References of "Plant Cell, Tissue & Organ Culture"
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See detailEffect of polyamines or precursors on the hyperhydricity process in micropropagated apple trees.
Tabart; Franck, Thierry ULg; Kevers, Claire ULg et al

in Plant Cell, Tissue & Organ Culture (2014)

Hyperhydricity is a physiological disorder affecting tissue-culture-generated plants. It is associated with excessive hydration and poor lignification. The effects of exogenous polyamines (spermidine and ... [more ▼]

Hyperhydricity is a physiological disorder affecting tissue-culture-generated plants. It is associated with excessive hydration and poor lignification. The effects of exogenous polyamines (spermidine and putrescine) and polyamine precursors (arginine and ornithine) were studied on ‘Jonagold’ apple shoots subjected to hyperhydric conditions for one in vitro multiplication cycle (28 days) on a culture medium containing gelrite as gelling agent. Supplementation of the gelrite-containing medium with 10-5 M spermidine, ornithine, or arginine reduced the percentage of hyperhydricity by at least 50%. Exogenous supplementation with spermidine or a polyamine precursor also caused total phenolics and the antioxidant capacity (measured by ORAC and DPPH assays) to decrease in shoots during the first two weeks. These results suggest an important role of spermidine and its precursor ornithine in countering hyperhydricity. Supplementation could help to maintain high endogenous levels of polyamines and phenolamides necessary for cell osmoregulation, antioxidant protection, cell wall cross-linking, and plant growth regulation. [less ▲]

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See detailIn silico identification and characterization of putative differentially expressed genes involved in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) seed development
Abid, Ghassen ULg; Muhovski, Y.; Jacquemin, J.-M. et al

in Plant Cell, Tissue & Organ Culture (2011)

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See detailChanges in DNA-methylation during zygotic embryogenesis in interspecific hybrids of beans (Phaseolus spp.)
Abid, Ghassen ULg; Muhoviski, Yordan; Jacquemin, Jean-Marie et al

in Plant Cell, Tissue & Organ Culture (2011), (3), 383-393

Hybrid embryos resulting from crosses between Phaseolus species often fail to reach maturity and some combinations frequently abort at early developmental stages. The genetic or molecular basis for these ... [more ▼]

Hybrid embryos resulting from crosses between Phaseolus species often fail to reach maturity and some combinations frequently abort at early developmental stages. The genetic or molecular basis for these consistent developmental defects is at present not clear. However, an extremely complex genetic system, thought to be caused by major epigenetic changes associated with gene expression changes, has been shown to be active in plant species. We have investigated DNA methylation in two interspecific hybrids, Phaseolus vulgaris X Phaseolus coccineus and it reciprocal crosses, using methylation sensitive amplification polymorphism (MSAP). The potential use of MSAP for detecting methylation variation during embryogenesis in interspecific hybrids is discussed. Significant differences in the DNA methylation patterns were observed in abortive (interpecific hybrids) and non abortive (parental) genotypes. Taken together, our results strongly suggest that generalized alterations in DNA methylation profiles could play a causative role in early interspecific embryo abortion in vivo. A considerable change in the methylation pattern during embryogenesis could be involved in the disruption of the regulation or maintenance of the embryogenesis process of Phaseolus interspecific hybrids. The results also support the earlier hypothesis that DNA methylation is critical for the regulation of plant embryogenesis and gene expression. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of reducing sugar concentration on in vitro tuber formation and sprouting in yam (Dioscorea cayenensis-D. rotundata complex).
Ondo Ovono, Paul ULg; Kevers, Claire ULg; Dommes, Jacques ULg

in Plant Cell, Tissue & Organ Culture (2009), 99(1), 55-59

The effects of reducing sucrose level on tuber formation (% of cultures with microtubers), development (length and fresh weight of microtubers) and sprouting in yam Dioscorea cayenensis-D. rotundata ... [more ▼]

The effects of reducing sucrose level on tuber formation (% of cultures with microtubers), development (length and fresh weight of microtubers) and sprouting in yam Dioscorea cayenensis-D. rotundata complex in vitro were investigated. Only 29% of the explants showed tuber formation after 3 weeks in the presence of 1% sucrose in contrast to 100% with 3%. After 120 days of culture, the length and the weight of the tubers obtained in the presence of 1% sucrose were less than with 3% sucrose. Addition of sorbitol to keep osmolarity at the same level did not restore normal rate of tuber formation. Similar results were obtained with the use of reduced fructose or glucose level. Microtuber sprouting was also affected by sucrose level incorporated into the tuberisation medium. Tubers obtained on reduced sucrose level sprouted later and the increase of osmolarity with sorbitol did not restore normal sprouting. The bigger tubers obtained on high sucrose media could contain more carbohydrate reserves that could partially explain a higher sprouting rate. These results can be used for optimising in vitro conditions for mass production of microtubers in yam and especially in Dioscorea cayenensis-D. rotundata complex, a very important species in West Africa. They specially showed the importance of tuberisation conditions on precocity of tuberisation, on tuber length and weight and on their further sprouting. [less ▲]

