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See detailCognitive modulation of pain
FAYMONVILLE, Marie-Elisabeth ULg; TEUWIS, Sandrine ULg; VERSCHEURE, Sara ULg et al

in Actes du 26th International Winter Symposium : Update in Cardiothoracic Anesthesia (2010, January)

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See detailThe cognitive modulation of pain: hypnosis- and placebo-induced analgesia.
Kupers, Ron; Faymonville, Marie-Elisabeth ULg; Laureys, Steven ULg

in Progress in Brain Research (2005), 150

Nowadays, there is compelling evidence that there is a poor relationship between the incoming sensory input and the resulting pain sensation. Signals coming from the peripheral nervous system undergo a ... [more ▼]

Nowadays, there is compelling evidence that there is a poor relationship between the incoming sensory input and the resulting pain sensation. Signals coming from the peripheral nervous system undergo a complex modulation by cognitive, affective, and motivational processes when they enter the central nervous system. Placebo- and hypnosis-induced analgesia form two extreme examples of how cognitive processes may influence the pain sensation. With the advent of modern brain imaging techniques, researchers have started to disentangle the brain mechanisms involved in these forms of cognitive modulation of pain. These studies have shown that the prefrontal and anterior cingulate cortices form important structures in a descending pathway that modulates incoming sensory input, likely via activation of the endogenous pain modulatory structures in the midbrain periaqueductal gray. Although little is known about the receptor systems involved in hypnosis-induced analgesia, studies of the placebo response suggest that the opiodergic and dopaminergic systems play an important role in the mediation of the placebo response. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 70 (4 ULg)
See detailA cognitive neuropsychological approach to Alzheimer's disease
Collette, Fabienne ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg; Juillerat, Anne-Claude et al

in Mulligan, Reinhild; Van der Linden, Martial; Juillerat, Anne-Claude (Eds.) Clinical management of Alzheimer's disease (2003)

Detailed reference viewed: 83 (5 ULg)
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See detailA cognitive neuropsychological approach to spatial memory deficits in brain-damaged patients
Van der Linden, Martial ULg; Meulemans, Thierry ULg

in Foreman, N. (Ed.) Handbook of spatial research paradigms and methodologies. Vol. 2 (1998)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (1 ULg)
See detailThe cognitive psychology of proper names: On the importance of being Ernest
Valentine, T.; Brennen, T.; Brédart, Serge ULg

Book published by Routledge (1996)

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See detailA cognitive psychopathological approach to hallucinations
Laroi, Frank ULg

Conference (2012, February 16)

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See detailCognitive rehabilitation : Past, present and future.
Majerus, Steve ULg

Conference (2014, October 04)

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See detailCognitive rehabilitation of the updating sub-component of working memory in schizophrenia: a case study.
Levaux, Marie-Noëlle ULg; Vezzaro, J.; Laroi, Frank ULg et al

in Neuropsychological Rehabilitation (2009), 19(2), 244-73

Working memory problems have been identified as a core cognitive deficit in schizophrenia. In this paper, we present the results of a cognitive rehabilitation programme (Duval & Coyette, 2005 ... [more ▼]

Working memory problems have been identified as a core cognitive deficit in schizophrenia. In this paper, we present the results of a cognitive rehabilitation programme (Duval & Coyette, 2005) administered to a schizophrenia patient, and specifically designed to improve the updating sub-component of working memory. The original feature of this programme was that it involved two types of updating exercises: cognitive and ecological. The purpose was to enable the patient to acquire cognitive strategies that alleviate the mental load of the central executive and to transfer them to daily life. The specificity and efficacy of the programme were assessed with multiple (cognitive, ecological and non-target) baseline measurements. In addition, several questionnaires were administered to assess the effect of the programme on subjective cognitive complaints affecting daily life, psychiatric symptoms and self-esteem. The results demonstrated the efficacy of the rehabilitation programme on the updating function and the generalisation of these beneficial effects to daily life. A significant decrease in both subjective cognitive complaints and psychiatric symptoms was also observed. However, the patient's self-esteem did not improve. [less ▲]

