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See detailComparison of Two Methods, UHPLC-UV and UHPLC-MS/MS, for the Quantification of Polyphenols in Cider Apple Juices
Verdu, Cindy ULg; Gatto, Julia; Freuze, Ingrid et al

in Molecules (2013), 18/9

Abstract: The aim of this study was to develop faster and more efficient phenotyping methods for in-depth genetic studies on cider apple progeny. The UHPLC chromatographic system was chosen to separate ... [more ▼]

Abstract: The aim of this study was to develop faster and more efficient phenotyping methods for in-depth genetic studies on cider apple progeny. The UHPLC chromatographic system was chosen to separate polyphenolic compounds, and quantifications were then simultaneously performed with a UV-PDA detector and an ESI-triple quadrupole mass analyzer (SRM mode). Both quantification methods were validated for 15 major compounds using two apple juice samples, on the basis of linearity, limits of detection and quantification, recovery and precision tests. The comparison between UV and SRM quantifications in 120 different samples of a cider apple progeny showed an excellent correlation for major compounds quantified with both methods. However, an overestimation was revealed for five compounds with the UV detector and the mass analyzer. Co-elution and matrix effects are discussed to explain this phenomenon. SRM methods should therefore be considered with restrictions in some cases for quantification measurements when several phenolic compounds are simultaneously quantified in complex matrices such as apple juices. For both methods, analyses were carried out over short periods of time while maintaining a high quality for the simultaneous quantification of phenolic compounds in apple juice. Each method is relevant for more in-depth genetic studies of the polyphenol content of apple juice. [less ▲]

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See detailBolaamphiphiles Derived from Alkenyl L-rhamnosides and Alkenyl D-xylosides: Importance of the Hydrophilic Head
Gatard, Sylvain; Nasir, Mehmet Nail ULg; Deleu, Magali ULg et al

in Molecules (2013), 18(5), 6101-6112

The two step synthesis of a new bolaamphiphile derived from alkenyl L-rhamnosides was described. The general synthetic strategy of bolaamphiphiles derived from L-rhamnose was based on a previous work ... [more ▼]

The two step synthesis of a new bolaamphiphile derived from alkenyl L-rhamnosides was described. The general synthetic strategy of bolaamphiphiles derived from L-rhamnose was based on a previous work describing the synthesis of bolaamphiphiles derived from D-xylose. The conformational properties of this new compound were investigated by FTIR spectroscopy in an aqueous film in order to obtain a reference for further studies about the membrane-interacting properties. Moreover, the surface activity of this new bolaamphiphile was analyzed by Langmuir balance technology and was compared with that of the analogous bolaamphiphile derived from alkenyl D-xylosides. The findings indicate that the rhamnoside-based bolaform has an increased surface activity and a better ability to form aggregates than xyloside-based one. [less ▲]

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See detailSelenium in the environment, metabolism and involvement in the body functions
Mehdi, Youcef; Hornick, Jean-Luc ULg; Istasse, Louis ULg et al

in Molecules (2013), 13

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See detailImprovement of Ylang-Ylang Essential Oil Characterization by GCxGC-TOFMS
Brokl, Michal ULg; Fauconnier, Marie-Laure ULg; Benini, Céline et al

in Molecules (2013), 18(2), 1783-1797

A single fraction of essential oil can often contain hundreds of compounds. Despite of the technical improvements and the enhanced selectivity currently offered by the state-of-the-art gas chromatography ... [more ▼]

A single fraction of essential oil can often contain hundreds of compounds. Despite of the technical improvements and the enhanced selectivity currently offered by the state-of-the-art gas chromatography (GC) and mass spectrometry (MS) instruments, the complexity of essential oils is frequently underestimated. Comprehensive two-dimensional GC coupled to time-of-flight MS (GC×GC-TOFMS) was used to improve the chemical characterization of ylang-ylang essential oil fractions recently reported in a previous one-dimensional (1D) GC study. Based on both, the enhanced chromatographic separation and the mass spectral deconvolution, 161 individual compounds were identified and labeled as potentially characteristic analytes found in both low and high boiling fractions issued from distillation of mature ylang-ylang flowers. Compared to the most recent full GC-MS characterization, this represents 75 new compounds, essentially consisting of terpenes, terpenoid esters, and alcohols. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment of new drugs for an old target — the penicillin binding proteins.
Zervosen, Astrid ULg; Sauvage, Eric ULg; Frère, Jean-Marie ULg et al

in Molecules (2012), 17(11), 12478-505

The widespread use of β-lactam antibiotics has led to the worldwide appearance of drug-resistant strains. Bacteria have developed resistance to β-lactams by two main mechanisms: the production of β ... [more ▼]

The widespread use of β-lactam antibiotics has led to the worldwide appearance of drug-resistant strains. Bacteria have developed resistance to β-lactams by two main mechanisms: the production of β-lactamases, sometimes accompanied by a decrease of outer membrane permeability, and the production of low-affinity, drug resistant Penicillin Binding Proteins (PBPs). PBPs remain attractive targets for developing new antibiotic agents because they catalyse the last steps of the biosynthesis of peptidoglycan, which is unique to bacteria, and lies outside the cytoplasmic membrane. Here we summarize the “current state of the art” of non-β-lactam inhibitors of PBPs, which have being developed in an attempt to counter the emergence of β-lactam resistance. These molecules are not susceptible to hydrolysis by β-lactamases and thus present a real alternative to β-lactams. We present transition state analogs such as boronic acids, which can covalently bind to the active serine residue in the catalytic site. Molecules containing ring structures different from the β-lactam-ring like lactivicin are able to acylate the active serine residue. High throughput screening methods, in combination with virtual screening methods and structure based design, have allowed the development of new molecules. Some of these novel inhibitors are active against major pathogens, including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and thus open avenues new for the discovery of novel antibiotics. [less ▲]

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See detailTetraethyl(Pyrrolidine-2,2-diyl)Bisphosphonate
Olive, Gilles ULg; Jacques, Alain

in Molecules (2001), 6

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