References of "Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology"
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See detailBrabantophyton, a new genus with stenokolealean affinities from a Middle to earliest Upper Devonian locality from Belgium
Momont, Nicolas ULg; Gerrienne, Philippe ULg; Prestianni, Cyrille

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (in press)

A new taxon with stenokolealean affinities, Brabantophyton runcariense gen. et sp. nov., is described from seven pyrite permineralized axes collected from the mid Givetian to earliest Frasnian (late ... [more ▼]

A new taxon with stenokolealean affinities, Brabantophyton runcariense gen. et sp. nov., is described from seven pyrite permineralized axes collected from the mid Givetian to earliest Frasnian (late Middle to earliest Upper Devonian) locality of Ronquières (Belgium). The specimens include stems and lateral organs. The stems are characterized by a protostele dissected into three primary ribs, each of them dividing into two secondary ribs. The protostele shows a central protoxylem strand and numerous strands distributed along the midplanes of the ribs. The vascular supply to lateral organ is composed of two pairs of traces, produced at the same time by the two ribs issued from a single primary rib of the protostele. Within each pair, the shape and the size of the traces are unequal: one is T-shaped and the other is oval to reniform. The T-shaped traces of each pair face each other. The inner cortex of the lateral organs is parenchymatous and the outer cortex is sparganum-like. The specimens of Brabantophyton runcariense show many similarities with the stenokolealean genus Crossia virginiana Beck and Stein, but the vascular supply of lateral organs of the latter consists of a more symmetrical and distinctively simpler pair of traces. Brabantophyton represents the first report of the Stenokoleales in southeastern Laurussia. The characteristics of the Brabantophyton protostele compare better with the anatomy of the radiatopses, and, within the latter, particularly with basal seed plants. [less ▲]

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See detailTetraxylopteris Beck emend. Hammond and Berry (2005), the first aneurophytalean genus recorded in Australia
Meyer-Berthaud, Brigitte; Decombeix, Laure; Dunstone, Robert et al

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (in press)

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See detailThe terrestrialization process: A palaeobotanical and palynological perspective.
Meyer-Berthaud, Brigitte; Servais, Thomas; Vecoli, Marco et al

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (in press)

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See detailNew data about anatomy, branching, and inferred growth patterns in the Early Devonian plant Armoricaphyton chateaupannense, Montjean-sur-Loire, France
Gerrienne, Philippe ULg; Gensel, PG

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (in press)

This study provides detailed information, based on serial peels, on the anatomy of the primary and secondary xylem, lateral branch formation, and proposed growth pattern of Armoricaphyton Strullu-Derrien ... [more ▼]

This study provides detailed information, based on serial peels, on the anatomy of the primary and secondary xylem, lateral branch formation, and proposed growth pattern of Armoricaphyton Strullu-Derrien et al., an Early Devonian (Pragian) basal euphyllophyte. The centrarch primary xylem strand is circular to oval in cross section and includes P-type tracheids. The pattern of lateral branch departure is described in detail based on serial peels. The secondary xylem, illustrated in transverse, radial and tangential longitudinal sections, includes P-type tracheids with similar pitting in radial and tangential walls. The presence of one-walled spaces interpreted as rays is confirmed. This study also documents the earliest occurrence of secondary xylem at bases of next higher order of branches. A model of growth for this unusual Early Devonian plant is presented, with documented epidogenetic, menetogenetic and possible apoxogenetic phases. The difference in proportion of primary tosecondary xylem is postulated to be a result of this mode of growth. The possible implications of xylem size and organization in the lateral organ in Armoricaphyton relative to the early evolution of the megaphyllous leaf are briefly discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailApparent changes of the Ordovician-Mississippian plant diversity
Cascales-Miñana, Borja ULg

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (in press)

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See detailClimate-controlled palynofacies and miospore biostratigraphy of the Early Devonian Jauf Formation, northern Saudi Arabia
Breuer, Pierre; Leszczynski, S.; Miller, M.A. et al

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (2015), 212

The Jauf Formation miospore succession is synthesized in terms of paleoenvironments and sequence stratigraphy. The data set for this study is obtained from four overlapping, continuously cored, and ... [more ▼]

