References of "Journal of Equine Veterinary Science"
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See detailSperm Motility and Lactate production at different sperm concentrations
Ponthier, Jérôme ULg; De Tullio, Pascal ULg; Blommaert, Didier ULg et al

in Journal of Equine Veterinary Science (2014, January), 34(1), 75-76

Lactate production is associated with total spermatozoa concentration. It negatively affects preservation of total and progressive motility, showing an effect of by-products of anaerobic metabolism on ... [more ▼]

Lactate production is associated with total spermatozoa concentration. It negatively affects preservation of total and progressive motility, showing an effect of by-products of anaerobic metabolism on long-term storage. Moreover, our data show that non-progressive motile spermatozoa are highly associated to lactate concentration, and thus, anaerobic glycolysis. More studies are required to determine relative contributions of aerobiosis and anaerobiosis to spermatozoa motility under different storage conditions. [less ▲]

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See detailUse of automatic stapling device during castration to prevent (re)occurrence of inguinal hernia in horses with large vaginal rings.
Salciccia, Alexandra ULg; de la Rebière de Pouyade, Geoffroy ULg; Ponthier, Jérôme ULg et al

in Journal of Equine Veterinary Science (2014, January), 34(1), 99-100

(Re)ocurrence of inguinal hernia in case of very large vaginal rings may simply be prevented by closure of the vaginal tunic by TA staples during castration by inguinal approach. This method provides a ... [more ▼]

(Re)ocurrence of inguinal hernia in case of very large vaginal rings may simply be prevented by closure of the vaginal tunic by TA staples during castration by inguinal approach. This method provides a good resistance to internal pressure, appears to be safe, fast and easy to perform and may therefore be an interesting alternative to laparoscopic techniques when castration is considered. [less ▲]

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See detailAtrial Natriuretic Peptide as an indicator of the severity of valvular regurgitation and heart failure in horses
Leroux, Aurélia ULg; Al Haidar, Ali; Remy, Benoît ULg et al

in Journal of Equine Veterinary Science (2014), in press

Natriuretic peptides are cardiac biomarkers, routinely used for diagnosis, prognosis, and guidance for treatment in human and small animal cardiology. However, their diagnostic and prognostic value in ... [more ▼]

Natriuretic peptides are cardiac biomarkers, routinely used for diagnosis, prognosis, and guidance for treatment in human and small animal cardiology. However, their diagnostic and prognostic value in horses has received little study. The aim of this study was to investigate the plasma atrial natriuretic concentration (ANPPl) in a large group of horses with various degrees of valvular regurgitation (VR) and congestive heart failure (CHF). Clinical examination and two-dimensional, time-motion mode and Doppler echocardiography were performed on 91 horses admitted to the Equine Teaching Hospital of Liege University, with either no, mild, moderate or severe VR and presenting various stages of CHF. ANPPl was measured using a commercially available human RIA test. Mean values of body weight, age, ANPPl and echocardiographic parameters were compared between horses with no, mild, moderate and severe VR and between horses in different CHF stages. Correlation and linear regression of ANPPl with each echocardiographic parameter and with the percentage of dilation of each of cardiac chambers were assessed. Horses with severe or moderate VR had significantly higher ANPPl than horses with mild or no VR. ANPPl was significantly higher in horses presenting CHF than in horses without CHF. ANPPl was significantly correlated with the left atrial diameter and its percentage of dilation. These results suggest a diagnostic value of ANPPl in horses with VR, especially with tricuspid or mitral insufficiency with dilation of the atria. [less ▲]

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See detailRelationship between echocardiographic measurements and body size in horses.
Al Haidar, Ali; Leroux, Aurélia ULg; Borde, Laura ULg et al

in Journal of Equine Veterinary Science (2013), 33(2), 107-114

The objectives of this work were to evaluate the optimal body size variable, and to determine mathematical model that best fits echocardiographic measurements to body size in the equine species. 150 ... [more ▼]

The objectives of this work were to evaluate the optimal body size variable, and to determine mathematical model that best fits echocardiographic measurements to body size in the equine species. 150 horses of various breeds, aged 1 week to 17 years old, body weight (BW) 38 to 890 kg, and free from cardiac disease were used in this study. Based on their age (i.e. younger or older than 2 years), animals were separated into 2 groups. In each horse, the body weight (BW), height at withers (HT), thoracic circumference (TC) and the body length (BL) were measured, the body surface area (BSA) was calculated, and a standard two-dimensional and M-mode echocardiography was performed allowing classic cardiac measurements to be taken. Correlations between each echocardiographic measurement and each of the anthropometric variables were assessed via a Pearson’s product-moment analysis and using linear, logarithmic, and power regression analysis in all animals and within the 2 groups. The dimensional, but not the functional, echocardiographic measurements showed a close correlation with all body size variables, especially during growth. The relationship between cardiac measurements and body size was best described using power regression models with TC as the anthropometric variable, but the relationship was also very accurately described using BW, BSA, or BL. In the equine species, dimensional echocardiographic reference values should be established using power regression equations on TC. Such a correction for body size could increase the diagnostic value of echocardiography in equine cardiology. [less ▲]

