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See detailComparative efficacy of eletriptan 40 mg versus sumatriptan 100 mg
Mathew, N. T.; Schoenen, Jean ULg; Winner, P. et al

in Headache (2003), 43(3), 214-222

Objective.-To confirm the efficacy advantage of eletriptan 40 mg over sumatriptan 100 mg. Background.-Eletriptan 80 mg has demonstrated significantly greater efficacy when compared to both sumatriptan 50 ... [more ▼]

Objective.-To confirm the efficacy advantage of eletriptan 40 mg over sumatriptan 100 mg. Background.-Eletriptan 80 mg has demonstrated significantly greater efficacy when compared to both sumatriptan 50 mg and 100 mg in two studies. Eletriptan 40 mg demonstrated significantly greater efficacy than sumatriptan 100 mg in one previous trial. Methods.-Two thousand one hundred thirteen patients with a diagnosis of migraine according to International Headache Society criteria were randomized using a double-blind, double-dummy, parallel-group design, and treated for a single migraine attack with either eletriptan 40 mg, sumatriptan 100 mg, or placebo. The primary endpoint was 2-hour headache response. Secondary endpoints included headache response rates at 1 hour, pain-free rates, absence of associated symptoms, functional response at 1 and 2 hours, and sustained headache response. Results.-Headache response rates at 2 hours postdose were significantly higher for eletriptan 40 mg (67%) than for sumatriptan 100 mg (59%; P<.001) and placebo (26%; P <.0001). Eletriptan 40 mg consistently showed significant (P<.01) efficacy over sumatriptan 100 mg across secondary clinical outcomes, including 1-hour headache response; 2-hour pain-free response; absence of nausea, photophobia, and phonophobia; functional improvement; use of rescue medication; treatment acceptability; and sustained headache response (P<.05). Overall, treatment-related adverse events were low, nausea being the only adverse event with an incidence of 2% or higher (4.9% with eletriptan, 4.2% sumatriptan, 2.8% placebo). Conclusion.-This trial confirmed that eletriptan 40 mg offers superior efficacy in treating migraine pain and associated symptoms and in restoring patient functioning when compared with sumatriptan 100 mg. [less ▲]

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See detailComparative efficacy of eletriptan and zolmitriptan in the acute treatment of migraine
Steiner, T. J.; Diener, H. C.; MacGregor, E. A. et al

in Cephalalgia : An International Journal of Headache (2003), 23(10), 942-952

Eletriptan 40 mg and 80 mg have shown greater efficacy in acute migraine than oral sumtriptan 100 mg and naratriptan 2.5 mg. This study continues the systematic series of active comparator trials in the ... [more ▼]

Eletriptan 40 mg and 80 mg have shown greater efficacy in acute migraine than oral sumtriptan 100 mg and naratriptan 2.5 mg. This study continues the systematic series of active comparator trials in the eletriptan clinical development programme. In a multicentre double-blind, double-dummy, parallel-groups trial, 1587 outpatients with migraine by IHS criteria were randomised in a 3: 3: 3: 1 ratio to eletriptan 80 mg, eletriptan 40 mg, zolmitriptan 2.5 mg or placebo. Of these, 1312 treated a single migraine attack and recorded baseline and outcome data to be included in the intention-to-treat population. The primary analysis was between eletriptan 80 mg and zolmitriptan. For the primary efficacy end-point of 2-h headache response, rates were 74% on eletriptan 80 mg, 64% on eletriptan 40 mg, 60% on zolmitriptan (P < 0.0001 vs. eletriptan 80 mg) and 22% on placebo (P < 0.0001 vs. all active treatments). Eletriptan 80 mg was superior to zolmitriptan on all secondary end-points at 1, 2 and 24 h, in most cases with statistical significance. Eletriptan 40 mg had similar efficacy to zolmitriptan 2.5 mg in earlier end-points, and significantly (P < 0.05) lower recurrence rate and need for rescue medication over 24 h. All treatments were well tolerated; 30-42% of patients on active treatments and 40% on placebo reported all-causality adverse events that were mostly mild and transient. On patients' global ratings of treatment, both eletriptan doses scored significantly better than zolmitriptan. [less ▲]

