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See detailAlignment and calibration of the ICON-FUV instrument: Development of a vacuum UV facility
Loicq, Jerôme ULg; Blain, Pascal ULg; Kintziger, Christian ULg et al

in Proceedings of SPIE (2016, June)

The optical calibration of the ICON-FUV instrument requires designing specific ground support equipment (GSE). The ICON-FUV instrument is a spectrographic imager that operates on two specific wavelengths ... [more ▼]

The optical calibration of the ICON-FUV instrument requires designing specific ground support equipment (GSE). The ICON-FUV instrument is a spectrographic imager that operates on two specific wavelengths in the UV (135.6 nm and 157 nm). All the operations have to be performed under vacuum UV light. The optical setup is based on a VUV monochromator coupled with a collimator that illuminates the FUV entrance slit. The instrument is placed on a manipulator providing fields pointing. Image quality and spectral properties can be then characterized for each field. OGSE, MGSE, optical calibration plan and vacuum alignment of the instrument are described. [less ▲]

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See detailOptical design and optical properties of a VUV spectrographic imager for ICON mission
Loicq, Jerôme ULg; Kintziger, Christian ULg; Mazzoli, Alexandra ULg et al

in Proceedings of SPIE (2016, June)

In the frame of the ICON (Ionospheric Connection Explorer) mission of NASA led by UC Berkeley, CSL and SSL Berkeley have designed in cooperation a new Far UV spectro-imager. The instrument is based on a ... [more ▼]

In the frame of the ICON (Ionospheric Connection Explorer) mission of NASA led by UC Berkeley, CSL and SSL Berkeley have designed in cooperation a new Far UV spectro-imager. The instrument is based on a Czerny-Turner spectrograph coupled with two back imagers. The whole field of view covers [± 12° vertical, ± 9° horizontal]. The instrument is surmounted by a rotating mirror to adjust the horizontal field of view pointing by ± 30°. To meet the scientific imaging and spectral requirements the instrument has been optimized. The optimization philosophy and related analysis are presented in the present paper. PSF, distortion map and spectral properties are described. A tolerance study and alignment cases were performed to prove the instrument can be built and aligned. Finally straylight and out of band properties are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailCharacterization of the ASPIICS/OPSE metrology sub-system and PSF centroiding procedure.
Lorregia, D; Thizy, Cédric ULg; Renotte, Etienne ULg

in Proceedings of SPIE (2016, June)

Metrology in diluted systems for space applications is one of the most important technology research fields that in recent years have raised increasing interest. Many applications of astronomical ... [more ▼]

Metrology in diluted systems for space applications is one of the most important technology research fields that in recent years have raised increasing interest. Many applications of astronomical observation techniques, as coronography and interferometry get great benefit when moved in space and the employment of diluted systems represents a milestone to step-over in astronomical research. In this work, we present the Optical Position Sensors Emitter (OPSE) metrological sub-system on-board of the PROBA3. PROBA3 is an ESA technology mission that will test in-orbit many metrology techniques for the maintenance of a Formation Flying with two satellites, in this case an occulter and a main satellite housing a coronagraph named ASPIICS, kept at an average inter-distance of 144m. The scientific task is the observation of the Sun’s Corona at high spatial and temporal resolution down to 1.08R⊙. The OPSE will monitor the relative position of the two satellites and consists of 3 emitters positioned on the rear surface of the occulter, that will be observed by the coronagraph itself. A Centre of Gravity (CoG) algorithm is used to monitor the emitter’s PSF at the focal plane of the Coronagraph retrieving the Occulter position with respect to the main spacecraft. The 3 location target accuracy is 300m for lateral movement and 21cm for longitudinal movements. A description of the characterization tests on the OPSE LED sources, and of the design for a laboratory set-up for on ground testing is given with a preliminary assessment of the performances expected from the OPSE images centroiding algorithm. [less ▲]

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See detailThe shadow position sensors (SPS) formation flying metrology
Focardi, Mauro; Thizy, Cédric ULg; Renotte, Etienne ULg

in Proceedings of SPIE (2016, June)

PROBA-3 [1] [2] is a Mission of the European Space Agency (ESA) composed of two formation-flying satellites, planned for their joint launch by the end of 2018. Its main purposes have a dual nature ... [more ▼]

