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See detailChemical composition and lipid fraction characteristics of aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis Mill.) seeds cultivated in Tunisia
Cheikh-Rouhou, S.; Hentati, B.; Besbes, S. et al

in Food Science & Technology International (2006), 12(5), 407-415

The proximate composition of Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis Mill.) seeds cultivated in Bizerta (Tunisia) were investigated for their fatty acid composition, and their thermal and physical properties of ... [more ▼]

The proximate composition of Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis Mill.) seeds cultivated in Bizerta (Tunisia) were investigated for their fatty acid composition, and their thermal and physical properties of lipid fraction. The proximate analysis of pine seeds showed the following composition (on a dry-weight basis): protein 22.7%, oil 43.3%, ash 8.3% and total carbohydrate 25.7%. Potassium, magnesium and calcium were the predominant mineral elements present in the seeds and reached, together, about 1%. Oleic and linoleic acids were the major unsaturated fatty acids (27.3 and 48.8%, respectively), while the main saturated one was palmitic acid (8.75%). Myristic, myristoleic, palmitoleic, margaric, margaroleic, stearic, linolenic, arachidic, eicosenoic, eicosadienoic eicosatrienoic behenic and lignoceric acids were also detected. Thermal profile of Pinus halepensis Mill. seed oil, determined by its DSC melting curve, showed that the entire liquefaction of the Aleppo pine seed oil occurs at -8 degrees C. GeLab colour parameters (L*, a*, b*), oxidative stability by Rancimat test and viscosity were also determined. Physicochemical properties of the oil include: saponification number 190, peroxide value 3.18, iodine index 117, and a low acidity of 0.61%. Results suggested that the production of oil from Pinus halepensis seeds could provide a potential use in food, pharmaceutical, cosmetics and other non-food industries. [less ▲]

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See detailChemical composition and lipid fraction characteristics of aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis Mill.) seeds cultivated in Tunisia
Cheikh-Rouhou, S.; Besbes, S.; Hentati, B. et al

Poster (2006, September)

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See detailChemical composition and Microbial Quality of dates grown in Figuig oasis of Marocco
Hasnaoui, Amina; ElHoumaizi, Mohamed Aziz; Asehraou, Abdeslam et al

in International Journal of Agriculture and Biology (2010), 12(2), 311-314

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See detailChemical composition and physicochemical characteristics of fixed oils from Algerian Nigella sativa seeds
Benkaci, Ali; Wathelet, Jean-Paul ULg

in Chemistry of Natural Compounds (2012), 47(6), 925-931

The fatty acids, sterols, and polyphenols from the fixed oils of Nigella sativa seeds originating from four locations were determined. The seeds contained respectively 30.63–34.27% and 25.66–32.77% of ... [more ▼]

The fatty acids, sterols, and polyphenols from the fixed oils of Nigella sativa seeds originating from four locations were determined. The seeds contained respectively 30.63–34.27% and 25.66–32.77% of fixed oils using hexane and isopropyl alcohol in solvent extraction. Linoleic, oleic, and palmitic acids formed the main proportion using the two solvents, respectively: hexane 54.47–61.28%, isopropanol 56.98–67.30%; hexane 19.62–22.94%, isopropanol 18.85–21.96%, and hexane 11.17–13.60%, isopropanol 9.20–14.18%. Other minor unsaturated fatty acids were identified. Eight phytosterols were isolated and identified in the fixed oils by GC and GC/MS analysis, wherein -sitosterol was the dominating compound that inhibits the absorption of dietary cholesterol, followed by stigmasterol, campesterol, and 5-avenasterol. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Chemical Composition of B-type Pulsators: Some Unexpected Results
Morel, Thierry ULg; Briquet, Maryline ULg; Aerts, C.

in Precision Spectroscopy in Astrophysics (2008)

We present a project aimed at self-consistently deriving the physical parameters and chemical composition of massive pulsators (β, Cephei stars, Slowly Pulsating B stars) based on high-resolution optical ... [more ▼]

