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See detailLe Campylobacter fetus.
HUYNEN, Pascale ULiege

Conference (2003, February 05)

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See detailCampylobacter prevalence in foods from animal origin in Belgium
Daube, Georges ULiege; Ghafir, Y.; Dumont, J.-M. et al

Poster (1999, June)

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See detailCamus élégiaque. L'Absent vivant
Badir, Sémir ULiege

in Baetens, Jan; Porter, Charles A. (Eds.) Renaud Camus, écrivain (2002)

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See detailCan $\beta$ Cephei variables be modelled with polytropes?
Godart, Mélanie ULiege

in Sterken, Chris; Aerts, Conny (Eds.) Astrophysics of Variable Stars (2006, April)

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See detailCan a global dynamic vegetation model be used for both grassland and crop modeling at the local scale?
Minet, Julien ULiege; Tychon, Bernard ULiege; Jacquemin, Ingrid ULiege et al

Poster (2014, February)

We report on the use of a dynamic vegetation model, CARAIB, within two modeling exercises in the framework of MACSUR. CARAIB is a physically-based, mechanistic model that calculates the carbon ... [more ▼]

We report on the use of a dynamic vegetation model, CARAIB, within two modeling exercises in the framework of MACSUR. CARAIB is a physically-based, mechanistic model that calculates the carbon assimilation of the vegetation as a function of the soil and climatic conditions. Within MACSUR, it was used in the model intercomparison exercises for grassland and crop modeling, in the LiveM 2.4 and CropM WP4 tasks, respectively. For grassland modeling, blind model runs at 11 locations were performed for various time ranges (few years). For crop modeling, a sensitivity analysis for building impact response surfaces (IRS) was performed, based on a bench of model runs at different levels of perturbation in the temperature and precipitation input data over 30 years. For grassland modeling, specific management functions accounting for the cutting or grazing of the grass were added to the model, in the framework of the MACSUR intercomparison. Initially developed for modeling the carbon dynamics of the natural vegetation, CARAIB was already adapted for crop modeling but further modifications regarding the management, i.e., yearly-dependent sowing dates, were introduced. For grassland modeling, simulation results will be further intercompared with other modeling groups, but preliminary results showed that the model could cope with the introduction of the grass cutting module. For crop modeling, building the IRS over 30 years permitted to assess the sensitivity of the model to temperature and precipitation changes. So far, the participation of CARAIB in the intercomparison exercises within MACSUR resulted in further improvements of the model by introducing new functionalities. [less ▲]

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See detailCan accurate kinetic laws be created to describe chemical weathering ?
Schott, Jacques; Oelkers, Eric H.; Bénézeth, Pascale et al

in Comptes Rendus Geoscience (2012), 344

Knowledge of the mechanisms and rates of mineral dissolution and growth, especially close to equilibrium, is essential for describing the temporal and spatial evolution of natural processes like ... [more ▼]

Knowledge of the mechanisms and rates of mineral dissolution and growth, especially close to equilibrium, is essential for describing the temporal and spatial evolution of natural processes like weathering and its impact on CO2 budget and climate. The Surface Complexation approach (SC) combined with Transition State Theory (TST) provides an efficient framework for describing mineral dissolution over wide ranges of solution composition, chemical affinity, and temperature. There has been a large debate for several years, however, about the comparative merits of SC/TS versus classical growth theories for describing mineral dissolution and growth at near-to-equilibrium conditions. This study considers recent results obtained in our laboratory on oxides, hydroxides, silicates, and carbonates on near-equilibrium dissolution and growth via the combination of complementary microscopic and macroscopic techniques including hydrothermal atomic force microscopy, hydrogen-electrode concentration cell, mixed flow and batch reactors. Results show that the dissolution and precipitation of hydroxides, kaolinite, and hydromagnesite powders of relatively high BET surface area closely follow SC/TST rate laws with a linear dependence of both dissolution and growth rates on fluid saturation state (V) even at very close to equilibrium conditions (jDGj < 500 J/mol). This occurs because sufficient reactive sites (e.g. at kink, steps, and edges) are available at the exposed faces for dissolution and/or growth, allowing reactions to proceed via the direct and reversible detachment/attachment of reactants at the surface. In contrast, for magnesite and quartz, which have low surface areas, fewer active sites are available for growth and dissolution. Such minerals exhibit rates dependencies on V at near equilibrium conditions ranging from linear to highly non-linear functions of V, depending on the treatment of the crystals before the reaction. It follows that the form of the f(DG) function describing the growth and dissolution of minerals with low surface areas depends on the availability of reactive sites at the exposed faces and thus on the history of the mineral-fluid interaction and the hydrodynamic conditions under which the crystals are reacted. It is advocated that the crystal surface roughness could serve as a proxy of the density of reactive sites. The consequences of the different rate laws on the quantification of loess weathering along the Mississippi valley for the next one hundred years are examined. [less ▲]