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See detailComparative efficacy of everolimus plus exemestane versus fulvestrant for hormone-receptor-positive advanced breast cancer following progression/recurrence after endocrine therapy: a network meta-analysis.
Bachelot, Thomas; McCool, Rachael; Duffy, Steven et al

in Breast cancer research and treatment (2013)

Postmenopausal women with advanced breast cancer recurring/progressing on or after initial (adjuvant or first-line) endocrine therapy may be treated multiple times with one of several endocrine or ... [more ▼]

Postmenopausal women with advanced breast cancer recurring/progressing on or after initial (adjuvant or first-line) endocrine therapy may be treated multiple times with one of several endocrine or combinatorial targeted treatment options before initiating chemotherapy. In the absence of direct head-to-head comparisons of these treatment options, an indirect comparison can inform treatment choice. This network meta-analysis compared the efficacy of everolimus plus exemestane with that of fulvestrant 250 and 500 mg in the advanced breast cancer setting following adjuvant or first-line endocrine therapy. The reported hazard ratios (HRs) for progression-free survival (PFS) or time to progression from six studies that formed a network to compare everolimus plus exemestane (BOLERO-2 trial) with fulvestrant were analyzed by means of a Bayesian network meta-analysis. In the primary comparison (PFS analysis based on the local review of disease progression from BOLERO-2 with the data from the other studies), everolimus plus exemestane appeared to be more efficacious than both fulvestrant 250 mg (HR = 0.47; 95 % credible interval [CrI] 0.38-0.58) and 500 mg (HR = 0.59; 95 % CrI 0.45-0.77). Similar results were obtained in an alternate comparison based on central review of disease progression from BOLERO-2 with the data from the other studies (HR = 0.40; 95 % CrI 0.31-0.51 and HR = 0.50; 95 % CrI 0.37-0.67, respectively), and in a subgroup analysis of patients who had received prior aromatase inhibitor therapy (HR = 0.47; 95 % CrI 0.38-0.58 and HR = 0.55; 95 % CrI 0.40-0.76, respectively). These results suggest that everolimus plus exemestane may be more efficacious than fulvestrant in patients with advanced breast cancer who progress on or after adjuvant or first-line therapy with a nonsteroidal aromatase inhibitor. [less ▲]

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See detailComparative enantioseparation of talinolol in aqueous and non-aqueous capillary electrophoresis and study of related selector-selectand interactions by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy.
Chankvetadze, Lali; Servais, Anne-Catherine ULg; Fillet, Marianne ULg et al

in Journal of Chromatography. A (2012)

The enantiomers of the chiral beta-blocker drug talinolol were separated with two single component sulfated beta-cyclodextrin (CD) derivatives, namely heptakis (2,3-di-O-methyl-6-sulfo)-beta-CD) (HDMS ... [more ▼]

The enantiomers of the chiral beta-blocker drug talinolol were separated with two single component sulfated beta-cyclodextrin (CD) derivatives, namely heptakis (2,3-di-O-methyl-6-sulfo)-beta-CD) (HDMS-beta-CD) and heptakis (2,3-di-O-acetyl-6-sulfo)-beta-CD) (HDAS-beta-CD), in aqueous and non-aqueous capillary electrophoresis (CE). The enantiomer affinity pattern of talinolol toward these two CDs was opposite in both aqueous and non-aqueous CE. However, the enantiomer affinity pattern for a given CD derivative did not change when aqueous buffer was replaced with non-aqueous background electrolyte. The structures of the analyte-selector complexes in both, aqueous and non-aqueous electrolytes were studied using rotating frame nuclear Overhauser effect (ROESY) NMR spectroscopy. Inclusion complex formation between the enantiomers of talinolol and HDAS-beta-CD was confirmed in aqueous buffer, while the complex between the enantiomers of talinolol and HDMS-beta-CD was of the external type. The complex of the talinolol enantiomers with HDAS-beta-CD in non-aqueous electrolyte was also of the external type. In spite of external complex formation excellent separation of the enantiomers was observed in non-aqueous CE. [less ▲]

