MR Imaging of Iron Phagocytosis in Intraluminal Thrombi of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms in Humans.
NCHIMI LONGANG, Alain ; ; Brisbois, Denis et al
in Radiology (2010), 254(3), 973-81Detailed reference viewed: 50 (36 ULg)
Severe pulmonary embolism: Pulmonary artery clot load scores and cardiovascular parameters as predictors of mortality
Ghaye, Benoît ; Ghuysen, Alexandre ; et al
in Radiology (2006), 239(3), 884-891
Purpose: To retrospectively evaluate pulmonary artery (PA) clot load scores and computed tomographic (CT) cardiovascular parameters as predictors of mortality in patients with severe pulmonary embolism ... [more ▼]
Purpose: To retrospectively evaluate pulmonary artery (PA) clot load scores and computed tomographic (CT) cardiovascular parameters as predictors of mortality in patients with severe pulmonary embolism (PE). Materials and Methods: Institutional review board approval was obtained with waiver of informed consent. A total of 82 consecutive patients (42 women, 40 men; mean age +/- standard deviation, 61 years +/- 15) were admitted to the intensive care unit for PE-related conditions and were evaluated by using CT pulmonary angiography. Two independent readers who were blinded to clinical outcome quantified PA clot load by using four scoring systems. Cardiovascular measurements included right ventricular (RV) and left ventricular (LV) short-axis measurements; RV short axis to LV short axis (RV/LV) ratios; main PA, ascending aorta, azygos vein, and superior vena cava diameters; and main PA diameter to aorta diameter ratios. Reflux of contrast medium into the inferior vena cava, leftward bowing of the interventricular septum, pleural or pericardial effusion, pulmonary consolidation, infarct, platelike atelectasis, and mosaic ground-glass opacity were also recorded. Results were correlated with patient outcome during hospital stay by using the Wilcoxon rank sum and x(2) tests. Results: Twelve patients died within 1-14 days. RV and LV short axis; RV/LV ratio; azygos vein, superior vena cava, and aorta diameters; and contrast medium reflux into the inferior vena cava were significantly different between survivors and nonsurvivors (P <.05). No significant relationship was found between PA clot load and mortality rate. RV/LV ratio and azygos vein diameter allowed correct prediction of survival in 89% of patients (P <.001). Conclusion: RV/LV ratio and azygos vein diameter are predictors of mortality in patients with severe PE. (c) RSNA, 2006 [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 47 (5 ULg)
Elastase-induced pulmonary emphysema in rats: comparison of computed density and microscopic morphometry.
; ; Gustin, Pascal et al
in Radiology (2006), 241(3), 763-70
PURPOSE: To prospectively compare computed tomographic (CT) quantification of pulmonary emphysema in elastase-treated rats with morphometry and to evaluate the information yielded by CT quantification and ... [more ▼]
PURPOSE: To prospectively compare computed tomographic (CT) quantification of pulmonary emphysema in elastase-treated rats with morphometry and to evaluate the information yielded by CT quantification and pulmonary function tests. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was approved by the local committee on care and use of animals in research. Thirty-six animals were used. Emphysema was produced by means of one or two tracheal injections of 300 IU of elastase, 8 weeks apart, in seven and 12 rats, respectively. As a control group, 10 rats received an injection of normal saline. The dynamic resistance, dynamic compliance, and static compliance were measured. CT was performed with 1-mm section thickness and 3-mm intervals. Relative areas of lung with attenuation coefficients lower than nine chosen thresholds (from -900 to -980 HU) and eight percentiles (from 1st to 18th percentiles) of the distribution of attenuation coefficients were compared with measurements of alveoli size--that is, mean interwall distance (MIWD) and mean perimeter per field (MP). Correlations between data obtained with thresholds and percentiles and MIWD and MP were investigated by means of Spearman coefficients (r(s)). Values of pulmonary function tests, most appropriate relative area threshold, and percentile were investigated by means of stepwise multiple regressions. RESULTS: For thresholds, relative surface area with attenuation coefficients less than -940 HU (RA(940)) showed the strongest correlations with findings at microscopy (r(s) = 0.676, P < .001 for MIWD; r(s) = -0.720, P < .001 for MP). For percentiles, the 3rd percentile showed the strongest correlations (r(s) = -0.647, P < .001 for MIWD; r(s) = 0.701, P < .001 for MP). Dynamic compliance and RA(940) or 3rd percentile were complementary for predicting microscopic measurements. CONCLUSION: In rats, RA(940) and the 3rd percentile reflect the extent of elastase-induced pulmonary emphysema and are complementary to dynamic compliance to predict microscopic extent. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 17 (2 ULg)