We present a project aimed at self-consistently deriving the physical parameters and chemical composition of massive pulsators (β, Cephei stars, Slowly Pulsating B stars) based on high-resolution optical spectra. Such data will be essential for a proper theoretical interpretation of their oscillation spectrum, but may also contribute in a broader context to our understanding of mixing and diffusion processes in B-type stars. As an illustration, our first results reveal the existence of core-processed material at the surface of some slowly-rotating β, Cephei stars which is not predicted by current evolutionary models including rotation. [less ▲]

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See detailChemical composition of colostrum from Azawak cow in Niger compared with meta-analytical data
Abdou, Harouna; Marichatou, Hamani; Beckers, Jean-François ULg et al

in Animal Genetic Resources Information = Bulletin d'Information sur les Ressources Génétiques Animales = Boletin de Informacion sobre Recursos Geneticos Animales (in press)

This study aimed at comparing data obtained from Azawak zebu colostrum with literature data. The comparison was performed by a meta-analytical approach. Colostrum samples were hand-collected after 5 h ... [more ▼]

This study aimed at comparing data obtained from Azawak zebu colostrum with literature data. The comparison was performed by a meta-analytical approach. Colostrum samples were hand-collected after 5 h from 7 Azawak cows at calving between August 27, to September 10, 2009 in the Sahel. For data from literature, twenty one (21) references were identified in the following analytical databases: PubMed, Science Direct, Google scholar, Collection from University of Liege. The references were selected according to the following two criteria: i) only studies reported on bovine colostrum were used irrespective of breeds, and ii) among the selected studies, those not providing complete information to allow meta-analytical calculation were excluded. Samples were analyzed for immunoglobulins (IgG, IgM, IgA), lactoferrin, and chemical composition (dry mater, protein, fat, lactose, ash, Ca, P, NA, K, Mg). The mean levels of IgG, IgM, dry matter, protein and fat for Azawak cows were lower (P ˂ 0.001) than those obtained in other breeds; however colostrum from the Azawak was higher in IgA but the difference was not significant. For lactose and ash, mean values for Azawak cows were higher (P ˂ 0.001) than those from the literature. Contents of Ca, P, Na and Mg in Azawak bovine colostrum were significantly higher (P ˂ 0.001) than the mean levels in form the literature data. In conclusion, the colostrum from Azawak cows appears to be lower in most immunoglobulins, in fat and in protein than the values reported in the literature, but higher in lactose and minerals. This could be an adaptation to sahelian contraints. [less ▲]

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See detailChemical Composition Of Pea Fibre Isolates And Their Effect On The Endogenous Amino Acid Flow At The Ileum Of The Pig
Leterme, Pascal; Thewis, André ULg; Van leeuwen, Piet et al

in Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture (1996), 72(1), 127-134

Pea starch, hulls and cotyledon inner fibres, isolated from pea seeds, were incorporated in N-free diets, on a NDF-content basis, in order to study their effect on the ileal endogenous amino acid (AA ... [more ▼]

Pea starch, hulls and cotyledon inner fibres, isolated from pea seeds, were incorporated in N-free diets, on a NDF-content basis, in order to study their effect on the ileal endogenous amino acid (AA) excretion in the growing pig. Maize starch and wood cellulose were selected as references. The inner fibrecontaining diet was also supplemented with enzymatically hydrolysed casein (EHC) in order to test the peptide alimentation method on a diet containing a fibre source with a high water-holding capacity (WHC = 10.9 g water g-' DM). The fibres were also analysed by different methods (crude fibre, NDF, ADF, enzymatic-gravimetric method, Englyst method). The fibre content of the inner fibre fraction varied widely from one method to another and ranged from 109 g crude fibre to 480 g AOAC fibre kg-' DM. Compared to the 'maize starch + wood cellulose' diet (11.0 g AA excreted kg-' DM intake), pea starch had no effect on ileal AA losses (9.6 g), whereas pea hulls slightly increased them (14.2 g). The AA excretion dramatically increased with the incorporation of inner fibres (28.0 g), because of their very high WHC. The addition of EHC increased the output (48.0 g) further, at a level that can hardly be explained only by an increase of the endogenous secretions. The results suggest that the NDF content of grain legume products is not indicative of their effect on the ileal endogenous AA losses in pigs and that the physiological effects of fibres along the gastrointestinal tract are due to both their chemical and physical properties. [less ▲]

