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See detailDesign, Construction and Validation of a Guarded Hot Plate Apparatus for Thermal Conductivity Measurement of High Thickness Crop-Based Specimens
Dubois, Samuel ULg; Lebeau, Frédéric ULg

in Materials and Structures (2013)

The search for sustainability achievement in the building sector led to the use of crop-based insulation materials. Among these, raw products like plant straws bales can present elementary representative ... [more ▼]

The search for sustainability achievement in the building sector led to the use of crop-based insulation materials. Among these, raw products like plant straws bales can present elementary representative volumes (REVs) in the size order of several square centimeters. Fibers orientation may play an important role on material thermal behavior. Measuring their thermal conductivities with standard steady-state equipment can thus lead to some inaccuracies due to the necessity of resetting lower thickness samples. This paper presents a Guarded Hot Plate (GHP) apparatus designed to test high thickness samples, up to 40cm, with an accuracy of 2%. The different parts of the machine are described in details along with design process and challenges encountered. Temperature and heat flux measurements in the device represent critical design stages where optimal accuracy is needed in order to optimize the resulting global error. Regarding this, necessary numerical and experimental analyzes were conducted emphasizing on intrinsic systematic error assessment. To complete the study, some validations tests are performed on a reference material and other widely-spread polystyrene slabs. These tests take into account the optimal computation parameters resulting from the numerical analysis and the apparatus proved to be in accordance with accuracy requirements. [less ▲]

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See detailRecommendations for the repair, the lining or the strengthening of concrete slabs or pavements with bonded cement-based material overlays
Courard, Luc ULg; Bissonnette, Benoît; Beushausen, Hans et al

in Materials and Structures (2013), 46

The recommendations presented in this publication are inspired by the State of the Art Report edited by the RILEM technical committee TC 193 RLS Bonded cement-based material overlays for the repair, the ... [more ▼]

The recommendations presented in this publication are inspired by the State of the Art Report edited by the RILEM technical committee TC 193 RLS Bonded cement-based material overlays for the repair, the lining or the strengthening of slabs and pavements. The objective is to lay out all the practical aspects to be considered in the design of concrete overlays: bonded concrete overlay process, assessment of the existing structure, surface preparation, overlay materials, design methods, construction procedure and quality control/assurance (QC/QA) system, and maintenance. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of the reuse of OSB and marine plywood formworks on concrete surface aesthetics
Courard, Luc ULg; Martin, Marie; Goffinet, Cécile et al

in Materials and Structures (2012), 45(9), 1331-1343

Concrete surface quality becomes more and more important because aesthetics requirements tend to spread over a wide variety of construction works. Even if it is difficult to clearly define what is ... [more ▼]

Concrete surface quality becomes more and more important because aesthetics requirements tend to spread over a wide variety of construction works. Even if it is difficult to clearly define what is beautiful or not, existing techniques maybe used to quantify aesthetic properties of concrete. As they mainly depend on formwork, the research project focuses on the reuse of two types of panels – plywood and OSB – and two types of release agents – vegetal and mineral oils. Evolution of surface properties is measured through lightness and absorption. For plywood formworks, beyond 80 reuses, a modification of surface quality is noticed; this is only 50 for OSB panels. For both types of formworks, the release oil doesn’t seem to have a major influence on formwork absorption. It is also observed that alkalis cause early degradation of the panels: release agents are not always efficient to avoid this phenomenon. Finally, if reuse doesn’t have any influence on the absorption of the plywood formworks, it is not the case for OSB formworks. [less ▲]

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See detailRecommendation of RILEM TC 200-HTC: Mechanical concrete properties at high temperatures-modelling and applications : Part I. General presentation
Schneider, Ulrich; Felicetti, Roberto; Debicki, Gérard et al

in Materials and Structures (2007), 40(9), 841-853

The new set of RILEM recommendations specifies test methodologies for determining the different mechanical properties of concrete at high temperatures. The new set of recommendations applies to all types ... [more ▼]

