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See detailChronic hepatitis B therapy with lamivudine in clinical practice - Summary of the discussion
Dixon, J.; Delwaide, Jean ULg; Horsmans, Y. et al

in Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica (2000), 63(4), 357-358

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See detailChronic hepatitis C infection in a patient with bone marrow hypoplasia.
Bethlen, S.; Chandrikakumari, Kavitha; de Leval, Laurence ULg et al

in World Journal of Gastroenterology (2008), 14(26), 4238-40

Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is associated with multifarious extra-hepatic manifestations; the most described and discussed being mixed cryoglobulinemia which is strongly related to B-cell ... [more ▼]

Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is associated with multifarious extra-hepatic manifestations; the most described and discussed being mixed cryoglobulinemia which is strongly related to B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders (LPDs). We present a case of chronic HCV infection and mixed cryoglobulinemia, with minimal liver involvement. The case is a 53-year-old patient who was diagnosed as having bone marrow hypoplasia at the age of three. She received several blood transfusions to normalize her haemoglobin. At the age of 31, she was diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis on account of her diffuse joint pain and inflammation, elevated rheumatoid factor (RF) and Raynaud's phenomenon. Twenty years later, monoclonal gammopathy of IgG Lambda (one year later, changed to IgM Kappa) was detected during a routine examination. A bone marrow biopsy showed hypoplasia, Kappa positive B-lymphocytes and low-grade malignant lymphoma cells. PCR of the bone marrow aspirate was not contributory. No treatment was initiated owing to her poor bone marrow function and she is under regular follow-up. [less ▲]

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See detailChronic Herpes Simplex Virus Type I Glossitis in an Immunocompromised Man
Nikkels, Arjen ULg; Pierard, Gérald ULg

in British Journal of Dermatology (1999), 140(2), 343-346

Herpes simplex virus (HSV) type 1 (HSV-1) infection of the tongue commonly accompanies acute primary herpetic gingivostomatitis. However, recurrent infection of the tongue is exceptional and is restricted ... [more ▼]

Herpes simplex virus (HSV) type 1 (HSV-1) infection of the tongue commonly accompanies acute primary herpetic gingivostomatitis. However, recurrent infection of the tongue is exceptional and is restricted to immunocompromised individuals. A 57-year-old man with corticosteroid-dependent chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and sciatica presented with a chronic median glossitis due to HSV-1. The main clinical and histological feature was massive necrosis of the entire mucosa. Immunohistochemistry demonstrated a considerable amount of HSV gB, gC and gD envelope glycoproteins dispersed in the chorion. In contrast, HSV-1 DNA was detected only in a limited number of epithelial cells using in situ hybridization. The extent of necrosis and the pattern of viral DNA and envelope protein distribution represent unique features of median herpetic glossitis, which are not found in more common types of HSV infection. [less ▲]

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See detailChronic Herpes Zoster Duplex Bilateralis
CASTRONOVO, Charlotte ULg; NIKKELS, Arjen ULg

in Acta Dermato Venereologica (2012)

Although varicella zoster virus latency has been demonstrated in several sensory ganglia, herpes zoster usually effects only one single, either left or right, dermatome in half of the body. In ... [more ▼]

Although varicella zoster virus latency has been demonstrated in several sensory ganglia, herpes zoster usually effects only one single, either left or right, dermatome in half of the body. In immunocompromised patients, more than one contiguous unilateral dermatome may be involved. Bilateral non-contiguous herpes zoster, also termed herpes zoster duplex, is rarely reported. Chronic varicella zoster viurs skin infection is another rare entity encountered in HIV-infected and immunocompromised patients, often associated with aciclovir resistance. We describe here a patient with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia, who presented simultaneously non-contiguous bilateral and chronic herpes zoster lasting fore more than 2 months, with resistance to aciclovir. To our knowledge, this is the first report of chronic herpes zoster duplex bilateralis. Physicians should be aware of and recognize the atypical manifestations of varicella zoster virus. [less ▲]

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See detailChronic Herpes Zoster Duplex Bilateralis
CASTRONOVO, Charlotte ULg; NIKKELS, Arjen ULg

in Clinical Reports (2012)

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See detailChronic Idiopathic Penile Edema: Three Cases and a Review of the Literature
RATY, Laurent ULg; FAILLA, Valérie ULg; Andrianne, Robert ULg et al

in Open Dermatology Journal (The) (2011), 5

Abstract: Chronic idiopathic penile edema (CIPE) is an exceptional entity with disabling persistent lymphedema of the penis, affecting accessorily the scrotum and the pubis. The onset presents with ... [more ▼]

Abstract: Chronic idiopathic penile edema (CIPE) is an exceptional entity with disabling persistent lymphedema of the penis, affecting accessorily the scrotum and the pubis. The onset presents with recurrent swelling of the external genitalia, regressing spontaneously. After 2-3 years the swelling becomes progressively persistent. Mictional and erectile dysfunctions are not uncommon. A thorough work-up including RX, ultrasound examination, CT scanning, MRI imaging, serology and extensive blood testing should be performed to exclude underlying causes, including neoplastic, infectious, vascular and inflammatory diseases. CIPE is associated with significant psychological and functional impact. Surgical correction is the sole therapeutic option. Three patients with CIPE and a review of the literature are presented in order to increase awareness of this rare condition. [less ▲]

