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See detailEvent-related potentials to emotional and neutral stimuli in alcoholism.
Hansenne, Michel ULg; Olin, Cecile; Pinto, Emmanuel ULg et al

in Neuropsychobiology (2003), 48(2), 77-81

Several studies have demonstrated that the emotional value of stimuli affects P300 amplitude. In the present study, the influence of alcohol-related stimuli in alcoholic patients was investigated ... [more ▼]

Several studies have demonstrated that the emotional value of stimuli affects P300 amplitude. In the present study, the influence of alcohol-related stimuli in alcoholic patients was investigated. Subjects were 10 alcoholic inpatients (3 female) and 10 age- and sex-matched controls. Eight alcohol-related and 8 neutral words served as stimuli in a visual oddball paradigm. Acohol-related words were targets (48 stimuli, 33%) and neutral words were standard stimuli (96 stimuli, 66%). Results showed that P300 amplitude for targets did not differ significantly between the two groups. However, P300 latency for targets as well as reaction time were significantly shorter in male alcoholic patients. In contrast, P300 latency was increased in female alcoholic patients but reaction time did not differ. These results suggest that male alcoholics process information linked to alcohol cues more rapidly than neutral cues, probably because a specific semantic network is activated in these patients. The decreased reaction time confirms the impulsive behavior frequently found in male alcoholism, as it has been described in type II alcoholism. Besides, the results imply that information processing was delayed in female alcoholic patients. Therefore this study demonstrates a gender-dependent impact of alcohol-related stimuli on information processing. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of previous antidepressant therapy on the growth hormone response to apomorphine.
Pitchot, William ULg; Hansenne, Michel ULg; Gonzalez Moreno, A. et al

in Neuropsychobiology (1995), 32(1), 19-22

Several lines of evidence suggest a role for dopamine in the pathophysiology of depression. In 1988, we reported a blunted response of growth hormone (GH) to apomorphine, a dopaminergic agonist, in ... [more ▼]

Several lines of evidence suggest a role for dopamine in the pathophysiology of depression. In 1988, we reported a blunted response of growth hormone (GH) to apomorphine, a dopaminergic agonist, in endogenous depression. However, an antidepressant washout period is a major confounding factor in studies assessing the GH response to apomorphine. Indeed, whereas the influence of tricyclic antidepressants on the GH response to apomorphine is presently unknown, several reports have suggested that tricyclics may impair the GH response to clonidine for periods longer than 3 weeks following their discontinuation. In the present study, we hypothesized that a blunted GH response to apomorphine in depressed patients could be related to the recent administration of antidepressants. Therefore, the GH response to apomorphine (0.5 mg) was studied in 11 male DSM-III-R major depressive inpatients who had never received antidepressant therapy (group 1) compared to 11 normal controls and 11 major depressive inpatients drug free for at least 2 weeks (group 2). The three groups differed significantly in the GH peak response to apomorphine: mean (SD) 5.4 (4.0) ng/ml in group 1, 25.5 (10.7) in normal controls, and 5.5 (5.1) in group 2 (F = 15.5, df = 3, 30, p = 0.00001). While group 1 and normal controls (F = 21.8, p = 0.0002) as well as group 2 and controls (F = 5.6, p = 0.03) differed significantly, group 1 and group 2 did not (F = 0.18, p = 0.68). These results suggest that a washout period of 2 weeks could be sufficient in studies assessing the GH response to apomorphine. [less ▲]

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See detailP300 in posttraumatic stress disorder.
Charles, G.; Hansenne, Michel ULg; Ansseau, Marc ULg et al

in Neuropsychobiology (1995), 32(2), 72-4

In the present study, P300 has been recorded in 26 subjects (15 women) 1 month after an aggression without organic complications. Among our sample, 16 subjects fulfilled DSM-III-R criteria for ... [more ▼]

In the present study, P300 has been recorded in 26 subjects (15 women) 1 month after an aggression without organic complications. Among our sample, 16 subjects fulfilled DSM-III-R criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and 10 did not. P300 amplitude was significantly lower in the 16 PTSD subjects as compared to the 10 subjects without PTSD. This study supports information processing disturbances in PTSD. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychophysiological correlates of suicidal behavior in depression. A preliminary study.
Hansenne, Michel ULg; Pitchot, William ULg; Gonzalez Moreno, A. et al

in Neuropsychobiology (1994), 30(1), 1-3

P300 and contingent negative variation (CNV) were recorded in depressive inpatients with and without history of suicide attempt. The results show a significant reduction of both P300 and CNV in patients ... [more ▼]

P300 and contingent negative variation (CNV) were recorded in depressive inpatients with and without history of suicide attempt. The results show a significant reduction of both P300 and CNV in patients who had attempted suicide as compared with patients who had not. Moreover, a significant correlation was found between the suicidal risk scale and CNV amplitude. Psychophysiological and biochemical implications are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychopathological correlates of dopaminergic disturbances in major depression.
Pitchot, William ULg; Hansenne, Michel ULg; Moreno, A. G. et al

in Neuropsychobiology (1990), 24(4), 169-72

In a recent report, we confirmed the role of dopamine in the pathophysiology of depression by demonstrating a blunted response of growth hormone (GH) to apomorphine, a selective dopaminergic agonist, in ... [more ▼]

In a recent report, we confirmed the role of dopamine in the pathophysiology of depression by demonstrating a blunted response of growth hormone (GH) to apomorphine, a selective dopaminergic agonist, in endogenous depressive patients. Few data are available on the possible psychopathological correlates of disturbances in the apomorphine test. In this study, we assessed the relationship between GH response to apomorphine and the Minnesota multiphasic personality inventory (MMPI) scales in a sample of 20 major depressive inpatients. The GH response (area under the curve) after apomorphine injection was positively correlated with the social introversion scale scores (r = 0.56, df = 19, p less than 0.01) and the anxiety scale scores (r = 0.45, df = 19, p = 0.04). These results suggest dopaminergic overactivity in anxious psychopathology rather than in depressive psychopathology. The relationship between the social introversion scale score and the apomorphine test is in agreement with the dopaminergic hypothesis of schizophrenic disorders. [less ▲]

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See detailDexamethasone suppression test and MMPI scales
Ansseau, Marc ULg; Geenen, Vincent ULg; Franck, Georges et al

in Neuropsychobiology (1986), 16

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (1 ULg)