References of "Langmuir"
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See detailNew Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering Platforms: Composite Calcium Carbonate Microspheres Coated with Astralen and Silver Nanoparticles
Stetciura, Inna Y.; Markin, Alexey V.; Ponomarev, Andrei N. et al

in Langmuir (2013), 29

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See detailAntibacterial polyelectrolyte micelles for coating stainless steel
Falentin, Céline ULg; Faure, Emilie ULg; Svaldo Lanero, Tiziana ULg et al

in Langmuir (2012), 28(18), 7233-7241

In this study, we report on the original synthesis and characterization of novel antimicrobial coatings for stainless steel by alternating the deposition of aqueous solutions of positively charged ... [more ▼]

In this study, we report on the original synthesis and characterization of novel antimicrobial coatings for stainless steel by alternating the deposition of aqueous solutions of positively charged polyelectrolytes micelles doped with silver based nanoparticles with a polyanion. The micelles are formed by electrostatic interaction between two oppositely charged polymers, a polycation bearing 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine units (DOPA, a major component of natural adhesives) and a polyanion (poly(styrene sulfonate), PSS) without using any block copolymer. DOPA units are exploited for their well-known ability to anchor to stainless steel and to form and stabilize biocidal silver nanoparticles (Ag0). The chlorine counter-anion of the polycation forms and stabilizes biocidal silver chloride nanoparticles (AgCl). We demonstrate that two layers of micelles (alternated by PSS) doped by silver particles are enough to impart to the surface a strong antibacterial activity against Gram-negative E. coli. Moreover, micelles that are reservoirs of biocidal Ag+ can be easily reactivated after depletion. This novel water-based approach is convenient, simple and attractive for industrial applications. [less ▲]

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See detailClay and DOPA containing polyelectrolyte multilayer film for imparting anticorrosion properties to galvanized steel
Faure, Emilie ULg; Halusiak, Emilie; Farina, Fabrice et al

in Langmuir (2012), 28(5), 2971-2978

A facile and green approach is developed to impart remarkable protection against corrosion to galvanized steel. A protecting multilayer film is formed by alternating the deposition of a polycation bearing ... [more ▼]

A facile and green approach is developed to impart remarkable protection against corrosion to galvanized steel. A protecting multilayer film is formed by alternating the deposition of a polycation bearing catechol groups, used as corrosion inhibitors, with clay that induces barrier properties. This coating does not affect the esthetical aspect of the surface and does not release any toxic molecules in the environment. [less ▲]

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See detailInteraction of Hexadecylbetainate Chloride with Biological Relevant Lipids
Nsimba Zakanda, Francis; Lins, Laurence ULg; Nott, Katherine ULg et al

in Langmuir (2012), 28(7), 3524-3533

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See detailElectrochemical and spectroscopic study of the self-assembling mechanism of normal and chelating alkanethiols on copper
Dilimon, V. S.; Denayer, Jessica ULg; Delhalle, J. et al

in Langmuir (2012), 28(17), 6857-6865

The self-assembly of aliphatic thiol (RSH), dithiol (R(SH) 2), and dithiocarboxylic acid (RS 2H) onto mildly oxidized and highly oxidized copper was studied in real time by in situ electrochemical ... [more ▼]

The self-assembly of aliphatic thiol (RSH), dithiol (R(SH) 2), and dithiocarboxylic acid (RS 2H) onto mildly oxidized and highly oxidized copper was studied in real time by in situ electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). Ex situ characterization of the films was carried out using linear sweep voltammetry (LSV), polarization modulation infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy (PM-IRRAS), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). In situ EIS studies found a very fast adsorption of RSH, R(SH) 2, and RS 2H (within 10-15 s). This fast adsorption step is followed by the long-term additional adsorption and consolidation of SAM. However, the self-assembly of RS 2H passes through an intermediate step of molecule rearrangement for around 10 to 30 min after around 2 to 7 min of self-assembly. The binding of both sulfur moieties of R(SH) 2 with Cu happens simultaneous. The oxide reduction capacity of RSH, R(SH) 2, and RS 2H was good. However, the XPS studies showed the decomposition of RS 2H-based SAMs to Cu 2S. Monolayers prepared on both mildly oxidized and heavily oxidized Cu with R(SH) 2 had the highest stability. Monolayers of RS 2H showed the least stability on both mildly oxidized and heavily oxidized Cu. Although RSH-based SAMs had good organization on both mildly oxidized and highly oxidized Cu, R(SH) 2-based SAMs did not show good organization in either case. The RS 2H monolayer had good organization only on mildly oxidized Cu. © 2012 American Chemical Society. [less ▲]