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See detailChemical composition of silage residues sustaining the larval development of the Culicoides obsoletus/Culicoides scoticus species (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae)
Zimmer, Jean-Yves ULg; Saegerman, Claude ULg; Losson, Bertrand ULg et al

in Veterinary Parasitology (2013), 191(1-2), 197-201

Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) are biological vectors of bluetongue virus (BTV). Bluetongue is a viral disease that affects domestic and wild ruminants. Since its recent emergence in northern ... [more ▼]

Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) are biological vectors of bluetongue virus (BTV). Bluetongue is a viral disease that affects domestic and wild ruminants. Since its recent emergence in northern Europe, this disease has caused considerable economic losses to the sheep and cattle industry. The biotopes, and more particularly the chemical characteristics which are suitable for larval development of the main vector species, are still relatively unknown. This study shows that the larvae of biting midges belonging to the species Culicoides obsoletus and Culicoides scoticus are able to breed in different types of silage residue (maize, grass, sugar beet pulp and their combinations). The chemical composition of substrates strongly influences the presence of the immature stages of these biting midges. Higher lignin and insoluble fibre contents seem to favour their presence and could play the role of a physical support for semi-aquatic larvae. In contrast, higher concentrations of magnesium and calcium are negatively correlated with the presence of these two species. These data will help to locate and monitor the breeding sites of these species and could contribute to the control of these insects on farms. [less ▲]

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See detailChemical composition of solar-type stars
Neuforge, Corinne; Magain, Pierre ULg

in Pallavicini, R.; Dupree, A. K. (Eds.) Cool Stars, Stellar Systems, and the Sun, Proceedings of the 9th Cambridge workshop (1996)

Not Available

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See detailChemical Composition of the Essential Oil of Pistacia lentiscus L. from Eastern Morocco
Amhamdi, Hassan; Aounti, Fatima; Wathelet, Jean-Paul ULg et al

in Record of Natural Products (2009), 3(2), 90-95

The essential oil from leaves of Pistacia lentiscus L., an aromatic member of the Anarcadiaceae family from Eastern Morocco, obtained by hydrodistillation, was analysed by GC-FID and GC-MS. The ... [more ▼]

The essential oil from leaves of Pistacia lentiscus L., an aromatic member of the Anarcadiaceae family from Eastern Morocco, obtained by hydrodistillation, was analysed by GC-FID and GC-MS. The constituents were identified by their mass spectra and Kovats’indices. About 104 constituents were detected in the oil. From these components, about 40 could be identified and quantified, comprising over 88.6% of the oil. The main constituents of the oil were: myrcene (39.2%), limonene (10,3) -gurjunene (7.8), germacrene (4.3%), -pinene (2.9%), muurolene (2.9), -humulene (2.6), Epi- bicyclosesquiphellandrene (2.5), -pinene (2.2). The results of this study shows both qualitative and quantitative differences with oils from P. lentiscus L of other countries. [less ▲]

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See detailThe chemical composition of the extreme halo stars. I - Blue spectra of 20 dwarfs
Magain, Pierre ULg

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (1989), 209

Spectra obtained with the ESO Cassegrain echelle spectrograph are used to determine the abundances of 13 elements in the atmospheres of 20 extreme halo dwarfs. It is found that the alpha elements Mg, Ca ... [more ▼]

Spectra obtained with the ESO Cassegrain echelle spectrograph are used to determine the abundances of 13 elements in the atmospheres of 20 extreme halo dwarfs. It is found that the alpha elements Mg, Ca, and Ti are overabundant with respect to Fe, that the Cr/Fe ratio is solar at all metallicities, and that Al is overdeficient relative to Mg. The results also indicate that the s elements Sr, Y, and Ba are overdeficient with respect to Fe in stars with Fe/H ratios of less than 2.3, and that for ratios greater than 2.3 the s element abundances relative to Fe are roughly constant (at either solar or higher values). [less ▲]

