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See detailChronic annular lesions of the cheeks
LOTHER, Anne-Sophia; ARRESE ESTRADA, Jorge ULg; NIKKELS, Arjen ULg

in International Journal of Dermatology (2012)

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See detailChronic bronchopulmonary diseases in dogs
Clercx, Cécile ULg

in Proceedings of the 24th Program - Topical Symposium on diseases of small animals - Portoroz - Slovenia (2011, April)

See detailChronic bronchopulmonary diseases in dogs : an overview
Clercx, Cécile ULg

in Proceedings of the 55th Annual Conference of the German Small Animal Veterinary Association (2009, November)

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See detailChronic cough in cats
Clercx, Cécile ULg

in Proceedings of the Fecava Congress, Lille, France, Nov 27th-30th, 2009 (2009, November)

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See detailChronic cough in horses : environmental management and aerosol therapy
Art, Tatiana ULg

in Tierarztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere (2004), 32 (G)

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See detailChronic Cutaneous Hyalophomycosis by Paecilomyces
BOUFFLETTE, Nicolas ULg; Arrese Estrada, Jorge ULg; LEONARD, Philippe ULg et al

in Open Dermatology Journal (2014), 8

Paecilomyces lilacinus is a ubiquitous saprophytic fungus that rarely causes infections in humans, frequently affecting the eyes and the skin. Cutaneous and subcutaneous infections mainly occur in ... [more ▼]

Paecilomyces lilacinus is a ubiquitous saprophytic fungus that rarely causes infections in humans, frequently affecting the eyes and the skin. Cutaneous and subcutaneous infections mainly occur in immunocompromised hosts but have occasionally been reported in immunocompetent patients. The clinical spectrum is highly heterogeneous and diagnosis is often delayed. A 60-year-old woman with idiopathic chronic necrotizing vasculitis treated since 10 years with a series of immunosuppressive therapies presented since three years various clinical presentations of chronic hyalohyphomycosis caused by P. lilacinus. Diagnosis was only obtained three years after the first clinical signs, following the histologic analysis of the surgical excision of a cutaneous abscess. Treatment with oral voriconazole was successful. This case report illustrates the highly heterogeneous clinical aspects of hyalohyphomycosis by P. lilacinus leading to a delay in diagnosis and treatment, particularly in the immunosuppressed patient. [less ▲]

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See detailChronic ethanol exposure during adolescence alters the behavioral responsiveness to ethanol in adult mice
Quoilin, Caroline ULg; Didone, Vincent ULg; Tirelli, Ezio ULg et al

in Behavioural Brain Research (2012), 229

Alcohol exposure during early adolescence is believed to durably alter the behavioral properties of ethanol, increasing the likelihood of later alcohol-related disorders. The aim of the present ... [more ▼]

Alcohol exposure during early adolescence is believed to durably alter the behavioral properties of ethanol, increasing the likelihood of later alcohol-related disorders. The aim of the present experiments was to characterize changes in the behavioral effects of ethanol in adult female Swiss mice after a chronic ethanol exposure during adolescence, extending from postnatal day 28 to postnatal day 42. After a chronic ethanol exposure during adolescence (daily injections of 0, 2.5 or 4 g/kg ethanol for 14 consecutive days), adult mice were tested at postnatal day 63. The locomotor stimulant effects of ethanol, together with ethanol sensitization were tested in experiment 1. In experiment 2, the sedative effects of ethanol were assessed with the loss of righting reflex procedure. Finally, in experiment 3, the anxiolytic effects of ethanol were tested with the light/dark box test. Adult mice chronically exposed to ethanol during adolescence showed a lower basal locomotor activity, but higher locomotor stimulant effects of ethanol than non-exposed mice. Additionally, these adult mice developed higher rates of ethanol sensitization after chronic re-exposure to ethanol in adulthood. Adult mice exposed to ethanol during adolescence also had a stronger tolerance to the sedative effects of high ethanol doses, although they showed no evidence of changes in the anxiolytic effects of ethanol. These results are in agreement with the thesis that chronic alcohol consumption during adolescence, especially in high amounts, increases the risk of later alcohol-related disorders. [less ▲]

