References of "Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Histoire"
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See detailLa France et le Congo ex-belge (1961-1965). Intérêts et influences en mutation
Genin, Vincent ULg

in Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Histoire (2015), 91(2013/4), 1057-1110

The history of decolonization is inseparable from that of Western interests in the newly independent states. The special case of Franco-Belgian Relations offers a rich and unexplored perspective ... [more ▼]

The history of decolonization is inseparable from that of Western interests in the newly independent states. The special case of Franco-Belgian Relations offers a rich and unexplored perspective. Ostracized by the United Nations in the summer of 1960 in the context of the Congolese crisis, Belgium has, however, been able to count on the support of France, itself immobilized by the Algerian case. Based on unpublished archives, it seems instructive to study the evolution of the Franco-Belgian relations, in terms of Central African Affairs from 1961 to 1965. France, the overseas influence policy is a fundamental factor, she will devote as much energy to develop and defend its interests in Congo former Belgian (on which she claimed in Brussels its preemptive right, dating back to 1884, spring 1960) as former territories of the French Community? What are the forms, the protagonists and channels (formal and informal) of this influence; how is she fits the postcolonial context and she has an impact on Franco-Belgian relations ? [less ▲]

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See detailLa figure de Charlemagne dans la vulgarisation historique belge. Exemples choisis
Lanneau, Catherine ULg

in Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Histoire (2015), 93(2015/3-4), 771-789

Common ancestor of the Belgians, civilizing Christian emperor, father of Europe: these are some of the political (polemical) ways used to describe Charlemagne in the Belgium. This contribution seeks to ... [more ▼]

Common ancestor of the Belgians, civilizing Christian emperor, father of Europe: these are some of the political (polemical) ways used to describe Charlemagne in the Belgium. This contribution seeks to decipher and interpret these descriptions. What do we remember, or want to remember, from the origins and actions of the Carolingian emperor to show to the Belgians? Without pretending to be complete, certain marked tendencies and manifest evolutions are pointed out, found in the popular historical books for adults and children. Two key periods are defined: the first decades of the Belgian independence and the period after 1945. The final results are mixed: Charlemagne was certainly an icon, but in each of his avatars, failed to convince or win the majority support. His best enduring memory seems to be found today in the Euregion Meuse-Rhine, mostly because of the commercial and touristic value. [less ▲]

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See detailAlexandre Ier de Liège et Raoul de Saint-Trond : une alliance de circonstance ?
Schmidt, Kevin ULg

in Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Histoire (2015), 93(3-4), 647-668

While Rudolf, the abbot of Sint-Truiden (1108-1138) was forced to abandon his monastery in 1121 after having opposed the claim to power of the future prince-bishop of Liège, Alexandre I (1128-1135), both ... [more ▼]

While Rudolf, the abbot of Sint-Truiden (1108-1138) was forced to abandon his monastery in 1121 after having opposed the claim to power of the future prince-bishop of Liège, Alexandre I (1128-1135), both men hastily set out for Rome on the eve of 1129, in order to meet Pope Honorius the Second. The Gesta abbatum Trudonensium have preserved this colorful account of the perilous circumstances under which they crossed the Great St. Bernard Pass together in full winter. Starting from this particular anecdote, the document, which recounts the evolving personal relationship between the bishop of Liège, Alexandre I and abbot Rudolf of Sint-Truiden, returns to the circumstances surrounding this surprising rapprochement, which came to pass against all expectations. It seeks to demonstrate that Rudolf of Sint-Truiden’s motivations to accompany his former enemy to Italy were political rather than spiritual. [less ▲]

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See detailPater europae ou premier anticommuniste ? Charlemagne, les pays du Benelux et l'Europe au regard des discours de remise du Prix Charlemagne (1950-2014)
Brüll, Christoph ULg

in Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Histoire (2015), 93(3-4), 843-861

Historical Research has long shown the at the times important role the Carolingian imaginiry has played in conservative discourses of the French-German Reconciliation after 1945. By instituting the ... [more ▼]