The Jauf Formation miospore succession is synthesized in terms of paleoenvironments and sequence stratigraphy. The data set for this study is obtained from four overlapping, continuously cored, and extensively sampled, boreholes that for a 940 ft composite section. The Jauf Formation ranges in age from late Pragian to latest Emsian. The palynological assemblages, recognized herein, provide the basis for recognizing depositional environments present in the Early Devonian of northern Saudi Arabia. Transgressive – regressive cycles are indicated, not only by lithology but by marked changes in the marine to terrestrially dominated palynological assemblages. Flooding events are recognized by the replacement of spore dominated assemblages by organic-walled microphytoplankton. The maximum flooding interval for the Jauf is reinterpreted based on a correlative event consisting of diverse acritarchs and abundant chitinozoans. [Add details on the paly and sequence stratigraphy here. No.cycles and order.] The new northern Gondwanan biozonation developed by Breuer and Steemans (2012) and used here allows a high-resolution regional biozonation for the Arabian Plate and more intercontinental [?] correlation of the Jauf Formation with other Gondwanan and Euramerican localities. One new spore genus (Zonohilates) and four spore species (Insculptospora maxima, Camarozonotriletes alruwailii, Devonomonoletes crassus and Zonohilates vulneratus) are newly proposed. [less ▲]

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See detailSpore assemblages from Upper Ordovician and Lowermost Silurian sediments recovered from the Qusaiba-1 shallow core hole, Qasim region, central Saudi Arabia
Wellman, Charles H.; Steemans, Philippe ULg; Miller, M.A.

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (2015), 212

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See detailA Givetian tintinnid-like palynomorph from Libya.
Steemans, Philippe ULg; Breuer, P.; Ville de Goyet, F. de et al

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (2014), 203

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See detailPlanatophyton gen. nov., a late Early or Middle Devonian euphyllophyte from Xinjiang, North-West China
Gerrienne, Philippe ULg; Meyer-Berthaud; Yang, N. et al

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (2014)

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See detailA Middle Devonian Callixylon (Archaeopteridales) from Ronquières, Belgium
Cornet, Luc ULg; Gerrienne, Philippe ULg; Meyer-Berthaud, Brigitte et al

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (2012), 183

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See detailThe Middle Devonian plant assemblage from Dechra Aït Abdallah (Central Morocco) revisited
Prestianni, Cyrille; Meyer-Berthaud, Brigitte; Blanchard, Romain et al

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (2012), 179

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See detailDiverse assemblages of Mid Devonian megaspores from Libya
Steemans, Philippe ULg; Breuer, Pierre; Petus, Elodie ULg et al

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (2011), 165

[en] A restudy of Devonian palynological assemblages of samples from the A1-69 borehole, drilled in the Ghadamis Basin, western Libya, North Africa has led to the discovery of numerous well-preserved ... [more ▼]

[en] A restudy of Devonian palynological assemblages of samples from the A1-69 borehole, drilled in the Ghadamis Basin, western Libya, North Africa has led to the discovery of numerous well-preserved megaspores amongst abundant miospores, rare acritarchs and rare chitinozoans. Thirteen samples from base to top, 1496 ft (456 m) up to 965 ft (294 m), contain the richest Devonian megaspore assemblages from northwestern Gondwana. The section is dated by a rich diverse miospore assemblage indicating the presence of the upper part of the AD pre-Lem Biozone up to the lower part of the TCo Oppel Zone, ranging from a latest Eifelian or earliest Givetian age up to a latest Givetian or an earliest Frasnian age. Seventeen megaspore taxa have been identified. Among them, two new species (Biharisporites lugardonii and Lagenicula milleri) and four new varieties (Corystisporites acutispinosus var. acutispinosus and var. bullatus, Heliotriletes longispinosus var. longispinosus and var. radiatus) are described. One new possible megaspore species is also described: Verruciretusispora labiosa sp. nov. One core sample (1293 ft, 394 m) contains several specimens of very large megaspores (ca. 1 mm), the largest known from Devonian localities (except for one specimen observed in the Givetian from Belgium). Among the 17 megaspore taxa from Libya, 6 are present on the Euramerican Continent. This observation is in accordance with previous palynological conclusions that favour the absence of palaeogeographic barriers between the Euramerican and Gondwanan continents that are suggested to be grouped together in a “Pre-Pangea” land mass. [less ▲]

