References of "Phytochemical Analysis [=PCA]"
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See detailMolecular biology, phytochemistry and bioactivity of three endemic Aloe species from Mauritius and Reunion Islands.
Ranghoo-Sanmukhiya, M.; Govinden-Soulange, J.; Lavergne, C. et al

in Phytochemical Analysis [=PCA] (2010)

Introduction - Aloe tormentorii, A. purpurea and A. macra are used as multipurpose folk medicines in Reunion and Mauritius Islands and are mistaken for the introduced Aloe vera.Objective - To compare the ... [more ▼]

Introduction - Aloe tormentorii, A. purpurea and A. macra are used as multipurpose folk medicines in Reunion and Mauritius Islands and are mistaken for the introduced Aloe vera.Objective - To compare the phytochemical, antimicrobial and DNA profiles of Aloe endemic to Mauritius and Reunion with the profiles of A. vera.Methodology - Leaf extracts of these Aloe species were analysed using standard phytochemical screening techniques, TLC and by HPLC. These extracts were also assayed for antimicrobial activity using microdilution techniques. Genetic diversity was studied using RAPD markers.Results - Phytochemical and antimicrobial assays and RAPD analysis showed that Mascarene Aloe species were very different from A. vera.Conclusion - This study is the first report highlighting the differences between Aloe sp.p from Mascarene and Aloe vera at the metabolic and genomic level. Copyright (c) 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [less ▲]

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See detailMetabolomic analysis of Echinacea spp. by (1)H nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometry and multivariate data analysis technique.
Frederich, Michel ULg; Jansen, C.; De Tullio, Pascal ULg et al

in Phytochemical Analysis [=PCA] (2010), 21(1), 61-65

Introduction - The genus Echinacea (Asteraceae) comprises about 10 species originally distributed in North America. Three species are very well known as they are used worldwide as medicinal plants ... [more ▼]

Introduction - The genus Echinacea (Asteraceae) comprises about 10 species originally distributed in North America. Three species are very well known as they are used worldwide as medicinal plants: Echinacea purpurea, E. pallida, E. angustifolia.Objective - To discriminate between these three Echinacea species and E. simulata by (1)H NMR-based metabolomics.Methodology - (1)H NMR and multivariate analysis techniques were applied to diverse Echinacea plants including roots and aerial parts, authentic plants, commercial plants and commercial dry extracts.Results - Using the (1)H NMR metabolomics, it was possible, without previous evaporation or separation steps, to obtain a metabolic fingerprint to distinguish between species.Conclusion - A clear distinction between the three pharmaceutical species was possible and some useful metabolites were identified. Copyright (c) 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [less ▲]

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See detailHPLC quantification of alkaloids from Haplophyllum extracts and comparison with their cytotoxic properties
Fiot, Julien; Jansen, Olivia ULg; Akhmedjanova, Valentina et al

in Phytochemical Analysis [=PCA] (2006), 17(5), 365-369

An efficient system for the analysis of total alkaloids extracted from the aerial parts from different species of genus Hoplophyllum (Rutaceac) by HPLC on a reversed-phase column is described. The HIPLC ... [more ▼]

An efficient system for the analysis of total alkaloids extracted from the aerial parts from different species of genus Hoplophyllum (Rutaceac) by HPLC on a reversed-phase column is described. The HIPLC method described was validated for its specificity, linearity and precision using external standards (haplopine, skimmianine and haplamine). The chromatographic conditions allowed the separation of alkaloids and the quantification of haplopine, skimmianine and haplamine in different samples of species of Haplophyllum collected in Uzbekistan. The alkaloidal contents of samples were compared with their in vitro cytotoxic properties against two cancer cell lines (HeLa. and HCT-116). The cytotoxicity of extracts was correlated with the concentration of haplopine, skimmianine or haplamine in aerial parts of species of Haplophyllum. Copyright (c) 2006 John Wiley [less ▲]

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See detailA validated method for the quantification of pimarane and trachylobane diterpenes in the leaves of Croton zambesicus by capillary gas chromatography
Block, S.; Brkic, D.; Hubert, Philippe ULg et al

in Phytochemical Analysis [=PCA] (2005), 16(5, SEP-OCT), 342-348

A sensitive and accurate method, combining Soxhlet extraction, solid-phase extraction and capillary gas chromatography, is described for the quantitative determination of four new diterpenes (ent ... [more ▼]

A sensitive and accurate method, combining Soxhlet extraction, solid-phase extraction and capillary gas chromatography, is described for the quantitative determination of four new diterpenes (ent-trachyloban-3 beta-ol, ent-18-hydroxy-trachyloban-3-one, ent-trachyloban-3-one and isopimara-7,15-dien-3 beta-ol) from the leaves of Croton zambesicus. This is the first method describing the quantification of trachylobane diterpenes in a crude extract. It has been fully validated in order to be able to compare the diterpene composition in other samples of C. zambesicus, which is an important source of trachylobanes. Copyright (c) 2005 John Wiley [less ▲]

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See detailA HPTLC densitometric determination of flavonoids from Passiflora alata, P-edulis, P-incarnata and P-caerulea and comparison with HPLC method
Pereira, C. A. M.; Yariwake, J. H.; Lancas, F. M. et al

in Phytochemical Analysis [=PCA] (2004), 15(4, JUL-AUG), 241-248

A high-performance thin layer chromatographic (HPTLC) method was developed in order to determine quantitatively the flavonoids in leaves of Passiflora alata, P. edulis, P. caerulea and P. incarnata. The ... [more ▼]