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See detailCan an Electronic Nose Assess the Biomethanation Process?
Adam, Gilles ULiege; Nicolas, Jacques ULiege

Poster (2010, January 12)

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See detailCan an underestimation of opacity explain B-type pulsators in the SMC?
Salmon, Sébastien ULiege; Montalban Iglesias, Josefa ULiege; Miglio, Andrea ULiege et al

in Astronomische Nachrichten (2010, October 09), 331(9-10),

Slowly Pulsating B and ß Cephei are ĸ mechanism driven pulsating B stars. That ĸ mechanism works since a peak in the opacity due to a high number of atomic transitions from iron-group elements occurs in ... [more ▼]

Slowly Pulsating B and ß Cephei are ĸ mechanism driven pulsating B stars. That ĸ mechanism works since a peak in the opacity due to a high number of atomic transitions from iron-group elements occurs in the area of log T ~ 5.3. Theoretical results predict very few SPBs and no ß Cep to be encountered in low metallicity environments such as the Small Magellanic Cloud. However recent variability surveys of B stars in the SMC reported the detection of a significant number of SPB and ß Cep candidates. Though the iron content plays a major role in the excitation of ß Cep and SPB pulsations, the chemical mixture representative of the SMC B stars such as recently derived does not leave room for a significant increase of the iron abundance in these stars. Whilst abundance of iron-group elements seems reliable, is the opacity in the iron-group elements bump underestimated? We determine how the opacity profile in B-type stars should change to excite SPB and ß Cep pulsations in early-type stars of the SMC. [less ▲]

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See detailCan any possible combination of modes improve intermodal attractiveness?
Mostert, Martine ULiege; Caris, An; Limbourg, Sabine ULiege

in Proceedings of the BIVEC-GIBET Transport Research Days 2017 (2017, May)

In its White Paper on Transport, the European Commission recognizes intermodal transport as an alternative solution to road transport. In practice, intermodal transport can be constituted by any ... [more ▼]

In its White Paper on Transport, the European Commission recognizes intermodal transport as an alternative solution to road transport. In practice, intermodal transport can be constituted by any combination of modes, while in the literature, intermodal transport is often modeled as a combination of modes in the order “road-rail/inland waterway-road”. This work develops a new intermodal allocation model which allows choosing between any direct (road, rail and inland waterways) transport and any intermodal transport chain constituted by up to three modes of transport. Intermodal solutions can pass through one or two intermodal terminals. Applied on experimental data at the European level, the model gives insight on the optimal flow distribution for economic objectives (optimization of transport operational costs) and environmental objectives (optimization of transport CO2 emissions and air pollution external costs). Results highlight that the traditional modeling of intermodal transport as a “road-rail/inland waterway-road” combination better fits economic than environmental objectives. [less ▲]

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See detailCan Autonomous Vehicles Reduce Car Mobility? Evidence from a Stated Adaptation Experiment in Belgium
Cools, Mario ULiege; Rongy, Caroline; Limbourg, Sabine ULiege

in Transportation Research Board Annual Meeting. Compendium of Papers (2017)

From literature, it is clear that the discussion about the potential benefits and drawbacks of autonomous vehicles is not finished. In order to provide insight into this discussion, this paper ... [more ▼]

From literature, it is clear that the discussion about the potential benefits and drawbacks of autonomous vehicles is not finished. In order to provide insight into this discussion, this paper investigates different attitudes with respect to different key factors for the deployment of system of autonomous taxis. To this end, a stated adaptation experiment was carried out in Belgium in March 2016. To investigate which factors influence the variables of interest, i.e. (i) the number of minutes one is prepared to wait before an autonomous taxi picks up the person, (ii) the ownership of a private car when autonomous taxis are available, (iii) the willigness to share an autonomous taxi, (iv) the permittance for the autonomous vehicle to take a detour when it is beneficial for the society, and (v) the willigness to share your private agenda to ensure a timely autonomous taxi, different regression models are constructed. The results show that the considered explanatory factors only capture a small part of the variability five variables of interest. This is as signal that market segmentation might be very challenging. Besides, this is an indication that a broader range of factors should be included such as life-style factors and psychological constructs. Finally, this acknowledges the need for some skepticism with regard to the potential benefits of autonomous vehicles. The results are interesting for providing realistic boundaries and cross-classification in further simulation studies that look at the benefits of autonomous vehicles. [less ▲]

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See detailCan axionlike particles explain the alignments of the polarizations of light from quasars?
Payez, Alexandre ULiege; Cudell, Jean-René ULiege; Hutsemekers, Damien ULiege

in Physical Review. D : Particles and Fields (2011), 84

The standard axion-like particle explanation of the observed large-scale coherent orientations of quasar polarisation vectors is ruled out by the recent measurements of vanishing of circular polarisation ... [more ▼]