The new set of RILEM recommendations specifies test methodologies for determining the different mechanical properties of concrete at high temperatures. The new set of recommendations applies to all types of concrete used in construction, including high strength concrete. The recommendations specify that the environmental and testing conditions associated with service or accident conditions of structural concrete at high temperature need to be considered, while using these building materials for construction activities. The recommendations are also applicable to concrete in the temperature range of 20°C-750°C. The recommendations also contain several results of the experimental investigations conducted, to examine the behavior of concrete at high temperature that depend on test conditions. [less ▲]

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See detailRecommendation of RILEM TC 200-HTC: mechanical concrete properties at high temperatures-modelling and aplpications. Part 2: Stress-strain relation
Schneider, U; Felicetti, R; Diederichs, U et al

in Materials and Structures (2007), 40

This recommendation is valid for structural applications of concrete under service and accident conditions. This document presents test parameters (material and environmental) and tests procedures for ... [more ▼]

This recommendation is valid for structural applications of concrete under service and accident conditions. This document presents test parameters (material and environmental) and tests procedures for determining the stress-strain relation of concrete at constant temperature T,max after first heating or after cooling from T,max to ambient. [less ▲]

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See detailPart 10: Restraint stress
Schneider, Ulrich; Felicetti, Roberto; Debicki, Gérard et al

in Materials and Structures (2005), 38

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See detailAdaptation of the pull-off test for the evaluation of the superficial cohesion of concrete substrates in repair works: analysis of the test parameters
Courard, Luc ULg; Bissonnette, B.

in Materials and Structures (2004), 37(269), 342-350

Concrete repair works involve most of the time the removal of the damaged or contaminated surface layer. It is necessary to assess the effect of that operation (tool, procedure, etc) upon the integrity of ... [more ▼]

Concrete repair works involve most of the time the removal of the damaged or contaminated surface layer. It is necessary to assess the effect of that operation (tool, procedure, etc) upon the integrity of the residual concrete substrate, prior to the placement of the repair material, since it can affect significantly the adhesion of the repair system. This paper summarizes the findings of a study intended to develop a simple test method for that purpose. After a thorough review of the related scientific documentation, it has been decided to adapt the so-called pull-off test, which is commonly used to determine the bond strength of repair products. An experimental program has been conducted to evaluate the influence of various test parameters on the measured cohesion of a reference concrete surface: transfer plate thickness and diameter, core drilling depth, speed of loading, adhesive type and thickness, and number of tests. A multivaried statistical analysis of the test results clearly shows that the plate diameter and core depth are the most significant parameters, presumably with threshold values, and that there exists a synergetic effect between them. Also, a minimum number of tests can be defined based on the standard deviation and required level of confidence of the results. Overall, the test method shows good potential for a sound quantitative evaluation of a concrete surface mechanical integrity prior to repair, provided that the test parameters are selected properly. [less ▲]

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See detailModulus of elasticity for service and accident conditions
Schneider, Ulrich; Schwesinger, P.; Debicki, Gérard et al

in Materials and Structures (2004), 37

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See detailUse of municipal solid waste incineration residues in the precasting of concrete paving
Courard, Luc ULg; Degeimbre, Robert ULg; Darimont, Anne ULg et al

in Materials and Structures (2002), 35(250), 365-372

Valorisation of Municipal Solid Waste Incineration Residues - excluding ashes - is a positive advance in sustainable development: saving natural resources, decrease in wastes volume stored, reduction of ... [more ▼]

Valorisation of Municipal Solid Waste Incineration Residues - excluding ashes - is a positive advance in sustainable development: saving natural resources, decrease in wastes volume stored, reduction of energy consumption. If good conditions of incineration can be ensured and post-combustion treatments are realised, solid residues are in the form of granular materials usable in construction and civil engineering. Uses in road structures are classical; application for the precasting of paving is quite new and interesting due to the quantity of recycled materials. Mechanical and physical performances of municipal solid waste incineration residues let us to replace a part of the granular skeleton and to obtain similar behaviour as with reference granular composition: splitting resistance, water absorption and resistance to abrasion are optimised. Leaching behaviour is also verified in order to avoid detrimental effect on the environment; it is shown that post-combustion treatments and compacting energy combined with vibration are essential for a good quality product fabrication. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation of thermodynamic properties of concrete substrates and cement slurries modified with admixtures
Courard, Luc ULg

in Materials and Structures (2002), 35(247), 149-155

The study of the creation and the stability of the interface between concrete substrates and repair systems needs the knowledge of the thermodynamic properties of materials. The measurement of the surface ... [more ▼]

