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See detailLe commerce des armes: l’impossible certitude
Michel, Quentin ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 64 (10 ULg)
See detailLe commerce du soja
Burny, Philippe ULg

Conference (1999)

Detailed reference viewed: 4 (2 ULg)
See detailLe commerce électronique: conclusion et preuve du contrat
Biquet, Christine ULg; Lecocq, Pascale ULg

in Rapports belges au Congrès de l'Académie internationale de droit comparé à Brisbane (2002)

Detailed reference viewed: 62 (16 ULg)
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See detailLe commerce équitable : leçons d’expériences
Duquesne, Brigitte ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

Conference (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 65 (24 ULg)
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See detailLe commerce équitable entre le Vietnam et l’Union européenne : enjeux et perspectives
Duquesne, Brigitte ULg

in Les cahiers de l'Association Tiers-Monde (2008), 23

Detailed reference viewed: 45 (12 ULg)
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See detailLe commerce équitable face aux nouveaux défis commerciaux : évolution des dynamiques d'acteurs
Charlier, Sophie; Haynes, Isabelle; Bach, Amandine et al

Report (2006)

Growth of fair trade markets, especially through the big retail companies, confront traditional actors, mainly NGO'S, to new challenges of competition, new market requirements. These dynamics imply ... [more ▼]

Growth of fair trade markets, especially through the big retail companies, confront traditional actors, mainly NGO'S, to new challenges of competition, new market requirements. These dynamics imply redefinition of organising and constitutional norms. The report examines these debates. Through four case studies in southern countries it shows the implications of these debates on southern dynamics and pleads for a new constitution of fair trade. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 255 (9 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailCommerce et âges. Les jeunes et les seniors, des acteurs et des cibles privilégiés
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg; Wegnez, Léon ULg

in Gasnier, Arnaud; Lemarchand, Nathalie (Eds.) Le commerce dans tous ses états. Espaces marchands et enjeux de société (2014)

Analysis of the role of age in the purchasing behavior and inclusion of this feature by distributors with focus on young and seniors

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (1 ULg)
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See detailCommerce et mondialisation. Les logiques d'expansion des firmes
Barata-Salgueiro, Teresa; Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg

in Gasnier, Arnaud; Lemarchand, Nathalie (Eds.) Le commerce dans tous ses états. Espaces marchands et enjeux de société (2014)

Analysis of the internationalization of firms in the distribution: process, profile of firms, choice of locations, factors of internationalization and formulas used

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (0 ULg)
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See detailCommerce et opérateurs immobiliers. Un marché en voie de financiarisation
Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULg; Nappi-Choulet, Ingrid

in Gasnier, Arnaud; Lemarchand, Nathalie (Eds.) Le commerce dans tous ses états. Espaces marchands et enjeux de société (2014)

Short analysis of commercial real estate in its various forms with evidence of recent market financialization

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (0 ULg)
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See detailLe commerce sensible des biens à double usage : analyses des législations européennes et des États-Unis
Rasson, Frédéric ULg

Master's dissertation (2009)

L’Union européenne a réglementé le commerce sensible des biens et technologies à double usage. Quelles différences existent entre le système harmonisé européen de contrôle sur les exportations d’articles ... [more ▼]

L’Union européenne a réglementé le commerce sensible des biens et technologies à double usage. Quelles différences existent entre le système harmonisé européen de contrôle sur les exportations d’articles à double usage et le contrôle organisé par les États-Unis ? [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 142 (5 ULg)
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See detailLa commercialisation d’un ouvrage
Kohl, Benoît ULg

Conference (2009, January 29)

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See detailCommercialisation des produits agricoles vivriers dans la Province du Sud-Kivu (RDC) : mesure de l'intégration des marchés ruraux
Vwima Ngezirabona, Stany ULg; Mastaki, Jean-Luc; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Reyntjens, F.; Vandeginste, S.; Verpoorten, M. (Eds.) L'Afrique des Grands Lacs : Annuaire 2011-2012 (2012)

This article analyzes the current system of marketing of food products in the province of South Kivu and its implications for producer prices and market integration. The study results are twofold. First ... [more ▼]

This article analyzes the current system of marketing of food products in the province of South Kivu and its implications for producer prices and market integration. The study results are twofold. First, we find that the food producers hold only a small share of the marketing margin, while the bulk of the margin is captured by intermediate traders. Second, we find that the markets for bean and sorghum are integrated, which may be explained by the preponderance of these products in the diet of the population. On the other hand, market integration of maize and cassava is low, which may be due to the difficult market access conditions, in terms of taxes and red tape, rampant insecurity, inadequate means of transport, poor roads, as well as lack of information, with the information asymmetry working to the disadvantage of small-scale food producers. Finally, our analysis of the evolution and variation in average prices of food products confirms that the City of Bukavu is the area of consumption, that Katana is the collection area of food products and that Nyangezi although rural, is not a major collection area, and actually is a food deficit area with rampant malnutrition. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 128 (34 ULg)
See detailLa commercialisation des produits éthiques: études de cas dans les secteurs de l'alimentation bio et équitable
Mouchamps, Hugues ULg

Master's dissertation (2003)

Social enterprises commercializing ethical products present shortcomings in their marketing strategies, especially in the place and promotion dimensions.

Detailed reference viewed: 67 (9 ULg)
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See detailCommercialisation des produits vivriers paysans dans le Bas-Congo (R. D. Congo) : contraintes et stratégies des acteurs
Mpanzu Balomba, Patience ULg

Doctoral thesis (2012)

The results of this study reveal that the marketing of the main food products of Bas-Congo (cassava, plantain, maize, bean and groundnut) faces many constraints. Indeed, the food markets of Bas-Congo are ... [more ▼]

The results of this study reveal that the marketing of the main food products of Bas-Congo (cassava, plantain, maize, bean and groundnut) faces many constraints. Indeed, the food markets of Bas-Congo are characterized by inadequate infrastructures (transport, storage and processing), no-standard sale units, problems of information on the market, an informal operation, a large number of intermediaries and harassment on the roads and the markets. In the countryside, the peasants walk an average of 8 km to sell their small crop surplus in the rural markets. Financial constraints often force the wholesalers to turn to certain actors of the sector to finance the payment of marketing costs by giving up to them, in return, the exclusive right to sell their food products. These constraints have as consequences particularly high costs of transaction at the level of wholesalers of which the most important is the transportation which represents 46 to 61% of the total of these costs, significant margins on wholesale (45 to 68% of the wholesale price), etc. The study shows also a lack of spatial integration between Kimpese (Bas-Congo) and Kinshasa markets. Food markets actors adapt themselves by developing strategies in order to mitigate the impacts of these constraints and to maintain both production and marketing activities. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 135 (53 ULg)
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See detailEl commercio justo como une arena y un proyecto de desarrollo. El caso de los cafeicultores en la region de Matagalpa.
Pleyers, Geoffrey; Pirotte, Gautier ULg

in Encuentro. Revista de la Universidad Centroamericana (Nicaragua) (2004), XXXVI(67), 132-149

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (4 ULg)
See detailCommission d'étude sur le financement général des communes germanophone. Rapport final
Jurion, Bernard ULg; Dubois, Olivier; Goblet, Manferd et al

Report (2008)

Report analyzing the sharing formula of the Municipal Fund for the municipalities of the German-Speaking Community of Belgium and proposing alternative formulas.

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (2 ULg)