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See detailChronic Ischaemic Gastritis: An Unusual Form of Splanchnic Vascular Insufficiency
VAN DAMME, Hendrik ULg; Jacquet, N.; Belaiche, Jacques ULg et al

in Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery (The) (1992), 33(4), 451-3

Three cases of erosive gastroduodenitis secondary to chronic splanchnic vascular insufficiency are reported. In all cases, pain failed to respond to conventional therapeutic measures for peptic ulcer ... [more ▼]

Three cases of erosive gastroduodenitis secondary to chronic splanchnic vascular insufficiency are reported. In all cases, pain failed to respond to conventional therapeutic measures for peptic ulcer disease. A patchy discolouration and erythematous mottling of the gastric mucosa, with scattered shallow aphthous ulcers, was seen on endoscopic examination. Angiography showed coeliac axis involvement in all patients, with insufficient mesenteric collateral pathways. Chronic gastritis resolved clinically and endoscopically after revascularization. [less ▲]

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See detailChronic ischaemic mitral regurgitation: exercise testing reveals its dynamic component
LANCELLOTTI, Patrizio ULg; PIERARD, Luc ULg

in European Heart Journal (2005), 26(18), 1816-1817

This editorial refers to 'Exercise-induced changes in mitral regurgitation in patients with prior myocardial infarction and left ventricular dysfunction: relation to mitral deformation and left ... [more ▼]

This editorial refers to 'Exercise-induced changes in mitral regurgitation in patients with prior myocardial infarction and left ventricular dysfunction: relation to mitral deformation and left ventricular function and shape'(dagger) by V. Giga et al., on page 1860. [less ▲]

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See detailChronic kidney disease in Taiwan.
Delanaye, Pierre ULg; Cavalier, Etienne ULg; Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg

in Lancet (2008), 372(9654), 19501950-1

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See detailChronic low back pain. Good clinical practice (GCP)
Nielens, H.; Van Zundert, J.; Mairiaux, Philippe ULg et al

Report (2006)

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See detailChronic mastitis-affected cows display lower lipoxin levels than acute mastitis-affected cows
Boutet, Philippe ULg; Bureau, Fabrice ULg; Degand, Guy ULg et al

in Pflügers Archiv : European Journal of Physiology (2004), 447

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See detailChronic mastitis-affected cows display lower lipoxin levels than acute mastitis-affected cows
Boutet, Philippe ULg; Bureau, Fabrice ULg; Degand, Guy ULg et al

in Recueil "Le Médecin Vétérinaire du Québec" (2004), 34(1 et 2), 160

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See detailChronic measles virus infection of mouse nerve cells in vitro
Rentier, Bernard ULg; Claysmith, A. P.; Dubois-Dalcq, Monique et al

in Bishop, David H. L.; Compans, Richard W. (Eds.) The replication of negative strand viruses : proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Negative Strand Viruses held October 26-November 1, 1980 at Frenchman’s Reef, Saint Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands (1981)

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See detailChronic mucocutaneous herpes simplex virus and varicella zoster virus infections
Wauters, Odile ULg; Lebas, Eglantine ULg; Nikkels, Arjen ULg

in Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology (2012)

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See detailChronic non-cardiac cough in dogs
Clercx, Cécile ULg

in Proceedings of the 35th Annual World Small Animal Veterinary Association Congress (2010, June)

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See detailChronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can induce reversible cor pulmonale in horses
Amory, Hélène ULg; Christmann, U

in Journal of Equine Veterinary Science (1999), 19

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See detailChronic ozone exposure affects leaf senescence of adult beech trees: a chlorophyll fluorescence approach
Gielen, B.; Low, M.; Deckmyn, G. et al

in Journal of Experimental Botany (2007), 58(4), 785-795

Accelerated leaf senescence is one of the harmful effects of elevated tropospheric ozone concentrations ([O-3]) on plants. The number of studies dealing with mature forest trees is scarce however ... [more ▼]

Accelerated leaf senescence is one of the harmful effects of elevated tropospheric ozone concentrations ([O-3]) on plants. The number of studies dealing with mature forest trees is scarce however. Therefore, five 66-year-old beech trees (Fagus sylvatica L.) have been exposed to twice-ambient (2xambient) [O-3] levels by means of a free-air canopy O-3 exposure system. During the sixth year of exposure, the hypothesis of accelerated leaf senescence in 2xambient [O-3] compared with ambient [O-3] trees was tested for both sun and shade leaves. Chlorophyll (chl) fluorescence was used to assess the photosynthetic quantum yield, and chl fluorescence images were processed to compare functional leaf homogeneity and the proportion of O-3-injured leaf area (stipples) under ambient and 2xambient [O-3] regimes. Based on the analysis of chl fluorescence images, sun leaves of both ambient and 2xambient [O-3] trees had apparently developed typical necrotic O-3 stipples during high O-3 episodes in summer, while accelerated senescence was only observed with sun leaves of 2xambient [O-3] trees. This latter effect was indicated along with a faster decrease of photosynthetic quantum yield, but without evidence of changes in non-photochemical quenching. Overall, treatment effects were small and varied among trees. Therefore, compared with ambient [O-3], the consequence of the observed O-3-induced accelerated leaf senescence for the carbon budget is likely limited. [less ▲]

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