References of "Journal of Materials Processing Technology"
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See detailExperimental and numerical study of an AlMgSc sheet formed by an incremental process
Bouffioux, Chantal ULg; Lequesne, Cédric ULg; Vanhove, H. et al

in Journal of Materials Processing Technology (2011), 211(11), 1684-1693

A recently developed AlMgSc alloy is studied since this material, which is well adapted to the aeronautic domain, is poorly known. The first objective is to reach a better knowledge of this alloy to ... [more ▼]

A recently developed AlMgSc alloy is studied since this material, which is well adapted to the aeronautic domain, is poorly known. The first objective is to reach a better knowledge of this alloy to provide the missing useful information to the aeronautic industry and to help research institutes who want to simulate sheet forming processes by Finite Element (FE) simulations. A set of experimental tests has been performed on the as-received sheets, material laws have been chosen and the corresponding material parameters have been adjusted to correctly describe the material behaviour. The second objective is to study the applicability of the Single Point Incremental Forming process (SPIF) on this material. Truncated cones with different geometries were formed and the maximum forming angle was determined. A numerical model was developed and proved to be able to predict both the force evolution during the process and the final geometrical shape. Moreover, the model helps reaching a better understanding of the process. The characterisation method described in this research and applied on the AlMgSc alloy can be extended to other alloys. In addition, the numerical simplified model, able to accurately describe the SPIF process with a reduced computation time, can be used to study more complex geometries. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of strain rate on the forming behaviour of sheet metals
Verleysen, Patricia; Peirs, Jan; Van Slycken, Joost et al

in Journal of Materials Processing Technology (2011), 211

The strain rate dependence of plastic yield and failure properties displayed by most metals affects energies, forces and forming limits involved in high speed forming processes. This paper investigates ... [more ▼]

The strain rate dependence of plastic yield and failure properties displayed by most metals affects energies, forces and forming limits involved in high speed forming processes. This paper investigates the influence of the strain rate on the forming properties of one laboratory made and three commercial steel grades: a CMnAl TRIP steel, the ferritic structural steel S235JR, the drawing steel DC04 and the ferritic stainless steel AISI 409. First, split Hopkinson tensile bar (SHTB) experiments are carried out to assess the influence of the strain rate on the materials’ stress–strain curves. Subsequently, the obtained SHTB results, together with static tensile test results, are used to model the constitutive behaviour of the investigated steels using the phenomenological Johnson–Cook (JC) model and the Voce model, thus allowing dynamic modelling of forming processes. Finally, forming limit diagrams (FLDs) are calculated using the Marciniak–Kuczynski method. The results clearly show that the effect of the strain rate on forces and energies involved in a forming process, and the forming limits is non-negligible and strongly material dependent. [less ▲]

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See detailAccurate stress computation in plane strain tensile tests for sheet metal using experimental data
Flores, P.; Tuninetti Vásquez, Victor ULg; Gilles, Gaëtan ULg et al

in Journal of Materials Processing Technology (2010), 210

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See detailNumerical simulation of cold roll-forming processes
Bui, Quoc viet; Ponthot, Jean-Philippe ULg

in Journal of Materials Processing Technology (2008), 202(1-3), 275-282

3D finite element analysis is employed to simulate a cold roll-forming process. Numerical results of longitudinal strains and displacement trajectories are compared with experimental results available in ... [more ▼]

3D finite element analysis is employed to simulate a cold roll-forming process. Numerical results of longitudinal strains and displacement trajectories are compared with experimental results available in the literature. Through a parametri study, significant impacts of the yield limit and the work-hardening exponent on the product quality are observed, whereas forming speed and friction at roll-sheet interface appear to play a minor role. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailOptimization of the formulation and post-treatment of stainless steel for rapid manufacturing
Vaneetveld, Grégory ULg; Clarinval, A. M.; Dormal, T. et al

in Journal of Materials Processing Technology (2008), 196(1-3), 160-164

Rapid prototyping process called Optoform shapes functional parts from a photocurable paste. This paste contains metal powder, resin, UV photoinitiator and wetting agent. After processing on the Optoform ... [more ▼]