PROBA-3 [1] [2] is a Mission of the European Space Agency (ESA) composed of two formation-flying satellites, planned for their joint launch by the end of 2018. Its main purposes have a dual nature: scientific and technological. In particular, it is designed to observe and study the inner part of the visible solar corona, thanks to a dedicated coronagraph called ASPIICS (Association of Spacecraft for Polarimetric and Imaging Investigation of the Corona of the Sun), and to demonstrate the in-orbit formation flying (FF) and attitude control capability of its two satellites. The Coronagraph payload on-board PROBA-3 consists of the following parts: the Coronagraph Instrument (CI) with the Shadow Position Sensor (SPS) on the Coronagraph Spacecraft (CSC), the Occulter Position Sensor (OPSE) [3] [4] and the External Occulting (EO) disk on the Occulter Spacecraft (OSC). The SPS subsystem [5] is one of the main metrological devices of the Mission, adopted to control and to maintain the relative (i.e. between the two satellites) and absolute (i.e. with respect to the Sun) FF attitude. It is composed of eight micro arrays of silicon photomultipliers (SiPMs) [6] that shall be able to measure, with the required sensitivity and dynamic range as asked by ESA, the penumbral light intensity on the Coronagraph entrance pupil. With the present paper we describe the testing activities on the SPS breadboard (BB) and Development Model (DM) as well as the present status and future developments of this PROBA-3 metrological subsystem. [less ▲]

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See detailPreliminary evaluation of the di raction behind the PROBA 3/ASPIICS optimized occulter
Baccani, Cristian; Thizy, Cédric ULg; Renotte, Etienne ULg

in Proceedings of SPIE (2016, June)

PROBA-3 is a technological mission of the European Space Agency (ESA), devoted to the in-orbit demon- stration of formation ying (FF) techniques and technologies. ASPIICS is an externally occulted ... [more ▼]

PROBA-3 is a technological mission of the European Space Agency (ESA), devoted to the in-orbit demon- stration of formation ying (FF) techniques and technologies. ASPIICS is an externally occulted coronagraph approved by ESA as payload in the framework of the PROBA-3 mission and is currently in its C/D phase. FF o ers a solution to investigate the solar corona close the solar limb using a two-component space system: the external occulter on one spacecraft and the optical instrument on the other, separated by a large dis- tance and kept in strict alignment. ASPIICS is characterized by an inter-satellite distance of 144 m and an external occulter diameter of 1.42 m. The stray light due to the di raction by the external occulter edge is always the most critical o ender to a coronagraph performance: the designer work is focused on reducing the stray light and carefully evaluating the residuals. In order to match this goal, external occulters are usually characterized by an optimized shape along the optical axis. Part of the stray light evaluation process is based on the di raction calculation with the optimized occulter and with the whole solar disk as a source. We used the eld tracing software VirtualLabTM Fusion by Wyrowski Photonics [1] to simulate the di raction. As a rst approach and in order to evaluate the software, we simulated linear occulters, through as portions of the ight occulter, in order to make a direct comparison with the Phase-A measurements [2]. [less ▲]

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See detailThe satellite formation flying in lab: PROBA-3/ASPIICS metrology
Capobianco, G; Thizy, Cédric ULg; Renotte, Etienne ULg

in Proceedings of SPIE (2016, June)

Formation flying is one of the most promising techniques for the future of astronomy and astrophysics from the space. The capabilities of the rockets strongly affect the dimensions and the weights of ... [more ▼]

Formation flying is one of the most promising techniques for the future of astronomy and astrophysics from the space. The capabilities of the rockets strongly affect the dimensions and the weights of telescopes and instrumentation to be launched. Telescopes composed by several smallest satellites in formation flying, could be the key for build big space telescopes. With this aim, the ESA PROBA-3 mission will demonstrate the capabilities of this technology, maintaining two satellites aligned within 1 mm (longitudinal) when the nominal distance between the two is of around 144m. The scientific objective of the mission is the observation of the solar corona down to 1.08 solar radii. The Coronagraph Spacecraft (CSC) will observe the Sun, when the second spacecraft, the Occulter Spacecraft (OSC) will work as an external occulter, eclipsing to the CSC the sun disk. The finest metrology sub-systems, the Shadow Position Sensors (SPS) and the Occulter Position Sensor Emitters (OPSE) identifying respectively the CSC-Sun axis and the formation flying (i.e., CSC-OSC) axis will be considered here. In particular, this paper is dedicated to the test-bed for the characterization, the performance analysis and the algorithms capabilities analysis of the both the metrology subsystems. The test-bed is able to simulate the different flight conditions of the two spacecraft and will give the opportunity to check the response of the subsystems in the conditions as close as possible to the flight ones. [less ▲]