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See detailAxillary proliferation and tuberisation of Dioscorea cayenensis-D-rotundata complex
Ovono, Paul O; Kevers, Claire ULg; Dommes, Jacques ULg

in Plant Cell, Tissue & Organ Culture (2007), 91(2), 107-114

Yams (Dioscorea spp) are tuber crops used as staple food in Africa because of their nutritional value. However agronomic constraints, phytosanitary problems and the lack of good healthy planting material ... [more ▼]

Yams (Dioscorea spp) are tuber crops used as staple food in Africa because of their nutritional value. However agronomic constraints, phytosanitary problems and the lack of good healthy planting material restrict their production. In contrast to the inefficiency of traditional method of planting, tissue culture techniques allow to increase the multiplication and the rapid production of pathogen- free plant material. This work was undertaken to provide farmers in African countries with healthy microplants and microtubers as seeds. In vitro nodal segments of two varieties of local yams D. cayenensis-D. rotundata complex (cv.'Singo', cv. 'Singou' and cv. 'Gnidou') were micropropagated on the modified medium of Murashige and Skoog. The morphogenesis, the growth of microplants and microtuber formation have been found to be controlled by external factors that act individually and synergistically. Addition of kinetin (2 mg l(-1)) to the culture media could reduce multiplication rate (node number) of some clones. An increase of the sucrose concentration from 3% to 5% induced no change in the multiplication and tuberisation parameters. An important reduction of the multiplication (shoot number, height and node number) and the tuberisation (tuber number and length) was observed with 8% sucrose. Multiplication (shoot and node number) was increased in the presence of jasmonic acid (10 mu M). JA also induced an increase of tuber number in the absence of Kin. Multiplication of yam by in vitro growth of nodal segments is a way for rapid clonal multiplication and could allow solving the problem of lack of seed material faced by farmers. This method could also be used for multiplication of elite cultivars, independently of the growing season. [less ▲]

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See detailBeneficial use of lignosulfonates in in vitro plant cultures: stimulation of growth, of multiplication and of rooting
Docquier, Sarah; Kevers, Claire ULg; Lambe, Pascal et al

in Plant Cell, Tissue & Organ Culture (2007), 90(3), 285-291

Lignosulfonates (LIGNs), low-cost by-products from the paper industry, are already commercialized as fertilizers; they stimulate both vegetative and reproductive growths and fructification. LIGNs have ... [more ▼]

Lignosulfonates (LIGNs), low-cost by-products from the paper industry, are already commercialized as fertilizers; they stimulate both vegetative and reproductive growths and fructification. LIGNs have been tested in in vitro cultures and here too, they improve shoot growth and vigor, and rooting of various plant materials. This study aimed at to extend the in vitro application of LIGNs at different developmental stages in order to increase the productivity of systems generating vitroplants. The present results showed the beneficial effects of various LIGN applications on growth of a tropical orchid, Phalaenopsis, multiplication of Saint-paulia ionantha and rooting of poplar and Sequoiadendron sempervirens shoot cuttings. One of the most interesting observations was the stimulating effect of Ca-chelated LIGN on growth of Phalaenopsis and on rooting of Sequoiadendron. The significant and reproducible effects of LIGNs at several steps of micropropagation of different plant materials represent a potential tool improve quality without embarrassing side-effects. [less ▲]

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See detailEmbryo Abortion And Histological Features In The Interspecific Cross Between Phaseolus Vulgaris L. And P-Coccineus L
Ndoutoumou, Pn.; Toussaint, André ULg; Baudoin, Jean-Pierre ULg

in Plant Cell, Tissue & Organ Culture (2007), 88(3), 329-332

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See detailHyperhydricity of micropropagated shoots: a typically stress-induced change of physiological state
Kevers, Claire ULg; Franck, Thierry ULg; Strasser, Reto et al

in Plant Cell, Tissue & Organ Culture (2004), 77(2), 181-191

Hyperhydricity of micropropagated shoots, formerly called vitrification, undoubtedly results from growth and culture conditions, subjectively reputated as stressing factors: wounding, infiltration of soft ... [more ▼]

Hyperhydricity of micropropagated shoots, formerly called vitrification, undoubtedly results from growth and culture conditions, subjectively reputated as stressing factors: wounding, infiltration of soft culture medium, generally of a high ionic strength, rich in nitrogen and in growth regulators in a special balance, in a humid and gaseous confined atmosphere. Stress is (objectively) defined as a disruption of homeostasis resulting from a constraint escaping the usual flexibility of metabolism. It induces another temporary (reversible) or definitive (irreversible) thermodynamic physiological state. The state-change concept developed by Strasser (1988) and Strasser and Tsimilli-Michael (2001) is applicable to the phenomenon of hyperhydricity. An appraisal of the redox capacities of hyperhydrated shoots together with a study of some enzymic activities that catalyse pentose phosphate and glycolytic pathways has indeed shown that such shoots have evolved towards a temporary state of lower differentiation or a juvenile state with a sufficient activity to survive and to defend themselves. [less ▲]