Rapid prototyping process called Optoform shapes functional parts from a photocurable paste. This paste contains metal powder, resin, UV photoinitiator and wetting agent. After processing on the Optoform machine, a post-treatment is applied (debinding+sintering). During the post-treatment, the residual carbon coming from the resin modifies the composition of the metal and its melting point. This modification affects densification mechanisms, which leads to a residual porosity that lowers mechanical characteristics. We will present theoretical consideration leading to the optimization of the formulation. To improve the process, bimodal powder is used and thermal treatment is adapted. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailStudy of a 2024 aluminium rod produced by Rotary Forging
Habraken, Anne ULg; Bouffioux, Chantal ULg; Carton, Marc ULg et al

in Journal of Materials Processing Technology (2007), 184

An investigation of the rotary forging process of a 2024 aluminium rod is summarised. Some dispersion in mechanical properties and chemical composition of the base material is permitted. Samples of two ... [more ▼]

An investigation of the rotary forging process of a 2024 aluminium rod is summarised. Some dispersion in mechanical properties and chemical composition of the base material is permitted. Samples of two material batches were selected: one just stays near the upper limit of tolerance and the other has mean properties. Tensile and compression tests confirm the different mechanical behaviours and allow the identification of constitutive laws parameters. Optical metallography after T3 and T10 thermal treatments and differential thermal analysis provide the grain size and precipitation characteristics of each material batch, which explain their different mechanical behaviours. The industrial rod studied is usually forged in two operations: a first forging process, then a T10 thermal treatment followed by a second forging step. Industrial practise shows that manufacturing the rod with one forging step fails. FEM simulations of the process coupled with a fracture criterion confirm the advantage of a two-step process compared to a single forging step. [less ▲]

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See detailApplication of the Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian Formulation to the Numerical Simulation of Cold Roll Forming Process
Boman, Romain ULg; Papeleux, Luc ULg; Bui, Quoc Viet et al

in Journal of Materials Processing Technology (2006), 177(1-3), 621-625

In this paper, the Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian formalism is used to compute the steady state of a 3D U-shaped cold roll forming process. Compared to the Lagrangian case, this method allows to keep a ... [more ▼]

In this paper, the Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian formalism is used to compute the steady state of a 3D U-shaped cold roll forming process. Compared to the Lagrangian case, this method allows to keep a refined mesh near the tools, thus allowing accurate contact prediction all along the computation with a limited number of elements. Mesh can also be kept refined in the bending zone, thus leading to accurate representation of the sheet with a limited computational time. The main problem of this kind of simulation lies in the rezoning of the nodes on the free surfaces of the sheet. A modified iterative isoparametric smoother is used to manage this geometrically complex and CPU expensive task. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailNumerical modelling and experimental validation of steel deep drawing processes - Part II. Applications
Garcia, Claudio; Celentano, Diego; Flores, Fernando et al

in Journal of Materials Processing Technology (2006), 172(3), 461-471

This paper presents the modelling and experimental validation of three different deep drawing applications: the Erichsen test, a cylindrical cup test and an industrial sheet metal forming process. The ... [more ▼]

This paper presents the modelling and experimental validation of three different deep drawing applications: the Erichsen test, a cylindrical cup test and an industrial sheet metal forming process. The sheet forrning material considered in the study is the EK4 steel characterized in Part I of this work. A finite element analysis of the deformation process is performed with a large strain hyperelastic shell formulation including the Hill-48 associate plasticity model. The experimental validation of the results provided by the simulation encompasses the punch force evolution together with the in-plane principal deformations and thickness distributions of the final deformed part. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailNumerical modelling and experimental validation of steel deep drawing processes - Part I. Material characterization
Garcia, Claudio; Celentano, Diego; Flores, F. et al

in Journal of Materials Processing Technology (2006), 172(3), 451-460

This work presents an experimental characterization of the mechanical behaviour of the EK4 deep drawing steel. The experimental procedure encompasses spectrometry, rnetalography, tension testing and ... [more ▼]

