References of "Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology"
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See detailSpore assemblages from Upper Ordovician and Lowermost Silurian sediments recovered from the Qusaiba-1 shallow core hole, Qasim region, central Saudi Arabia
Wellman, Charles H.; Steemans, Philippe ULg; Miller, M.A.

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (in press), ?

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See detailClimate-controlled palynofacies and miospore biostratigraphy of the Early Devonian Jauf Formation, northern Saudi Arabia
Breuer, Pierre; Leszczynski, S.; Miller, M.A. et al

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (in press)

The Jauf Formation miospore succession is synthesized in terms of paleoenvironments and sequence stratigraphy. The data set for this study is obtained from four overlapping, continuously cored, and ... [more ▼]

The Jauf Formation miospore succession is synthesized in terms of paleoenvironments and sequence stratigraphy. The data set for this study is obtained from four overlapping, continuously cored, and extensively sampled, boreholes that for a 940 ft composite section. The Jauf Formation ranges in age from late Pragian to latest Emsian. The palynological assemblages, recognized herein, provide the basis for recognizing depositional environments present in the Early Devonian of northern Saudi Arabia. Transgressive – regressive cycles are indicated, not only by lithology but by marked changes in the marine to terrestrially dominated palynological assemblages. Flooding events are recognized by the replacement of spore dominated assemblages by organic-walled microphytoplankton. The maximum flooding interval for the Jauf is reinterpreted based on a correlative event consisting of diverse acritarchs and abundant chitinozoans. [Add details on the paly and sequence stratigraphy here. No.cycles and order.] The new northern Gondwanan biozonation developed by Breuer and Steemans (2012) and used here allows a high-resolution regional biozonation for the Arabian Plate and more intercontinental [?] correlation of the Jauf Formation with other Gondwanan and Euramerican localities. One new spore genus (Zonohilates) and four spore species (Insculptospora maxima, Camarozonotriletes alruwailii, Devonomonoletes crassus and Zonohilates vulneratus) are newly proposed. [less ▲]

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See detailA Givetian tintinnid-like palynomorph from Libya.
Steemans, Philippe ULg; Breuer, P.; Ville de Goyet, F. de et al

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (2014), ?

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See detailPlanatophyton gen. nov., a late Early or Middle Devonian euphyllophyte from Xinjiang, North-West China
Gerrienne, Philippe ULg; Meyer-Berthaud; Yang, N. et al

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (2014)

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See detailA Middle Devonian Callixylon (Archaeopteridales) from Ronquières, Belgium
Cornet, Luc ULg; Gerrienne, Philippe ULg; Meyer-Berthaud, Brigitte et al

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (2012), 183

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See detailThe Middle Devonian plant assemblage from Dechra Aït Abdallah (Central Morocco) revisited
Prestianni, Cyrille; Meyer-Berthaud, Brigitte; Blanchard, Romain et al

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (2012), 179

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See detailDiverse assemblages of Mid Devonian megaspores from Libya
Steemans, Philippe ULg; Breuer, Pierre; Petus, Elodie ULg et al

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (2011), 165

[en] A restudy of Devonian palynological assemblages of samples from the A1-69 borehole, drilled in the Ghadamis Basin, western Libya, North Africa has led to the discovery of numerous well-preserved ... [more ▼]

[en] A restudy of Devonian palynological assemblages of samples from the A1-69 borehole, drilled in the Ghadamis Basin, western Libya, North Africa has led to the discovery of numerous well-preserved megaspores amongst abundant miospores, rare acritarchs and rare chitinozoans. Thirteen samples from base to top, 1496 ft (456 m) up to 965 ft (294 m), contain the richest Devonian megaspore assemblages from northwestern Gondwana. The section is dated by a rich diverse miospore assemblage indicating the presence of the upper part of the AD pre-Lem Biozone up to the lower part of the TCo Oppel Zone, ranging from a latest Eifelian or earliest Givetian age up to a latest Givetian or an earliest Frasnian age. Seventeen megaspore taxa have been identified. Among them, two new species (Biharisporites lugardonii and Lagenicula milleri) and four new varieties (Corystisporites acutispinosus var. acutispinosus and var. bullatus, Heliotriletes longispinosus var. longispinosus and var. radiatus) are described. One new possible megaspore species is also described: Verruciretusispora labiosa sp. nov. One core sample (1293 ft, 394 m) contains several specimens of very large megaspores (ca. 1 mm), the largest known from Devonian localities (except for one specimen observed in the Givetian from Belgium). Among the 17 megaspore taxa from Libya, 6 are present on the Euramerican Continent. This observation is in accordance with previous palynological conclusions that favour the absence of palaeogeographic barriers between the Euramerican and Gondwanan continents that are suggested to be grouped together in a “Pre-Pangea” land mass. [less ▲]

