References of "Memory & Cognition"
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See detailComponent processes underlying future thinking
D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg; Ortoleva, Claudia; Jumentier, Sabrina et al

in Memory & Cognition (2010), 38

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See detailWhat is the impact of the explicit knowledge of sequence regularities on both deterministic and probabilistic serial reaction time task performance?
Stefaniak, Nicolas ULg; Willems, Sylvie ULg; Adam, Stéphane ULg et al

in Memory & Cognition (2008), 36(7), 1283-98

The aim of this study was to explore the role of prior explicit sequence knowledge by comparing its influence on serial reaction time (SRT) performance with either a deterministic or a probabilistic ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to explore the role of prior explicit sequence knowledge by comparing its influence on serial reaction time (SRT) performance with either a deterministic or a probabilistic sequence. The results confirm that, with a deterministic sequence, preliminary explicit learning improves SRT performance. On the other hand, with a probabilistic sequence, the results show no advantage for SRT performance in explicit-learning conditions. In addition, by using the process dissociation procedure (Jacoby, 1991), we show that performance on a subsequent generation task was more sustained by controlled processes for participants in the explicit-learning conditions than for those in the incidental condition. On the whole, these results, showing that the influence of explicit knowledge can be suppressed in certain specific conditions, are consistent with the intervention of both implicit and explicit mechanisms in SRT tasks, and the results also show that their relative influence can be modulated by the particular demands of the task. [less ▲]

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See detailDissociations between categorization and similarity judgements as a result of learning feature distributions
Thibaut, Jean-Pierre; Dupont, Myriam; Anselme, Patrick ULg

in Memory & Cognition (2002), 30(4), 647-656

A dissociation between categorization and similarity was found by Rips (1989). In one experiment, Rips found that a stimulus halfway between a pizza and a quarter was categorized as a pizza but was rated ... [more ▼]

A dissociation between categorization and similarity was found by Rips (1989). In one experiment, Rips found that a stimulus halfway between a pizza and a quarter was categorized as a pizza but was rated as more similar to a quarter. Smith and Sloman (1994) discussed these results in terms of the role of necessary and characteristic features. In two experiments, participants had to learn to categorize novel artificial shapes composed of a nonsalient necessary feature combined with a salient characteristic feature. Participants categorized stimuli on the basis of a necessary feature, whereas their similarity judgments relied on characteristic features. The role of deep (essential) features in dissociations is considered. Results are discussed in terms of the differences between requirements of categorization and similarity judgments. [less ▲]

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