Browsing
     by title


0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

or enter first few letters:   
OK
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCarbon isotope chemostratigraphy and palynology of Late Devonian black shales from the eastern Murzuq Basin
Elkelani, M.M.A.; Sinninghe Damsté, J.S.; Steemans, Philippe ULg et al

in Elkelani, M.M.A. (Ed.) Silurian and Devonian rocks and crude oil from the western part of Libya (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 42 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCarbon isotope lateral variability in a Middle Frasnian carbonate platform (Belgium): significance of facies, diagenesis and sea-level history
Da Silva, Anne-Christine ULg; Boulvain, Frédéric ULg

in Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology (2008), 269

Carbon isotopic variations of Frasnian shallow-water carbonates from Belgium are related to facies and major sea-level trends. The influence of the diagenetic overprint was assessed in order to determine ... [more ▼]

Carbon isotopic variations of Frasnian shallow-water carbonates from Belgium are related to facies and major sea-level trends. The influence of the diagenetic overprint was assessed in order to determine the primary signal of the Frasnian carbonates. Shallow-water microfacies are characterized by biostromes with stromatoporoids and lagoonal deposits dominated by carbonate mud and calcareous algae with subaerial exposure surfaces. The diagenetic history was controlled by three main events: early meteoric diagenesis (short-term subaerial exposure during deposition), late meteoric diagenesis (major Famennian regression) and burial diagenesis. The oxygen isotopic values are almost constant with respect to facies, original material (carbonate mud and cement) and sedimentological units (no differences before or after the main regression). This homogeneity is related to resetting during late meteoric diagenesis. The carbon isotopic values are related to facies (with the more negative values for the shallowest facies) and to major sea-level variations (most negative values after the main regression). This pattern is interpreted as being related to primary signals. This trend was enhanced by early meteoric diagenesis and the influence of more negative values from paleosols. The carbon isotope patterns reflect the influence of sea-level and water circulation on shallow water deposits and this influence implies that shallow-water carbonates are not necessarily good material for assessing the primary isotopic values of the ocean because of the influence of long residence time (“aging”) of the platform-top water and because of early diagenesis. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 78 (11 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCarbon monoxide (CO) and ethane (C2H6) trends from ground-based solar FTIR measurements at six European stations, comparison and sensitivity analysis with the EMEP model
Angelbratt, J.; Mellqvist, J.; Simpson, D. et al

in Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (2011), 11(17), 9253--9269

Trends in the CO and C2H6 partial columns ~0–15 km) have been estimated from four European ground-based solar FTIR (Fourier Transform InfraRed) stations for the 1996–2006 time period. The CO trends from ... [more ▼]

Trends in the CO and C2H6 partial columns ~0–15 km) have been estimated from four European ground-based solar FTIR (Fourier Transform InfraRed) stations for the 1996–2006 time period. The CO trends from the four stations Jungfraujoch, Zugspitze, Harestua and Kiruna have been estimated to −0.45 ± 0.16% yr−1, −1.00 ± 0.24% yr−1, −0.62 ± 0.19 % yr−1 and −0.61 ± 0.16% yr−1, respectively. The corresponding trends for C2H6 are −1.51 ± 0.23% yr−1, −2.11 ± 0.30% yr−1, −1.09 ± 0.25% yr−1 and −1.14 ± 0.18% yr−1. All trends are presented with their 2-σ confidence intervals. To find possible reasons for the CO trends, the global-scale EMEP MSC-W chemical transport model has been used in a series of sensitivity scenarios. It is shown that the trends are consistent with the combination of a 20% decrease in the anthropogenic CO emissions seen in Europe and North America during the 1996–2006 period and a 20% increase in the anthropogenic CO emissions in East Asia, during the same time period. The possible impacts of CH4 and biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs) are also considered. The European and global-scale EMEP models have been evaluated against the measured CO and C2H6 partial columns from Jungfraujoch, Zugspitze, Bremen, Harestua, Kiruna and Ny-Ålesund. The European model reproduces, on average the measurements at the different sites fairly well and within 10–22% deviation for CO and 14–31% deviation for C2H6. Their seasonal amplitude is captured within 6–35% and 9–124% for CO and C2H6, respectively. However, 61–98% of the CO and C2H6 partial columns in the European model are shown to arise from the boundary conditions, making the global-scale model a more suitable alternative when modeling these two species. In the evaluation of the global model the average partial columns for 2006 are shown to be within 1–9% and 37–50% of the measurements for CO and C2H6, respectively. The global model sensitivity for assumptions made in this paper is also analyzed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 50 (6 ULg)
Full Text
See detailCarbon monoxide retrieved from ground based FTIR remote sensing in the mid and near infrared spectral region
Petri, Christof; Blumenstock, Thomas; Hase, Frank et al

Conference (2014, November 07)

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (4 ULg)
See detailCarbon monoxide retrieved from ground based FTIR remote sensing in the mid-­‐ and near infrared spectral region
Petri, Christof; Blumenstock, Thomas; Hase, Frank et al

Conference (2014, May 14)