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See detailComparative Evaluation of Cerebral Aneurysms with Selective Arterially Enhanced Ct and Dsa
Vanderschelden, P.; Flandroy, P.; Dondelinger, R. F. et al

in European Radiology (1998), 8(7), 1181-6

The purpose of our study was to compare selective arterially enhanced spiral computed tomographs (ACT) with digital subtraction angiographies (DSA) in the presurgical assessment of cerebral aneurysms. A ... [more ▼]

The purpose of our study was to compare selective arterially enhanced spiral computed tomographs (ACT) with digital subtraction angiographies (DSA) in the presurgical assessment of cerebral aneurysms. A total of 24 aneurysms in 18 patients were explored in a prospective study by ACT and DSA, using an interactive combined CT-angiography suite. Dimensions of the aneurysm, its relation to the parent vessel, and the aneurysmal index were defined on DSA and on surface-shaded display of 3D reformatted images obtained from ACT. Results were correlated with surgical findings. Three aneurysms suspected on DSA were not confirmed by ACT. One fusiform aneurysm suspected on DSA corresponded to a sacciform aneurysm on ACT. Surgical findings confirmed 20 sacciform aneurysms. The aneurysmal index could be measured in all 20 cases of sacciform aneurysms on ACT and could not be determined with confidence in 55 % of the cases on DSA. DSA and ACT gave identical results in 35 % of cases. In 10 %, the index measured by ACT was superior to that determined by DSA for aneurysms which had a diameter of less than 3 mm. In conclusion, the combination of DSA and ACT improved the results of DSA alone. ACT is a reliable method to measure the aneurysmal index in aneurysms with a diameter superior to 3 mm. [less ▲]

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See detailComparative evaluation of existing and new methods for correcting ocular artifacts in electroencephalographic recordings
Kirkove, Murielle ULg; François, Clémentine ULg; Verly, Jacques ULg

in Signal Processing (2014), 98(C), 102-120

EEG signals are often contaminated by ocular artifacts (OAs), in particular when they are recorded for a subject that is, in principle, awake, such as in a study of drowsiness. It is generally desirable ... [more ▼]

EEG signals are often contaminated by ocular artifacts (OAs), in particular when they are recorded for a subject that is, in principle, awake, such as in a study of drowsiness. It is generally desirable to detect and/or correct these OAs before interpreting the EEG signals. We have identified 11 existing methods for dealing with OAs. Their study allowed us to create 16 new methods. We performed a comparative performance evaluation of the resulting 27 distinct methods using a common set of data and a common set of metrics. The data was recorded during a driving task of about two hours in a driving simulator. This led to a ranking of all methods, with five emerging clear winners, comprising two existing methods and three new ones. [less ▲]

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See detailComparative evaluation of five hygroscopic condenser humidifiers during short-term postoperative mechanical ventilation
Sottiaux, Thierry; Meurice, F.; Mignolet, Ghislaine ULg et al

in Acta Anaesthesiologica Italica & Anaesthesia and Intensive Care in Italy (1997), 48(1-2), 59-68

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See detailComparative Evaluation of Four Detectors in the High-Performance Liquid Chromatographic Analysis of Chiral Nonaromatic Alcohols
Toussaint, B.; Duchateau, A. L.; van der Wal, S. et al

in Journal of Chromatographic Science (2000), 38(10), 450-7

A comparative evaluation of ultraviolet, polarimetric, refractive index, and evaporative light-scattering detection coupled with high-performance liquid chromatography has been developed for the ... [more ▼]

