensate for age-related cerebral changes. In this multi-centre study, we examined the relationships between cognitive reserve, as measured by education and verbal intelligence, and cerebral metabolism at rest (FDG-PET) in a sample of 74 healthy older participants. Higher degree of education and verbal intelligence was associated with less metabolic activity in the right posterior temporoparietal cortex and the left anterior intraparietal sulcus. Functional connectivity analyses of resting-state fMRI images in a subset of 41 participants indicated that these regions belong to the default mode network and the dorsal attention network respectively. Lower metabolism in the temporoparietal cortex was also associated with better memory abilities. The findings provide evidence for an inverse relationship between cognitive reserve and resting-state activity in key regions of two functional networks respectively involved in internal mentation and goal-directed attention. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (6 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailCognitive reserve, recollection and familiarity in normal aging, Mild Cognitive Impairment and Alzheimer's disease
Laisney, Mickaël; Salmon, Eric ULg; Bastin, Christine ULg

in Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Belgian Association for Psychological Sciences (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCognitive support for a better handoff: does it improve the quality of medical communication at shift change in an emergency department?
Gillet, Aline ULg; GHUYSEN, Alexandre ULg; BONHOMME, Suzanne ULg et al

in European Journal of Emergency Medicine (2012)

AIM: To improve the communication during shift handover in an emergency department. METHODS: We observed the handover process and analysed the discourse between physicians at shift change first, and then ... [more ▼]

AIM: To improve the communication during shift handover in an emergency department. METHODS: We observed the handover process and analysed the discourse between physicians at shift change first, and then we created two cognitive tools and tested their clinical impact on the field. We used different measures to evaluate this impact on the health care process including the frequency and type of information content communicated between physicians, duration of the handoff, physician self-evaluation of the quality of the handoff and a posthandover study of patient handling. RESULTS: Our results showed that the patient's medical history, significant test results, recommendations (treatment plan) and patient follow-up were communicated to a greater extent when the tools are used. We also found that physicians spent more time at the bedside and less time consulting medical records using these tools. CONCLUSION: The present study showed how in-depth observations and analyses of real work processes can be used to better support the quality of patient care. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 72 (17 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCognitive topography imbalance in alcoholism
Papart, Patrick ULg; Liota, F.; Bartholomé, F. et al

in Journal of Psychophysiology (2003), 17(Suppl 1), 7-8

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (1 ULg)
See detailLes cognitivismes: Progrès, régression ou suicide de la psychologie ?
Richelle, Marc ULg

in Siguan, Miguel (Ed.) Comportement, cognition, conscience: La psychologie à la recherche de son objet (1987)

Detailed reference viewed: 40 (0 ULg)
See detailLa cohabitation de l'urbanisme commercial et de l'urbanisme général
Pâques, Michel ULg

in Le commerce et la ville en Europe (2002)

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailLa cohabitation entre les deux types d'agriculture doit prévaloir
Vancutsem, Françoise ULg

in Matriche, Joel (Ed.) Le Soir (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (3 ULg)
Full Text
See detailLa cohabitation entre les deux types d'agriculture doit prévaloir
Vancutsem, Françoise ULg

Article for general public (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCohérences
Pagnoulle, Christine ULg

Conference (2009)

Starting from seven illustrations my contribution shows the diversity of approaches that are required to capture or restore the consistency of a text.

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (9 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCoherent and incoherent second harmonic generation in planar G-shaped nanostructures
Mamonov, E. A.; Murzina, T. V.; Kolmychek, I. A. et al

in Optics Letters (2011), 36(18), 3681-3683

Azimuthal anisotropy of Stokes parameters of the second harmonic generation ( SHG) generated and observed in reflection from a periodic planar area of G-shaped gold nanostructures is studied. A strong ... [more ▼]

Azimuthal anisotropy of Stokes parameters of the second harmonic generation ( SHG) generated and observed in reflection from a periodic planar area of G-shaped gold nanostructures is studied. A strong anisotropy of both coherent and incoherent SHG components is observed. Finite-difference time-domain calculations prove that the observed effects are due to the anisotropic enhancement of the fundamental radiation within the G-shaped structures. (C) 2011 Optical Society of America [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (2 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailCoherent and random sequences in financial fluctuations
Vandewalle, Nicolas ULg; Ausloos, Marcel ULg

in Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications (1997), 246(3-4), 454-459

The detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA) is used to sort out temporal correlations in financial data. Its usefulness for the investigations of long-range power-law correlations in economic sequences is ... [more ▼]

The detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA) is used to sort out temporal correlations in financial data. Its usefulness for the investigations of long-range power-law correlations in economic sequences is shown. Our findings of persistent and antipersistent sequences are surprisingly similar to those for DNA sequences which appeared as a mosaic of coding and non-coding patches. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCoherent Backscattering in Fock Space: A Signature of Quantum Many-Body Interference in Interacting Bosonic Systems
Engl, Thomas; Dujardin, Julien ULg; Argüelles, Arturo et al

in Physical Review Letters (2014), 112

We predict a generic signature of quantum interference in many-body bosonic systems resulting in a coherent enhancement of the average return probability in Fock space. This enhancement is robust with ... [more ▼]