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCarbon Multiplicity Editing in Long-Range Heteronuclear Correlation NMR Experiments: A Valuable Tool for the Structure Elucidation of Natural Products.
Sauri, Josep; Frederich, Michel ULg; Tchinda, Alembert T. et al

in Journal of natural products (2015), 78(9), 2236-41

A recently developed NMR method to simultaneously obtain both long-range heteronuclear correlations and carbon multiplicity information in a single experiment, ME-selHSQMBC, is demonstrated as a ... [more ▼]

A recently developed NMR method to simultaneously obtain both long-range heteronuclear correlations and carbon multiplicity information in a single experiment, ME-selHSQMBC, is demonstrated as a potentially useful technique for chemical shift assignment and structure elucidation of natural products presenting complicated NMR spectra. Carbon multiplicities, even for C/CH2 and odd for CH/CH3 resonances, can be distinguished directly from the relative positive/negative phase of cross-peaks. In addition, connectivity networks can be further extended by incorporating a TOCSY propagation step. Staurosporine (1) and sungucine (2) are utilized as model compounds to demonstrate these techniques. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCarbon nanotube composites for broadband microwave absorbing materials
Saib, Aimad; Bednarz, Lukasz; Daussin, Raphaël et al

in IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory & Techniques (2006), 54(6), 2745-2754

In this paper, we present a new shielding and absorbing composite based on carbon nanotubes (CNTs) dispersed inside a polymer dielectric material. The extremely high aspect ratio of CNTs and their ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we present a new shielding and absorbing composite based on carbon nanotubes (CNTs) dispersed inside a polymer dielectric material. The extremely high aspect ratio of CNTs and their remarkable conductive properties lead to good absorbing properties with very low concentrations. A broadband characterization technique is used to measure the microwave electrical properties of CNT composites. It is shown that a conduction level of 1 S/m is reached for only 0.35 weight % of a CNT, while, for a classical absorbing composite based on carbon black, 20% concentration is mandatory. The conductive properties are explained by a phenomenological electrical model and successfully correlated with rheological data aiming at monitoring the dispersion of conductive inclusions in polymer matrices. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (4 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailCarbon nanotube synthesis by CCVD process: kinetic study on a Ni-Mo/MgO catalyst
Douven, Sigrid ULg; Pirard, Sophie ULg; Chan, Fang-Yue et al

Poster (2012, October)

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCarbon nanotubes randomly decorated with gold clusters: from nano(2)hybrid atomic structures to gas sensing prototypes
Charlier, Jean-Christophe; Arnaud, L.; Avilov, I. V. et al

in Nanotechnology (2009), 20(37),

Carbon nanotube surfaces, activated and randomly decorated with metal nanoclusters, have been studied in uniquely combined theoretical and experimental approaches as prototypes for molecular recognition ... [more ▼]

Carbon nanotube surfaces, activated and randomly decorated with metal nanoclusters, have been studied in uniquely combined theoretical and experimental approaches as prototypes for molecular recognition. The key concept is to shape metallic clusters that donate or accept a fractional charge upon adsorption of a target molecule, and modify the electron transport in the nanotube. The present work focuses on a simple system, carbon nanotubes with gold clusters. The nature of the gold–nanotube interaction is studied using first-principles techniques. The numerical simulations predict the binding and diffusion energies of gold atoms at the tube surface, including realistic atomic models for defects potentially present at the nanotube surface. The atomic structure of the gold nanoclusters and their effect on the intrinsic electronic quantum transport properties of the nanotube are also predicted. Experimentally, multi-wall CNTs are decorated with gold clusters using (1) vacuum evaporation, after activation with an RF oxygen plasma and (2) colloid solution injected into an RF atmospheric plasma; the hybrid systems are accurately characterized using XPS and TEM techniques. The response of gas sensors based on these nano2hybrids is quantified for the detection of toxic species like NO2, CO, C2H5OH and C2H4. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCarbon nanotubes synthesis by CCVD process : kinetic study on a Fe-Co/Al2O3 catalyst
Pirard, Sophie; Douven, Sigrid ULg; Bossuot, Christophe et al

in Carbon (2007), 45(6), 1167-1175

A kinetic study was performed to describe the initial specific rate of multi-walled carbon nanotube synthesis by catalytic chemical vapor deposition (CCVD) on a bimetallic cobalt-iron catalyst at high ... [more ▼]

A kinetic study was performed to describe the initial specific rate of multi-walled carbon nanotube synthesis by catalytic chemical vapor deposition (CCVD) on a bimetallic cobalt-iron catalyst at high temperature using ethylene decomposition to solid carbon and gaseous hydrogen. The study uses a mass spectrometer that allows reaction rate to be inferred from the exhaust gas composition measurements. The aim is to obtain a better understanding of the elementary steps involved in the production of carbon nanotubes so as to derive phenomenological kinetic models in agreement with experimental data. The best models assume the elimination of the first hydrogen atom from adsorbed ethylene as rate determining step and involve a hydrogen adsorption weak enough to be neglected. It was proved that hydrogen partial pressure has no influence on initial reaction rate of carbon nanotube synthesis with the catalyst used for this study. Activation energy and ethylene adsorption enthalpy were found to be equal to around 130 and - 130 kJ mol(-1), respectively. (C) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 174 (4 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailCarbon nanotubes synthesis by CCVD process : kinetic study on a Fe-Co/Al2O3 catalyst
Pirard, Sophie ULg; Douven, Sigrid ULg; Bossuot, Christophe et al