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See detailChronic exercise differentially impacts perceptual or motor inhibition as a function of age: a cross-sectional study
Albinet, Cédric; Boucard, Geoffrey; Collette, Fabienne ULg et al

Poster (2013)

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See detailChronic Exposure of Pigs to Airborne Dust and Endotoxins in an Environmental Chamber: Technical Note
Urbain, B.; Prouvost, J. F.; Beerens, Dominique ULg et al

in Veterinary Research (1996), 27(6), 569-578

A new experimental setup was developed to expose pigs to dust and airborne endotoxins in an environmental chamber, at levels liable to be encountered in pig farm buildings. The following parameters were ... [more ▼]

A new experimental setup was developed to expose pigs to dust and airborne endotoxins in an environmental chamber, at levels liable to be encountered in pig farm buildings. The following parameters were evaluated in a chamber containing two pigs of 10 kg body-weight: inhalable and respirable dust gravimetric concentrations were measured using area samplers and expressed as mg/m3. The respirable dust concentration was also measured using a "TM digital microP respirable dust-measuring instrument', which has been shown to give similar results to the gravimetric method. The endotoxin concentration was evaluated using the Limulus-assay and expressed as ng/m3 of air containing the inhalable or respirable dust or as ng/mg of inhalable and respirable dust. Feed flour dust was introduced into the chamber to obtain different concentrations of inhalable and respirable dust ranging from 3.62 to 76.66 mg/m3 and from 0.24 to 1.40 mg/m3, respectively. The endotoxin concentration was modulated by mixing the feed flour with Escherichia coli endotoxins before blowing it into the chamber. The endotoxin concentrations in the air containing inhalable or respirable dust ranged from 28.9 to 270.0 ng/m3 and from 2.22 to 36.38 ng/m3, respectively, depending on the amount of endotoxins added to the dust. Data were also obtained in a piggery. The experimental setup detailed in this paper could be used to study the significance of air contaminants in the development of pig respiratory diseases. [less ▲]

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See detailChronic exposure to ozone causes tolerance to airway hyperresponsiveness in guinea pigs: lack of SOD role.
Vargas, M. H.; Romero, L.; Sommer, B. et al

in Journal of Applied Physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985) (1998), 84(5), 1749-1755

Tolerance to respiratory effects of O3 has been demonstrated for anatomic and functional changes, but information about tolerance to O3-induced airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) is scarce. In guinea pigs ... [more ▼]

Tolerance to respiratory effects of O3 has been demonstrated for anatomic and functional changes, but information about tolerance to O3-induced airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) is scarce. In guinea pigs exposed to air or O3 (0.3 parts/million, 4 h/day, for 1, 3, 6, 12, 24, or 48 days, studied 16-18 h later), pulmonary insufflation pressure changes induced by intravenous substance P (SP, 0.032-3.2 micro ug/kg) were measured, then the animals were subjected to bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL). Bronchial rings with or without phosphoramidon were also evaluated 3 h after air or a single O3 exposure. O3 caused in vivo AHR (increased sensitivity) to SP after 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 days of exposure compared with control. However, after 48 days of exposure, O3 no longer caused AHR. Total cell, macrophage, neutrophil, and eosinophil counts in BAL were increased in most O3-exposed groups. When data from all animals were pooled, we found a highly significant correlation between degree of airway responsiveness and total cells (r = 0.55), macrophages (r = 0.54), neutrophils (r = 0.47), and eosinophils (r = 0.53), suggesting that airway inflammation is involved in development of AHR to SP. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) levels in BAL fluids were increased (P < 0.05) after 1, 3, 6, and 12 days of O3 exposure and returned to basal levels after 24 and 48 days of exposure. O3 failed to induce hyperresponsiveness to SP in bronchial rings, and phosphoramidon increased responses to SP in air- and O3-exposed groups, suggesting that neutral endopeptidase inactivation was not involved in O3-induced AHR to SP in vivo. We conclude that chronic exposure to 0. 3 ppm O3, a concentration found in highly polluted cities, resulted in tolerance to AHR to SP in guinea pigs by an SOD-independent mechanism. [less ▲]