Rheumatoid hand joint synovitis: gray-scale and power Doppler US quantifications following anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha treatment: pilot study
Ribbens, Clio ; Andre, Béatrice ; et al
in Radiology (2003), 229(2), 562-569
PURPOSE: To evaluate by using B-mode and power Doppler ultrasonography (US) and clinical assessment the response of hand joint synovitis in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) to treatment with ... [more ▼]
PURPOSE: To evaluate by using B-mode and power Doppler ultrasonography (US) and clinical assessment the response of hand joint synovitis in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) to treatment with the anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha agent infliximab. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Wrists, metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joints, and proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joints in 11 patients with active RA were assessed before and 6 weeks after three infliximab infusions. US assessment was performed at a single site in the MCP and PIP joints and at two sites (radiocarpal and intercarpal) in the wrists. Twenty measurements were performed in the wrists; 110 measurements, in the MCP joints; and 103 measurements, in the PIP joints. Two wrists and seven PIP joints were excluded owing to complete joint destruction. US parameters (synovial thickness, number of US-positive joints [ie, with synovial thickness > or = 1 mm], cumulative synovial thickness index, and presence of Doppler signal) and clinical parameters (swollen joint count) were independently assessed and compared with baseline values by using the McNemar chi2 and paired Student t tests. RESULTS: After infliximab treatment, there was a significant decrease in the mean numbers of swollen and US-positive joints and in the cumulative synovial thickness (P <.05). The mean synovial thickness decreased in all joints swollen at baseline and in the MCP and PIP joints not swollen at baseline (P <.01). Change from baseline cumulative synovial thickness correlated significantly with change in disease activity score (r = 0.69, P <.05). The number of positive Doppler US signals decreased significantly (in 13 US-positive joints at baseline, in five after treatment; P <.05). CONCLUSION: US is a feasible imaging modality for measurement of the response of RA small-joint synovitis to therapy. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 6 (0 ULg)
Differentiation between begnin and malignant breast lesions with MR imaging and scintimammography
; ; Seret, Alain et al
in Radiology (1997), 205(1), 283
No abstract for this letter.Detailed reference viewed: 43 (1 ULg)
Pituitary microadenomas: diagnosis with two-and three-dimensional MR imaging at 1.5 T before and after injection of gadolinium.
; Stevenaert, Achille ; Beckers, Albert et al
in Radiology (1990), 176(2), 419-428
The usefulness of different magnetic resonance (MR) imaging sequences (coronal and sagittal spin-echo [SE] and three-dimensional fast low-angle shot [3D FLASH]) in the detection of pituitary microadenomas ... [more ▼]
The usefulness of different magnetic resonance (MR) imaging sequences (coronal and sagittal spin-echo [SE] and three-dimensional fast low-angle shot [3D FLASH]) in the detection of pituitary microadenomas before and after gadolinium injection was prospectively evaluated in 28 patients with surgical confirmation. When evaluated separately, the most useful sequences in the detection of these microadenomas were coronal pregadolinium T1-weighted SE, coronal pregadolinium 3D FLASH, coronal postgadolinium T1-weighted SE, and coronal postgadolinium 3D FLASH. The combination of pre- and postgadolinium T1-weighted sequences with pre-and postgadolinium 3D FLASH sequences produced the highest number of true-positive findings (90%) and the lowest number of false-positive findings (5%). When a 1.5-T imaging unit with a high signal-to-noise ratio allowing useful three-dimensional acquisition is used, the authors advocate a coronal T1-weighted SE sequence, followed (if necessary) by a coronal 3D FLASH sequence, both without injection of gadolinium, in the diagnosis of pituitary microadenomas. When no confident diagnosis is reached, the same sequences should be performed after the injection of gadolinium. The sagittal pre- and postgadolinium T1-weighted SE and long-TR SE sequences are useful only in specific cases. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 22 (1 ULg)
The comparison of two dimensional and three dimensional sequences before and after Gadolinium injection in the diagnosis of microadenomas at 1.5 Tesla.
; Stevenaert, Achille ; Beckers, Albert et al
in Radiology (1990), 176Detailed reference viewed: 2 (0 ULg)