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See detailComparison between transrectal ultrasonography and pregnancy-associated glycoprotein determination for early pregnancy diagnosis in the goat
Quesada, E; Gonzalez, F; Calero, P et al

in Reproduction in Domestic Animals (2002), 37(4), 247

The aim of the present workwas to compare the efficiency of transrectal ultrasonography technique and the determination of the pregnancy-associated glycoproteins (PAG) concentrations in plasma samples for ... [more ▼]

The aim of the present workwas to compare the efficiency of transrectal ultrasonography technique and the determination of the pregnancy-associated glycoproteins (PAG) concentrations in plasma samples for pregnancy diagnosis in goats. Thirty nine Canary goats were synchronized and naturally mated every 12 hours throughout oestrous. Blood samples were collected on days 17, 18, 19, 20, 22, 24, 26 and 28 and transrectal ultrasonography was carried out on days 20, 22, 24, 26 and 28 (Day 0¼day of the last mating). PAG concentrations were analysed by a RIA method previously validated. There were 23 pregnant goats (10 single and 13 multiple pregnancies) and 16 nonpregnant goats. The pregnancy diagnosis was a little earlier by PAG determination than transrectal ultrasonography (sensitivity: 95 and 91% on Day 24 and 100 and 96% on Day 26, respectively). The ultrasonography allowed to discriminate between single and multiple pregnancies in 70% of goats (16/23) on Day 28 of pregnancy. The PAG concentrations were significantly higher in multiple than single pregnancies from Day 19 onwards, suggesting that it could also be used as a tool to discriminate between single and multiple gestations. (Supported by D.G. de Universidades del Gobierno de Canarias). [less ▲]

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See detailComparison between various methods for the evaluation of the fire resistance of concrete filled hollow steel columns
Fellah, Farid; Dotreppe, Jean-Claude ULg; Seridi, Ahcène et al

in Proceeding of the Romanian Academy. Series A, Mathematics, Physics, Technical Sciences, Information Science (2011), 12(4), 324-331

Hollow steel columns filled with bar-reinforced concrete are used extensively in the construction of high-rise buildings. Many research works devoted to the fire resistance of these profiles have been ... [more ▼]

Hollow steel columns filled with bar-reinforced concrete are used extensively in the construction of high-rise buildings. Many research works devoted to the fire resistance of these profiles have been performed in Europe and in North America. Though calculation methods are now proposed in codes, more practical tools are needed by the design engineers. It is not easy to develop such methods due to the large scatter of experimental results. In this article three methods based on quite different procedures are examined. Comparisons have been made between the results obtained by the three methods and test results. The potentialities of each method are examined, but also the domains in which they should be used with care, or even they should not be used. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison between ventrodorsal and dorsoventral projections for the diagnosis of hip dysplasia
Saunders, J.; Godefroid, T.; Snaps, Frédéric ULg et al

in Veterinary Record : Journal of the British Veterinary Association (1999), 24

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See detailComparison between wind speed observed at 100m height and wind speeds simulated by the WRF and MAR models
Doutreloup, Sébastien ULg; Fettweis, Xavier ULg; Erpicum, Michel ULg et al

Poster (2014, June 06)

In the context of FLEXIPAC project funded by "RELIABLE" program of Walloon Region (Belgium), the Laboratory of Climatology and Topoclimatology (LCT) of the University of Liège (Belgium) aims to adjust the ... [more ▼]

In the context of FLEXIPAC project funded by "RELIABLE" program of Walloon Region (Belgium), the Laboratory of Climatology and Topoclimatology (LCT) of the University of Liège (Belgium) aims to adjust the WRF regional model (v.3.4.) forced by ERA-Interim model. Our analysis shows that wind speeds at 100m height simulated by WRF are systematically overestimated compared to wind speeds extracted from wind productions of two wind farms. In order to identify this problem, four comparisons were performed in this contribution. Firstly, we compare WRF model with reanalysis based forcing model. Secondly, we compare two WRF simulations, where one of them has a more precise spatial resolution. Thirdly, we smooth WRF outputs in time (6-hr running mean) in order to study the accuracy of the 30-min variability generated by WRF model. Finally, we comp compare the WRF model with the MAR (v3.3.) regional model using the same forcing at its lateral boundaries. This last one seems to suggest that the MAR model better simulates wind speeds at 10m and at 100m than WRF model and then that wind speed underestimation by WRF is well linked to the WRF physics itself. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison by image processing of target supports of spray droplets
Degre, Aurore ULg; Mostade, Olivier; Huyghebaert, Bruno et al

in transaction of the American society of Agricultural engineers (2001), 44(2), 217-222

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (6 ULg)
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See detailComparison of bronchodilators in feline airways: In vitro and in vivo investigations
Leemans, Jérôme ULg; Kirschvink, Nathalie; Delvaux, F. et al

in In proceedings: 15th Congress European College of Veterinary Internal Medicine – companion animals (2005)

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See detailComparison of hydrodynamic parameters obtained by 2D measurements in a flat rectangular column with X-ray radiography and data from literature on 3D columns
Calvo, Sébastien ULg; Beugre, Djomice Antoine ULg; Crine, Michel ULg et al

