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See detailLa commercialisation des produits éthiques: études de cas dans les secteurs de l'alimentation bio et équitable
Mouchamps, Hugues ULg

Master's dissertation (2003)

Social enterprises commercializing ethical products present shortcomings in their marketing strategies, especially in the place and promotion dimensions.

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See detailCommercialisation des produits vivriers paysans dans le Bas-Congo (R. D. Congo) : contraintes et stratégies des acteurs
Mpanzu Balomba, Patience ULg

Doctoral thesis (2012)

The results of this study reveal that the marketing of the main food products of Bas-Congo (cassava, plantain, maize, bean and groundnut) faces many constraints. Indeed, the food markets of Bas-Congo are ... [more ▼]

The results of this study reveal that the marketing of the main food products of Bas-Congo (cassava, plantain, maize, bean and groundnut) faces many constraints. Indeed, the food markets of Bas-Congo are characterized by inadequate infrastructures (transport, storage and processing), no-standard sale units, problems of information on the market, an informal operation, a large number of intermediaries and harassment on the roads and the markets. In the countryside, the peasants walk an average of 8 km to sell their small crop surplus in the rural markets. Financial constraints often force the wholesalers to turn to certain actors of the sector to finance the payment of marketing costs by giving up to them, in return, the exclusive right to sell their food products. These constraints have as consequences particularly high costs of transaction at the level of wholesalers of which the most important is the transportation which represents 46 to 61% of the total of these costs, significant margins on wholesale (45 to 68% of the wholesale price), etc. The study shows also a lack of spatial integration between Kimpese (Bas-Congo) and Kinshasa markets. Food markets actors adapt themselves by developing strategies in order to mitigate the impacts of these constraints and to maintain both production and marketing activities. [less ▲]

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See detailEl commercio justo como une arena y un proyecto de desarrollo. El caso de los cafeicultores en la region de Matagalpa.
Pleyers, Geoffrey; Pirotte, Gautier ULg

in Encuentro. Revista de la Universidad Centroamericana (Nicaragua) (2004), XXXVI(67), 132-149

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See detailCommission d'étude sur le financement général des communes germanophone. Rapport final
Jurion, Bernard ULg; Dubois, Olivier; Goblet, Manferd et al

Report (2008)

Report analyzing the sharing formula of the Municipal Fund for the municipalities of the German-Speaking Community of Belgium and proposing alternative formulas.

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See detailLa commission d'hemovigilance du CHU.
Baudoux, Etienne ULg; Blaffart, Francine ULg; Bouffioux, Christian ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2000), 55(9), 878-80

As suggested by the National Blood Council, a Hemovigilance Committee was set up in the University Hospital of Liege in 1995. A multidisciplinary discussion takes place on any action aiming at the ... [more ▼]

As suggested by the National Blood Council, a Hemovigilance Committee was set up in the University Hospital of Liege in 1995. A multidisciplinary discussion takes place on any action aiming at the improvement of transfusion safety, and the follow-up of its implementation. The first issue to be discussed was the set up of a detailed documentation of all blood transfusions. The data are now recorded on a single document allowing proper identification of people and products involved, and of the eventual incidents. This document has lead to a better transfusion safety and to an improved administrative management of blood transfusion. The Commission has been coordinating two multi-centric studies analyzing the consumption of fresh blood products and the incidence of transfusion reactions. Among blood-saving policies, autologous transfusion and volume reduction of samples drawn for laboratory purposes have been discussed. Other measures were taken to improve the labeling of samples for cross-mach and to actively follow-up transfusion reactions. By its actions and advises, the Commission aims to direct strategies towards a safe and rational use of blood products. [less ▲]

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See detailLa Commission de conciliation-construction. Deux années d'activité
Kohl, Benoît ULg

in Droit de la Consommation = Consumentenrecht [= DCCR] (2004), n° 65

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See detailLa Commission européenne décide de ne pas donner suite à une plainte arguant d’effets de ciseau tarifaire.
Sibony, Anne-Lise ULg

in Concurrences : Revue des Droits de la Concurrence (2011), 1

Comm. eur., déc. C(2010) 4730 du 2 juillet 2010, Vivendi et Iliad/France Telecom, aff. COMP/39653 La Commission européenne décide de ne pas donner suite à une plainte arguant d’effets de ciseau tarifaire.

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See detailLa Commission européenne face à l'efficacité et l'équité des systèmes éducatifs européens
Demeuse, Marc; Baye, Ariane ULg

in Education et Sociétés : Revue Internationale de Sociologie de l'Education (2007), 20

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See detailLa Commission européenne publie un guide de mise en œuvre de l’article 82 CE intégrant l’analyse économique à la qualification d’abus de position dominante
Sibony, Anne-Lise ULg

in Concurrences : Revue des Droits de la Concurrence (2009), (1), 118-125

EC Comm., 3 December 2008, Guidance on the Commission’s Enforcement Priorities in Applying Article 82 EC Treaty to Abusive Exclusionary Conduct by Dominant Undertakings : Guidance on the Commission’s ... [more ▼]