We predict a generic signature of quantum interference in many-body bosonic systems resulting in a coherent enhancement of the average return probability in Fock space. This enhancement is robust with respect to variations of external parameters even though it represents a dynamical manifestation of the delicate superposition principle in Fock space. It is a genuine quantum many-body effect that lies beyond the reach of any mean-field approach. Using a semiclassical approach based on interfering paths in Fock space, we calculate the magnitude of the backscattering peak and its dependence on gauge fields that break time-reversal invariance. We confirm our predictions by comparing them to exact quantum evolution probabilities in Bose-Hubbard models, and discuss their relevance in the context of many-body thermalization. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCoherent backscattering of Bose-Einstein condensates in two-dimensional disorder potentials
Hartung, Michael; Wellens, Thomas; Mueller, Cord A et al

in Physical Review Letters (2008), 101(2), 020603

We study quantum transport of an interacting Bose-Einstein condensate in a two-dimensional disorder potential. In the limit of a vanishing atom-atom interaction, a sharp cone in the angle-resolved density ... [more ▼]

We study quantum transport of an interacting Bose-Einstein condensate in a two-dimensional disorder potential. In the limit of a vanishing atom-atom interaction, a sharp cone in the angle-resolved density of the scattered matter wave is observed, arising from constructive interference between amplitudes propagating along reversed scattering paths. Weak interaction transforms this coherent backscattering peak into a pronounced dip, indicating destructive instead of constructive interference. We reproduce this result, obtained from the numerical integration of the Gross-Pitaevskii equation, by a diagrammatic theory of weak localization in the presence of nonlinearity. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCoherent control of atomic tunnelling
Martin, John ULg; Braun, Daniel

in Journal of Physics B Atomic Molecular Physics (2008), 41

We study the tunnelling of a two-level atom in a double well potential while the atom is coupled to a single electromagnetic field mode of a cavity. The coupling between internal and external degrees of ... [more ▼]

We study the tunnelling of a two-level atom in a double well potential while the atom is coupled to a single electromagnetic field mode of a cavity. The coupling between internal and external degrees of freedom, due to the mechanical effect on the atom from photon emission into the cavity mode, can dramatically change the tunnelling behaviour. We predict that in general the tunnelling process becomes quasiperiodic. In a certain regime of parameters a collapse and revival of the tunnelling occurs. Accessing the internal degrees of freedom of the atom with a laser allows us to coherently manipulate the atom position, and in particular to prepare the atom in one of the two wells. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (7 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCoherent Electronic Wave Packet Motion in ${\mathrm{C}}_{60}$ Controlled by the Waveform and Polarization of Few-Cycle Laser Fields
Li, H.; Mignolet, Benoît ULg; Wachter, G. et al

in Physical Review Letters (2015), 114(12), 123004

Detailed reference viewed: 3 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailCoherent metrology in impact assessment of movable artwork: the MULTIENCODE project
Tornari, V.; Bernikola, E.; Osten, W. et al

Conference (2008, November)

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA coherent organization of differentiation proteins is required to maintain an appropriate thyroid function in the Pendred thyroid.
Senou, Maximin; Khalifa, Celine; Thimmesch, Matthieu et al

in Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism (2010), 95(8), 4021-30

CONTEXT: Pendred syndrome is caused by mutations in the gene coding for pendrin, an apical Cl-/I- exchanger. OBJECTIVE: To analyze intrathyroidal compensatory mechanisms when pendrin is lacking, we ... [more ▼]

CONTEXT: Pendred syndrome is caused by mutations in the gene coding for pendrin, an apical Cl-/I- exchanger. OBJECTIVE: To analyze intrathyroidal compensatory mechanisms when pendrin is lacking, we investigated the thyroid of a patient with Pendred syndrome. The expression of proteins involved in thyroid hormone synthesis, markers of oxidative stress (OS), cell proliferation, apoptosis, and antioxidant enzymes were analyzed. RESULTS: Three morphological zones were identified: nearly normal follicles with iodine-rich thyroglobulin in the colloid (zone 1.a), small follicles without iodine-rich thyroglobulin in lumina (zone 1.b), and destroyed follicles (zone 2). In zones 1.a, dual oxidase (Duox) and thyroid peroxidase (TPO) were localized at the apical pole, OS and cell apoptosis were absent, but ClC-5 expression was strongly increased. In zones 1.b, Duox and TPO were aberrantly present and increased in the cytosol and associated with high OS, apoptosis, cell proliferation, and increased expression of peroxiredoxin-5, catalase, and dehalogenase-1 but moderate ClC-5 expression. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, the absence of pendrin is accompanied by increased ClC-5 expression that may transiently compensate for apical iodide efflux. In more affected follicles, Duox and TPO are relocated in the cytosol, leading to abnormal intracellular thyroid hormone synthesis, which results in cell destruction presumably because intracellular OS cannot be buffered by antioxidant defenses. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (2 ULg)
See detailCoherent states, wavelets and applications G24 - LLN
Antoine, J. P.; Bastin, Françoise ULg; De Mol, C. et al

in Group 24 : Physical and Mathematical Aspects of Symmetries (2003)

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (1 ULg)