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See detailElectrospinning of a functional perfluorinated block copolymer as a powerful route for imparting superhydrophobicity and corrosion resistance to aluminum substrates
Grignard, Bruno ULg; Vaillant, Alexandre; de Coninck, Joel et al

in Langmuir (2011), 27(1), 335-342

Superhydrophobic aluminum surfaces with excellent corrosion resistance were successfully prepared by electrospinning of a novel fluorinated diblock copolymer solution. Micro- and nanostructuration of the ... [more ▼]

Superhydrophobic aluminum surfaces with excellent corrosion resistance were successfully prepared by electrospinning of a novel fluorinated diblock copolymer solution. Micro- and nanostructuration of the diblock copolymer coating was obtained by electrospinning which proved to be an easy and cheap electrospinning technology to fabricate superhydrophobic coating. The diblock copolymer is made of poly(heptadecafluorodecylacrylate-co-acrylic acid) (PFDA-co-AA) random copolymer as the first block and polyacrylonitrile (PAN) as the second one. The fluorinated block promotes hydrophobicity to the surface by reducing the surface tension, while its carboxylic acid functions anchor the polymer film onto the aluminum surface after annealing at 130 °C. The PAN block of this copolymer insures the stability of the structuration of the surface during annealing, thanks to the infusible character of PAN. It is also demonstrated that the so-formed superhydrophobic coating shows good adhesion to aluminum surfaces, resulting in excellent corrosion resistance. [less ▲]

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See detailSpecific interactions of mycosubtilin with cholesterol-containing artifical membranes
Nasir, Mehmet Nail ULg; Besson, Françoise

in Langmuir (2011), 27

Mycosubtilin is a natural antimicrobial lipopeptide produced by Bacillus subtilis strains. It is characterized by its hemolytic and strong antifungal activities. Mycosubtilin interacts with the plasma ... [more ▼]

Mycosubtilin is a natural antimicrobial lipopeptide produced by Bacillus subtilis strains. It is characterized by its hemolytic and strong antifungal activities. Mycosubtilin interacts with the plasma membranes of sensitive cells. However, the molecular mechanisms of its biological activities have not been completely elucidated. Our purpose was therefore to analyze the interactions of mycosubtilin with biological membranes by using biomimetic membranes such as Langmuir monolayers and multilayers. Structural changes of mycosubtilin, involving its peptide backbone and the side chain of its tyrosyl residue, were observed when the lipopeptide was interacting with cholesterol-containing multilayers. The interactions of mycosubtilin with monolayers constituted by pure lipids and by phosholipid/cholesterol or phospholipid/sphingomyelin/cholesterol were also examined. An original behavior of mycosubtilin toward cholesterol-containing monolayers was found. However, this original behavior was lost when mycosubtilin was interacting with pure cholesterylacetate monolayers. This suggests the involvement of the alcohol group of cholesterol in mycosubtilin-cholesterol interactions within membranes. Moreover, mycosubtilin induced changes in the organization and morphology of cholesterol-containing monolayers, and large condensed domains with different levels of condensation appeared only in the case of DPPC/sphingomyelin/cholesterol monolayer. [less ▲]

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See detailExperimental Design applied to spin coating of 2D colloidal crystal masks : a relevant method?
Colson, Pierre ULg; Cloots, Rudi ULg; Henrist, Catherine ULg

in Langmuir (2011), 27(21), 12800-12806

Monolayers of colloidal spheres are used as masks in nanosphere lithography (NSL) for the selective deposition of nanostructured layers. Several methods exist for the formation of the self-organized ... [more ▼]