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See detailRecent achievements on ASPIICS, an externally occulted coronagraph for PROBA-3.
Renotte, Etienne ULg; Denis, François ULg; Desselle, Richard ULg et al

in Proceedings of SPIE (2016, June)

This paper presents the current status of ASPIICS, a solar coronagraph that is the primary payload of ESA’s formation flying in-orbit demonstration mission PROBA-3. The “sonic region” of the Sun corona ... [more ▼]

This paper presents the current status of ASPIICS, a solar coronagraph that is the primary payload of ESA’s formation flying in-orbit demonstration mission PROBA-3. The “sonic region” of the Sun corona remains extremely difficult to observe with spatial resolution and sensitivity sufficient to understand the fine scale phenomena that govern the quiescent solar corona, as well as phenomena that lead to coronal mass ejections (CMEs), which influence space weather. Improvement on this front requires eclipse-like conditions over long observation times. The space-borne coronagraphs flown so far provided a continuous coverage of the external parts of the corona but their over-occulting system did not permit to analyse the part of the white-light corona where the main coronal mass is concentrated. The PROBA-3 Coronagraph System, also known as ASPIICS (Association of Spacecraft for Polarimetric and Imaging Investigation of the Corona of the Sun) is designed as a classical externally occulted Lyot coronagraph but it takes advantage of the opportunity to place the external occulter on a companion spacecraft, about 150m apart, to perform high resolution imaging of the inner corona of the Sun as close as ~1.1 solar radii. The images will be tiled and compressed on board in an FPGA before being down-linked to ground for scientific analyses. ASPIICS is built by a large European consortium including about 20 partners from 7 countries under the auspices of the European Space Agency. This paper is reviewing the recent development status of the ASPIICS instrument as it is approaching CDR. [less ▲]

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See detailSolar simulation test up to 13 solar constants for the thermal balance of the Solar Orbiter EUI instrument
Rossi, Laurence ULg; zhukova, Maria; Jacques, Lionel ULg et al

in Proceedings of SPIE (2014, June 18)

Solar Orbiter EUI instrument was submitted to a high solar flux to correlate the thermal model of the instrument. EUI, the Extreme Ultraviolet Imager, is developed by a European consortium led by the ... [more ▼]

Solar Orbiter EUI instrument was submitted to a high solar flux to correlate the thermal model of the instrument. EUI, the Extreme Ultraviolet Imager, is developed by a European consortium led by the Centre Spatial de Liège for the Solar Orbiter ESA M-class mission. The solar flux that it shall have to withstand will be as high as 13 solar constants when the spacecraft reaches its 0.28AU perihelion. It is essential to verify the thermal design of the instrument, especially the heat evacuation property and to assess the thermo-mechanical behavior of the instrument when submitted to high thermal load. Therefore, a thermal balance test under 13 solar constants was performed on the first model of EUI, the Structural and Thermal Model. The optical analyses and experiments performed to characterize accurately the thermal and divergence parameters of the flux are presented; the set-up of the test, and the correlation with the thermal model performed to deduce the unknown thermal parameters of the instrument and assess its temperature profile under real flight conditions are also presented. [less ▲]

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See detailSpace radiation parameters for EUI and the Sun Sensor of Solar Orbiter, ESIO and JUDE instruments
Rossi, Laurence ULg; Jacques, Lionel ULg; Halain, Jean-Philippe ULg et al

in Proceedings of SPIE (2014, June 18)

This paper presents predictions of space radiation parameters for four space instruments performed by the Centre Spatial de Liège (ULg – Belgium); EUI, the Extreme Ultra-violet Instrument, on-board the ... [more ▼]

