References of "Revista Argentina de Microbiologia"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailNovel organic solvent-tolerant esterase isolated by metagenomics: insights into the lipase/esterase classification
Berlemont, Renaud; Spee, Olivier; Delsaute, Maud et al

in Revista Argentina de Microbiologia (2013), (45), 3-12

in order to isolate novel organic solvent-tolerant (oSt) lipases, a metagenomic library was built using dna derived from a temperate forest soil sample. a two-step activity-based screening allowed the ... [more ▼]

in order to isolate novel organic solvent-tolerant (oSt) lipases, a metagenomic library was built using dna derived from a temperate forest soil sample. a two-step activity-based screening allowed the isolation of a lipolytic clone active in the presence of organic solvents. Sequencing of the plasmid pRBest recovered from the positive clone revealed the presence of a putative lipase/esterase encoding gene. the deduced amino acid sequence (RBest1) contains the conserved lipolytic enzyme signature and is related to the previously described oSt lipase from Lysinibacillus sphaericus 205y, which is the sole studied prokaryotic enzyme belonging to the 4.4 a/b hydrolase subgroup (abh04.04). Both in vivo and in vitro studies of the substrate specificity of RBest1, using triacylglycerols or nitrophenyl-esters, respectively, revealed that the enzyme is highly specific for butyrate (c4) compounds, behaving as an esterase rather than a lipase. the RBest1 esterase was purified and biochemically characterized. the optimal esterase activity was observed at ph 6.5 and at temperatures ranging from 38 to 45 °c. enzymatic activity, determined by hydrolysis of p‐nitrophenyl esters, was found to be affected by the presence of different miscible and non-miscible organic solvents, and salts. noteworthy, RBest1 remains significantly active at high ionic strength. these findings suggest that RBest1 possesses the ability of oSt enzymes to molecular adaptation in the presence of organic compounds and resistance of halophilic proteins. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailExploring the Antarctic soil metagenome as a source of novel cold-adapted enzymes and genetic mobile elements
Berlemont, Renaud ULg; Pipers; Delsaute, Maud ULg et al

in Revista Argentina de Microbiologia (2011)

Metagenomic library PP1 was obtained from Antarctic soil samples. Both functional and genotypic metagenomic screening were used for the isolation of novel cold-adapted enzymes with potential applications ... [more ▼]

Metagenomic library PP1 was obtained from Antarctic soil samples. Both functional and genotypic metagenomic screening were used for the isolation of novel cold-adapted enzymes with potential applications, and for the detection of genetic elements associated with gene mobilization, respectively. Fourteen lipase/esterase-, 14 amylase-, 3 protease-, and 11 cellulase-producing clones were detected by activity-driven screening, with apparent maximum activities around 35 °C for both amylolytic and lipolytic enzymes, and 35-55 °C for cellulases, as observed for other cold-adapted enzymes. However, the behavior of at least one of the studied cellulases is more compatible to that observed for mesophilic enzymes. These enzymes are usually still active at temperatures above 60 °C, probably resulting in a psychrotolerant behavior in Antarctic soils. Metagenomics allows to access novel genes encoding for enzymatic and biophysic properties from almost every environment with potential benefits for biotechnological and industrial applications. Only intI- and tnp-like genes were detected by PC R, encoding for proteins with 58-86%, and 58-73% amino acid identity with known entries, respectively. Two clones, BAC 27A-9 and BAC 14A-5, seem to present unique syntenic organizations, suggesting the occurrence of gene rearrangements that were probably due to evolutionary divergences within the genus or facilitated by the association with transposable elements. The evidence for genetic elements related to recruitment and mobilization of genes (transposons/integrons) in an extreme environment like Antarctica reinforces the hypothesis [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 105 (17 ULg)