Monolayers of colloidal spheres are used as masks in nanosphere lithography (NSL) for the selective deposition of nanostructured layers. Several methods exist for the formation of the self-organized particles monolayers, among which spin coating appears to be very promising. However, a spin coating process is defined by several parameters like several ramps, rotation speeds and durations. All parameters influence the spreading and drying of the droplet containing the particles. Moreover, scientists are confronted to the formation of numerous defects in spin coated layers, limiting well-ordered areas to a few µm2. So far, empiricism mainly ruled the world of nanoparticles self-organization by spin coating and much of the literature is experimentally based. Therefore, the development of experimental protocols to control the ordering of particles is a major goal for further progress in NSL. We applied experimental design to spin coating, to evaluate the efficiency of this method to extract and model the relationships between the experimental parameters and the degree of ordering in the particles monolayers. A set of experiments was generated by the MODDE software and applied to the spin coating of latex suspension (diam. 490 nm). We calculated the ordering by a homemade image analysis tool. The results of Partial Least Squares (PLS) modeling show that the proposed mathematical model only fits data from strictly monolayers but is not predictive for new sets of parameters. We submitted the data to Principal Component Analysis (PCA) that was able to explain 91% of the results when based on strictly monolayers samples. PCA shows that the ordering was positively correlated to the ramp time and negatively correlated to the first rotation speed. We obtain large defect-free domains with the best set of parameters tested in this study. This protocol leads to areas of 200 µm2, which has never been reported so far. [less ▲]

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See detailCorrelation between superhydrophobicity and the power spectral density of randomly rough surfaces
Awada, Houssein; Grignard, Bruno ULg; Jérôme, Christine ULg et al

in Langmuir (2010), 26(23), 17798-17803

We show experimentally and analytically that for single-valued, isotropic, homogeneous, randomly rough surfaces consisting of bumps randomly protruding over a continuous background, superhydrophobicity is ... [more ▼]

We show experimentally and analytically that for single-valued, isotropic, homogeneous, randomly rough surfaces consisting of bumps randomly protruding over a continuous background, superhydrophobicity is related to the power spectral density of the surface height, which can be derived from microscopy measurements. More precisely, superhydrophobicity correlates with the third moment of the power spectral density, which is directly related to the notion of Wenzel roughness (i.e., the ratio between the real area of the surface and its projected area). In addition, we explain why randomly rough surfaces with identical root-mean-square roughness values may behave differently with respect to water repellence and why roughness components with wavelength larger than 10 μm are not likely to be of importance or, stated otherwise, why superhydrophobicity often requires a contribution from submicrometer-scale components such as nanoparticles. The analysis developed here also shows that the simple thermodynamic arguments relating superhydrophobicity to an increase in the sample area are valid for this type of surface, and we hope that it will help researchers to fabricate efficient superhydrophobic surfaces based on the rational design of their power spectral density. [less ▲]

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See detailSuperhydrophobic aluminum surfaces by deposition of micelles of fluorinated block copolymers
Desbief, Simon; Grignard, Bruno ULg; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg et al

in Langmuir (2010), 26(3), 2057-2067

Superhydrophobic surfaces are generated by chemisorption on aluminum substrates of fluorinated block copolymers synthesized by reversible addition−fragmentation chain transfer in supercritical carbon ... [more ▼]

Superhydrophobic surfaces are generated by chemisorption on aluminum substrates of fluorinated block copolymers synthesized by reversible addition−fragmentation chain transfer in supercritical carbon dioxide. In an appropriate solvent, those block copolymers can form micelles with a fluorinated corona, which are grafted on the aluminum substrate thanks to the presence of carboxylic acid groups in the corona. Water contact angle and drop impact analysis were used to characterize the wettability of the films at the macroscale, and atomic force microscopy measurements provided morphological information at the micro- and nanoscale. The simple solvent casting of the polymer solution on a hydroxylated aluminum surface results in a coating with multiscale roughness, which is fully superhydrophobic over areas up to 4 cm2. [less ▲]