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See detailFTIR characterisation of the chemical composition of Silurian miospores (cryptospores and trilete spores) from Gotland, Sweden
Steemans, Philippe ULg; Lepot, Kevin ULg; Marshall, Craig et al

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (2010), 162

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See detailAberlemnia caledonica gen. et comb. nov., a new name for Cooksonia caledonica Edwards 1970.
Gonez, Paul ULg; Gerrienne, Philippe ULg

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (2010), 163

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See detailThe proto-ovule Runcaria heinzelinii Stockmans 1968 emend. Gerrienne et al., 2004 (mid-Givetian, Belgium): Concept and epitypification.
Gerrienne, Philippe ULg; Meyer-Berthaud, Brigitte

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (2007), 145(3-4), 321-323

The proto-ovule Runcaria heinzelinii Stockmans 1968 has been re-described and interpraed as a precursor of seed plants; its generico-specifica diagnosis has been emended [Gerrienne, P., Meyer-Berthaud, B ... [more ▼]

The proto-ovule Runcaria heinzelinii Stockmans 1968 has been re-described and interpraed as a precursor of seed plants; its generico-specifica diagnosis has been emended [Gerrienne, P., Meyer-Berthaud, B., Fairon-Demaret, M., Streel, M., Steemans, P. 2004. Runcaria, a Middle Devonian seed plant precursor. Science 306, 856-858.]. Here we define the concept of "proto-ovule" and designate an epitype to support the uninformative and poorly preserved holotype [Stockmans, F., 1968. Vegetaux mesodevoniens recoltes aux confins du Massif du Brabant (Belgique). Inst. Roy. Sci. Nat. Belg. Mem. 159, 1-49., Plate VII: 8a]. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailPreface: A tribute to Muriel Fairon-Demaret
Gerrienne, Philippe ULg

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (2006), 142(3-4), 61-61

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See detailAn exceptional specimen of the early land plant Cooksonia paranensis, and a hypothesis on the life cycle of the earliest eutracheophytes
Gerrienne, Philippe ULg; Dilcher, D. L.; Bergamaschi, S. et al

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (2006), 142(3-4), 123-130

An exceptionally large specimen of the early land plant Cooksonia paranensis Gerrienne et al. has been discovered from the type locality (Jackson de Figueiredo, Parana Basin, Brazil; early Lochkovian ... [more ▼]

An exceptionally large specimen of the early land plant Cooksonia paranensis Gerrienne et al. has been discovered from the type locality (Jackson de Figueiredo, Parana Basin, Brazil; early Lochkovian, Early Devonian). This nearly complete specimen consists of five dichotomous axes attached at their base to a small thalloid(?) structure. Each terminal axis segment ends in an expanded, cup-like, empty tip. Three interpretations of the specimen are proposed. (1) The whole specimen is a gametophyte of the Sciadopkyton-type, with a central area from which five axes depart; under this interpretation, the terminal cups are gametangiophores. (2) The basal structure represents the remains of a rhizome bearing five upright aerial axes, in which case the whole plant is a sporophyte. (3; our favoured hypothesis) The specimen is a cluster of five individual sporophytes still attached to the remains of a small female or bisexual gametophyte. In the latter case, this fossil is evidence that reduced thalloid gametophytes and branched axial sporophytes are plesiomorphic among the earliest eutracheophytes. We suggest that a major difference in life cycle defines a basal dichotomy in tracheophytes. Eutracheophyta, including all living vascular plants, have a heteromorphic, sporophyte dominant alternation of generations, whereas their extinct sister-group Rhymopsida (renamed here Paratracheophyta) is characterised by a more or less isomorphic alternations of generations. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailLectotypification of the Famennian pre-ovule Condrusia rumex Stockmans, 1948
Prestianni, Cyrille ULg; Gerrienne, Philippe ULg

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (2006), 142(3-4), 161-164

Condrusia rumex Stockmans 1948 occurs in several localities of the Belgian Evieux Formation (late Famennian, Upper Devonian). It consists of a hastate organ borne at the tip of "slender, dichotomizing ... [more ▼]