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See detailThe chemical composition of the extreme halo stars. II - Green spectra of 20 dwarfs
Zhao, G.; Magain, Pierre ULg

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (1990), 238

The abundances of nine elements in the atmospheres of 20 extreme metal-poor stars are derived from green spectra obtained with the ESO Cassegrain Echelle Spectrograph (CASPEC). Sodium is found to be ... [more ▼]

The abundances of nine elements in the atmospheres of 20 extreme metal-poor stars are derived from green spectra obtained with the ESO Cassegrain Echelle Spectrograph (CASPEC). Sodium is found to be overabundant with respect to aluminum by as much as one dex. There is some scatter in Ca/Fe which cannot be accounted for by random errors in equivalent widths or atmospheric parameters. Scandium is overabundant relative to iron. Some barium lines may be affected by strong departures from local thermodynamic equilibrium. The nitrogen-rich metal-poor star HD 74000, which was found in previous work to be also Al-rich, also presents higher than usual abundances of Na and of s-process elements. It can thus be considered as a mild barium dwarf of Population II. [less ▲]

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See detailThe chemical composition of the extreme halo stars. III - Equivalent widths of 20 dwarfs
Zhao, G.; Magain, Pierre ULg

in Astronomy and Astrophysics. Supplement Series (1990), 86

In the first two papers of this series the chemical composition of 20 extreme halo stars was discussed. The abundances of a number of elements were determined using model atmosphere analysis of equivalent ... [more ▼]

In the first two papers of this series the chemical composition of 20 extreme halo stars was discussed. The abundances of a number of elements were determined using model atmosphere analysis of equivalent widths. In this paper a tabulation of the equivalent width data is presented. A comparison of the measurements with the equivalent widths from different sources is used to assess the quality of the data. [less ▲]

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See detailChemical Composition Of The Leaf Oil Of Mentha Rotundifolia (L.) From Algeria
Brada, M.; Bezzina, M.; Marlier, M. et al

in Journal of Essential Oil Research (2006), 18(6), 663-665

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See detailChemical Composition of Volatile Oils from Algerian Nigella sativa L. seeds
Benkaci-Ali, Farid; Baaliouamer, Aoumeur; Wathelet, Jean-Paul ULg et al

in Journal of Essential Oil Research (2009)

The chemical composition of the volatiles obtained from the fixed oils of Nigella sativa L. seeds, growing in Algeria, was investigated by GC and GC/MS analysis. Two solvents were studied for extracting ... [more ▼]

The chemical composition of the volatiles obtained from the fixed oils of Nigella sativa L. seeds, growing in Algeria, was investigated by GC and GC/MS analysis. Two solvents were studied for extracting the oils, hexane and isopropanol. The composition of Nigella sativa seeds varieties having four location origins in Algeria, were determined. Alcohols and ketones formed the main proportion using the two solvents, respectively (hexane: 27.4-36.1 %, isopropanol: 40.2-59.0 %) and (hexane: 39.9-44.3 %, isopropanol: 17.5-50.7 %), among which thymoquinone and thymohydroquinone were the predominant antioxidant compounds. The monoterpene hydrocarbons constitute relatively the lower fraction compared to the precedent chemical families, particularly by using the isopropanol solvent. [less ▲]

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See detailChemical Composition, Cytotoxic and Antioxydant Activity of The Essential Oil of Lavandula dentata
Imelouane, B.; El Bachiri, A.; Wathelet, Jean-Paul ULg et al

in World Journal of Chemistry (2010), 5(2), 103-110

The composiiton of the essential oil from aerial part and flowers of lavandula dentate, collected in eastern Morocco (Taforalt, Talazart), were analysed by GC/FID and GC-MS.