Historical Research has long shown the at the times important role the Carolingian imaginiry has played in conservative discourses of the French-German Reconciliation after 1945. By instituting the Charlemagne Prize in 1949, the town of Aachen wanted to assume a preponderant place in this movement. This contribution shows that these observations also apply to the relations between the young Federal Republic and its small Benelux neighbours. By analysing the award speeches by Laureates or Laudatories of Charlemagne Prize's from Benelux, we propose a typology of references to the Carolingian imaginary. This typology will notably demonstrate that the references and their actualisations have not changed that much since the 1950's. The Emperor still appears to be the "father of Europe", founder of a Christian Empire the values of which have to be defended against the Soviet ideology, while the European integration since 1945 is presented as reparation for their fragility which became clear as early as the Tretay of Verdun in 843. On the political side, little to no interest exists for the state of historical research on Charlemagne and his time and those employing his image hesitate to raise the question of what meaning the Emperor, as the incarnation of a historical moment, could still carry for today's world. [less ▲]

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See detailL’Histoire de Saint sacrement de Miracle d’Étienne Ydens (1605), œuvre de dévotion ou œuvre polémique ?
Adam, Renaud ULg

in Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Histoire (2014), 92(2), 413-433

During his research on the printed tradition of the history of the Miracle of Blessed Sacrament written in the seventeenth century by canon Étienne Ydens († 1615), Renaud Adam not only studied the ... [more ▼]

During his research on the printed tradition of the history of the Miracle of Blessed Sacrament written in the seventeenth century by canon Étienne Ydens († 1615), Renaud Adam not only studied the personality of the author, but also the way the story of the Eucharistic miracle in Brussels had been adopted for politico-religious purposes. The canon of Saint Gudule used the text on the profanation of the hosts dating from the last third of the fourteenth century, to attack Protestantism and the - according to him equally dangerous - witchcraft. The study of the seventeenth century editions showed that the tone of the work gradually became less controversial, proving that Protestantism and witchcraft were considered a less significant threat than at the time of the redaction of the story by Ydens. [less ▲]

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See detailUne légation au coeur des réseaux de la Monarchie de Philippe II. La légation des Pays-Bas espagnols et de la Franche-Comté près le Saint-Siège au temps de l'agent Laurent du Blioul (1573-1598)
Regibeau, Julien ULg

in Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Histoire (2014), 92(2),

The Southern Netherlands and Franche-Comté Legation to the Holy See at the time of agent Laurent du Blioul (1573-1598) has never truly received interest from the historians. Most probably this is due to ... [more ▼]

The Southern Netherlands and Franche-Comté Legation to the Holy See at the time of agent Laurent du Blioul (1573-1598) has never truly received interest from the historians. Most probably this is due to its apparent lack of stature. Indeed, at that time, it is subjected to Philippe II’s ambassador to Rome, and the freedom and flexibility allowed to its agent seems very limited. In this paper, this institution is studied under a socio-political perspective to point out the place that it would take up within the Monarchía’s romans networks of power. It appears from this research work that the legation is far to be marginalised. Quite at the opposite, the legation is able to use, maintain and increase the royalty influence on the city. Knowing how to use efficiently the many available exogenous resources, the institution does not appear anymore like an image of the Southern Netherlands diplomatic decline. On the contrary, it find its own place in thePhilippe II’s logic about composite Monarchy incorporation. [less ▲]

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See detailÉvoquer le "mythe médian". Les imaginaires carolingien et lotharingien dans les revendications territoriales belges à l'égard de l'Allemagne après 1945
Brüll, Christoph ULg

in Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Histoire (2013), (4), 1285-1301

The reference to historical imaginaries and legitimizations for territorial settlements after a military conflict can be considered « classical ». This contribution aims to show how Carolingian and ... [more ▼]

