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See detailControl of chitin and N-acetylglucosamine utilization in Saccharopolyspora erythraea.
Liao, Chengheng; Rigali, Sébastien ULg; Licona-Cassani, C et al

in Microbiology (2014)

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See detailThe integral membrane FtsW protein and peptidoglycan synthase PBP3 form a subcomplex in Escherichia coli
Fraipont, Claudine ULg; Alexeeva, Svetlana; Wolf, Benoît et al

in Microbiology (2011), 157

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See detailRole of the phenazine-inducing protein Pip in stress resistance of Pseudomonas chlororaphis
Girard, G.; Rigali, Sébastien ULg

in Microbiology (2011), 157(2), 398-407

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See detailDifferential gene expression in the pathogenic dermatophyte Arthroderma benhamiae in vitro versus during infection
Staib, P.; Zaugg, C.; Mignon, Bernard ULg et al

in Microbiology (2010), 156(3), 884-895

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See detailThe surprising diversity of clostridial hydrogenases: a comparative genomic perspective
Calusinska, Magdalena ULg; Happe, Thomas; Joris, Bernard ULg et al

in Microbiology (2010), 156

Among the large variety of micro-organisms capable of fermentative hydrogen production, strict anaerobes such as members of the genus Clostridium are the most widely studied. They can produce hydrogen by ... [more ▼]

Among the large variety of micro-organisms capable of fermentative hydrogen production, strict anaerobes such as members of the genus Clostridium are the most widely studied. They can produce hydrogen by a reversible reduction of protons accumulated during fermentation to dihydrogen, a reaction which is catalysed by hydrogenases. Sequenced genomes provide completely new insights into the diversity of clostridial hydrogenases. Building on previous reports, we found that [FeFe] hydrogenases are not a homogeneous group of enzymes, but exist in multiple forms with different modular structures and are especially abundant in members of the genus Clostridium. This unusual diversity seems to support the central role of hydrogenases in cell metabolism. In particular, the presence of multiple putative operons encoding multisubunit [FeFe] hydrogenases highlights the fact that hydrogen metabolism is very complex in this genus. In contrast with [FeFe] hydrogenases, their [NiFe] hydrogenase counterparts, widely represented in other bacteria and archaea, are found in only a few clostridial species. Surprisingly, a heteromultimeric Ech hydrogenase, known to be an energy-converting [NiFe] hydrogenase and previously described only in methanogenic archaea and some sulfur-reducing bacteria, was found to be encoded by the genomes of four cellulolytic strains: Clostridum cellulolyticum, Clostridum papyrosolvens, Clostridum thermocellum and Clostridum phytofermentans [less ▲]

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See detailEnterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli serogroup O111 inhibits NF-(kappa)B-dependent innate responses in a manner independent of a type III secreted OspG orthologue.
Nobe, Rika; Nougayrede, Jean*-Philippe; Taieb, Frederic et al

in Microbiology (2009), 155(Pt 10), 3214-25

Enterohaemorrhagic and enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EHEC and EPEC) inject a repertoire of effector proteins into host cells via a type III secretion system (T3SS) encoded by the locus of enterocyte ... [more ▼]

Enterohaemorrhagic and enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EHEC and EPEC) inject a repertoire of effector proteins into host cells via a type III secretion system (T3SS) encoded by the locus of enterocyte effacement (LEE). OspG is an effector protein initially identified in Shigella that was shown to inhibit the host innate immune response. In this study, we found ospG homologues in EHEC (mainly of serogroup O111) and in Yersinia enterocolitica. The T3SS encoded by the LEE was able to inject these different OspG homologues into host cells. Infection of HeLa cells with EHEC O111 inhibited the NF-kappaB-dependent innate immune response via a T3SS-dependent mechanism. However, an EHEC O111 ospG mutant was still able to inhibit NF-kappaB p65 transfer to the nucleus in infected cells stimulated by tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha). In addition, no difference in the inflammatory response was observed between wild-type EHEC O111 and the isogenic ospG mutant in the rabbit ligated intestinal loop model. These results suggest that OspG is not the sole effector protein involved in the inactivation of the host innate immune system during EHEC O111 infection. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Chitobiose-Binding Protein, DasA, Acts as a Link between Chitin Utilization and Morphogenesis in Streptomyces Coelicolor
Colson, Séverine ULg; van Wezel, G. P.; Craig, Matthias ULg et al

in Microbiology (2008), 154(Pt 2), 373-82

Streptomycetes are mycelial soil bacteria that undergo a developmental programme that leads to sporulating aerial hyphae. As soil-dwelling bacteria, streptomycetes rely primarily on natural polymers such ... [more ▼]