The standard axion-like particle explanation of the observed large-scale coherent orientations of quasar polarisation vectors is ruled out by the recent measurements of vanishing of circular polarisation. We introduce a more general wave-packet formalism and show that, although decoherence effects between waves of different frequencies can reduce significantly the amount of circular polarisation, the axion-like particle hypothesis is disfavoured given the bandwidth with which part of the observations were performed. Finally, we show that a more sophisticated model of extragalactic fields does not lead to an alignment of polarisations. [less ▲]

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See detailCan beta2-adrenoceptor agonists, anticholinergic drugs, and theophylline contribute to the control of pulmonary inflammation and emphysema in COPD?
Zhang, Wen-Hui; Zhang, Yong; Cui, Yong-Yao et al

in Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology (2012), 26(1), 118-134

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has become a global epidemic disease with an increased morbidity and mortality in the world. Inflammatory process progresses and contributes to irreversible ... [more ▼]

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has become a global epidemic disease with an increased morbidity and mortality in the world. Inflammatory process progresses and contributes to irreversible airflow limitation. However, there is no available therapy to better control the inflammatory progression and therefore to reduce the exacerbations and mortality. Thus, the development of efficient anti-inflammatory therapies is a priority for patients with COPD. beta(2) -Adrenoceptor agonists and anticholinergic agents are widely used as first line drugs in management of COPD because of their efficient bronchodilator properties. At present, many studies in vitro and some data obtained in laboratory animals reveal the potential anti-inflammatory effects of these bronchodilators but their protective role against chronic inflammation and the development of emphysema in patients with COPD remains to be investigated. The anti-inflammatory effects of theophylline at low doses have also been identified. Beneficial interactions between glucocorticoids and bronchodilators have been reported, and signaling pathways explaining these synergistic effects begin to be understood, especially for theophylline. Recent data demonstrating interactions between anticholinergics with beta(2) -adrenoceptor agonists aiming to better control the pulmonary inflammation and the development of emphysema in animal models of COPD justify the priority to investigate the interactive effects of a tritherapy associating corticoids with the two main categories of bronchodilators. [less ▲]

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See detailCan Brand Engagement Be Built through the Brand Communication Style? The Role of Anthropomorphism.
Gretry, Anaïs ULiege; Horváth, Csilla; Van Riel, Allard

Conference (2014, May 21)

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See detailCan breeder reproductive status, performance and egg quality be enhanced by supplementation and transition of n-3 fatty acids?
Delezie, E.; Koppenol, A.; Buyse, J. et al

in Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition (2016)

Summary: The aim of this experiment was to investigate the effect of n-3 fatty acid (FA) supplemented diets on breeder performance, productivity and egg quality. Breeders (n = 480) were fed the ... [more ▼]

Summary: The aim of this experiment was to investigate the effect of n-3 fatty acid (FA) supplemented diets on breeder performance, productivity and egg quality. Breeders (n = 480) were fed the supplemented diet from 18 weeks onwards; the inclusion level of n-3 FA was increased from 1.5% to 3.0% from 34 weeks of age onwards until 48 weeks of age. Ross-308 broiler breeders (n = 480) were fed one of four different diets: a basal diet rich in n-6 FA (control diet) or one of three diets rich in n-3 FA. For the n-3 FA diets, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 20:5 n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6 n-3) were fed to the broiler breeders at different ratios formulated to obtain EPA/DHA ratios of 1/1, 1/2 or 2/1. Differences in performance, reproduction and egg quality parameters due to n-3 supplementation were noted more for the 1.5% followed by the 3.0% fed broilers than their 1.5% supplemented counterparts. Egg weight (p < 0.001) and egg mass (p = 0.003) were significantly lower and feed conversion (p = 0.008) significantly higher for the n-3 FA (at 3.0% inclusion level) fed broilers compared to the control group. For the EPA- and DHA-fed breeders, a higher proportional abdominal fat percentage (p = 0.025) and proportional albumen weight (%) (p = 0.041) were found respectively. Dietary treatments did not affect reproduction. It can be concluded that the results of the present experiment indicate no significant differences between treatments at 1.5% inclusion levels. However, increasing this level to 3.0% is not recommended due to the rather negative effects on the measured parameters. It should be further investigated whether these adverse effects were obtained due to (i) the higher supplementation level, (ii) combining a supplementation level of 1.5% with 3% or (iii) the duration of supplementation. © 2016 Blackwell Verlag GmbH. [less ▲]

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See detailCan changes in nutritional practice alter necrotizing enterocolitis ?
SENTERRE, Thibault ULiege

in 8th International Neonatal Conference (2013, February)

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See detailCan cocaine use be evaluated through analysis of wastewater? A nation-wide approach conducted in Belgium
Van Nuijs, Alexander; Pecceu, Bert; Theunis, Laetitia ULiege et al

in Addiction (2009), 104

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See detailCan computer vision problems benefit from structured hierarchical classification?
Hoyoux, Thomas ULiege; Rodríguez-Sánchez, Antonio J.; Piater, Justus H.

in Machine Vision & Applications (2016)

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