Surgical management of acute cholecystitis: results of a 2-year prospective multicenter survey in Belgium.
; ; et al
in Surgical Endoscopy (2012), 26(9), 2436-2445
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is considered nowadays as the standard management of acute cholecystitis (AC). However, results from multicentric studies in the general surgical community are ... [more ▼]
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is considered nowadays as the standard management of acute cholecystitis (AC). However, results from multicentric studies in the general surgical community are still lacking. METHODS: A prospective multicenter survey of surgical management of AC patients was conducted over a 2-year period in Belgium. Operative features and patients' clinical outcome were recorded. The impact of independent predictive factors on the choice of surgical approach, the risk of conversion, and the occurrence of postoperative complications was studied by multivariate logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Fifty-three surgeons consecutively and anonymously included 1,089 patients in this prospective study. A primary open approach was chosen in 74 patients (6.8%), whereas a laparoscopic approach was the first option in 1,015 patients (93.2%). Independent predictive factors for a primary open approach were previous history of upper abdominal surgery [odds ratio (OR) 4.13, p < 0.001], patient age greater than 70 years (OR 2.41, p < 0.05), surgeon with more than 10 years' experience (OR 2.08, p = 0.005), and gangrenous cholecystitis (OR 1.71, p < 0.05). In the laparoscopy group, 116 patients (11.4%) required conversion to laparotomy. Overall, 38 patients (3.5%) presented biliary complications and 49 had other local complications (4.5%). Incidence of bile duct injury was 1.2% in the whole series, 2.7% in the open group, and 1.1% in the laparoscopy group. Sixty patients had general complications (5.5%). The overall mortality rate was 0.8%. All patients who died were in poor general condition [American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) III or IV]. CONCLUSIONS: Although laparoscopic cholecystectomy is currently considered as the standard treatment for acute cholecystitis, an open approach is still a valid option in more advanced disease. However, overall mortality and incidence of bile duct injury remain high. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 24 (2 ULg)
Laparoscopic repair of colonoscopic perforation: a new standard?
Coimbra Marques, Carla ; Bouffioux, Laurent ; Kohnen, Laurent et al
in Surgical Endoscopy (2011), 25
BACKGROUND: Scientific evidence demonstrating interest in the laparoscopic approach for surgical repair of colonoscopic perforations is still lacking. The authors retrospectively reviewed the records of ... [more ▼]
BACKGROUND: Scientific evidence demonstrating interest in the laparoscopic approach for surgical repair of colonoscopic perforations is still lacking. The authors retrospectively reviewed the records of 43 patients who suffered from colonic perforations after colonoscopy between 1989 and 2008 in two tertiary centers in order to compare the results of the laparoscopic and the open approaches to repair. METHODS: The patients' demographic data, perforation location, therapy, and outcome were recorded from the medical charts. Forty-two patients were managed operatively (19 laparoscopies and 23 laparotomies). In three patients who underwent explorative laparoscopy, the procedure had to be converted to laparotomy due to surgical difficulties. The patients who underwent laparotomy management had a longer period between the colonoscopy and the surgery (P = 0.056) and more stercoral contaminations. RESULTS: The mean hospital stay was shorter for the laparoscopy group (P = 0.02), which had fewer postoperative complications (P = 0.01) and no mortality (NS). CONCLUSION: This series demonstrates that early laparoscopic management of colonoscopic perforation is safe. Laparoscopic management may lead to reduced surgical and psychological stress for the patient because of its low morbidity and mortality rates and shorter hospital stay. However, the procedure should be converted to a laparotomy if necessary. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 60 (6 ULg)
Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES): when a step forward may be a step too soon or too far.
Detry, Olivier ; ; Kohnen, Laurent
in Surgical Endoscopy (2010), 2010(24), 1213-1214Detailed reference viewed: 72 (16 ULg)
Perceptual and instrumental impacts of robotic laparoscopy on surgical performance
Blavier, Adelaïde ; ; et al
in Surgical Endoscopy (2007), 21(10), 1875-1882Detailed reference viewed: 22 (8 ULg)
Laparoscopic Removal of Pheochromocytoma. Why? When? And Who? (Reflections on One Case Report)
Meurisse, Michel ; Joris, Jean ; Hamoir, Etienne et al
in Surgical Endoscopy (1995), 9(4), 431-6
Until now, the need for wide exposure and nonmanipulative dissection of pheochromocytoma has dictated the use of a large intraperitoneal transabdominal approach, which unfortunately results in a ... [more ▼]
Until now, the need for wide exposure and nonmanipulative dissection of pheochromocytoma has dictated the use of a large intraperitoneal transabdominal approach, which unfortunately results in a significant incidence of morbidity. A unilateral retroperitoneal approach guided by the refinements of new imaging techniques is less invasive but is associated with a small risk of incomplete cure. In one case report, we tested the hypothesis that laparoscopic surgery could combine the beneficial effects of both operative strategies without their respective side effects. We concluded that a laparoscopic approach combined with exclusive intraoperative infusion of nicardipine, a calcium-channel blocker, can be used to surgically remove pheochromocytoma under stable hemodynamic conditions. This provides better exposure of the anatomical structures than open surgery and allows a visual exploration of the entire abdominal cavity to exclude tumor multicentricity or ectopic sites in the case of inconclusive preoperative imaging investigations. Moreover, conversion to open surgery is always possible if needed. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 23 (8 ULg)