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See detailClinical sentinel surveillance of equine West Nile fever, Spain
Saegerman, Claude ULg; Alba-Casals, A; Garcia-Bocanegra, I et al

in Transboundary and Emerging Diseases (in press)

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See detailClinical severity of knee osteoarthritis poorly predicts long-term radiographic outcomes
Bruyère, Olivier ULg; Ethgen, Olivier ULg; Lejeune, Eric ULg et al

in Arthritis and Rheumatism (2002, September), 46(number 9 (suppl.)), 153

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See detailClinical severity of knee osteoarthritis poorly predicts long-term radiographic outcomes
Bruyère, Olivier ULg; Ethgen, Olivier ULg; Lejeune, Eric ULg et al

in Osteoporosis International (2002, November), 13(Suppl.3), 51

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See detailClinical significance of active myeloperoxidase in carotid atherosclerotic plaques
GACH, Olivier ULg; Magne, Julien ULg; Franck, Thierry ULg et al

in International Journal of Cardiology (2011), 152(1), 149-151

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See detailClinical significance of Escherichia albertii
Ooka, Tadasuke; Seto, Kazuko; Linden, Annick ULg et al

in Emerging Infectious Diseases (2012), 18(3), 488-492

Discriminating Escherichia albertii from other Enterobacteriaceae is diffi cult. Systematic analyses showed that E. albertii represents a substantial portion of strains currently identifi ed as eae ... [more ▼]

Discriminating Escherichia albertii from other Enterobacteriaceae is diffi cult. Systematic analyses showed that E. albertii represents a substantial portion of strains currently identifi ed as eae-positive Escherichia coli and includes Shiga toxin 2f–producing strains. Because E. albertii possesses the eae gene, many strains might have been misidentifi ed as enterohemorrhagic or enteropathogenic E. coli. [less ▲]

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See detailClinical significance of myoglobin
Chapelle, Jean-Paul ULg

Conference (1993, May)

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See detailClinical significance of the long-term symptom-modifying effects of glucosamine sulfate: comment on the article by Brandt and Mazzuca
Bruyère, Olivier ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Giacovelli, Giampaolo et al

in Arthritis and Rheumatism (2006), 54(7), 2339-2341

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See detailThe clinical signification of troponin T, troponin I, CK and CK-MB after coronary angioplsaty
Marechal, P.; Legrand, Victor ULg; Chapelle, Jean-Paul ULg et al

in Acta Cardiologica (1998), 53

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See detailClinical Signs, Reproduction of Attaching/Effacing Lesions, and Enterocyte Invasion after Oral Inoculation of an O118 Enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia Coli in Neonatal Calves
Stordeur, P.; China, B.; Charlier, G. et al

in Microbes & Infection (2000), 2(1), 17-24

Attaching and effacing (AE) lesions are produced among others by enteropathogenic Escherichia coli and enterohaemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC), which differs from the former by the production of cytotoxins ... [more ▼]

Attaching and effacing (AE) lesions are produced among others by enteropathogenic Escherichia coli and enterohaemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC), which differs from the former by the production of cytotoxins active on various cell cultures, the verocytotoxins, or shigacytotoxins. EHEC are associated with diarrhoea and dysentery in humans and in ruminants, mainly calves from two to eight weeks of age. Clinical signs and/or lesions have been reproduced experimentally with EHEC strains belonging to serotypes O5:K4/Nm, O26:K-:H11, O111:Nm, and O157:H7 which are isolated from cattle and/or humans. The purpose of this work was to develop an experimental model of infection in newborn calves with a bovine EHEC strain isolated from a calf which of died of diarrhoea, and belonging to the O118:H16 serotype, which is also common to both cattle and humans. The bovine O118:H16 EHEC strain was able to colonize the gut of three newborn calves, and to induce diarrhoea twenty-four hours after challenge and to produce AE lesions in the small and/or large intestines. AE lesions were detected microscopically and ultrastructurally in the small intestine of one calf and in the whole intestinal track of two calves. Internalization of bacteria and also of pedestal-bacteria complex inside of the enterocyte was observed in two of the three calves. The significance of this stage is unknown but may be related to the invasion of the calf by the bacteria. The challenge strain was isolated from the mesenteric lymph nodes of the same two calves but not from other organs or from heart blood. No blood was observed in the faeces of any of the three calves, nor were any lesions in the internal organs, which may have been related to the production of a verotoxin whose role is still unknown in cattle. [less ▲]

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See detailClinical staging: a new scenario for the treatment of psychosis
Raballo, A.; Laroi, Frank ULg

in Lancet (2009), 374(9687), 365-367

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See detailA clinical study of the efficacy and safety of caninsulin in cats with uncomplicated diabetes mellitus: preliminary results
Clercx, Cécile ULg; Michiels, L.

in 10th ESVIM Meeting - Neuchatel - Suisse (2000, October)

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See detailClinical use of a bioartificial liver to treat acetaminophen-induced fulminant hepatic failure
Detry, Olivier ULg; Arkadopoulos, N.; Kahaku, E. et al

in American Surgeon (1999), 65

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See detailClinical use of a bioartificial liver to treat acetaminophen-induced fulminant hepatic failure
Detry, Olivier ULg; Arkadopoulos, N.; Kahaku, E. et al

in Demetriou, A. A.; Watanabe, F. D. (Eds.) Support of the acutely failing liver (2000)

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See detailClinical Usefulness of the Mini Nutritional Assessment (Mna) Scale in Geriatric Medicine
Gazzotti, C.; Albert, Adelin ULg; Pepinster, A. et al

in Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging (The) (2000), 4(3), 176-81

OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to estimate the prevalence of malnutrition in elderly patients hospitalized with an acute illness, as well as to assess the clinical usefulness of standardized ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to estimate the prevalence of malnutrition in elderly patients hospitalized with an acute illness, as well as to assess the clinical usefulness of standardized nutritional assessment upon admission by means of the MNA scale. Design: A prospective study. Setting: A large size regional university hospital. Subjects: There were 175 patients (113 women and 62 men) with a mean age of 79.7 + 8.5 years admitted for an acute problem. Death occurred in 11 patients (6.3%). METHODS: Upon admission, demographic (age, gender, origin) and medical (disease, drugs) data were recorded for each patient; the MNA questionnaire (score: 0-30) was administered and Katz score (7-28) calculated. At hospital discharge, data included Katz score, outcome (death/survival), and destination. RESULTS: The mean MNA score was 20.5 + 5.1 and the prevalence of severe malnutrition (MNA <17) was 21.7%. Further, 48.6% of elderly were at risk of malnutrition (MNA between 17 and 24). There was no association between MNA and age or gender, but underweight was a sign of low MNA values (P <.001). MNA scores were inversely related to Katz scores at both admission and hospital discharge (P <.001). Patients originating from nursing homes had a poorer nutritional status than those living at home (MNA: 18.4 against 22.3, P <.001). The number of drugs taken per patient (5.2 + 2.8) was found to be correlated with MNA (P =.049). MNA scores were on average significantly higher (P <.001) in survivors (20.9) than in nonsurvivors (14.1). CONCLUSIONS: The study clearly demonstrates the high prevalence of malnutrition and the clinical usefulness of the MNA scale in geriatric medicine. The MNA score upon admission reflects the patient's nutritional condition, degree of autonomy (Katz score), living conditions and current treatment. It is also predictive of patient's outcome (death or survival). [less ▲]

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See detailThe Clinical Utilisation of Respiratory Elastance Software (CURE Soft): a bedside software for real-time respiratory mechanics monitoring and mechanical ventilation management.
Szlavecz, Akos; Chiew, Yeong Shiong; Redmond, Daniel et al

in Biomedical engineering online (2014), 13(1), 140

BACKGROUND: Real-time patient respiratory mechanics estimation can be used to guide mechanical ventilation settings, particularly, positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP). This work presents a software ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Real-time patient respiratory mechanics estimation can be used to guide mechanical ventilation settings, particularly, positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP). This work presents a software, Clinical Utilisation of Respiratory Elastance (CURE Soft), using a time-varying respiratory elastance model to offer this ability to aid in mechanical ventilation treatment. IMPLEMENTATION: CURE Soft is a desktop application developed in JAVA. It has two modes of operation, 1) Online real-time monitoring decision support and, 2) Offline for user education purposes, auditing, or reviewing patient care. The CURE Soft has been tested in mechanically ventilated patients with respiratory failure. The clinical protocol, software testing and use of the data were approved by the New Zealand South Regional Ethics Committee. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: Using CURE Soft, patient's respiratory mechanics response to treatment and clinical protocol were monitored. Results showed that the patient's respiratory elastance (Stiffness) changed with the use of muscle relaxants, and responded differently to ventilator settings. This information can be used to guide mechanical ventilation therapy and titrate optimal ventilator PEEP. CONCLUSION: CURE Soft enables real-time calculation of model-based respiratory mechanics for mechanically ventilated patients. Results showed that the system is able to provide detailed, previously unavailable information on patient-specific respiratory mechanics and response to therapy in real-time. The additional insight available to clinicians provides the potential for improved decision-making, and thus improved patient care and outcomes. [less ▲]

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See detailClinical utility gene card for: Biotinidase deficiency
Küry, S.; RAMAEKERS, Vincent ULg; Bézieau, S. et al

in European Journal of Human Genetics (2012), 20(5), 592

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See detailClinical utility of a pharmacostatistical model for ibandronate in osteoporosis
Gieschke, R.; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg

in Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases (2004, June)

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See detailClinical utility of a pharmacostatistical model for ibandronate in postmenopausal osteoporosis
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Gieschke, R.

in Current Drug Metabolism (2006), 7(7), 827-836

Ibandronate, a potent, nitrogen-containing bisphosphonate for the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis, is the subject of an ongoing clinical development program to explore novel oral and intravenous ... [more ▼]

Ibandronate, a potent, nitrogen-containing bisphosphonate for the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis, is the subject of an ongoing clinical development program to explore novel oral and intravenous (i.v.) dosing regimens. As part of this program, an extensive modeling and simulation project was undertaken to develop and validate a pharmacologically realistic mathematical model for ibandronate in osteoporosis, the aim being to identify practical dosing regimens for clinical evaluation. A simplified kinetics of drug action or kinetic-pharmacodynamic (K-PD) model (developed from a 4-compartment pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic [PK-PD] model) accurately described the urinary excretion of the C-telopeptide of the alpha-chain of type I collagen (uCTX). The model was extended to consider the effects of supplemental calcium therapy and allow simultaneous fitting of i.v. and oral ibandronate data, and then externally validated. This model was used successfully in the selection of appropriate once-monthly doses for further clinical evaluation and recent clinical studies have confirmed the efficacy of the doses identified. Further development of the model may include investigating the effects of ibandronate on bone mineral density and fracture risk, which would further enhance its clinical utility and predictive value. Although modeling and simulation has been used to explore the efficacy of other bisphosphonates, the extensive program with ibandronate has produced a comprehensively validated model that is the first to be prospectively tested by evaluating novel dosing regimens. [less ▲]

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