A comparative evaluation of ultraviolet, polarimetric, refractive index, and evaporative light-scattering detection coupled with high-performance liquid chromatography has been developed for the separation and quantitation of the enantiomers of chiral nonaromatic alcohols, some of which are intermediates in the synthesis of chiral drugs. (R,S)-3-tert-butylamino-1,2-propanediol; (R,S)-glycidol; and (R,S)-1-(4-morpholino)-2-octanol are selected as model compounds in order to compare the detection sensitivity and the linearity of the response with the four detectors. Separation of the enantiomers is performed using chiral stationary phases in normal-phase liquid chromatography. A one-day validation is achieved for (S)-3-tert-butylamino-1,2-propanediol with each detector, and limits of quantitation are determined for the three compounds. Advantages and limitations of the four detectors are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailComparative evaluation of four detectors in the HPLC analysis of chiral non-aromatic alcohols
Toussaint, B.; Duchateau, A. L. L.; Van der Wal, S. et al

Conference (2000)

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See detailComparative evaluation of Fungitest, Neosensitabs and broth microdilution method for yeasts susceptibility testing
Hayette, Marie-Pierre ULg; Bolland, Pascal; Seidel, Laurence ULg et al

Poster (1999, May)

The need of a simple and reliable method for routine yeasts susceptibility testing led us to evaluate two commercially available methods. We investigated the in vitro susceptibility of 67 clinical ... [more ▼]

The need of a simple and reliable method for routine yeasts susceptibility testing led us to evaluate two commercially available methods. We investigated the in vitro susceptibility of 67 clinical isolates (26 C. albicans, 32 C. glabrata, 4 C. krusei, 2 C. tropicalis, 2 C. kefyr and 1 S. cerevisiae) to 6 drugs flucytosine (FC), amphotericin B (A), fluconazole (FZ), itraconazole (IT), kétoconazole (K), miconazole (M), comparing two methods Fungitest (Sanofi Pasteur) and Neosensitabs (Rosco). A broth microdilution adaptation from the NCCLS-M27A procedure was used as reference method. Fungitests consist of individually packed 16 wells microplates containing 6 drugs at two critical concentrations in buffered medium. Reading was performed after 24 and 48h incubation. Neosensitabs is an agar diffusion method on Shadomy agar using antifungals tablets. Reading was performed after 24h. For all strains Neosensitabs was in concordance with NCCLS M27-A for FC (94%), A (98%), FZ (55%) I (53%) with p<0.05. Fungitest correlated with NCCLS method for all antifungals after 24 and 48h incubation time (p<0.05) with respectively 95/95% for FC, 100/100% for A, 80/76% for FZ, 81/55% for I and 93/75% for K, and 88/81 for M. Candida glabrata gave the poorest result with Neosensitabs with 28% concordance for FZand 39% for I; therefore the method can't be recommended for this species. Fungitest concordance observed was 55% for I after 48h. Our results suggest that Fungitest is appropriate for routine yeast susceptibility testing. However itraconazole testing has to be improved with this method. [less ▲]

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See detailComparative evaluation of impulse oscillometry and a monofrequency forced oscillation technique in clinically healthy calves undergoing bronchochallenges
Reinhold, Petra; MacLeod, D.; Lekeux, Pierre ULg

in Research in Veterinary Science (1996), 61

Multifrequency impulse oscillometry (IOS) was compared with a monofrequency forced oscillation technique (MFO) in calves undergoing experimentally induced bronchoconstriction and subsequent ... [more ▼]