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See detailThe beneficial role of different auxins and polyamines at successive stages of somatic embryo formation and development of Panax ginseng in vitro
Kevers, Claire ULg; Gaspar, Thomas ULg; Dommes, Jacques ULg

in Plant Cell, Tissue & Organ Culture (2002), 70(2), 181-188

The production of viable plantlets via somatic embryogenesis in Panax ginseng requires different culture media corresponding to successive developmental stages. The effects of several auxins and ... [more ▼]

The production of viable plantlets via somatic embryogenesis in Panax ginseng requires different culture media corresponding to successive developmental stages. The effects of several auxins and polyamines have been tested at various steps. Multiplication of the embryogenic root-derived callus has been optimized on half-strength MS medium supplemented with 3-(benzo[b]selenyl)acetic acid (BSAA, a synthetic auxin) and kinetin; exogenously applied polyamines were deleterious at this stage, causing browning of the callus, diminished capacity of embryo initiation, and an increased tendency to hyperhydricity. BSAA again appeared to be the most favourable auxin at the initiation stage, but here its action was reinforced by the presence of polyamines, spermidine being the most efficient. Among the auxin needed at the next step, i.e., for the regeneration of embryos, the two seleniated auxins BSAA and seleniated 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D-Se) were the more efficient. For the harmonious development of plantlets, i.e., the simultaneous outgrowth of shoots and roots, the polyamines were favourable, with a greater efficiency for spermine. [less ▲]

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See detailA specific role for spermidine in the initiation phase of somatic embryogenesis in Panax ginseng CA Meyer
Monteiro, Marta; Kevers, Claire ULg; Dommes, Jacques ULg et al

in Plant Cell, Tissue & Organ Culture (2002), 68(3), 225-232

Somatic embryogenesis of Panax ginseng CA Meyer was initiated from suspension aggregates of an embryogenic callus, in a liquid medium consisting of half strength Murashige and Skoog (1962) supplemented ... [more ▼]

Somatic embryogenesis of Panax ginseng CA Meyer was initiated from suspension aggregates of an embryogenic callus, in a liquid medium consisting of half strength Murashige and Skoog (1962) supplemented with the synthetic auxin benzoselenienyl-3 acetic acid. The addition of spermidine to this initiation medium significantly increased the production of somatic embryos. In this case, the total polyamine content of the embryogenic mass was higher than that of cultures without spermidine. At day 6 of the culture, a transient accumulation of free polyamines, mainly spermidine, was observed. After this peak, free and conjugated polyamines levels did not show significant variation nor did the polyamine oxidase activity. The results clearly demonstrated that spermidine supplied to the medium was oxidised by polyamine oxidase and partially metabolised into putrescine. The role of spermidine and its interaction with auxin in the initiation of the embryogenic process in Panax ginseng are discussed in relation to embryogenic potential. [less ▲]

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See detailLow activity of amine-oxidases and accumulation of conjugated polyamines in disfavour of organogenic programs in Chrysanthemum leaf disc explants
Aribaud, Marcel; Kevers, Claire ULg; Martin-Tanguy, Josette et al

in Plant Cell, Tissue & Organ Culture (1999), 55(2), 85-94

Foliar discs (8 mm diameter) from expanding leaves of the middle part of vegetative shoots of Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat raised in vitro were induced to form directly on specific media in vitro either ... [more ▼]

Foliar discs (8 mm diameter) from expanding leaves of the middle part of vegetative shoots of Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat raised in vitro were induced to form directly on specific media in vitro either roots or vegetative buds, or callus. The budding programme, on its specific medium, was deviated to callus formation by the addition of 2 mM beta-OH-E (beta-OH-ethyldrazine, an inhibitor of diamine oxidase). Conversely vegetative buds instead of callus were formed on the callus medium in the presence of 2 mM DFMO (difluoromethylornithine, an inhibitor of ornithine decarboxylase). Callus formation was characterized by high accumulation of free and particularly conjugated polyamines (PA), very low or undetectable activities of diamine- and polyamine oxidases, and transglutaminase. DFMO-deviation of callus initiation in favour of bud formation lowered the accumulation of PA and increased the activity of amine-oxidases. The high catabolism of PA in the organogenic (rooting, budding) programs was questioned as to its role in developmental processes. [less ▲]

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See detailEvidence For The Occurrence Of Endophytic Prokaryotic Contaminants In Micropropogated Plantlets Of Prunus Cerasus Cv. 'Montmorency'
Kamoun, R.; Lepoivre, Philippe ULg; Boxus, P.

in Plant Cell, Tissue & Organ Culture (1998), 52(1-2),

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