Condrusia rumex Stockmans 1948 occurs in several localities of the Belgian Evieux Formation (late Famennian, Upper Devonian). It consists of a hastate organ borne at the tip of "slender, dichotomizing" axes. Various interpretations have been given to this intriguing structure, ranging from a spore-bearing organ to a fern prothallus but recent investigations consider Condrusia to be an ovulate structures produced by early seed plants. The genus Condrusia includes 3 species: C rumex Stockmans, C. minor Stockmans and C. brevis Petrosjan. C rumex was described by Stockmans in 1948, who provided a diagnosis and illustrations, but failed to designate a holotype. We are currently reinvestigating the genus and we here designate and illustrate a lectotype for the genus and species C. rumex. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailA new approach in deciphering early protist paleobiology and evolution: Combined microscopy and microchemistry of single Proterozoic acritarchs
Javaux, Emmanuelle ULg; Marshal, C. P.

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (2006), 139(1-4), 1-15

Beside a few cases, the biological affinities of Proterozoic and Paleozoic acritarchs remain, by definition, largely unknown. However, these fossils record crucial steps in the early evolution of ... [more ▼]

Beside a few cases, the biological affinities of Proterozoic and Paleozoic acritarchs remain, by definition, largely unknown. However, these fossils record crucial steps in the early evolution of microorganisms and diversification of complex ecosystems. We present how combining microscopy (light microscopy, scanning and transmitted electron microscopy) with microchemical analyses of individual microfossils may offer further insights into the paleobiology and evolution of early microorganisms. We use our ongoing work on early Mesoproterozoic and Neoproterozoic assemblages, as well as other published work, as examples to illustrate how this approach may clarify the evolution of early microorganisms and we underline how useful this approach could be for palynologists working on younger material. Such a multidisciplinary approach offers new possibilities to investigate the biological affinities of acritarchs and the record of early life on Earth and beyond. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailLochkovian (earliest Devonian) miospores from the Solimoes Basin, northwestern Brazil
Rubinstein, C.; Melo, J. H. G.; Steemans, Philippe ULg

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (2005), 133(1-2), 91-113

Eighteen core samples from PETROBRAS well 1-JD-1-AM (Jandiatuba area. Solimoes Basin. northwestern Brazil) have been studied for miospores. Fifty-three species are identified. This assemblage is ... [more ▼]

Eighteen core samples from PETROBRAS well 1-JD-1-AM (Jandiatuba area. Solimoes Basin. northwestern Brazil) have been studied for miospores. Fifty-three species are identified. This assemblage is tentatively correlated with the Z Phylozone of the BZ Oppel Zone (Steemans, P., 1989. Palynostratigraphie de l'Eodevonien dans l'ouest de l'Europe. Professional Paper. Memoires Explicatifs pour les Caries Geologiques and Mineralogiques de la Belgique, 27, pp. 453.), dated late Lochkovian, This is in accordance with previous age determinations based on chitinozoans and acritarchs. Numerous representatives of the miospore genus Dictyotriletes are observed. These enable recognition of the Dictyotriletes emsiensis morphon. an informal classification unit which includes Dictyotriletes granulatus, D. emsiensis, Dictyotriletes cf. subgranifer, specimens previously misassigned to D. subgranifer and some Dictyotriletes spp. provisionally left in open nomenclature. Since all intermediate forms from typical D. granulatus to typical D. emsiensis coexist. it is currently difficult to determine the base of "F" Interval Biozone in South America as originally defined in Western Europe. It is suggested. therefore. that the base of the "Ems" Biozone defined in Brazil cannot be correlated with the base of die "E" Biozone. Instead. it be included in an interval of uncertainty ranging from the European "Si" to "E" Biozones. Indeed. the underlying "NsZ" Biozone from South America, contains species not known below the "Si" Biozone. Here, the D. emsiensis morphon Assemblage Zone is erected, which may, be coeval with the "N" through "E" Biozones of Western Europe. The PISA palynoflora from the Parana Basin is also attributed to this new biozone. However, in the absence of species observed in the "BZ" Biozone (and also in the Solimoes Basin). the PISA assemblage could be somewhat older than that of well 1-JD-1-AM. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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