This work presents an experimental characterization of the mechanical behaviour of the EK4 deep drawing steel. The experimental procedure encompasses spectrometry, rnetalography, tension testing and hardness measurements. Special attention is devoted to the derivation of the elastic and plastic parameters involved in the assumed constitutive model based on the anisotropic Hill-48 yield criterion. The simulation of the deformation process during the whole tensile test is subsequently performed with the aim of assessing the adequateness of the proposed methodology. It should be mentioned that the material parameters obtained with this procedure are the basic data for the modelling and experimental validation of different deep drawing applications presented in Part II of this work. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailEfficient algorithmic approach for mixed-lubrication in cold rolling
Stephany, A.; Ponthot, Jean-Philippe ULg; Collette, C. et al

in Journal of Materials Processing Technology (2004), 153(1), 307-313

A model of cold rolling taking into account lubrication in mixed mode was developed. The main objective is to obtain a numerical tool that permits us to optimise a mill configuration from the lubrication ... [more ▼]

A model of cold rolling taking into account lubrication in mixed mode was developed. The main objective is to obtain a numerical tool that permits us to optimise a mill configuration from the lubrication point of view. It means that lubricant viscosity but also roll diameter and roughness, rolling diagrams, etc could be modified to improve stability and efficiency of the mill. A modified slab method is solved iteratively and is coupled with a sophisticated tribological model. A general calculation of the modified Reynolds equation is presented in order to evaluate the fluid pressure for any piezoviscosity law. The coupling is made through the calculation of fluid thickness and friction along the roll bite. The evolution of the cylinder/strip contact area due to the asperity crushing along the roll bite is also considered. A parametric study has been undertaken in order to determine the influence of various process parameters on friction and lubricant flow. Applications to industrial cases obtained from Cockerill Sambre plant will show the applicability of the method. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailNumerical simulation of springback using enhanced assumed strain elements
Bui, Q. V.; Papeleux, Luc ULg; Ponthot, Jean-Philippe ULg

in Journal of Materials Processing Technology (2004), 153(1), 314-318

The quality of springback prediction for a sheet metal forming process depends on a precise estimate of the elasto-plastic stress distribution throughout the metal sheet. The use of low-order conventional ... [more ▼]

The quality of springback prediction for a sheet metal forming process depends on a precise estimate of the elasto-plastic stress distribution throughout the metal sheet. The use of low-order conventional finite elements may be, without any proper treatment, responsible for low quality prediction because of volumetric and shear lockings. In this study, the enhanced assumed strain technique will be exploited for locking removal. The quality of the numerical simulation is evaluated through a comparison with other popular techniques like selective and uniform reduced integration. In contrast to the latter, and thanks to a full numerical integration scheme, the enhanced assumed strain element is very efficient in accurately capturing the development of plastic flow. This enables a reliable prediction of springback even with a rather coarse mesh. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailParameter identification and shape/process optimization in metal forming simulation
Kleinermann, J. P.; Ponthot, Jean-Philippe ULg

in Journal of Materials Processing Technology (2003), 139(1-3), 521-526

Nowadays, computer simulations of metal forming processes using the finite element method (FEM) have reached some level of maturity. The purpose of inverse problems is to determine the simulation input ... [more ▼]

Nowadays, computer simulations of metal forming processes using the finite element method (FEM) have reached some level of maturity. The purpose of inverse problems is to determine the simulation input data for one or more of these forming processes, leading to a desired result. The first example is called parameter identification. This consists in evaluating the material parameters for material behavior laws that would lead to the most accurate model, minimizing the difference between experimental results and the corresponding FEM simulation. The second example is initial geometry and tool shape design, consisting in determining the initial shape of the specimen and/or the shape of the forming tools, in order to provide the desired final geometry after the forming process. Both inverse problem examples can be formulated as optimization problems. In this paper, the authors propose to solve these optimization problems with different non-linear optimization methods and to compare their efficiency. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailA coupled thermo-viscoplastic formulation at finite strains for the numerical simulation of superplastic forming
Adam, Laurent; Ponthot, Jean-Philippe ULg

in Journal of Materials Processing Technology (2003), 139

This paper deals with a thermo-elasto-viscoplastic formulation for the simulation of metal forming involving large deformations. The authors present the governing equations of the model and some ... [more ▼]