The study of the creation and the stability of the interface between concrete substrates and repair systems needs the knowledge of the thermodynamic properties of materials. The measurement of the surface free energies of liquids is realised by means of Wilhelmy plate method on reference liquid and repair products. In order to determine polar and dispersive components, it is necessary to measure the contact angle of these liquids and products on reference solid surfaces and on concrete, mortars and aggregates. Centrifuged solutions of repair product systems elements were prepared in order to measure surface free energies on pure liquids without solid particles in suspension. Evolution of properties versus time were also taken into account and analysed in comparison with well-known liquids and products. [less ▲]

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See detailEnvironmental evaluation of materials and buildings processes : application of the life cycle analysis to the construction of an industrial hall
Courard, Luc ULg; Rademaker, C.; Teller, P.

in Materials and Structures (2001), 34

Methodologies based on Life Cycle Assesment (L.C.A) give the opportunity to realise a global and complete evaluation of the environmental effects of products from their production to their use and ... [more ▼]

Methodologies based on Life Cycle Assesment (L.C.A) give the opportunity to realise a global and complete evaluation of the environmental effects of products from their production to their use and elimination (from craddle to grave); methods used for analysis are internationally wellknown and standardised. These methods are rarely used in construction materials area, although materials flows and energy consumption are important and constructions have a long way of life. A calculation methodology, based on ecofactors/ecopoints, has been used for the analysis of industrial hall made of concrete, steel, or concrete/wood structure; materials but also construction process are compared at the point of view of their environmental impact. This analysis completes the technical and economical approaches for the construction owner and designer and gives a global view of the interaction between construction and civil engineering, and environment. [less ▲]

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See detailRILEM Recommendations: Part 4: Tensile strength for service and accident conditions
Schneider, Ulrich; Schwesinger, P.; Debicki, Gérard et al

in Materials and Structures (2000), 33

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See detailPart 8: Steady-state creep and creep recovery for service and accident conditions
Schneider, Ulrich; Schwesinger, P.; Debicki, Gérard et al

in Materials and Structures (2000), 33

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See detailParametric Study for the Creation of the Interface between Concrete and Repair Products
Courard, Luc ULg

in Materials and Structures (2000), 33

An analysis as large as possible presents factors acting when a repair system comes into contact with a concrete support. The appetency of the first one for the second is defined from the properties of ... [more ▼]

An analysis as large as possible presents factors acting when a repair system comes into contact with a concrete support. The appetency of the first one for the second is defined from the properties of the support and the new layer – essentially in its liquid phase – as well as from the environmental conditions. These properties are cited or explained for each material: roughness, porosity, superficial cohesion and interstitial water into concrete, nature and concentration of the binder, rigidity modulus, capillary succion for repair systems. The thermodynamic properties of the materials as well as transport mechanisms – diffusion, capillary succion – at the interface and roughness of the concrete support are particularly developed. A sequential flow sheet related to the parameters influencing the creation of the interface is proposed. [less ▲]

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See detailPart 9: Shrinkage for service and accident conditions
Schneider, Ulrich; Schwesinger, P.; Debicki, Gérard et al

in Materials and Structures (2000), 33

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See detailRILEM Recommendations : Part 7: Transient Creep for service and accident conditions
Schneider, Ulrich; Schwesinger, P.; Debicki, Gérard et al

in Materials and Structures (1998), 31

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See detailRILEM Recommendations : Part 6 – Thermal Strain
Schneider, Ulrich; Schwesinger, P.; Debicki, Gérard et al

in Materials and Structures (1997)

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See detailCompressive strength for service and accident conditions
Schneider, Ulrich; Schwesinger, P.; Debicki, Gérard et al

in Materials and Structures (1995), 28(181), 410-414

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (1 ULg)