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See detailControlled Deposition of Highly Oriented Type I Collagen Mimicking In Vivo Collagen Structures
Tenboll, Annabell; Behafarid, Darvish; Hou, Weimin et al

in Langmuir (2010), 26

The structural arrangement of type I collagen in vivo is critical for the normal functioning of tissues, such as bone, cornea, and blood vessels. At present, there are no low-cost techniques for ... [more ▼]

The structural arrangement of type I collagen in vivo is critical for the normal functioning of tissues, such as bone, cornea, and blood vessels. At present, there are no low-cost techniques for fabricating aligned collagen structures for applications in regenerative medicine. Here, we report a straightforward approach to fabricate collagen films, with defined orientation of collagen fibrillar aggregates within a matrix of oriented collagen molecules. Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) technology was used to deposit thin films of oriented type I collagen onto substrates. It was found that collagen does not behave like classical LB materials, such as amphiphilic hydrocarbon acids or lipids. The thickness of the deposited collagen films and the area-pressure isotherms were found to depend on the amount of material spread. In addition, no film collapse was detected and the deposited LB films were thicker than the theoretical dimension of a collagen monolayer (1.5 nm) formed by triple helical collagen molecules. Individual LB films with thicknesses of up to 20 nm were obtained, and multiple depositions yielded overall film thicknesses of up to 100 nm. Films consisted of a matrix of collagen molecules containing thicker fibrillar aggregates of collagen (micrometers in length). These fibrillar aggregates were built up of shorter unit molecules forming “spun thread” structures, some of which exhibited a zigzag pattern. In addition to aligning collagen unidirectionally (similar for example to tendon), we performed a two-step deposition procedure, in which the substrate was turned 90 between two consecutive collagen deposition steps. The resulting films showed orthogonally aligned collagen layers, mimicking the structure of cornea. Thus, this technique permits control of the thickness of individual layers, the orientation of successive layers, and the number of layers within the construct. Therefore, it may have widespread applicability for the engineering of collagen-rich tissues [less ▲]

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See detailFrom a bouncing compound drop to a double emulsion
Terwagne, Denis ULg; Gilet, Tristan ULg; Vandewalle, Nicolas ULg et al

in Langmuir (2010), 26(14), 11680

We show that a double emulsion (oil in water in oil) can be created starting from a compound droplet (surfactant solution in oil). The compound drop bounces on a vertically vibrated liquid surface. When ... [more ▼]

We show that a double emulsion (oil in water in oil) can be created starting from a compound droplet (surfactant solution in oil). The compound drop bounces on a vertically vibrated liquid surface. When the amplitude of the vibration exceeds a threshold value, the oil layer penetrates the water content and leaves a tiny oil droplet within. As this phenomenon occurs at each vigorous impact, the compound drop progressively transforms into a double emulsion. The emulsification threshold, which is observed to depend on the forcing frequency but not on the drop size, is rationalized by investigating the impact of compound drops onto a static liquid surface. The droplet creation occurs when the kinetic energy released at impact is larger than the energy required to deform the compound drop, namely when the Weber number is higher than a given threshold value. [less ▲]

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See detailInsight into cellular response of plant cells confined within silica-based matrices
Meunier, C. F.; Rooke, J. C.; Hajdu, K. et al

in Langmuir (2010), 26(9), 6568-6575

The encapsulation of living plant cells into materials could offer the possibility to develop new green biochemical technologies. With the view to designing new functional materials, the physiological ... [more ▼]

The encapsulation of living plant cells into materials could offer the possibility to develop new green biochemical technologies. With the view to designing new functional materials, the physiological activity and cellular response of entrapped cells within different silica-based matrices have been assessed. A fine-tuning of the surface chemistry of the matrix has been achieved by the in situ copolymerization of an aqueous silica precursor and a biocompatible trifunctional silane bearing covalently bound neutral sugars. This method allows a facile control of chemical and physical interactions between the entrapped plant cells and the scaffold. The results show that the cell-matrix interaction has to be carefully controlled in order to avoid the mineralization of the cell wall which typically reduces the bioavailability of nutrients. Under appropriate conditions, the introduction of a trifunctional silane (ca. 10%) during the preparation of hybrid gels has shown to prolong the biological activity as well as the cellular viability of plant cells. The relations of cell behavior with some other key factors such as the porosity and the contraction of the matrix are also discussed. © 2010 American Chemical Society. [less ▲]