This paper deals with a thermo-elasto-viscoplastic formulation for the simulation of metal forming involving large deformations. The authors present the governing equations of the model and some applications to superplastic forming. The numerical examples illustrate the potentiality of the finite-element code METAFOR based on this formulation. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailNumerical Simulation of Lubricated Contact in Rolling Processes
Boman, Romain ULg; Ponthot, Jean-Philippe ULg

in Journal of Materials Processing Technology (2002), 125-126

In this paper, the lubrication problem in numerical simulation of rolling process is presented. In this case, the recent and complex model of Marsault for the solution of the mixed lubrication regime has ... [more ▼]

In this paper, the lubrication problem in numerical simulation of rolling process is presented. In this case, the recent and complex model of Marsault for the solution of the mixed lubrication regime has been implemented and tested. This model requires the use of the finite difference method to work properly. We will discuss the advantages and the difficulties encountered when trying to solve the same problem with the finite element method in a general frame. Finally, a finite element formulation for the solution of the time-dependent Reynolds' equation coupled with the deformation of the workpiece is proposed. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailFinite element simulation of springback in sheet metal forming
Papeleux, Luc ULg; Ponthot, Jean-Philippe ULg

in Journal of Materials Processing Technology (2002), 125(Sp. Iss. SI), 785-791

Although finite element analysis (FEA) is successful in simulating complex industrial sheet forming operations, the accurate and reliable application of this technique to springback has not been widely ... [more ▼]

Although finite element analysis (FEA) is successful in simulating complex industrial sheet forming operations, the accurate and reliable application of this technique to springback has not been widely demonstrated. Several physical parameters, as well as numerical, influence this phenomenon and its numerical prediction. In this paper, we investigate the impact of these parameters on the springback appearing in a 2D U-draw bending. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailTexture evolution during deep-drawing processes
Duchene, Laurent ULg; Godinas, A.; Cescotto, Serge ULg et al

in Journal of Materials Processing Technology (2002), 125-126

This paper presents a constitutive law based on Taylor’s model implemented in our non-linear finite element code LAGAMINE. The yield locus is only locally described and a particular interpolation method ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a constitutive law based on Taylor’s model implemented in our non-linear finite element code LAGAMINE. The yield locus is only locally described and a particular interpolation method has been developed. This local yield locus model uses a discrete representation of the material’s texture. The interpolation method is presented and a deep-drawing application is simulated in order to show up the influence of the texture evolution during forming processes. [less ▲]

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See detailAn extension of the radial return algorithm to account for rate-dependent effects in frictional contact and visco-plasticity
Ponthot, Jean-Philippe ULg

in Journal of Materials Processing Technology (1998), 80-1

This paper deals with unified elasto-plastic and elastic-visco-plastic constitutive equations for metals submitted to large deformations. We present here a newly developed time integration algorithm which ... [more ▼]

This paper deals with unified elasto-plastic and elastic-visco-plastic constitutive equations for metals submitted to large deformations. We present here a newly developed time integration algorithm which is an extension to the visco-plastic range of the classical radial return algorithm for plasticity. The resulting implicit algorithm is both efficient and very inexpensive. This algorithm is also subsequently extended to frictional problems where it allows a generalisation of the classical Coulomb dry friction criterion to a criterion depending on the relative slip velocity such as those encountered in the hydrodynamic regime. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science S.A. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailSimulation of Square Cup Deep Drawing with Different Finite Elements
Kaiping, Li; Habraken, Anne ULg; Bruneel, H.

in Journal of Materials Processing Technology (1995), 50(1-4), 81-91

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See detailA fully coupled elastoplastic damage modeling and fracture criteria in metalforming processes
Zhu, Y. Y.; Cescotto, Serge ULg; Habraken, Anne ULg

in Journal of Materials Processing Technology (1992), 32

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See detailAn automatic remeshing processor
Habraken, Anne ULg

in Journal of Materials Processing Technology (1990), 24

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