A high-performance thin layer chromatographic (HPTLC) method was developed in order to determine quantitatively the flavonoids in leaves of Passiflora alata, P. edulis, P. caerulea and P. incarnata. The content of orientin and isoorientin was determined, and the results were compared with those obtained using a quantitative HPLC-UV method. The latter employed rutin as standard and was developed to analyse flavonoid content from Passiflora leaves for the purpose of ensuring the quality of Passiflora phytomedicines. The results obtained using the two methods indicate that there are qualitative and quantitative differences in the flavonoids of the reference Passiflora species studied. The two methods were also employed to analyse commercial samples to illustrate their application in qualitative ('fingerprint') and quantitative determination, demonstrating their feasibility in the quality control of flavonoids from crude Passiflora drugs and phytomedicines. The HPLC conditions used are also suitable for the quantitative analysis of aqueous extracts (Passiflora infusions). Copyright (C) 2004 John Wiley Sons, Ltd. [less ▲]

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See detailNMR assignments of the major Cannabinoids and cannabiflavonoids isolated from flowers of Cannabis sativa
Choi, Y. H.; Hazekamp, A.; Peltenburg-Looman, A. M. G. et al

in Phytochemical Analysis [=PCA] (2004), 15(6, NOV-DEC), 345-354

The complete H-1- and C-13-NMR assignments of the major Cannabis constituents, Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol, tetrahydrocannabinolic acid, A-tetrahydrocannabinol, cannabigerol, cannabinol, cannabidiol ... [more ▼]

The complete H-1- and C-13-NMR assignments of the major Cannabis constituents, Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol, tetrahydrocannabinolic acid, A-tetrahydrocannabinol, cannabigerol, cannabinol, cannabidiol, cannabidiolic acid, cannflavin A and cannflavin B have been determined on the basis of one- and two-dimensional NMR spectra including H-1- and (13)-NMR, H-1-H-1-COSY, HMQC and HMBC. The substitution of carboxylic acid on the cannabinoid nucleus (as in tetrahydrocannabinolic acid and cannabidiolic acid) has a large effect on the chemical shift of H-1" of the C5 side chain and 2'-OH. It was also observed that carboxylic acid substitution reduces intermolecular hydrogen bonding resulting in a sharpening of the H-5' signal in cannabinolic acid in deuterated chloroform. The additional aromaticity of cannabinol causes the two angular methyl groups (H-8 and H-9) to show identical H-1-NMR shifts, which indicates that the two aromatic rings are in one plane in contrast to the other cannabinoids. For the cannabiflavonoids, the unambiguous assignments of C-3' and C-4' of cannflavin A and B were determined by HMBC spectra. Copyright (C) 2004 John Wiley Sons, Ltd. [less ▲]

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See detailQuantification of tagitinin C in Tithonia diversifolia by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography.
Goffin, Eric ULg; da Cunha, Antonio Proenca; Ziemons, Eric ULg et al

in Phytochemical Analysis [=PCA] (2003), 14(6), 378-80

A simple, rapid and reliable reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatographic method for the determination of tagitinin C, an anti-plasmodial sesquiterpene lactone isolated from the aerial parts of ... [more ▼]

A simple, rapid and reliable reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatographic method for the determination of tagitinin C, an anti-plasmodial sesquiterpene lactone isolated from the aerial parts of Tithonia diversifolia, has been developed. The assay has been used to quantify tagitinin C in various extracts of the aerial parts of T. diversifolia. [less ▲]

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See detailNew 3-deoxyanthocyanidins from leaves of Arrabidaea chica
Devia, B.; Llabres, Gabriel ULg; Wouters, J. et al

in Phytochemical Analysis [=PCA] (2002), 13(2, Mar-Apr), 114-120

Two new 3-deoxyanthocyanidins, 6,7,3',4'-tetrahydroxy-5-methoxyflavylium and 6,7,4'-trihydroxy-5-methoxyflavylium, and the pigment carajurin, which has been previously identified, were isolated from dried ... [more ▼]

Two new 3-deoxyanthocyanidins, 6,7,3',4'-tetrahydroxy-5-methoxyflavylium and 6,7,4'-trihydroxy-5-methoxyflavylium, and the pigment carajurin, which has been previously identified, were isolated from dried leaves of Arrabidaea chica, a creeper native to the American tropics. The structures of the components were elucidated by H-1- and C-13-NMR spectroscopy and HPLC-MS, including X-ray crystallographic analysis for carajurin. Copyright (C) 2002 John Wiley Sons, Ltd. [less ▲]

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See detailQualitative and quantitative evaluation of bisindole usambarane alkaloids in Strychnos usambarensis roots by high performance liquid chromatography diode-array
Frederich, Michel ULg; Tits, Monique ULg; Angenot, Luc ULg

in Phytochemical Analysis [=PCA] (1998), 9(2), 63-66

A high performance liquid chromatographic method for the simultaneous determination of bisindole usambarane alkaloids from the roots of Strychnos usambarensis using a diode-array detector is proposed, The ... [more ▼]

A high performance liquid chromatographic method for the simultaneous determination of bisindole usambarane alkaloids from the roots of Strychnos usambarensis using a diode-array detector is proposed, The system, consisting of a RP-8 Select B column and a linear gradient elution with acetonitrile and acetate buffer allowed the separation of all the alkaloids in 20 min, Usambarensine was found to be the major tertiary alkaloid present in the roots, In order to demonstrate the possibility of quantifying the bisindole alkaloids in crude roots extracts, the quantitative evaluation of 3',4'-dihydrousambarensine, usambarensine and N-b-methylusambarensine was carried out. (C) 1998 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [less ▲]

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