This paper presents predictions of space radiation parameters for four space instruments performed by the Centre Spatial de Liège (ULg – Belgium); EUI, the Extreme Ultra-violet Instrument, on-board the Solar Orbiter platform; ESIO, Extreme-UV solar Imager for Operations, and JUDE, the Jupiter system Ultraviolet Dynamics Experiment, which was proposed for the JUICE platform. For Solar Orbiter platform, the radiation environment is defined by ESA environmental specification and the determination of the parameters is done through ray-trace analyses inside the EUI instrument. For ESIO instrument, the radiation environment of the geostationary orbit is defined through simulations of the trapped particles flux, the energetic solar protons flux and the galactic cosmic rays flux, taking the ECSS standard for space environment as a guideline. Then ray-trace analyses inside the instrument are performed to predict the particles fluxes at the level of the most radiation-sensitive elements of the instrument. For JUICE, the spacecraft trajectory is built from ephemeris files provided by ESA and the radiation environment is modeled through simulations by JOSE (Jovian Specification Environment model) then ray-trace analyses inside the instrument are performed to predict the particles fluxes at the level of the most radiation-sensitive elements of the instrument. [less ▲]

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See detailSpectral splitting planar solar concentrator : Design and Experimental testing Preliminary results
Blain, Pascal ULg; Michel, Céline ULg; Clermont, Lionel ULg et al

in Proceedings of SPIE (2014, May 15), 9140

We present a new concept in solar concentrator: spectral splitting. It implies reflective, refractive and diffractive elements that allow two spectrally differentiated beams to reach different and/or ... [more ▼]

We present a new concept in solar concentrator: spectral splitting. It implies reflective, refractive and diffractive elements that allow two spectrally differentiated beams to reach different and/or unmatched lattice solar cells. Those cells efficiencies are then enhanced. The aimed geometrical concentration factor is 5× and the theoretical optical efficiency of that concentrator concept reaches 82%. [less ▲]

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See detailInvestigation of spectral impacts on the performance of a concentration device using a Fresnel lens combined with a double junction cell
Loicq, Jerôme ULg; Galante, Nicolas ULg; Thibert, Tanguy ULg et al

in Proceedings of SPIE (2014, May 15)

This experimental study was carried out within the context of high concentration photovoltaics. The paper presents the results of an experimental investigation relating to the quantification of the ... [more ▼]

This experimental study was carried out within the context of high concentration photovoltaics. The paper presents the results of an experimental investigation relating to the quantification of the impacts of the chromatic effect on the performance of a double junction GaInP/GaAs solar cell. Chromatic effects are the result of material dispersion caused by the refractive optics component. This study aims to evaluate the effect of the spectral modification of the incident beam on the whole solar concentrator system performance. Such considerations are fundamental in producing a highly accurate design, with which to achieve the best possible system performance. Efficiency is evaluated within the vicinity of the focus of a Fresnel lens designed for concentration. On the optical axis, rays with different wavelengths are not focalized at the same points. The spectral content of the beam depends, therefore, upon the position of the cell along the optical axis. It is assumed that spectral content modification may have an impact on cell performance and, as a consequence, on system efficiency as a whole. Efficiency of the optical Fresnel lens and of the cell were evaluated in relation to spectral content modification. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of off-axis TMA and FMA telescopes optimized over different fields of view: applications to Earth observation
Clermont, Lionel ULg; Stockman, Yvan ULg; Dierckx, Wouter et al

in Proceedings of SPIE (2014, May 01), 9131

TMA, or three mirror anastigmats, have already been used successfully for various space missions. In the frame of earth observation, ProbaV satellite uses 3 TMAs to cover a total 102.4° field-of-view ... [more ▼]

TMA, or three mirror anastigmats, have already been used successfully for various space missions. In the frame of earth observation, ProbaV satellite uses 3 TMAs to cover a total 102.4° field-of-view; ground sampling distance is about 100m at the center of field-of view and 370m at the edge. For future earth observation missions, the goal would be to reach 100m spatial resolution all over the 102.4° FOV. This would require to up-scale optical specifications, thus increasing geometrical aberrations. FMA, or four mirror anastigmats, could thus be a good candidate for future missions, as a fourth mirror would allow better correction of optical aberrations. In this work, TMA and FMA have been optimized over different fields-of view. Performance limitations are then derived, which show that FMA seems promising for future missions. Radiometry aspects are discussed and preliminary tolerance analysis is carried out. [less ▲]

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See detailFirst prototypes of vortex retarders obtained by polarization holography
Piron, Pierre ULg; Blain, Pascal ULg; Décultot, Marc ULg et al

in Proceedings of SPIE (2014, May), 9099

This paper will present the first prototypes of vortex retarders made of photo-orientable liquid crystals polymers recorded without mechanical action using only polarization holography. Vortex retarders ... [more ▼]