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See detailChronic Fatigue Syndrome: A Systematic Review
Maquet, Didier ULg; Demoulin, Christophe ULg; Crielaard, Jean-Michel ULg

in Annales de Réadaptation et de Médecine Physique (2006), 49(6), 418-427

OBJECTIVE: A systematic review of the literature about chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). METHODS: A search of the Medline database (via Ovid and PubMed) with the key words chronic fatigue syndrome ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: A systematic review of the literature about chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). METHODS: A search of the Medline database (via Ovid and PubMed) with the key words chronic fatigue syndrome, diagnosis, classification, epidemiology, etiology, physiopathology, metabolism, microbiology, immunology, virology, psychology, drug therapy, rehabilitation, and therapy. The reference lists of each article were examined for additional related articles. RESULTS: CFS was defined in 1988 by the US Centes for Disease Control and Prevention. The prevalence of chronic fatigue syndrome has ranged from 0.2% to 0.7% in the general population. In 1994, the definition of CFS was revised by Fukuda et al. Despite various research in several topics (e.g. infection, immune systems, neuroendocrinology, autonomic activity, neuromuscular involvement), the pathophysiology remains unknown. CONCLUSION: CFS, with its various major clinical and functional impacts, should be associated with a "biopsychosocial model". Progressive muscular rehabilitation, combined with behavioral and cognitive treatment, is an essential part of therapy. [less ▲]

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See detailChronic headaches associated with analgesics and/or ergotamine abuse: a clinical survey of 434 consecutive out-patients
Schoenen, Jean ULg; Lenarduzzi, P.; Sianard-Gainko, J.

in Clifford Rose, F. (Ed.) New Advances in Headache Research (1989)

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See detailChronic hepatitis B therapy with lamivudine in clinical practice - Summary of the discussion
Dixon, J.; Delwaide, Jean ULg; Horsmans, Y. et al

in Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica (2000), 63(4), 357-358

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See detailChronic hepatitis C infection in a patient with bone marrow hypoplasia.
Bethlen, S.; Chandrikakumari, Kavitha; de Leval, Laurence ULg et al

in World Journal of Gastroenterology (2008), 14(26), 4238-40

Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is associated with multifarious extra-hepatic manifestations; the most described and discussed being mixed cryoglobulinemia which is strongly related to B-cell ... [more ▼]

Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is associated with multifarious extra-hepatic manifestations; the most described and discussed being mixed cryoglobulinemia which is strongly related to B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders (LPDs). We present a case of chronic HCV infection and mixed cryoglobulinemia, with minimal liver involvement. The case is a 53-year-old patient who was diagnosed as having bone marrow hypoplasia at the age of three. She received several blood transfusions to normalize her haemoglobin. At the age of 31, she was diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis on account of her diffuse joint pain and inflammation, elevated rheumatoid factor (RF) and Raynaud's phenomenon. Twenty years later, monoclonal gammopathy of IgG Lambda (one year later, changed to IgM Kappa) was detected during a routine examination. A bone marrow biopsy showed hypoplasia, Kappa positive B-lymphocytes and low-grade malignant lymphoma cells. PCR of the bone marrow aspirate was not contributory. No treatment was initiated owing to her poor bone marrow function and she is under regular follow-up. [less ▲]

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See detailChronic Herpes Simplex Virus Type I Glossitis in an Immunocompromised Man
Nikkels, Arjen ULg; Pierard, Gérald ULg

in British Journal of Dermatology (1999), 140(2), 343-346

Herpes simplex virus (HSV) type 1 (HSV-1) infection of the tongue commonly accompanies acute primary herpetic gingivostomatitis. However, recurrent infection of the tongue is exceptional and is restricted ... [more ▼]

