References of "Occupational and Environmental Medicine"
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See detailRandomised trials on secondary prevention of low back pain in occupational settings.
Mairiaux, Philippe ULg; Loomis, Dana

in Occupational and Environmental Medicine (2012), 69(1), 1-2

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See detailIntervening in sub-acute sickness absences : a large potential for belgian occupational health services
MORTELMANS, Anna Katharina; BULTERYS, Simon; LAHAYE, Dirk et al

in Occupational and Environmental Medicine (2011, September), 68(September 2011), 95

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See detailRespiratory and skin hypersensitivity reactions caused by a peptide coupling reagent.
Vandenplas, O.; Hereng, M.-P.; Heymans, J. et al

in Occupational and Environmental Medicine (2008), 65(10), 715-716

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See detailThe role of physical workload and pain related fear in the development of low back pain in young workers: evidence from the BelCoBack Study; results after one year of follow up
Van Nieuwenhuyse, A.; Somville, Pierre-René ULg; Crombez, G. et al

in Occupational and Environmental Medicine (2006), 63(1), 45-52

Aims: To study the influence of work related physical and psychosocial factors and individual characteristics on the occurrence of low back pain among young and pain free workers. Methods: The Belgian ... [more ▼]

Aims: To study the influence of work related physical and psychosocial factors and individual characteristics on the occurrence of low back pain among young and pain free workers. Methods: The Belgian Cohort Back Study was designed as a prospective cohort study. The study population of this paper consisted of 716 young healthcare or distribution workers without low back pain lasting seven or more consecutive days during the year before inclusion. The median age was 26 years with an interquartile range between 24 and 29 years. At baseline, these workers filled in a questionnaire with physical exposures, work related psychosocial factors and individual characteristics. One year later, the occurrence of low back pain lasting seven or more consecutive days and some of its characteristics were registered by means of a questionnaire. To assess the respective role of predictors at baseline on the occurrence of low back pain in the following year, Cox regression with a constant risk period for all subjects was applied. Results: After one year of follow up, 12.6% (95% CI 10.1 to 15.0) of the 716 workers had developed low back pain lasting seven or more consecutive days. An increased risk was observed for working with the trunk in a bent and twisted position for more than two hours a day (RR 2.2, 95% CI 1.2 to 4.1), inability to change posture regularly (RR 2.1, 95% CI 1.3 to 3.5), back complaints in the year before inclusion (RR 1.7, 95% CI 1.1 to 2.8), and high scores of pain related fear (RR 1.8, 95% CI 1.0 to 3.1). Work related psychosocial factors and physical factors during leisure time were not predictive. Conclusion: This study highlighted the importance of physical work factors and revealed the importance of high scores of pain related fear in the development of low back pain among young workers. [less ▲]

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See detailGender dependent accumulation of dioxins in smokers
Fierens, S.; Eppe, Gauthier ULg; De Pauw, Edwin ULg et al

in Occupational and Environmental Medicine (2005), 62(1), 61-62

Aims: To evaluate the contribution of tobacco smoking to dioxin accumulation. Methods: Dioxin (17 PCDD/F) concentrations in fasting blood from 251 subjects ( 161 never smokers, 54 past smokers, and 36 ... [more ▼]

Aims: To evaluate the contribution of tobacco smoking to dioxin accumulation. Methods: Dioxin (17 PCDD/F) concentrations in fasting blood from 251 subjects ( 161 never smokers, 54 past smokers, and 36 current smokers) were quantified. Results: Whereas serum dioxin concentrations of male smokers were on average 40% higher than those of nonsmokers, in women, smoking was associated with significantly lower serum dioxin levels. A synergistic potentiation of dioxin metabolism by tobacco smoke in women is postulated to explain these paradoxical findings. Conclusions: Current smoking is associated with gender dependent effects on dioxin body burden and is a potential source of confounding in human studies using blood dioxins as indicators of exposure. [less ▲]

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See detailBreast cancer and serum organochlorine residues
Charlier, Corinne ULg; Albert, Adelin ULg; Herman, Philippe ULg et al

in Occupational and Environmental Medicine (2003), 60(5), 348-351

Background: Controversy still exists about the breast carcinogenic properties in humans of environmental xenoestrogens (organochlorines), justifying new investigations. Aims: To compare the blood levels ... [more ▼]

Background: Controversy still exists about the breast carcinogenic properties in humans of environmental xenoestrogens (organochlorines), justifying new investigations. Aims: To compare the blood levels of total dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) and hexachlorobenzene (HCB) in samples collected at the time of breast cancer discovery, in order to avoid the potential consequences of body weight change ( after chemotherapy or radiotherapy) on the pesticide residue levels. Methods: Blood levels of HCB and total DDT (we calculated total DDT concentrations by adding all DDT and DDE isomers) were compared in 159 women with breast cancer and 250 presumably healthy controls. Risk of breast cancer associated with organochlorine concentration was evaluated. Results: Mean levels of total DDT and HCB were significantly higher for breast cancer patients than for controls. No differences in serum levels of total DDT or HCB were found between oestrogen receptor positive and oestrogen receptor negative patients with breast cancer. Conclusions: These results add to the growing evidence that certain persistent pollutants may occur in higher concentrations in blood samples from breast cancer patients than controls. [less ▲]

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