References of "Medecine Sciences : M/S"
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See detailHistoire du thymus : d'un organe vestigial au cerveau de la tolérance immunitaire
Geenen, Vincent ULg

in Medecine Sciences : M/S (in press)

This synthesis presents the most important disruptions of conceptions about the thymus since its discovery in Antique Greece. For centuries, the thymus has been considered as a vestigial organ, and its ... [more ▼]

This synthesis presents the most important disruptions of conceptions about the thymus since its discovery in Antique Greece. For centuries, the thymus has been considered as a vestigial organ, and its role in T-lymphocyte differentiation has been proposed only in the 1960’s. Most recent studies attribute to the thymus an essential and unique role in the programming of central immunological self-tolerance. The basal mechanism implicated in this function is the transcription in thymic epithelium of genes encoding precursors of self-antigens. Processing of these latters leads to presentation of self-antigens by the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) machinery expressed by thymic epithelial and dendritic cells. During fetal life, this presentation drives negative selection of T-cell clones harboring receptors with high affinity for these complexes MHC/self-antigen. After birth, this presentation promotes the generation of regulatory T cells specific for these complexes. A number of studies, as well as the identification of Aire and Fezf2 genes, have shown that a thymus dysfunction plays a crucial role in the development of organ-specific autoimmunity. [less ▲]

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See detailLes prothèses de hanche au cobalt sont-elles dangereuses ?
MISTRETTA, Virginie ULg; KURTH, William ULg; Charlier, Corinne ULg

in Medecine Sciences : M/S (2016), 32(8-9), 732-738

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See detailMecanismes de l'effet diuretique de la cafeine.
Marx, Barbara; Scuvee, Eleonore; Scuvée-Moreau, Jacqueline ULg et al

in Medecine sciences : M/S (2016), 32(5), 485-90

Caffeine is an alkaloid which belongs to the family of methylxanthines and is present in beverages, food and drugs. Caffeine competitively antagonizes the adenosine receptors (AR), which are G protein ... [more ▼]

Caffeine is an alkaloid which belongs to the family of methylxanthines and is present in beverages, food and drugs. Caffeine competitively antagonizes the adenosine receptors (AR), which are G protein-coupled receptors largely distributed throughout the body, including brain, heart, vessels and kidneys. Caffeine consumption has a well-known diuretic effect. The homeostasis of salt and water involves different segments of the nephron, in which adenosine plays complex roles depending on the differential expression of AR. Hence, caffeine increases glomerular filtration rate by opposing the vasoconstriction of renal afferent arteriole mediated by adenosine via type 1 AR during the tubuloglomerular feedback. Caffeine also inhibits Na(+) reabsorption at the level of renal proximal tubules. In addition, caffeine perturbs the hepatorenal reflex via sensory nerves in Mall's intrahepatic spaces. Here, we review the physiology of caffeine-induced natriuresis and diuresis, as well as the putative pathological implications. [less ▲]

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See detailLes antiplaquettaires : quoi de neuf ?
Oury, Cécile ULg; Rahmouni, Souad ULg; LANCELLOTTI, Patrizio ULg

in Medecine Sciences : M/S (2015)

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See detailInterfaces cerveau-ordinateur, locked-in syndrome et troubles de la conscience.
Lesenfants, Damien; Chatelle, Camille ULg; Laureys, Steven ULg et al

in Medecine sciences : M/S (2015), 31(10), 904-11

Detecting signs of consciousness in patients with severe brain injury constitutes a real challenge for clinicians. The current gold standard in clinical diagnosis is the behavioral scale relying on motor ... [more ▼]

Detecting signs of consciousness in patients with severe brain injury constitutes a real challenge for clinicians. The current gold standard in clinical diagnosis is the behavioral scale relying on motor abilities, which are often impaired or nonexistent in these patients. In this context, brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) could offer a potential complementary tool to detect signs of consciousness whilst bypassing the usual motor pathway. In addition to complementing behavioral assessments and potentially reducing error rate, BCIs could also serve as a communication tool for paralyzed but conscious patients, e.g., suffering from Locked-In Syndrome. In this paper, we report on recent work conducted by the Coma Science Group on BCI technology, aiming to optimize diagnosis and communication in patients with disorders of consciousness and Locked-In syndrome. [less ▲]

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See detailInhiber HDAC5 : un outil pour couper court à l’immortalité des cellules cancéreuses
Polese, Catherine; Mottet, Denis ULg

in Medecine Sciences : M/S (2014), 30(numero 8-9), 730-732

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See detailMémoire épisodique dans la maladie d’Alzheimer : Déclin de la remémoration consciente et de la familiarité ?
Simon, Jessica ULg; Bastin, Christine ULg

in Medecine Sciences : M/S (2014), 30

According to the dual-process recognition models, the retrieval of information from long-term memory is supported by recollection and familiarity. Alzheimer’s disease is consistently found to affect ... [more ▼]

According to the dual-process recognition models, the retrieval of information from long-term memory is supported by recollection and familiarity. Alzheimer’s disease is consistently found to affect recollection. As for familiarity, however, no consensus has been reached so far. Some studies are in favor of an early impairment of familiarity, while others are in favor of a preservation of familiarity in the mild and moderate stages of the disease. This lack of consensus can be partly explained by methodological differences between studies. We discuss three methodological dimensions: the type of recognition test, the type of paradigm for estimating familiarity and recollection, and the nature of the material used. These differences reveal the complex nature of familiarity which would be underlied by different mechanisms that may be selectively altered or preserved in the disease. [less ▲]