Herpes simplex virus (HSV) type 1 (HSV-1) infection of the tongue commonly accompanies acute primary herpetic gingivostomatitis. However, recurrent infection of the tongue is exceptional and is restricted to immunocompromised individuals. A 57-year-old man with corticosteroid-dependent chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and sciatica presented with a chronic median glossitis due to HSV-1. The main clinical and histological feature was massive necrosis of the entire mucosa. Immunohistochemistry demonstrated a considerable amount of HSV gB, gC and gD envelope glycoproteins dispersed in the chorion. In contrast, HSV-1 DNA was detected only in a limited number of epithelial cells using in situ hybridization. The extent of necrosis and the pattern of viral DNA and envelope protein distribution represent unique features of median herpetic glossitis, which are not found in more common types of HSV infection. [less ▲]

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See detailChronic Herpes Zoster Duplex Bilateralis
CASTRONOVO, Charlotte ULg; NIKKELS, Arjen ULg

in Acta Dermato Venereologica (2012)

Although varicella zoster virus latency has been demonstrated in several sensory ganglia, herpes zoster usually effects only one single, either left or right, dermatome in half of the body. In ... [more ▼]

Although varicella zoster virus latency has been demonstrated in several sensory ganglia, herpes zoster usually effects only one single, either left or right, dermatome in half of the body. In immunocompromised patients, more than one contiguous unilateral dermatome may be involved. Bilateral non-contiguous herpes zoster, also termed herpes zoster duplex, is rarely reported. Chronic varicella zoster viurs skin infection is another rare entity encountered in HIV-infected and immunocompromised patients, often associated with aciclovir resistance. We describe here a patient with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia, who presented simultaneously non-contiguous bilateral and chronic herpes zoster lasting fore more than 2 months, with resistance to aciclovir. To our knowledge, this is the first report of chronic herpes zoster duplex bilateralis. Physicians should be aware of and recognize the atypical manifestations of varicella zoster virus. [less ▲]

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See detailChronic Herpes Zoster Duplex Bilateralis
CASTRONOVO, Charlotte ULg; NIKKELS, Arjen ULg

in Clinical Reports (2012)

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See detailChronic Idiopathic Penile Edema: Three Cases and a Review of the Literature
RATY, Laurent ULg; FAILLA, Valérie ULg; Andrianne, Robert ULg et al

in Open Dermatology Journal (The) (2011), 5

Abstract: Chronic idiopathic penile edema (CIPE) is an exceptional entity with disabling persistent lymphedema of the penis, affecting accessorily the scrotum and the pubis. The onset presents with ... [more ▼]

Abstract: Chronic idiopathic penile edema (CIPE) is an exceptional entity with disabling persistent lymphedema of the penis, affecting accessorily the scrotum and the pubis. The onset presents with recurrent swelling of the external genitalia, regressing spontaneously. After 2-3 years the swelling becomes progressively persistent. Mictional and erectile dysfunctions are not uncommon. A thorough work-up including RX, ultrasound examination, CT scanning, MRI imaging, serology and extensive blood testing should be performed to exclude underlying causes, including neoplastic, infectious, vascular and inflammatory diseases. CIPE is associated with significant psychological and functional impact. Surgical correction is the sole therapeutic option. Three patients with CIPE and a review of the literature are presented in order to increase awareness of this rare condition. [less ▲]

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See detailChronic Ischaemic Gastritis: An Unusual Form of Splanchnic Vascular Insufficiency
VAN DAMME, Hendrik ULg; Jacquet, N.; Belaiche, Jacques ULg et al

in Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery (The) (1992), 33(4), 451-3

Three cases of erosive gastroduodenitis secondary to chronic splanchnic vascular insufficiency are reported. In all cases, pain failed to respond to conventional therapeutic measures for peptic ulcer ... [more ▼]

Three cases of erosive gastroduodenitis secondary to chronic splanchnic vascular insufficiency are reported. In all cases, pain failed to respond to conventional therapeutic measures for peptic ulcer disease. A patchy discolouration and erythematous mottling of the gastric mucosa, with scattered shallow aphthous ulcers, was seen on endoscopic examination. Angiography showed coeliac axis involvement in all patients, with insufficient mesenteric collateral pathways. Chronic gastritis resolved clinically and endoscopically after revascularization. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (0 ULg)