Poster (2005, October)

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (3 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailCarbon nanotubes synthesis by CCVD process : kinetic study on a Fe-Co/Al2O3 catalyst
Pirard, Sophie ULg; Douven, Sigrid ULg; Bossuot, Christophe et al

Poster (2007, August)

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (3 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailCarbon nanotubes synthesis by CCVD process : kinetic study on a Fe-Co/Al2O3 catalyst
Pirard, Sophie ULg; Douven, Sigrid ULg; Bossuot, Christophe et al

Conference (2006, June)

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCarbon nanotubes synthesis by the ethylene chemical catalytic vapour deposition (CCVD) process on Fe, Co, and Fe-Co/Al2O3 sol-gel catalysts
Tran, Kim Yên; Heinrichs, Benoît ULg; Colomer, Jean-François et al

in Applied Catalysis A : General (2007), 318

The production of carbon nanotubes by the chemical catalytic vapour deposition, CCVD, process was examined over iron, cobalt, and a mixture of iron and cobalt supported on alumina catalysts synthesized by ... [more ▼]

The production of carbon nanotubes by the chemical catalytic vapour deposition, CCVD, process was examined over iron, cobalt, and a mixture of iron and cobalt supported on alumina catalysts synthesized by a one step sol-gel process. The catalysts were synthesized from several metal precursors, iron nitrate, cobalt and iron acetylacetonate, and cobalt acetate. Ethylene was used as the carbon source. The Co/Al2O3 catalysts showed better activity and selectivity in carbon nanotubes synthesis than Fe/Al2O3 and Fe-Co/Al2O3 catalysts. The carbon deposit was found by TEM analysis to be rich in carbon nanotubes in the case of Co/Al2O3 but to be very poor in the case of the Fe-Co/Al2O3 catalysts. The catalysts were characterized by TEM, XRD, and nitrogen adsorption. It was shown that iron and cobalt are in oxide form. Metal-support interactions and metal oxide particle size are influenced by the nature of the precursor and this nature is an important factor for the activity and selectivity of the catalysts. Moreover, a correlation has been found between the metal oxide particle sizes, the diameter of the carbon nanotubes, and the catalytic activity. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 208 (9 ULg)
See detailCarbon nanotubes/polymer nanocomposites
Detrembleur, Christophe ULg

Scientific conference (2004, November 26)

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (1 ULg)
See detailCarbon nanotubes/polymer nanocomposites : preparations, conductivity and foaming
Detrembleur, Christophe ULg

Scientific conference (2005, June 04)

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (2 ULg)
See detailCarbon nanotubes/polypropylene nanocomposites foams for EMI shielding applications
Tran, Minh Phuong ULg; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Thomassin, Jean-Michel ULg et al

Conference (2013, September 12)

In order to reduce the undesired effect of the electromagnetic interference, the developing of the materials with high capacity of electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding has attracted a great ... [more ▼]

In order to reduce the undesired effect of the electromagnetic interference, the developing of the materials with high capacity of electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding has attracted a great attention to scientific and industrial communities during last two decades.Indeed, polymer carbon nanotubes (CNTs) nanocomposites foams are addressed due to their high electrical conductivity and a great potential applications in electrostatic dissipation (ESD) and in electromagnetic interferences (EMI) shielding. However, the shortcoming of the addition of CNTs is that it usually leads to an increase of permittivity which results in enhancing undesirably the electromagnetic reflectivity due to the mismatch between the wave impedances for the signal propagating into air and into the absorbing material, respectively. To solve this problem, the introduction of air into these nanocomposites by the formation of foam will be favorable in order to reduce the permittivity of conductive composites. A good understanding of the influence of the foam structural parameters on the electrical properties of the foam will ultimately enable the optimum design of these materials for the targeted applications. A wide range of poly (propylene)/CNTs nanocomposites foams were synthesized using the supercritical CO2 technology. Different foaming parameters, such as the temperature, impregnation pressure will be controlled to modify the foam structure. Nanocomposite foams show higher electrical conductivity than non-foamed nanocomposites at the same volume content of CNTs. Effects of foam morphology such as cell density, pore size, volume expansion, and cell-wall thickness on electrical conductivity were comprehensively assessed. Similarly to our previous study on PMMA foam nanocomposites, the electrical conductivity of foams show higher value when the volume expansion is increased and when the average pore size is decreased. The preliminary EMI performances have highlighted that PP/CNTs foams containing 0.1 vol%CNTs are able to absorb about 90% of the incident radiation in the 25 to 40 GHz frequency range. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 208 (7 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCarbon sequestration by a crop during a four year rotational cycle
Aubinet, Marc ULg; Moureaux, Christine ULg; Bodson, Bernard ULg et al

in Agricultural and Forest Meteorology (2009), 149

Detailed reference viewed: 97 (45 ULg)