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See detailFTIR characterisation of the chemical composition of Silurian miospores (cryptospores and trilete spores) from Gotland, Sweden
Steemans, Philippe ULg; Lepot, Kevin ULg; Marshall, Craig et al

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (2010), 162

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See detailAberlemnia caledonica gen. et comb. nov., a new name for Cooksonia caledonica Edwards 1970.
Gonez, Paul ULg; Gerrienne, Philippe ULg

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (2010), 163

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See detailThe proto-ovule Runcaria heinzelinii Stockmans 1968 emend. Gerrienne et al., 2004 (mid-Givetian, Belgium): Concept and epitypification.
Gerrienne, Philippe ULg; Meyer-Berthaud, Brigitte

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (2007), 145(3-4), 321-323

The proto-ovule Runcaria heinzelinii Stockmans 1968 has been re-described and interpraed as a precursor of seed plants; its generico-specifica diagnosis has been emended [Gerrienne, P., Meyer-Berthaud, B ... [more ▼]

The proto-ovule Runcaria heinzelinii Stockmans 1968 has been re-described and interpraed as a precursor of seed plants; its generico-specifica diagnosis has been emended [Gerrienne, P., Meyer-Berthaud, B., Fairon-Demaret, M., Streel, M., Steemans, P. 2004. Runcaria, a Middle Devonian seed plant precursor. Science 306, 856-858.]. Here we define the concept of "proto-ovule" and designate an epitype to support the uninformative and poorly preserved holotype [Stockmans, F., 1968. Vegetaux mesodevoniens recoltes aux confins du Massif du Brabant (Belgique). Inst. Roy. Sci. Nat. Belg. Mem. 159, 1-49., Plate VII: 8a]. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailPreface: A tribute to Muriel Fairon-Demaret
Gerrienne, Philippe ULg

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (2006), 142(3-4), 61-61

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See detailAn exceptional specimen of the early land plant Cooksonia paranensis, and a hypothesis on the life cycle of the earliest eutracheophytes
Gerrienne, Philippe ULg; Dilcher, D. L.; Bergamaschi, S. et al

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (2006), 142(3-4), 123-130

An exceptionally large specimen of the early land plant Cooksonia paranensis Gerrienne et al. has been discovered from the type locality (Jackson de Figueiredo, Parana Basin, Brazil; early Lochkovian ... [more ▼]

An exceptionally large specimen of the early land plant Cooksonia paranensis Gerrienne et al. has been discovered from the type locality (Jackson de Figueiredo, Parana Basin, Brazil; early Lochkovian, Early Devonian). This nearly complete specimen consists of five dichotomous axes attached at their base to a small thalloid(?) structure. Each terminal axis segment ends in an expanded, cup-like, empty tip. Three interpretations of the specimen are proposed. (1) The whole specimen is a gametophyte of the Sciadopkyton-type, with a central area from which five axes depart; under this interpretation, the terminal cups are gametangiophores. (2) The basal structure represents the remains of a rhizome bearing five upright aerial axes, in which case the whole plant is a sporophyte. (3; our favoured hypothesis) The specimen is a cluster of five individual sporophytes still attached to the remains of a small female or bisexual gametophyte. In the latter case, this fossil is evidence that reduced thalloid gametophytes and branched axial sporophytes are plesiomorphic among the earliest eutracheophytes. We suggest that a major difference in life cycle defines a basal dichotomy in tracheophytes. Eutracheophyta, including all living vascular plants, have a heteromorphic, sporophyte dominant alternation of generations, whereas their extinct sister-group Rhymopsida (renamed here Paratracheophyta) is characterised by a more or less isomorphic alternations of generations. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailLectotypification of the Famennian pre-ovule Condrusia rumex Stockmans, 1948
Prestianni, Cyrille ULg; Gerrienne, Philippe ULg

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (2006), 142(3-4), 161-164

Condrusia rumex Stockmans 1948 occurs in several localities of the Belgian Evieux Formation (late Famennian, Upper Devonian). It consists of a hastate organ borne at the tip of "slender, dichotomizing ... [more ▼]