Poster (2010)

Hydrodynamic tests are performed in a flat rectangular column packed with two sheets of Mellapak 250 Y (Sulzer structured packing). Measurements are realized with a single phase liquid flow as well as ... [more ▼]

Hydrodynamic tests are performed in a flat rectangular column packed with two sheets of Mellapak 250 Y (Sulzer structured packing). Measurements are realized with a single phase liquid flow as well as with a gas-liquid counter-current flow. Hydrodynamic parameters are compared to experimental results obtained in 3D columns found in the literature, as well as to literature model predictions and to values computed using an in-house Lattice Boltzmann CFD simulation code. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of 125I and 3H testosterone radioimmunoassay methods in bovine serum
Miklos, M.; Renaville, Robert ULg; Tözser, J.

in Klin Kiserl Lab Med (1994), 22

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See detailComparison of 15N labelled forages and 15N incorporation into microbe for microbial estimation in nylon bag residues : influence on the effective N degradability.
Kamoun, Mohammed; Beckers, Yves ULg; Thewis, André ULg et al

in Giesecke, D. (Ed.) Proceedings of the Society of Nutrition Physiology (1994, September)

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See detailComparison of 2D turbulence models for steady flows computation in a macro-rough channel
Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Meile, Tobias; Dewals, Benjamin ULg et al

in 2nd International Symposium on Shallow Flows (2008, December 11)

A 2D numerical flow model, developed at the Laboratory of Hydrology, Applied Hydrodynamics and Hydraulic Constructions (HACH) at ULg, has been applied to flows in a macro-rough channel using three ... [more ▼]

A 2D numerical flow model, developed at the Laboratory of Hydrology, Applied Hydrodynamics and Hydraulic Constructions (HACH) at ULg, has been applied to flows in a macro-rough channel using three different approaches to compute the turbulence effects. Both the first and second ones are based on algebraic expressions of the turbulent viscosity, and the third one uses a depth-integrated k- type model involving two additional partial differential equations. Data for the comparison have been provided by experiments conducted at the Laboratory of Hydraulic Constructions (LCH) at EPFL, showing different two-dimensional flow characteristics in varied configurations of large scale cavities in depressions at the side walls of the flume. Despite the strongly different modeling approaches used in the three models to handle the turbulence effects, the numerical models give generally similar and satisfactory agreement between experimental and numerical results regarding backwater curves. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of 3 emerging optical NDI techniques on complex shaped composite structures based on carbon fiber
Georges, Marc ULg

Conference (2013, October 01)

Thermography, shearography and laser ultrasonics are 3 contactless emerging techniques which allow nondestructive inspection of composite structures. Thermography and shearography are full-field ... [more ▼]

Thermography, shearography and laser ultrasonics are 3 contactless emerging techniques which allow nondestructive inspection of composite structures. Thermography and shearography are full-field techniques yielding measurement of respectively local temperature variations or deformations of a structure undergoing a stress (thermal, pressure, vibration). Laser ultrasonics allows remote ultrasound generation in the composite by thermoelastic effect followed by remote measurement of the surface displacements under the effect of the ultrasound echoes without coupling. This point-like technique requires scanning. The three techniques have been selected in our project since they allow inspection of complex shaped parts. We present compared results obtained on a variety of aeronautical industrial composite parts. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of 5-hydroxytryptamine concentration in the lungs of healthy and pneumonic calves
Linden, Annick ULg; Desmecht, Daniel ULg; Amory, Hélène ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 10th Comparative Respiratory Society Meeting (1991)

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See detailComparison of a fluid and a solid approach for the numerical simulation of Friction Stir Welding with a non-cylindrical pin
Bussetta, Philippe ULg; Dialami, Narges; Boman, Romain ULg et al

in Proceedings of "V International Conference on Computational Methods for Coupled Problems in Science and Engineering" (2013, June)

Friction Stir Welding (FSW) process is a solid-state joining process during which materials to be joined are not melted. As a consequence, the heat-affected zone is smaller and the quality of the weld is ... [more ▼]

Friction Stir Welding (FSW) process is a solid-state joining process during which materials to be joined are not melted. As a consequence, the heat-affected zone is smaller and the quality of the weld is better with respect to more classical welding processes. Because of extremely high strains in the neighbourhood of the tool, classical numerical simulation techniques have to be extended in order to track the correct material deformations. The Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian (ALE) formulation is used to preserve a good mesh quality throughout the computation. With this formulation the mesh displacement is independent from the material displacement. Moreover, some advanced numerical techniques such as remeshing or a special computation of transition interface is needed to take into account non-cylindrical tools. During the FSW process, the behaviour of the material in the neighbourhood of the tool is at the interface between solid mechanics and fluid mechanics. Consequently, a numerical model of the FSW process based on a solid formulation is compared to another one based on a fluid formulation. It is shown that these two formulations essentially deliver the same results in terms of pressures and temperatures. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of a Fluid and a Solid Approach for the Numerical Simulation of Friction Stir Welding with a Non‐Cylindrical Pin
Bussetta, Philippe ULg; Dialami, Narges; Boman, Romain ULg et al

in Steel Research International (2014), 85(6), 968-979

Friction stir welding (FSW) process is a solid‐state joining process during which materials to be joined are not melted. As a consequence, the heat‐affected zone is smaller and the quality of the weld is ... [more ▼]