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See detailCognitive remediation of autobiographical memory in schizophrenia and its relation with depressive mood.
Blairy, Sylvie ULg

Scientific conference (2015, February 09)

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See detailCognitive reserve impacts on inter-individual variability in resting-state cerebral metabolism in normal aging
Bastin, Christine ULg; Yakushev, Igor; Bahri, Mohamed Ali ULg et al

in NeuroImage (2012), 63

There is a great deal of heterogeneity in the impact of aging on cognition and cerebral functioning. One potential factor contributing to individual differences among the elders is the cognitive reserve ... [more ▼]

There is a great deal of heterogeneity in the impact of aging on cognition and cerebral functioning. One potential factor contributing to individual differences among the elders is the cognitive reserve, which designates the partial protection from the deleterious effects of aging that lifetime experience provides. Neuroimaging studies examining task-related activation in elderly people suggested that cognitive reserve takes the form of more efficient use of brain networks and/or greater ability to recruit alternative networks to compensate for age-related cerebral changes. In this multi-centre study, we examined the relationships between cognitive reserve, as measured by education and verbal intelligence, and cerebral metabolism at rest (FDG-PET) in a sample of 74 healthy older participants. Higher degree of education and verbal intelligence was associated with less metabolic activity in the right posterior temporoparietal cortex and the left anterior intraparietal sulcus. Functional connectivity analyses of resting-state fMRI images in a subset of 41 participants indicated that these regions belong to the default mode network and the dorsal attention network respectively. Lower metabolism in the temporoparietal cortex was also associated with better memory abilities. The findings provide evidence for an inverse relationship between cognitive reserve and resting-state activity in key regions of two functional networks respectively involved in internal mentation and goal-directed attention. [less ▲]

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See detailCognitive reserve, recollection and familiarity in normal aging, Mild Cognitive Impairment and Alzheimer's disease
Laisney, Mickaël; Salmon, Eric ULg; Bastin, Christine ULg

in Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Belgian Association for Psychological Sciences (2013)

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See detailCognitive support for a better handoff: does it improve the quality of medical communication at shift change in an emergency department?
Gillet, Aline ULg; GHUYSEN, Alexandre ULg; BONHOMME, Suzanne ULg et al

in European Journal of Emergency Medicine (2012)

AIM: To improve the communication during shift handover in an emergency department. METHODS: We observed the handover process and analysed the discourse between physicians at shift change first, and then ... [more ▼]

AIM: To improve the communication during shift handover in an emergency department. METHODS: We observed the handover process and analysed the discourse between physicians at shift change first, and then we created two cognitive tools and tested their clinical impact on the field. We used different measures to evaluate this impact on the health care process including the frequency and type of information content communicated between physicians, duration of the handoff, physician self-evaluation of the quality of the handoff and a posthandover study of patient handling. RESULTS: Our results showed that the patient's medical history, significant test results, recommendations (treatment plan) and patient follow-up were communicated to a greater extent when the tools are used. We also found that physicians spent more time at the bedside and less time consulting medical records using these tools. CONCLUSION: The present study showed how in-depth observations and analyses of real work processes can be used to better support the quality of patient care. [less ▲]

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See detailCognitive topography imbalance in alcoholism
Papart, Patrick ULg; Liota, F.; Bartholomé, F. et al

in Journal of Psychophysiology (2003), 17(Suppl 1), 7-8

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See detailLes cognitivismes: Progrès, régression ou suicide de la psychologie ?
Richelle, Marc ULg

in Siguan, Miguel (Ed.) Comportement, cognition, conscience: La psychologie à la recherche de son objet (1987)

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See detailLa cohabitation de l'urbanisme commercial et de l'urbanisme général
Pâques, Michel ULg

in Le commerce et la ville en Europe (2002)

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (0 ULg)
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See detailLa cohabitation entre les deux types d'agriculture doit prévaloir
Vancutsem, Françoise ULg

in Matriche, Joel (Ed.) Le Soir (2010)

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See detailLa cohabitation entre les deux types d'agriculture doit prévaloir
Vancutsem, Françoise ULg

Article for general public (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (3 ULg)