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See detailClinical pattern characterisation of cattle naturally infected by BTV-8 - Clinical characterisation of BTV-8 infected cattle
Zanella, G; Martinelle, Ludovic ULg; Guyot, Hugues ULg et al

in Transboundary and Emerging Diseases (in press)

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See detailClinical sentinel surveillance of equine West Nile fever, Spain
Saegerman, Claude ULg; Alba-Casals, A; Garcia-Bocanegra, I et al

in Transboundary and Emerging Diseases (in press)

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See detailField veterinary survey on clinical and economic impact of Schmallenberg virus in Belgium
Martinelle, Ludovic ULg; Dal Pozzo, Fabiana ULg; Gauthier, B et al

in Transboundary and Emerging Diseases (2014), 61(3), 285-288

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See detailPreliminary survey on the impact of Schmallenberg virus on sheep flocks in south of Belgium
Saegerman, Claude ULg; Martinelle, Ludovic ULg; Dal Pozzo, Fabiana ULg et al

in Transboundary and Emerging Diseases (2014), 61(5), 469-472

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See detailBluetongue Virus RNA Detection by Real-Time RT-PCR in Post-Vaccination Samples from Cattle.
De Leeuw, I.; Garigliany, Mutien-Marie ULg; Bertels, G. et al

in Transboundary and Emerging Diseases (2013)

Bluetongue virus serotype 8 (BTV-8) was responsible for a large outbreak among European ruminant populations in 2006-2009. In spring 2008, a massive vaccination campaign was undertaken, leading to the ... [more ▼]

Bluetongue virus serotype 8 (BTV-8) was responsible for a large outbreak among European ruminant populations in 2006-2009. In spring 2008, a massive vaccination campaign was undertaken, leading to the progressive disappearance of the virus. During surveillance programmes in Western Europe in 2010-2011, a low but significant number of animals were found weakly positive using BTV-specific real-time RT-PCR, raising questions about a possible low level of virus circulation. An interference of the BTV-8 inactivated vaccine on the result of the real-time RT-PCR was also hypothesized. Several studies specifically addressed the potential association between a recent vaccination and BTV-8 RNA detection in the blood of sheep. Results were contradictory and cattles were not investigated. To enlighten this point, a large study was performed to determine the risks of detection of bluetongue vaccine-associated RNA in the blood and spleen of cattle using real-time RT-PCR. Overall, the results presented clearly demonstrate that vaccine viral RNA can reach the blood circulation in sufficient amounts to be detected by real-time RT-PCR in cattle. This BTV-8 vaccine RNA carriage appears as short lasting. [less ▲]

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See detailRisk factors associated with bovine tuberculosis and molecular characterization of Mycobacterium bovis strains in urban settings in Niger
Boukary, A. R.; Thys, E.; Rigouts, L. et al

in Transboundary and Emerging Diseases (2012), 59(6), 490-502

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See detailThe presence of bluetongue virus serotype 8 RNA in Belgian cattle since 2008.
Garigliany, Mutien-Marie ULg; Desmecht, Daniel ULg; De Clercq, Kris

in Transboundary and Emerging Diseases (2011), 58(6), 503-509

After a short winter break, bluetongue virus serotype 8 was responsible in 2007 for a large-scale epidemic among ruminant populations in Western Europe. Little is known about the mechanisms allowing the ... [more ▼]

After a short winter break, bluetongue virus serotype 8 was responsible in 2007 for a large-scale epidemic among ruminant populations in Western Europe. Little is known about the mechanisms allowing the virus to survive winter conditions. A yearly mass vaccination of cattle and sheep started in spring 2008, which was recognized as successful in terms of clinical protection, but occult circulation of the bluetongue virus has not been adequately addressed. We studied the carriage of bluetongue RNA in the spleen of cattle in the vector-free period and the circulation of bluetongue virus in cattle populations in Belgium since the introduction of vaccination programmes. Overall, the results presented here show evidence for the long-term carriage of bluetongue virus RNA in the spleen of cattle and demonstrated a low but significant circulation and transplacental transmission of bluetongue virus in Belgian cattle in 2009, with apparent disappearance in 2010. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Importance of Awareness for Veterinarians Involved in Cattle Tuberculosis Skin Testing
Humblet, Marie-France ULg; Moyen, Jean-Louis; Bardoux, Patrick et al

in Transboundary and Emerging Diseases (2011)

France is currently facing a re-emergence of bovine tuberculosis in several regions. To assess the knowledge of veterinary field practitioners concerning skin testing, a questionnaire-based methodology ... [more ▼]

France is currently facing a re-emergence of bovine tuberculosis in several regions. To assess the knowledge of veterinary field practitioners concerning skin testing, a questionnaire-based methodology developed in Belgium was adapted to the context of the French department of Dordogne. The veterinarians involved in herds skin testing were solicited to participate to the survey (N = 94), through an anonymous postal questionnaire including items related to each step of the skin test procedure. Each item of the questionnaire was allotted a compliance score by 5 experts in the field of bovine tuberculosis (0, 1 or 2 a correct, acceptable and unacceptable answer respectively). These scores were balanced over 30 criteria according to their potential impact on the non-detection of reactors, on the basis of 11 experts’ opinion. A global score was calculated for each participating veterinarian. In addition, the Departmental sanitary authorities held meetings in December 2005 and June 2006 to make the veterinarians aware of the importance of correctly performing the skin test. The participants to the study were asked to fill in the questionnaire in duplicate, one related to their practices before the meeting, and the other one focusing on their practices after the meeting. A comparison of both situations was carried out (pre- and post-awareness meeting), as well as a comparison with the Belgian situation, arbitrarily selected as reference for the methodology. The participation was representative and reached a 23.4% rate. A significant difference was noticed between the mean global score reached before and after the meeting. These results show the usefulness of an appropriate awareness campaign of veterinarians in relation with skin testing and the importance of frequently holding awareness meetings in areas remaining confronted with bovine tuberculosis problems. It also highlights the interest of a structured auto-assessment process of veterinary practices [less ▲]

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See detailClinical diagnosis of West Nile Fever in equids by classification and regression tree (CART) analysis and comparative study of clinical appearance in three European countries
Porter, Sarah ULg; Leblond, A.; Lecollinet, S. et al

in Transboundary and Emerging Diseases (2011), 58(3), 197-205

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See detailBluetongue Virus Detection By Real-Time Rt-Pcr In Culicoides Captured During The 2006 Epizootic In Belgium And Development Of An Internal Control
Vanbinst, T.; Vandenbussche, F.; Vandemeulebroucke, E. et al

in Transboundary and Emerging Diseases (2009), 56(5), 170-177

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