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See detailStainless steel grafting of hyperbranched polymer brushes with an antibacterial activity: synthesis, characterization and properties
Ignatova, Milena; Voccia, Samuel; Gabriel, Sabine et al

in Langmuir (2009), 25(2), 891-902

Two strategies were used for the preparation of hyperbranched polymer brushes with a high density of functional groups: (a) the cathodic electrografting of stainless steel by poly[2-(2-chloropropionate ... [more ▼]

Two strategies were used for the preparation of hyperbranched polymer brushes with a high density of functional groups: (a) the cathodic electrografting of stainless steel by poly[2-(2-chloropropionate)ethyl acrylate] [poly(cPEA)], which was used as a macroinitiator for the atom transfer radical polymerization of an inimer, 2-(2-bromopropionate)ethyl acrylate in the presence or absence of heptadecafluorodecyl acrylate, (b) the grafting of preformed hyperbranched poly(ethyleneimine) onto poly(N-succinimidyl acrylate) previously electrografted onto stainless steel. The hyperbranched polymer, which contained either bromides or amines, was quaternized because the accordingly formed quaternary ammonium or pyridinium groups are known for antibacterial properties. The structure, chemical composition, and morphology of the quaternized and nonquaternized hyperbranched polymer brushes were characterized by ATR-FTIR reflectance, Raman spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and atomic force microscopy. The peeling test confirmed that the grafted hyperbranched polymer films adhered much more strongly to stainless steel than the nongrafted solvent-cast films. The quaternized hyperbranched polymer brushes were more effective in preventing both protein adsorption and bacterial adhesion than quaternary ammonium containing poly(cPEA) primary films, more likely because of the higher hydrophilicity and density of cationic groups. [less ▲]

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See detailSelf-assembly and pH-responsiveness of ABC miktoarm star terpolymers
Van Butsele, Kathy ULg; Fustin, Charles-André; Gohy, Jean-François et al

in Langmuir (2009), 25(1), 107-111

This work deals with the self-assembly in water of ABC miktoarm star terpolymers consisting of hydrophobic poly(-caprolactone), hydrophilic poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO), and pH-sensitive poly(2 ... [more ▼]

This work deals with the self-assembly in water of ABC miktoarm star terpolymers consisting of hydrophobic poly(-caprolactone), hydrophilic poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO), and pH-sensitive poly(2-vinylpyridine) (P2VP). A variety of experimental techniques were used, including dynamic light scattering, transmission electron microscopy, and zeta potential. Special attention was paid to the pH dependency of the supramolecular self-assemblies. A key observation is the capability of the miktoarm terpolymers to form micelles stable over the whole range of pH, although a transition was observed from neutral to highly positively charged nanoobjects upon decreasing pH. [less ▲]

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See detailStudy of the specific lipid binding properties of Abeta 11-22 fragment at endosomal pH.
Ravault, S.; Flore, Christelle ULg; Saurel, O. et al

in Langmuir (2009), 25(18), 10948-53

Increasing evidence implicates interactions between Abeta peptide and lipids in the development of Alzheimer's disease. More generally, Abeta peptide interactions with membranes seem to depend on the ... [more ▼]

Increasing evidence implicates interactions between Abeta peptide and lipids in the development of Alzheimer's disease. More generally, Abeta peptide interactions with membranes seem to depend on the composition of the lipid bilayer and the structural features of the peptide. One key parameter should be pH, since one site of intracellular Abeta peptide production and/or accumulation is likely to be endosomes. This intracellular endosomal accumulation was suggested to contribute to disease progression. In this paper, we report a study on the 11-22 amphiphilic domain of Abeta in interaction with model membrane; this region contains most of the charged residues of the N-terminal domain of Abeta. We show that the peptide charge, and more precisely the protonation state of histidines 13 and/or 14, is important for the interaction with lipids. Hence, it is only at endosomal pH that a conformational change of the peptide is observed in the presence of negatively charged lipid vesicles, that is, when both lipid headgroups and histidines can interact through electrostatic interactions. Specific interactions of the fragment with phosphatidylserine and to a lesser extent with phosphatidylcholine, but not phosphatidylethanolamine, are further evidenced by the Langmuir monolayer technique. From our results, we suggest that the protonation state of His residues could have a role in the pathogenic surface interaction of the whole Abeta peptide with membranes. [less ▲]

