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See detailShort communication - Isolation of amylolytic, xylanolytic, and cellulolytic microorganisms extracted from the gut of the termite Reticulitermes santonensis by means of a micro-aerobic atmosphere
Tarayre, Cédric ULg; Brognaux, Alison ULg; Bauwens, Julien ULg et al

in World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology (2013)

The aim of this work was to isolate enzyme-producing microorganisms from the tract of the termite Reticulitermes santonensis. The microorganisms were extracted from the guts and anaerobic (CO2 or CO2/H2 ... [more ▼]

The aim of this work was to isolate enzyme-producing microorganisms from the tract of the termite Reticulitermes santonensis. The microorganisms were extracted from the guts and anaerobic (CO2 or CO2/H2) and micro-aerobic atmospheres were used to stimulate growth. Three different strategies were tried out. First, the sample was spread on Petri dishes containing solid media with carboxymethylcellulose, microcrystalline cellulose or cellobiose. This technique allowed us to isolate two bacteria: Streptomyces sp. strain ABGxAviA1 and Pseudomonas sp. strain ABGxCellA. The second strategy consisted in inoculating a specific liquid medium containing carboxymethylcellulose, microcrystalline cellulose, or cellobiose. The samples were then spread on Petri dishes with the same specific medium containing carboxymethylcellulose, microcrystalline cellulose, or cellobiose. This led to the isolation of the mold Aspergillus sp. strain ABGxAviA2. Finally, the third strategy consisted in heating the first culture and spreading samples on agar plates containing rich medium. This led to the isolation of the bacterium Bacills subtilis strain ABGx. All those steps were achieved in controlled atmospheres. The four enzyme-producing strains which were isolated were obtained by using a micro-aerobic atmosphere. Later, enzymatic assays were performed on the four strains. Streptomyces sp. strain ABGxAviA1 was found to produce only amylase, while Pseudomonas sp. strain ABGxCellA was found to produce β-glucosidase as well. Aspergillus sp. strain ABGxAviA2 showed β-glucosidase, amylase, cellulase, and xylanase activities. Finally, Bacillus subtilis strain ABGx produced xylanase and amylase. [less ▲]

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See detailComparative biochemical analysis during the anaerobic digestion of lignocellulosic biomass from six morphological parts of Williams Cavendish banana (Triploid Musa AAA group) plants
Kamdem, Irenee ULg; Hiligsmann, Serge ULg; Vanderghem, Caroline ULg et al

in World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology (2013)

We studied banana lignocellulosic biomass (BALICEBIOM) that is abandoned after fruit harvesting, and assessed its biochemical methane potential, because of its potential as an energy source. We monitored ... [more ▼]

We studied banana lignocellulosic biomass (BALICEBIOM) that is abandoned after fruit harvesting, and assessed its biochemical methane potential, because of its potential as an energy source. We monitored biogas production from six morphological parts (MPs) of the "Williams Cavendish" banana cultivar using a modified operating procedure (KOP) using KOH. Volatile fatty acid (VFA) production was measured using high performance liquid chromatography. The bulbs, leaf sheaths, petioles-midribs, leaf blades, rachis stems, and floral stalks gave total biogas production of 256, 205, 198, 126, 253, and 221 ml g-1 dry matter, respectively, and total biomethane production of 150, 141, 127, 98, 162, and 144 ml g-1, respectively. The biogas production rates and yields depended on the biochemical composition of the BALICEBIOM and the ability of anaerobic microbes to access fermentable substrates. There were no significant differences between the biogas analysis results produced using KOP and gas chromatography. Acetate was the major VFA in all the MP sample culture media. The bioconversion yields for each MP were below 50 %, showing that these substrates were not fully biodegraded after 188 days. The estimated electricity that could be produced from biogas combustion after fermenting all of the BALICEBIOM produced annually by the Cameroon Development Corporation-Del Monte plantations for 188 days is approximately 10.5 × 106 kW h (which would be worth 0.80-1.58 million euros in the current market). This bioenergy could serve the requirements of about 42,000 people in the region, although CH4 productivity could be improved. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. [less ▲]

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See detailKinetic study of Lactococcus lactis strains (SLT6 and SLT10) growth on papain-hydrolysed whey
Ziadi, Manel; Rezouga, Feriel; Bouallagui, Hassib et al

in World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology (2010), 26(12), 2223-2230

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See detailProduction and partial characterization of chitinase from a halotolerant Planococcus rifitoensis strain M2-26
Essghaier, Badiaa; Rouaissi, Mustapha; Boudabous, Abdellatif et al

in World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology (2010), 26(6), 977-984

This paper is the first to investigate the production and partial characterization of the chitinase enzyme from a moderately halophilic bacterium Planococcus rifitoensis strain M2-26, earlier isolated ... [more ▼]

This paper is the first to investigate the production and partial characterization of the chitinase enzyme from a moderately halophilic bacterium Planococcus rifitoensis strain M2-26, earlier isolated from a shallow salt lake in Tunisia. The impact of salt, salinity concentration, pH, carbon and nitrogen sources on chitinase production and activity have been determined. This is the first report on a high salt-tolerant chitinase from P. rifitoensis, since it was active at high salinity (from 5 to 30% NaCl) as well as in the absence of salt. This enzyme showed optimal activity at 70 C and retained up to 82 and 66% of its original activity at 80 or 90 C, respectively. The activity of the enzyme was also shown over a wide pH range (from 5 to 11). For characterization of the enzyme activity, the chitinase secreted in the culture supernatant was partially purified. The preliminary study of the concentrated dialysed supernatant on native PAGE showed at least three chitinases produced by strain M2-26, with highest activity approximately at 65 kDa. Thus, the thermo-tolerant and high salt-tolerant chitinases produced by P. rifitoensis strain M2-26 could be useful for application in diverse areas such as biotechnology and agro-industry. [less ▲]

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See detailProteolytic Breakdown Of Gliadin By Enterococcus Faecalis Isolated From Tunisian Fermented Dough
M'Hir, S.; Aldric, Jean-Marc ULg; El Mejdoub, Thami ULg et al

in World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology (2008), 24(12),

The aim of this work was to select strains with proteolytic activity on wheat gliadin, among lactic acid bacteria, previously isolated from Tunisian fermented wheat dough. Hydrolysis of gliadin, as sole ... [more ▼]

The aim of this work was to select strains with proteolytic activity on wheat gliadin, among lactic acid bacteria, previously isolated from Tunisian fermented wheat dough. Hydrolysis of gliadin, as sole nitrogen source, in an agar medium was visualized by a clear zone surrounding colonies. The increase in absorbance due to gliadin breakdown was measured spectrophotometrically using Ophthaldialdehyde (OPA) on Gliadin Glucose Broth medium. Fermented liquid dough inoculated with individual selected Enterococcus faecalis, showed a decrease of the gliadin concentration from 45 g/kg to 18 g/kg determined by sandwich ELISA test (R-7001). Only the enterococci strains show an hydrolysis of gliadin proteins. Strains showing proteolytic activity are gaining more and more importance in cereal based fermented foods and may help to reduce gliadin involved in coeliac disease. [less ▲]

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