Multifrequency impulse oscillometry (IOS) was compared with a monofrequency forced oscillation technique (MFO) in calves undergoing experimentally induced bronchoconstriction and subsequent bronchodilatation. The dynamic lung compliance (Cdyn) was also measured by conventional methods. For each test, the baseline mean and the responses to saline, a bronchoconstrictive agent (carbachol) and a bronchodilator (fenoterolhydrobromide) were calculated. Using the IOS, the information was markedly frequency-dependent. The resistance (R) and the magnitude of respiratory impedance (Z) were only sensitive at 5 Hz, leading to negative frequency dependence of these parameters as an indicator of peripheral airway obstruction. A high sensitivity for reactance (X) and phase angle phi values was observed between 5 and 20 Hz. For MFO (10 Hz), the parameters Ros (which includes resistive and capacitive components of the respiratory system), phase shift (psi), and the oscillatory derived compliance of the respiratory system (Crs) were of the greatest clinical potential. Crs showed a significant coefficient of linear correlation (r = 0.88, P < 0.001) with Cdyn. At the 10 Hz test frequency similar results were observed with MFO and IOS, suggesting that for healthy calves the measurement effect of an impulse is not significant. With respect to peripheral airway calibre, a test frequency less than 10 Hz appeared to be most sensitive and least variable. [less ▲]

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See detailComparative evaluation of local poultry breeds status in Algeria, Vietnam and the Democratic Republic of Congo
Moula, Nassim ULg; Farnir, Frédéric ULg; Abdellah, Salhi et al

in The Role of Poultry in Improving Human Welfare (2012, September)

Local chicken breeds contribute significantly to the world production of meat and eggs. Indigenous breeds represent 80% of the world poultry population. However, the majority of these breeds has not been ... [more ▼]

Local chicken breeds contribute significantly to the world production of meat and eggs. Indigenous breeds represent 80% of the world poultry population. However, the majority of these breeds has not been recorded and studied. About 40% of poultry breeds have an unknown risk status. Hence, considerable efforts are necessary to evaluate them. Obviously, managing animal genetic resources requires the identification of the concerned phenotypes, population sizes, their geographical distribution, and their genetic diversity within and between breeds, using molecular biology methods. Nevertheless, the thorough understanding of the breeding contexts within which they are found is an oft-neglected prerequisite to set up sustainable management strategy of these resources. In the framework of our studies, the characterization of local poultry populations and their breeding systems have been carried out in Northeastern Algeria, Northern Vietnam and Southwestern Congo (DRC). A large phenotypic diversity has been revealed in each region of study, contributing different insights into the concept of local breed. The breeding systems have in common multiple objectives (nutritional, financial, and socio-cultural). Women and children played an important role in family poultry farming. The latter elements are, however, subject to variations between the regions of study and within them. Thus, solutions aiming at the promotion of biodiversity in poultry need to be tailored in accordance with the uniqueness of each breeding context. [less ▲]

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See detailComparative evaluation of three heat and moisture exchangers during short-term postoperative mechanical ventilation
Sottiaux, Thierry; Mignolet, Ghislaine ULg; Damas, Pierre ULg et al

in CHEST (1993), 104(1), 220-224

This study compared performance of three heat and moisture exchangers (HME) during short-term postoperative mechanical ventilation. Temperature and absolute humidity (AH) were measured at various points ... [more ▼]

This study compared performance of three heat and moisture exchangers (HME) during short-term postoperative mechanical ventilation. Temperature and absolute humidity (AH) were measured at various points of the ventilatory circuit. There was no statistical difference between the groups, regarding ambient and body To, body weight, fraction of inspired oxygen, tidal volume, and respiratory rate. Only the hygroscopic HME (groups 2 and 3) provide adequate conditioning with regard to AH and To of the inspiratory gases. The performance of hydrophobic HME (group 1) was inferior and appears to be unsatisfactory. Indirect evaluation (variations of inspiratory gases and tracheal temperatures, AH of the expired gases) confirmed the superiority of the hygroscopic HME. These data suggest that humidification of inspiratory gases with a hygroscopic HME is a defensible practice during short-term postoperative mechanical ventilation. Performance of hydrophobic HME may be weak and can expose the patient to an unacceptable risk of endotracheal tube occlusion. [less ▲]