Condrusia rumex Stockmans 1948 occurs in several localities of the Belgian Evieux Formation (late Famennian, Upper Devonian). It consists of a hastate organ borne at the tip of "slender, dichotomizing" axes. Various interpretations have been given to this intriguing structure, ranging from a spore-bearing organ to a fern prothallus but recent investigations consider Condrusia to be an ovulate structures produced by early seed plants. The genus Condrusia includes 3 species: C rumex Stockmans, C. minor Stockmans and C. brevis Petrosjan. C rumex was described by Stockmans in 1948, who provided a diagnosis and illustrations, but failed to designate a holotype. We are currently reinvestigating the genus and we here designate and illustrate a lectotype for the genus and species C. rumex. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailA new approach in deciphering early protist paleobiology and evolution: Combined microscopy and microchemistry of single Proterozoic acritarchs
Javaux, Emmanuelle ULg; Marshal, C. P.

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (2006), 139(1-4), 1-15

Beside a few cases, the biological affinities of Proterozoic and Paleozoic acritarchs remain, by definition, largely unknown. However, these fossils record crucial steps in the early evolution of ... [more ▼]

Beside a few cases, the biological affinities of Proterozoic and Paleozoic acritarchs remain, by definition, largely unknown. However, these fossils record crucial steps in the early evolution of microorganisms and diversification of complex ecosystems. We present how combining microscopy (light microscopy, scanning and transmitted electron microscopy) with microchemical analyses of individual microfossils may offer further insights into the paleobiology and evolution of early microorganisms. We use our ongoing work on early Mesoproterozoic and Neoproterozoic assemblages, as well as other published work, as examples to illustrate how this approach may clarify the evolution of early microorganisms and we underline how useful this approach could be for palynologists working on younger material. Such a multidisciplinary approach offers new possibilities to investigate the biological affinities of acritarchs and the record of early life on Earth and beyond. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailLochkovian (earliest Devonian) miospores from the Solimoes Basin, northwestern Brazil
Rubinstein, C.; Melo, J. H. G.; Steemans, Philippe ULg

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (2005), 133(1-2), 91-113

Eighteen core samples from PETROBRAS well 1-JD-1-AM (Jandiatuba area. Solimoes Basin. northwestern Brazil) have been studied for miospores. Fifty-three species are identified. This assemblage is ... [more ▼]

Eighteen core samples from PETROBRAS well 1-JD-1-AM (Jandiatuba area. Solimoes Basin. northwestern Brazil) have been studied for miospores. Fifty-three species are identified. This assemblage is tentatively correlated with the Z Phylozone of the BZ Oppel Zone (Steemans, P., 1989. Palynostratigraphie de l'Eodevonien dans l'ouest de l'Europe. Professional Paper. Memoires Explicatifs pour les Caries Geologiques and Mineralogiques de la Belgique, 27, pp. 453.), dated late Lochkovian, This is in accordance with previous age determinations based on chitinozoans and acritarchs. Numerous representatives of the miospore genus Dictyotriletes are observed. These enable recognition of the Dictyotriletes emsiensis morphon. an informal classification unit which includes Dictyotriletes granulatus, D. emsiensis, Dictyotriletes cf. subgranifer, specimens previously misassigned to D. subgranifer and some Dictyotriletes spp. provisionally left in open nomenclature. Since all intermediate forms from typical D. granulatus to typical D. emsiensis coexist. it is currently difficult to determine the base of "F" Interval Biozone in South America as originally defined in Western Europe. It is suggested. therefore. that the base of the "Ems" Biozone defined in Brazil cannot be correlated with the base of die "E" Biozone. Instead. it be included in an interval of uncertainty ranging from the European "Si" to "E" Biozones. Indeed. the underlying "NsZ" Biozone from South America, contains species not known below the "Si" Biozone. Here, the D. emsiensis morphon Assemblage Zone is erected, which may, be coeval with the "N" through "E" Biozones of Western Europe. The PISA palynoflora from the Parana Basin is also attributed to this new biozone. However, in the absence of species observed in the "BZ" Biozone (and also in the Solimoes Basin). the PISA assemblage could be somewhat older than that of well 1-JD-1-AM. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailThe in situ Glyptostroboxylon forest of Hoegaarden (Belgium) at the Initial Eocene Thermal Maximum (55 Ma)
Fairon-Demaret, Muriel ULg; Steurbaut, Etienne; Damblon, Freddy ULg et al