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See detailNormal and frictional forces between surfaces bearing polyelectrolyte brushes
Raviv, Uri; Giasson, Suzanne; Kampf, Nir et al

in Langmuir (2008), 24(16), 8678-8687

Normal and shear forces were measured as a function of surface separation, D, between hydrophobized mica surfaces bearing layers of a hydrophobic−polyelectrolytic diblock copolymer, poly(methyl ... [more ▼]

Normal and shear forces were measured as a function of surface separation, D, between hydrophobized mica surfaces bearing layers of a hydrophobic−polyelectrolytic diblock copolymer, poly(methyl methacrylate)-block-poly(sodium sulfonated glycidyl methacrylate) copolymer (PMMA-b-PSGMA). The copolymers were attached to each hydrophobized surface by their hydrophobic PMMA moieties with the nonadsorbing polyelectrolytic PSGMA tails extending into the aqueous medium to form a polyelectrolyte brush. Following overnight incubation in 10−4 w/v aqueous solution of the copolymer, the strong hydrophobic attraction between the hydrophobized mica surfaces across water was replaced by strongly repulsive normal forces between them. These were attributed to the osmotic repulsion arising from the confined counterions at long-range, together with steric repulsion between the compressed brush layers at shorter range. The corresponding shear forces on sliding the surfaces were extremely low and below our detection limit (±20−30 nN), even when compressed down to a volume fraction close to unity. On further compression, very weak shear forces (130 ± 30 nN) were measured due to the increase in the effective viscous drag experienced by the compressed, sliding layers. At separations corresponding to pressures of a few atmospheres, the shearing motion led to abrupt removal of most of the chains out of the gap, and the surfaces jumped into adhesive contact. The extremely low frictional forces between the charged brushes (prior to their removal) is attributed to the exceptional resistance to mutual interpenetration displayed by the compressed, counterion-swollen brushes, together with the fluidity of the hydration layers surrounding the charged, rubbing polymer segments. [less ▲]

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See detailImparting antifouling properties of poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) hydrogels by grafting poly(oligoethylene glycol methyl ether acrylate)
Bozukova, Dimitriya ULg; Pagnoulle, Christophe; Gillet, Marie-Claire ULg et al

in Langmuir (2008), 24(13), 6649-6658

The antifouling properties of poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate-co-methyl methacrylate) hydrogels were improved by the surface grafting of a brush of poly(oligoethylene glycol methyl ether acrylate) [poly ... [more ▼]

The antifouling properties of poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate-co-methyl methacrylate) hydrogels were improved by the surface grafting of a brush of poly(oligoethylene glycol methyl ether acrylate) [poly(OEGA)]. The atom-transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) of OEGA (degree of polymerization = 8) was initiated from the preactivated surface of the hydrogel under mild conditions, thus in water at 25 °C. The catalytic system was optimized on the basis of two ligands [1,1,4,7,10,10-hexamethyl-triethylenetetramine (HMTETA) or tris[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]amine (Me6TREN)] and two copper salts (CuIBr or CuICl). Faster polymerization was observed for the Me6TREN/CuIBr combination. The chemical composition and morphology of the coated surface were analyzed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, contact angle measurements by the water droplet and captive bubble methods, scanning electron microscopy, and environmental scanning electron microscopy. The hydrophilicity of the surface increased with the molar mass of the grafted poly(OEGA) chains, and the surface modifications were reported in parallel. The antifouling properties of the coatings were tested by in vitro protein adsorption and cell adhesion tests, with green fluorescent protein, β-lactamase, and lens epithelial cells, as model proteins and model cells, respectively. The grafted poly(OEGA) brush decreased the nonspecific protein adsorption and imparted high cell repellency to the hydrogel surface. [less ▲]

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