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See detailComparative Fe and Zn K-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopic study of the ferroxidase centres of human H-chain ferritin and bacterioferritin from Desulfovibrio desulfuricans.
Toussaint, Louise ULg

in Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry : A Publication of the Society of Biological Inorganic Chemistry (2009), 14(1), 35-49

Iron uptake by the ubiquitous iron-storage protein ferritin involves the oxidation of two Fe(II) ions located at the highly conserved dinuclear ‘‘ferroxidase centre’’ in individual subunits. We have ... [more ▼]

Iron uptake by the ubiquitous iron-storage protein ferritin involves the oxidation of two Fe(II) ions located at the highly conserved dinuclear ‘‘ferroxidase centre’’ in individual subunits. We have measured X-ray absorption spectra of four mutants (K86Q, K86Q/E27D, K86Q/E107D, and K86Q/E27D/E107D, involving variations of Glu to Asp on either or both sides of the dinuclear ferroxidase site) of recombinant human H-chain ferritin (rHuHF) in their complexes with reactive Fe(II) and redoxinactive Zn(II). The results for Fe–rHuHf are compared with those for recombinant Desulfovibrio desulfuricans bacterioferritin (DdBfr) in three states: oxidised, reduced, and oxidised/Chelex -treated. The X-ray absorption nearedge region of the spectrum allows the oxidation state of the iron ions to be assessed. Extended X-ray absorption fine structure simulations have yielded accurate geometric information that represents an important refinement of the crystal structure of DdBfr; most metal–ligand bonds are shortened and there is a decrease in ionic radius going from the Fe(II) to the Fe(III) state. The Chelex -treated sample is found to be partly mineralised, giving an indication of the state of iron in the cycled-oxidised (reduced, then oxidised) form of DdBfr, where the crystal structure shows the dinuclear site to be only half occupied. In the case of rHuHF the complexes with Zn(II) reveal a surprising similarity between the variants, indicating that the rHuHf dinuclear site is rigid. In spite of this, the rHuHf complexes with Fe(II) show a variation in reactivity that is reflected in the iron oxidation states and coordination geometries. [less ▲]

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See detailComparative fluxes of HCO3- and Si from glaciated and non-glaciated terrain during the last deglaciation.
Jones, I. W.; Munhoven, Guy ULg; Tranter, M.

in Tranter, M.; Armstrong, R.; Brun, E. (Eds.) et al Interactions Between the Cryosphere, Climate and Greenhouse Gases (1999)

There is current interest in the riverine fluxes of bicarbonate and Si at the last glacial maximum (LGM), since modelling suggests that these were higher than today (Gibbs and Kump, 1994; Froelich et al ... [more ▼]

There is current interest in the riverine fluxes of bicarbonate and Si at the last glacial maximum (LGM), since modelling suggests that these were higher than today (Gibbs and Kump, 1994; Froelich et al., 1992). If this is the case, removal of atmospheric CO2 by silicate weathering is also likely to have been greater at the LGM (Munhoven and Francois, 1996), so contributing to the lower atmospheric CO2 recorded by ice cores (Barnola et al., 1987). To date, the magnitude of glacial chemical erosion on bicarbonate and Si fluxes at the LGM is poorly quantified, and the locus of the inferred doubled terrestrial Si flux is unknown. This paper aims to provide first estimates of the relative fluxes of bicarbonate and Si fluxes from ice-free and glaciated terrain for five time steps between the LGM (21ka), by extending the modelling approach of Gibbs and Kump (1994) and incorporating new data on glacial solute fluxes (Tranter et al., submitted). [less ▲]

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See detailComparative genome organization of vertebrates. The First International Workshop on Comparative Genome Organization.
Andersson, L.; Archibald, A.; Ashburner, M. et al

in Mammalian Genome : Official Journal of the International Mammalian Genome Society (1996), 7(10), 717-34

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