EC Comm., 3 December 2008, Guidance on the Commission’s Enforcement Priorities in Applying Article 82 EC Treaty to Abusive Exclusionary Conduct by Dominant Undertakings : Guidance on the Commission’s enforcement priorities in applying Article 82 EC Treaty to abusive exclusionary conduct by dominant undertakings: A new framework for analysis of exlusionary conduct [less ▲]

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See detailCommission Internationale de la Microflore du Paléozoïque (CIMP)
Steemans, Philippe ULg

Computer development (2008)

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See detailla commission Lumumba
Raxhon, Philippe ULg

in Dard, Olivier; Lefeuvre, Daniel (Eds.) L'Europe face à son passé colonial (2008)

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See detailLa "Commission nationale des sciences" et l’émergence d’un concept de politique scientifique en Belgique
Pirot, Pascal ULg

in MALPANGOTTO, Michela; JULLIEN, Vincent; NICOLAIDIS, Efthymios (Eds.) L’homme au risque de l’infini. Mélanges d’histoire et de philosophie des sciences offerts à Michel Blay (2013)

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See detailCommission on New Minerals, Nomenclature and Classification (CNMNC), Newsletter 10
Williams; Hatert, Frédéric ULg; Pasero, Marco et al

in Mineralogical Magazine (2011), 75(5), 2549-2561

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See detailLa Commission rend obligatoires les engagements du gestionnaire du réseau de transport d’électricité en Suède visant à lever un doute sur la compatibilité avec l’article 102 TFUE d’une pratique consistant à gérer les risques de congestion du réseau en favorisant les flux à destination du marché national par rapport aux flux destinés à l’exportation
Sibony, Anne-Lise ULg

in Concurrences : Revue des Droits de la Concurrence (2010), (3), 88-100

Eur. Comm., dec. art. 9 Reg. 1/2003, 14.04.10, Swedish Interconnectors, case COMP/39.351; CA Paris, 15.04.10, Vicat et Lafarge Ciments v. Fr. NCA, 12.03.07, Corsican cement, 07-D-08; Fr. NCA, 17.05.10 ... [more ▼]

Eur. Comm., dec. art. 9 Reg. 1/2003, 14.04.10, Swedish Interconnectors, case COMP/39.351; CA Paris, 15.04.10, Vicat et Lafarge Ciments v. Fr. NCA, 12.03.07, Corsican cement, 07-D-08; Fr. NCA, 17.05.10, Sanofi-Aventis France, 10-D-06; Fr. NCA, 16.04.10, biogas, 10-D-14 and, on appeal, CA Paris, 01.06.10, Euro Power Technology, RG 2010/07349 [less ▲]

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See detailCommission Université Palais (C.U.P.) - Libéralités et successions
Moreau, Pierre ULg; Rosoux, Hélène ULg; Rousseau, Laura ULg et al

in Libéralités et successions - CUP (2012)

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See detailThe Commission's Non Contractual Liability in the Field of Merger Control - Don't Use a Hammer When You Need a Screwdriver
Petit, Nicolas ULg; Rato, Miguel

in Global Competition Policy (2007)

It has become conventional wisdom to view the rulings handed down by the CFI in Airtours, Schneider, Tetra Laval and Impala as unprecedented setbacks for the European Commission ("the Commission") that ... [more ▼]

It has become conventional wisdom to view the rulings handed down by the CFI in Airtours, Schneider, Tetra Laval and Impala as unprecedented setbacks for the European Commission ("the Commission") that would usher in a new era of administrative accountability in the field of merger control. However, several commentators still consider that the Commission regretfully enjoys a de facto power of "life or death" over notified mergers, and that judgments striking down its decisions are unlikely to change much in practice. Parties to a blocked merger generally abandon their projects following the Commission's decision, irrespective of the outcome of the actions they may subsequently bring before the EC Courts (e.g. the Airtours/First Choice or Schneider/Legrand mergers). Third parties - competitors or consumers - to an illegally approved merger have little prospect of inducing the Commission to unscramble a consummated transaction (e.g. the Sony/BMG merger). This unsatisfactory state of affairs has led practitioners to explore other legal avenues to hold the Commission accountable for its mistakes. One such possible means of redress is to resort to Article 288 EC which provides that the EC shall "make good any damage caused by its institutions". Where an EC institution such as the Commission is found liable for such damage, Article 235 EC grants the Community Courts jurisdiction to award compensation In light of the virulence of some of criticism directed at the Commission by the CFI in the Airtours and Schneider/Legrand judgments, the parties to those mergers initiated proceedings against the Commission, seeking compensation for the unlawful prohibition of their proposed mergers. These actions drew enthusiastic reactions from certain EC competition law experts which, upon close examination, appear unjustified. The legal avenue provided for by Article 288 EC is most likely a procedural dead-end. First, from the applicants' perspective, the conditions under which the Commission's liability can give rise to a right to compensation in the field of merger control are set so high by existing case-law that most Article 288 EC claims are likely to be dismissed as unfounded. Second, from a public policy standpoint, Article 288 EC does not constitute an adequate instrument to improve the Commission's accountability for its unlawful decisions. [less ▲]

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