This paper will present the first prototypes of vortex retarders made of photo-orientable liquid crystals polymers recorded without mechanical action using only polarization holography. Vortex retarders are birefringent plates characterized by a uniform phase retard and a rotation of their fast axis along their center. Liquid crystals are anisotropic molecules possessing birefringent properties. They are locally orientable and their orientation defines the fast axis orientation of the retarder. Their alignment depends on the local orientation of the recording electric field. The superimposition of several polarized beams will be used to shape the electric field to achieve the recording of vortex retarders. The mathematical aspects of the superimposition process, as well as several numerical simulations are exposed. Finally, the first prototypes are presented, characterized and compared to the numerical simulations. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Extreme UV Imager of Solar Orbiter – From detailed design to Flight Model
Halain, Jean-Philippe ULg; Rochus, Pierre ULg; Renotte, Etienne ULg et al

in Proceedings of SPIE (2014), 9144

The Extreme Ultraviolet Imager (EUI) on-board the Solar Orbiter mission will provide full-sun and high-resolution image sequences of the solar atmosphere at selected spectral emission lines in the extreme ... [more ▼]

The Extreme Ultraviolet Imager (EUI) on-board the Solar Orbiter mission will provide full-sun and high-resolution image sequences of the solar atmosphere at selected spectral emission lines in the extreme and vacuum ultraviolet. After the breadboarding and prototyping activities that focused on key technologies, the EUI project has completed the design phase and has started the final manufacturing of the instrument and its validation. The EUI instrument has successfully passed its Critical Design Review (CDR). The process validated the detailed design of the Optical Bench unit and of its sub-units (entrance baffles, doors, mirrors, camera, and filter wheel mechanisms), and of the Electronic Box unit. In the same timeframe, the Structural and Thermal Model (STM) test campaign of the two units have been achieved, and allowed to correlate the associated mathematical models. The lessons learned from STM and the detailed design served as input to release the manufacturing of the Qualification Model (QM) and of the Flight Model (FM). The QM will serve to qualify the instrument units and sub-units, in advance of the FM acceptance tests and final on-ground calibration. [less ▲]

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See detailThe dual-gain 10 µm back-thinned 3k x 3k CMOS-APS detector of the Solar Orbiter Extreme UV Imager
Halain, Jean-Philippe ULg; Debaize, Arnaud ULg; Gillis, Jean-Marie ULg et al

in Proceedings of SPIE (2014), 9144

The Extreme Ultraviolet Imager (EUI) on-board the Solar Orbiter mission will provide image sequences of the solar atmosphere at selected spectral emission lines in the extreme and vacuum ultraviolet. For ... [more ▼]

The Extreme Ultraviolet Imager (EUI) on-board the Solar Orbiter mission will provide image sequences of the solar atmosphere at selected spectral emission lines in the extreme and vacuum ultraviolet. For the two Extreme Ultraviolet (EUV) channels of the EUI instrument, low noise and radiation tolerant detectors with low power consumption and high sensitivity in the 10-40 nm wavelength range are required to achieve the science objectives. In that frame, a dual-gain 10 µm pixel pitch back-thinned 1k x 1k Active Pixel Sensor (APS) CMOS prototype has been tested during the preliminary development phase of the instrument, to validate the pixel design, the expected EUV sensitivity and noise level, and the capability to withstand the mission radiation environment. Taking heritage of this prototype, the detector architecture has been improved and scaled up to the required 3k x 3k array. The dynamic range is increased, the readout architecture enhanced, the power consumption reduced, and the pixel design adapted to the required stitching. The detector packaging has also been customized to fit within the constraints imposed by the camera mechanical, thermal and electrical boundaries. The manufacturing process has also been adapted and back-thinning process improved. Once manufactured and packaged, a batch of sensors will undergo a characterization and calibration campaign to select the best candidates for integration into the instrument qualification and flight cameras. The flight devices, within their cameras, will then be embarked on the EUI instrument, and be the first scientific APS-CMOS detectors for EUV observation of the Sun. [less ▲]

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See detailSecond harmonic generation from tyrosine containing peptides
Nasir, Mehmet Nail ULg; Bergmann, Emeric; Benichou, Emmanuel et al

in Proceedings of SPIE (2013), 8817

The Second Harmonic Generation (SHG) response from Tyrosine-containing peptides at the air-water interface is presented. First, the quadratic hyperpolarizability of the aromatic amino acid Tyrosine ... [more ▼]