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See detailUne reponse allergique pour lutter contre les venins.
Marichal, Thomas ULg; Starkl, Philipp; Metz, Martin et al

in Medecine sciences : M/S (2014), 30(2), 127-30

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See detailLa lumière comme stimulant de l’activité cognitive cérébrale
Vandewalle, Gilles ULg

in Medecine Sciences : M/S (2014), In press

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See detailLes proteines SIBLING - Outils moleculaires de la progression tumorale et de l'angiogenese.
Lamour, Virginie; Nokin, Marie-Julie ULg; Henry, Aurélie ULg et al

in Medecine sciences : M/S (2013), 29(11), 1018-25

The small integrin-binding ligand N-linked glycoprotein (SIBLING) family consists of osteopontin (OPN), bonesialoprotein (BSP), dentin matrix protein 1 (DMP1), dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP) and matrix ... [more ▼]

The small integrin-binding ligand N-linked glycoprotein (SIBLING) family consists of osteopontin (OPN), bonesialoprotein (BSP), dentin matrix protein 1 (DMP1), dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP) and matrix extracellular phosphoglycoprotein (MEPE). These proteins, initially identified in bone and teeth, share many structural characteristics. It is now well established that they are over expressed in many tumors and play a critical role at different steps of cancer development. In this review, we describe the roles of SIBLING proteins at different stages of cancer progression including cancer cell adhesion, proliferation, migration, invasion, metastasis and angiogenesis. [less ▲]

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See detailPhysiologie, pharmacologie et modélisation de canaux potassiques : zoom sur les canaux SK
Dilly, Sébastien ULg; Poncin, Sylvie; Lamy, Cédric et al

in Medecine Sciences : M/S (2012), 28

Various types of ion channels are involved in the control of neuronal activity. Among them, SK channels represent an interesting therapeutic target. Indeed, they underlie medium duration ... [more ▼]

Various types of ion channels are involved in the control of neuronal activity. Among them, SK channels represent an interesting therapeutic target. Indeed, they underlie medium duration afterhyperpolarizations in many types of neurons, thus inhibiting cell excitability. A thorough knowledge of the physiology of these channels and the discovery of non-peptidic selective modulators able to pass the blood-brain barrier are essential in view of developing future drugs for brain diseases such as those related to a dysfunction of dopaminergic and serotonergic systems. [less ▲]

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See detailL'ADN du soi, allie du systeme immunitaire pour la fonction adjuvante de l'alun
Marichal, Thomas ULg; Bureau, Fabrice ULg; Desmet, Christophe ULg

in Medecine Sciences : M/S (2012), 28(1), 31-3

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See detailLa neuro-imagerie: un outil diagnostique des etats de conscience alteree.
Thonnard, Marie ULg; Boly, Mélanie ULg; Bruno, Marie-Aurelie et al

in Medecine Sciences : M/S (2011), 27(1), 77-81

Vegetative and minimally conscious states diagnosis remained a major clinical challenge. New paradigms such as measurement of the global cerebral metabolism, the structural and functional integrity of ... [more ▼]

Vegetative and minimally conscious states diagnosis remained a major clinical challenge. New paradigms such as measurement of the global cerebral metabolism, the structural and functional integrity of fronto-parietal network, or the spontaneous activity in resting state have been shown to be helpful to disentangle vegetative from minimally conscious patients. Active neuroimagery paradigms also allow detecting voluntary and conscious activity in non-communicative patients. The implementation of these methods in clinical routine could permit to reduce the current high rate of misdiagnosis (40%). [less ▲]

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See detailLa neuro-imagerie: au-delà des images, une modélisation du fonctionnement cérébral humain
Maquet, Pierre ULg

in Medecine sciences : M/S (2011), 27(1), 5-6

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See detailHuntingtine, mitose et destinée cellulaire
Godin, Juliette ULg; Humbert, S.

in Medecine Sciences : M/S (2011), 27(2), 126-128

[No abstract available]

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See detailLes prions exploitent les communications neuro-immunitaires
Dorban, Gauthier; Antoine, Nadine ULg; Defaweux, Valérie ULg

in Medecine Sciences : M/S (2010), 26(6),

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See detailElongator orchestrates cerebral cortical neurogenesis
creppe, catherine; malinouskaya, lina; Volvert, Marie-Laure ULg et al

in Medecine Sciences : M/S (2010)

Pas d'abstract pour cette publication

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See detailLes macrophages interstitiels, gardiens de l'homeostasie immune pulmonaire.
Bedoret, Denis; Bureau, Fabrice ULg; Desmet, Christophe ULg

in Medecine Sciences : M/S (2010), 26(3), 229-31

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See detailUn virus tapi dans l'ombre : les bases moleculaires de la latence du VIH-1 - Partie I : la physiologie de la latence du VIH-1.
Schwartz, Christian; Le Douce, Valentin; Cherrier, Thomas ULg et al

in Medecine Sciences : M/S (2010), 26(2), 159-63

The introduction of the highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in 1996 has greatly extended survival and raised hopes for the eradication of HIV-1. Unfortunately, the optimism declined by revealing ... [more ▼]

The introduction of the highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in 1996 has greatly extended survival and raised hopes for the eradication of HIV-1. Unfortunately, the optimism declined by revealing the existence of latent HIV-1 reservoirs in cells targeted by the virus. The long-lived HIV-1 reservoirs constitute a major obstacle to the eradication of HIV-1. Understanding the molecular mechanisms of virus latency is essential for efficient therapeutic intervention against the virus. [less ▲]

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