Streptomycetes are mycelial soil bacteria that undergo a developmental programme that leads to sporulating aerial hyphae. As soil-dwelling bacteria, streptomycetes rely primarily on natural polymers such as cellulose, xylan and chitin for the colonization of their environmental niche and therefore these polysaccharides may play a critical role in monitoring the global nutritional status of the environment. In this work we analysed the role of DasA, the sugar-binding component of the chitobiose ATP-binding cassette transport system, in informing the cell of environmental conditions, and its role in the onset of development and in ensuring correct sporulation. The chromosomal interruption of dasA resulted in a carbon-source-dependent vegetative arrest phenotype, and we identified a second DasR-dependent sugar transporter, in addition to the N-acetylglucosamine phosphotransferase system (PTS(GlcNAc)), that relates primary metabolism to development. Under conditions that allowed sporulation, highly aberrant spores with many prematurely produced germ tubes were observed. While GlcNAc locks streptomycetes in the vegetative state, a high extracellular concentration of the GlcNAc polymer chitin has no effect on development. The striking distinction is due to a difference in the transporters responsible for the import of GlcNAc, which enters via the PTS, and of chitin, which enters as the hydrolytic product chitobiose (GlcNAc(2)) through the DasABC transporter. A model explaining the role of these two essentially different transport systems in the control of development is provided. [less ▲]

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See detailSpontaneous zygogenesis in Escherichia coli, a form of true sexuality in prokaryotes.
Gratia, Jean*-Pierre; Thiry, Marc ULg

in Microbiology (2003), 149(Pt 9), 2571-84

A new type of mating, differing from classic conjugation and previously observed in a certain strain of Escherichia coli K-12, has also been found in strains derived from ordinary F- cells of E. coli K-12 ... [more ▼]

A new type of mating, differing from classic conjugation and previously observed in a certain strain of Escherichia coli K-12, has also been found in strains derived from ordinary F- cells of E. coli K-12 exposed to an exogenous factor originating in an E. coli clinical isolate. Immunofluorescence and electron microscopy after single and double labelling of DNA were used to produce evidence in favour of a novel mating mechanism by cell contact at the poles of the bacterial rod. These findings are supported by genetic analyses indicating complete genetic mixing. Unstable complementing diploids were formed, which throw off phenotypically haploid cells, of which some showed a parental phenotype and some were true genetic recombinants. Recombination was observed even when one parent was a UV-inactivated F- RecA- strain. The name 'spontaneous zygogenesis' (Z-mating, for short) is proposed for this kind of mating. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Penicillin Resistance of Enterococcus Faecalis Jh2-2r Results from an Overproduction of the Low-Affinity Penicillin-Binding Protein Pbp4 and Does Not Involve a Psr-Like Gene
Duez, Colette ULg; Zorzi, Willy ULg; Sapunaric, Frédéric ULg et al

in Microbiology (2001), 147(Pt 9), 2561-9

A penicillin-resistant mutant, JH2-2r (MIC 75 microg ml(-1)), was isolated from Enterococcus faecalis JH2-2 (MIC 5 microg ml(-1)) by successive passages on plates containing increasing concentrations of ... [more ▼]

A penicillin-resistant mutant, JH2-2r (MIC 75 microg ml(-1)), was isolated from Enterococcus faecalis JH2-2 (MIC 5 microg ml(-1)) by successive passages on plates containing increasing concentrations of benzylpenicillin. A comparison of the penicillin-binding protein (PBP) profiles in the two strains revealed a more intensely labelled PBP4 in JH2-2r. Because the sequences of the JH2-2 and JH2-2r pbp4 genes were strictly identical, even in their promoter regions, this intensive labelling could only be associated with an overproduction of the low-affinity PBP4. No psr gene analogous to that proposed to act as a regulator of PBP5 synthesis in Enterococcus hirae and Enterococcus faecium could be identified in the vicinity of pbp4 in E. faecalis JH2-2 and JH2-2r. However, a psr-like gene distant from pbp4 was identified. The cloning and sequencing of that psr-like gene from both E. faecalis strains indicated that they were identical. It is therefore postulated that the PBP4 overproduction in E. faecalis JH2-2r results from the modification of an as yet unidentified factor. [less ▲]

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See detailEvolutionary affiliation of the marine nitrogen-fixing cyanobacterium Trichodesmium sp. strain NlBB 1067, derived by 16s ribosomal RNA sequence analysis
Wilmotte, Annick ULg; Neefs, Jean-Marc; De Wachter, Rupert

in Microbiology (1994), 140

The 165 rRNA sequence of Trichodesmium sp. strain NlBB 1067 was determined and used for the construction of a distance tree and bootstrap analysis. The tree shows that, among the available cyanobacterial ... [more ▼]

The 165 rRNA sequence of Trichodesmium sp. strain NlBB 1067 was determined and used for the construction of a distance tree and bootstrap analysis. The tree shows that, among the available cyanobacterial 165 rRNA sequences, Trichodesmium NlBB 1067 has Oscillatoria PCC 7515 as its closest relative, presenting 94.9% of sequence similarity with the latter strain. This is in contrast to a difference of 9 mol O/O G + C in mean genomic DNA base composition between the two organisms. Nevertheless, the genotypic heterogeneity presented by a number of strains assigned to the genus Oscillatoria hinders a taxonomic decision on the separate existence of the genera Trichodesmium and Oscillatoria. The sequence of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) between the 165 and 23s rRNA genes was also determined, as a possible marker to study inter- and intraspecif ic variability. The ITS contains the genes coding for tRNA1Ie and tRNAAia and its total length is 547 nucleotides. In six out of eight sequenced clones, there is a duplication of 29 nucleotides, surrounding the 5' end of the tRNA1Ie. [less ▲]

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