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See detailChemical composition, cytotoxicity and in vitro antitrypanosomal and antiplasmodial activity of the essential oils of four Cymbopogon species from Benin.
Kpoviessi, Salome; Bero, Joanne; Agbani, Pierre et al

in Journal of ethnopharmacology (2014), 151

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Cymbopogon species are largely used in folk medicine for the treatment of many diseases some of which related to parasitical diseases as fevers and headaches. As part of ... [more ▼]

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Cymbopogon species are largely used in folk medicine for the treatment of many diseases some of which related to parasitical diseases as fevers and headaches. As part of our research on antiparasitic essential oils from Beninese plants, we decided to evaluate the in vitro antiplasmodial and antitrypanosomal activities of essential oils of four Cymbopogon species used in traditional medicine as well as their cytotoxicity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The essential oils of four Cymbopogon species Cymbopogon citratus (I), Cymbopogon giganteus (II), Cymbopogon nardus (III) and Cymbopogon schoenantus (IV) from Benin obtained by hydrodistillation were analysed by GC/MS and GC/FID and were tested in vitro against Trypanosoma brucei brucei and Plasmodium falciparum respectively for antitrypanosomal and antiplasmodial activities. Cytotoxicity was evaluated in vitro against Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells and the human non cancer fibroblast cell line (WI38) through MTT assay to evaluate the selectivity. RESULTS: All tested oils showed a strong antitrypanosomal activity with a good selectivity. Sample II was the most active against Trypanosoma brucei brucei and could be considered as a good candidate. It was less active against Plasmodium falciparum. Samples II, III and IV had low or no cytotoxicity, but the essential oil of Cymbopogon citraus (I), was toxic against CHO cells and moderately toxic against WI38 cells and needs further toxicological studies. Sample I (29 compounds) was characterised by the presence as main constituents of geranial, neral, beta-pinene and cis-geraniol; sample II (53 compounds) by the presence of trans-p-mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol, trans-carveol, trans-p-mentha-2,8-dienol, cis-p-mentha-2,8-dienol, cis-p-mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol, limonene, cis-carveol and cis-carvone; sample III (28 compounds) by beta-citronellal, nerol, beta-citronellol, elemol and limonene and sample IV (41 compounds) by piperitone, (+)-2-carene, limonene, elemol and beta-eudesmol. CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows that essential oils of Cymbopogon genus can be a good source of antitrypanosomal agents. This is the first report on the activity of these essential oils against Trypanosoma brucei brucei, Plasmodium falciparum and analysis of their cytotoxicity. [less ▲]

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See detailChemical Composition, Insecticidal Effect and Repellent Activity of Essential Oils of Three Aromatic Plants, Alone and in Combination, towards Sitophilus Oryzae L. (Coleoptera : Curculionidae)
Ngassoum, Martin B.; Ngamo Tinkeu, Léonard S.; Ngatanko, Iliassa et al

in Natural Product Communications [=NPC] (2007), 2(12), 1229-1232

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See detailChemical composition, microstructure and physical properties of magnetically melt-textured bulk Bi2Sr2Ca0.8Dy0.2Cu2O8-y superconducting ceramics
Stassen, Sophie; Cloots, Rudi ULg; Vanderschueren, André et al

in Balachandran, U.; McGinn, P. J.; Abell, J. S. (Eds.) High Temperature Superconductors: Synthesis, Processing, and Large-Scale Applications. (1996)

Dysprosium doped Bi-based 2212 ceramics were synthesized by a melt-texturing growth process in a 1.2 T magnetic field, applied perpendicularly to the main axis of a cylindrical shape sample. Four well ... [more ▼]

Dysprosium doped Bi-based 2212 ceramics were synthesized by a melt-texturing growth process in a 1.2 T magnetic field, applied perpendicularly to the main axis of a cylindrical shape sample. Four well oriented and chemically defined phases forming successive layers were observed and characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray analysis. The origin and composition of such layers is described. A novel aspect is the calcium solubility at the strontium site in 2212 phases, and the strontium solubility at the calcium site in 8250 structures. The texturing process was optimized with respect to the sample electrical resistivity and ac magnetic susceptibility. The critical current density was then evaluated. [less ▲]

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