The Second Harmonic Generation (SHG) response from Tyrosine-containing peptides at the air-water interface is presented. First, the quadratic hyperpolarizability of the aromatic amino acid Tyrosine obtained by Hyper Rayleigh Scattering is reported, demonstrating its potentiality as an endogenous molecular probe for SHG studies. Then, the single Tyrosine antimicrobial peptide Mycosubtilin is monitored at the air-water interface and compared to another peptide, Surfactin, lacking a Tyrosine residue. Adsorption kinetics and polarization analysis of the SHG intensity for the peptide monolayers clearly demonstrate that the SHG response from Mycosubtilin arises from Tyrosine. Besides, it confirms that indeed Tyrosine can be targeted as an endogenous molecular probe. [less ▲]

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See detailSecond harmonic hotspots at the edges of the unit cells in G-shaped gold nanostructures
Valev, VK; Osley, EJ; De Clercq, B et al

in Proceedings of SPIE (2012), 8424

We report our latest results on second harmonic generation (SHG) microscopy from arrays of G-shaped chiral gold nanostructures. The nanostructures are arranged in unit cells composed of four Gs, each ... [more ▼]

We report our latest results on second harmonic generation (SHG) microscopy from arrays of G-shaped chiral gold nanostructures. The nanostructures are arranged in unit cells composed of four Gs, each rotated at 90° with respect to its neighbors. As it has already been demonstrated, for linearly polarized light, these unit cells yield a pattern of four SHG hotspots. However, upon increasing the pitch of the nanostructured arrays, extra hotspots can be observed at the edges of the unit cells. While the origin of these extra hotspots remains to be elucidated, their position indicates a relationship to coupling behavior between the unit cells. [less ▲]

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See detailRobustness of the scanning second harmonic generation microscopy technique for characterization of hotspot patterns in plasmonic nanomaterials
Valev, VK; De Clercq, B; Zheng, X et al

in Proceedings of SPIE (2012), 8424

Scanning second harmonic generation (SHG) microscopy is becoming an important tool for characterizing nanopatterned metal surfaces and mapping plasmonic local field enhancements. Here we study G-shaped ... [more ▼]

Scanning second harmonic generation (SHG) microscopy is becoming an important tool for characterizing nanopatterned metal surfaces and mapping plasmonic local field enhancements. Here we study G-shaped and mirror-G-shaped gold nanostructures and test the robustness of the experimental results versus the direction of scanning, the numerical aperture of the objective, the magnification, and the size of the laser spot on the sample. We find that none of these parameters has a significant influence on the experimental results. [less ▲]

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See detailIntegrated prism-free coupled surface plasmon resonance biochemical sensor
Lenaerts, Cedric ULg; Hastanin, Juriy ULg; Pinchemel, Bernard et al

in Proceedings of SPIE (2012), 8424

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See detailThe Lyman-alpha telescope of the extreme ultraviolet imager on Solar Orbiter
Schühle, Udo; Halain, Jean-Philippe ULg; Meining, Stefan et al

in Proceedings of SPIE (2011), 8148

On the Solar Orbiter mission, the Extreme Ultraviolet Imager (EUI) set of filtergraph-telescopes consists of two high-resolution imagers (HRI) and one dual-band full Sun imager (FSI) that will provide ... [more ▼]

On the Solar Orbiter mission, the Extreme Ultraviolet Imager (EUI) set of filtergraph-telescopes consists of two high-resolution imagers (HRI) and one dual-band full Sun imager (FSI) that will provide images of the solar atmosphere in the extreme ultraviolet and in the Lyman-α line of hydrogen at 121.6 nm. The Lyman-α HRI, in particular, will provide imaging of the upper chromospheres/lower transition region of the Sun at unprecedented high cadence and at an angular resolution of one 1″ (corresponding to a spatial resolution of 200 km at perihelion). For vacuum-ultraviolet imaging of the Sun the main requirements for the instrumentation are high resolution, high cadence, and large dynamic range. We present here the novel solutions of the instrument design and show in detail the predicted performance of this telescope. We describe in detail how the high throughput and spectral purity at 121.6 nm is achieved. The technical solutions include multilayer coatings of the telescope mirrors for high reflectance at 121.6 nm, combined with interference filters and a multichannel-plate intensified CMOS active pixel camera. We make use of the design flexibilities of this camera to optimize the dynamic range in the focal plane. [less ▲]

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