The reference to historical imaginaries and legitimizations for territorial settlements after a military conflict can be considered « classical ». This contribution aims to show how Carolingian and Lotharingian imaginaries influenced certain actors of expansionist movements in Belgium after 1945, the continued existence of which constituted an echo of 1918. Even if the Belgian territorial demands at the expense of Germany were, after all, hardly grounded in such discourses, this contribution highlights the fact that the discourse aiming to transform Aix-la-Chapelle and Cologne into “Belgian” cities, insisting on the kinship between “Belgians” and “Rhinelanders”, would serve as base for the rapprochement between old enemies in the 1950s. From then on, the historical landscape between Meuse and Rhine was integrated in the discourse on the “Occident” (the West) the political organization of which was considered as of utmost necessary, given the impending Soviet menace. [less ▲]

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See detailKurgan-van Hentenryk, Ginette, Max-Léo Gérard: un ingénieur dans la cité (1879-1955)
Geerkens, Eric ULg

in Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Histoire (2013), 91(2), 487-490

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See detailVAN DER WEE H. et VERBREYT M., A Small Nation in the Turmoil of the Second World War
Geerkens, Eric ULg

in Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Histoire (2013), 91(2), 490-493

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See detailLa Meuse comme "Barrière" ? Regards croisés sur une frontière stratégique entre la France et l'Allemagne (1870-1914)
Bechet, Christophe ULg

in Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Histoire (2013), XCI(4), 1155-1186

In the margins of the London Treaty of 1831, a secret provision – regarding the defence of the Belgian fortresses in case of a war against France by the other Powers was maintained, putting the strategic ... [more ▼]

In the margins of the London Treaty of 1831, a secret provision – regarding the defence of the Belgian fortresses in case of a war against France by the other Powers was maintained, putting the strategic burden of the old « Low Countries Barrier » of 1815 on the frail shoulders of the newly-formed Kingdom of Belgium. To the full satisfaction of the Belgian Government, this « Fortress agreement » was practically forgotten afterwards. Nevertheless, after the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1871, a march of the French and German armies through the Meuse valley became more and more a nightmarish eventuality. As a consequence, the towns of Liège and Namur were surrounded with modern forts to check any invasion attempt by belligerents. This shift in defensive paradigm led to numerous diplomatic and military commentaries in Belgium and abroad. Meanwhile, the new railways established between Meuse and Rhin increased the strategic value of the Ardennes-Eifel area. Finally, these modifications to the border area distorted the French and German war plans. At the beginning of the twentieth century, war-planners had started to look at the Belgian Meuse valley from a completely new perspective. [less ▲]

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See detailCompte rendu de Catherine Maurer (éd.), Les espaces de l'Allemagne au XIXe siècle
Brüll, Christoph ULg

in Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Histoire (2012), 90(4), 1485-1487

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See detailCompte-rendu de l'ouvrage de M. Ghéret-Laferté, C. Poulouin (éds) : Accès aux textes médiévaux de la fin du Moyen Âge au XVIIIe siècle,
Adam, Renaud ULg

in Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Histoire (2012), 90(4), 1454-1457

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See detailL'office de la Trinité d'Étienne de Liège (901-920) : Un témoin de l’héritage liturgique et théologique de la première réforme carolingienne à l'aube du Xe siècle
Close, Florence ULg

in Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Histoire (2008), 86(3-4), 1-21

Cet article entend souligner toute la complexité des questions inhérentes à l'histoire de l'office de la Trinité attribué à l'évêque Etienne de Liège (901-920). Il propose un retour sur les circonstances ... [more ▼]

Cet article entend souligner toute la complexité des questions inhérentes à l'histoire de l'office de la Trinité attribué à l'évêque Etienne de Liège (901-920). Il propose un retour sur les circonstances dans lesquelles cet office a vu le jour, sur la date de composition du formulaire liturgique ainsi que sur les sources d'inspiration de l'auteur-compositeur. Il s'interroge enfin sur les raisons qui ont poussé l'évêque de Liège à composer le premier office votif de l’histoire de la liturgie. [less ▲]

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