Friction stir welding (FSW) process is a solid‐state joining process during which materials to be joined are not melted. As a consequence, the heat‐affected zone is smaller and the quality of the weld is better with respect to more classical welding processes. Because of extremely high strains in the neighborhood of the tool, classical numerical simulation techniques have to be extended in order to track the correct material deformations. The Arbitrary Lagrangian–Eulerian (ALE) formulation is used to preserve a good mesh quality throughout the computation. With this formulation, the mesh displacement is independent from the material displacement. Moreover, some advanced numerical techniques such as remeshing or a special computation of transition interface is needed to take into account non‐cylindrical tools. During the FSW process, the behavior of the material in the neighborhood of the tool is at the interface between solid mechanics and fluid mechanics. Consequently, a numerical model of the FSW process based on a solid formulation is compared to another one based on a fluid formulation. It is shown that these two formulations essentially deliver the same results in terms of pressures and temperatures. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of a modern broiler and layer strain during embryonic development and the hatching process.
Everaert, Nadia ULg; Willemsen, H.; De Smit, L. et al

in British poultry science (2008), 49(5), 574-82

1. This research focused on the embryonic development of broiler and layer embryos. 2. Egg, embryo and yolk weights were measured and partial pressure of gases in the air cell and blood were analysed at ... [more ▼]

1. This research focused on the embryonic development of broiler and layer embryos. 2. Egg, embryo and yolk weights were measured and partial pressure of gases in the air cell and blood were analysed at several embryonic ages. The static stiffness of the eggshell was measured before the start of incubation and at embryonic day (ED) 18 to register the change in shell strength. Times of internal pipping (IP), external pipping (EP) and hatch were recorded. Plasma corticosterone, triiodothyronine and thyroxine concentrations were determined. 3. Relative egg weight loss was higher in layer eggs. Before ED16, layer embryos showed a slower development which was reflected in lower (relative) embryo weight, lower air cell and blood pCO(2) and higher air cell O(2). From ED16 onwards, relative growth rate accelerated in the layer strain; as a consequence the difference in relative yolk-free chick weight at hatch had disappeared between strains. 4. Differences in physiological events necessary for hatching (thyroid hormones, corticosterone, air cell pCO(2)) are most probably responsible for the observed differences in timing of pipping and hatching events between layer and broilers. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of a nurse-directed weight-based heparin nomogram with a standard doctor-based regimen
FRAIPONT, V; LAMBERMONT, Bernard ULg; MOONEN, M et al

in Intensive Care Medicine (2000), 26(4), 218

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See detailComparison of a simple clinical risk index and quantitative bone ultrasound for identifying women at increased risk of osteoporosis
Kung, A. W. C.; Ho, A. Y. Y.; Ben Sedrine, W. et al

in Osteoporosis International (2003), 14(9), 716-721

Osteoporosis is a growing problem in Asia, and early identification of at risk subjects for preventive measures is likely the most cost-effective method for managing this disease in developing countries ... [more ▼]

Osteoporosis is a growing problem in Asia, and early identification of at risk subjects for preventive measures is likely the most cost-effective method for managing this disease in developing countries. Patients with low bone mineral density (BMD) have a high risk of future fracture. However, access to BMD measurements is limited in many areas of Asia, and inexpensive methods of targeting high-risk patients for BMD measurements would be valuable. We compared two methods, a simple clinical risk assessment tool, the Osteoporosis Self-assessment Tool for Asians (OSTA), and quantitative bone ultrasound (QUS) in identifying subjects with low BMD by DXA in 722 southern Chinese postmenopausal women recruited from the community in Hong Kong. Using the published cutoff value of -1 (versus 0 or higher) for OSTA to identify subjects with femoral neck BMD T-score less than or equal to-2.5, basing on our local population peak young mean value, the sensitivity and specificity was 88% and 54% respectively. The optimal cutoff T-score of -2.35 for QUS yielded sensitivity and specificity values of 81% and 65%, respectively. The AUC for QUS was 0.78, which was not significantly different from that of 0.80 for OSTA. Both OSTA and QUS correlated significantly with BMD at the femoral neck (0.62 and 0.36, respectively, P both <0.001). When these cut-off values were used to identify subjects with either lumbar spine or femoral neck BMD T-score less than or equal to-2.5, the sensitivity and specificity was 79% and 60%, respectively, for OSTA, and 69% and 70%, respectively, for QUS. Combining QUS with OSTA improved the sensitivity to 91%, but the specificity was reduced to 44%. We conclude that the simple clinical risk assessment tool OSTA is a free and effective method for identifying subjects at increased risk of osteoporosis, and its use could facilitate the appropriate and more cost-effective use of bone densitometry in developing countries. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (0 ULg)