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (2003), 126(1-2), 103-129

Hundreds of silicified standing stumps have been discovered within a lignitic horizon in the middle of the Tienen Formation near Hoegaarden in northeast Belgium. The anatomical features of the fossil ... [more ▼]

Hundreds of silicified standing stumps have been discovered within a lignitic horizon in the middle of the Tienen Formation near Hoegaarden in northeast Belgium. The anatomical features of the fossil stumps, as those of the numerous silicified secondary xylem remains collected since the last century from this area, demonstrate that they all belong to a single taxodiaceous taxon. The stumps bear characteristics shared by Taxodioxylon gypsaceum and Glyptostroboxylon tenerum, but affinities with the latter appear closer. They are attributed to Glyptostroboxylon sp. Calibration of the sedimentological, stratigraphical and organic carbon isotope data reveals that these taxodiaceous fossil trees developed in a swampy lowland environment most probably during the Initial Eocene Thermal Maximum at ca. 55 Ma. (C) 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailMiospore assemblages from the Silurian-Devonian boundary, in borehole A1-61, Ghadamis Basin, Libya
Rubinstein, C.; Steemans, Philippe ULg

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (2002, April), 118(1-avr Sp. Iss. SI), 397-421

Well preserved and diversified miospore assemblages have been recorded from a relatively continuous sequence in borehole A1-61 which spans the Silurian-Devonian boundary in the northwestern part of the ... [more ▼]

Well preserved and diversified miospore assemblages have been recorded from a relatively continuous sequence in borehole A1-61 which spans the Silurian-Devonian boundary in the northwestern part of the Ghadamis Basin, Libya. The sequence is represented by early Devonian Lochkovian beds of the Tadrart Formation that transgress onto the Silurian Ludlow-Pridoli beds of the upper part of the 'Alternances Argilo-greseuses' Formation. The present work demonstrates a succession of miospore assemblages from closely sampled layers that have been stratigraphically dated as Ludlow-middle Pridoli and early Lochkovian by chitinozoans and acritarchs. Over 80 species of cryptospores and trilete spores have been identified. Modified detailed morphological interpretations are given. The miospore assemblages are correlated with miospore zonation schemes established for the type sequences of the Welsh Borderland, and those previously described from Libya. Early occurrences of some species as Streelispora newportensis on the western Gondwana plate, are put forward by comparison with the Old Red Sandstone continent. Phytogeographic and palaeobotanic implications based on these observations are discussed. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailPalaeozoic palynology. A special Issue in honour of Dr. Stanisla Loboziak
Steemans, Philippe ULg; Servais, T.; Streel, Maurice ULg

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (2002), 118(Special Issue), 1-421

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See detailBiometry and paleoenvironment of Retispora lepidophyta (Kedo) Playford 1976 and associated miospores in the latest Famennian nearshore marine facies, eastern Ardenne (Belgium)
Maziane, N.; Higgs, K. T.; Streel, Maurice ULg

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (2002), 118(1-avr Sp. Iss. SI), 211-226

The size diameter of Retispora lepidophyta, a stratigraphically important miospore, is reexamined in greater detail than in previous studies using three sections of the latest Famennian nearshore marine ... [more ▼]

The size diameter of Retispora lepidophyta, a stratigraphically important miospore, is reexamined in greater detail than in previous studies using three sections of the latest Famennian nearshore marine facies of the eastern Ardenne. The evolutionary character of the size reduction with time is confirmed and is used for accurate correlations between the three sections. Cluster analyses (dendrograms) are performed on the percentages of a selection of miospore species from the two most complete sections and show a clear analogy in the lateral distribution of R. lepidophyta and Vallatisporites hystricosus, a species known elsewhere (West Virginia, USA) to belong to coastal 'downstream' near-swamp plant communities [Streel and Scheckler, Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol. 64 (1990) 315-324]. By comparison also with the West Virginia data, three Diducites species are believed to represent the 'coal' swamp vegetation. A decrease in the proportion of the Diducites species from the lower to the upper portion of the studied sections is observed. Using biometric analysis, high resolution correlation between these sections reveals a lateral shift of facies with time during the latest Famennian in the eastern Ardenne. Local synsedimentary block-faulting processes were probably responsible. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailAarabia, a new Early Devonian vascular plant from Africa (Morocco).
Gerrienne, Philippe ULg; Meyer-Berthaud, Brigitte

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (2001), 116

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