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See detailRider and horse salivary cortisol levels during competition and impact on performance.
Peeters, Marie ULg; Closson, Coline; Beckers, Jean-François ULg et al

in Journal of Equine Veterinary Science (2013), 33(3), 155-160

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See detailUltrasonography of the collateral ligaments of the distal interphalangeal joint in horses: technique and reference images
Evrard, Laurence ULg; Bolen, Géraldine ULg; Maquet, Nathalie et al

in Journal of Equine Veterinary Science (2012), 32(9), 584-589

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See detailA flow cytometric study on the effect of myeloperoxidase on stallion spermatozoal motility and structure
Ponthier, Jérôme ULg; Parrilla Hernandez, Sonia ULg; Van Den Berghe, Femke ULg et al

in Journal of Equine Veterinary Science (2012, August), 32(8), 509

Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is a pro-oxidant enzyme that is normally contained in neutrophils. MPO has recently been associated with keratinized cells and with decreased post-thaw motility in stallion semen [1 ... [more ▼]

Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is a pro-oxidant enzyme that is normally contained in neutrophils. MPO has recently been associated with keratinized cells and with decreased post-thaw motility in stallion semen [1]. The aim of the study was to determine effects of experimental addition of active MPO on motility, mitochondrial potential, apoptosis induction, membrane and acrosome integrity in equine semen. Three stallions were used and semen was collected four times. Extended (INRA96TM) semen was processed for density gradient centrifugation (Equipure Bottom Layer®) [2]. Purified pellet was re-extended to 100x106spermatozoa/ml in INRA96TM and divided in 3 samples. One sample was used for control and active human MPO (Calbiochem, Merck) was added in the other two samples to final concentration of 5 or 50 ng/ml. After incubation (2 hours, 20°C), motility was analysed with Computer Assisted Semen Analysis (IVOS, Hamilton-Throne, Beverly, MA, USA) and cytometric analyzes were perfomed with EasyCyte (IMV). Mitochondrial potential and apoptosis were assayed using Guava Mitopotential JC-1 and 7-AAD kit (Millipore). Membrane and acrosome integrity were respectively assayed with PI (Propidium Iodide) (Invitrogen) and PNA (Peanut Agglutinin-Fluorescein Iso Thio Cyanate) (Sigma-Aldrich). Statistical differences (p<0.05) were determined using Kruskall-Wallis test. No effect of the stallions was observed on parameters assayed in this study. Unlike total motility, progressive motility was decreased in both MPO concentrations (p<0.001). MPO addition had no effect on membrane and acrosome integrity. No differences were detected for the percentages of spermatozoa having polarised or depolarised mitochondria. Apoptosis, assayed by 7-AAD fluorescence, was not increased by the treatments. Our results agree with previously published effects of in vitro ROS production systems with xanthine oxidase [3], showing an effect on motility but no influence on mitochondria and membrane or acrosome integrity. However, membrane lipoperoxidation was increased by ROS in this study [3], and it could be linked to the impaired motility also observed in our protocol. Further studies with increasing concentrations of added MPO should be conducted to correlate motility with lipoperoxidation. References [1] Ponthier J, Desvals M, Franck T, de la Rebiere de Pouyade G, Spalart M, Palmer E, Serteyn D, Deleuze S. Myeloperoxidase in equine semen: Concentration and Localization during freezing processing. Journal of Equine Veterinary Science 2012;32: 32-37. [2] Edmond AJ, Teague SR, Brinsko SP, Comerford KL, Waite JA, Mancill SS, Love CC, Varner DD. Effect of density-gradient centrifugation on quality and recovery rate of equine spermatozoa. Animal Reproduction Science 2008;107: 318-318. [3] Baumber J, Ball BA, Gravance CG, Medina V, Davies-Morel MC. The effect of reactive oxygen species on equine sperm motility, viability, acrosomal integrity, mitochondrial membrane potential, and membrane lipid peroxidation. J Androl 2000;21: 895-902. [less ▲]

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See detailRaw semen concentration directly influences CASA velocity pathways
Parrilla Hernandez, Sonia ULg; Deleuze, Stefan ULg; Van Den Berghe, Femke ULg et al

in Journal of Equine Veterinary Science (2012, August), 32(8), 505

We observed an influence of the stallion on volume, spermatozoa concentration and all CASA parameters (p<0.0001), which are highly dependant on each other due to geometrical association of these data ... [more ▼]

We observed an influence of the stallion on volume, spermatozoa concentration and all CASA parameters (p<0.0001), which are highly dependant on each other due to geometrical association of these data. That stallion effect may have interfered with the associations we observed as stallions seem to have specific concentration and motility pathways. More studies, with more replicates, will allow comparing results from a same stallion and further establish the correlations we report here. [less ▲]

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See detailMyeloperoxidase in Equine Semen: Concentration and Localization during Freezing Processing
Ponthier, Jérôme ULg; Desvals, Maud; Franck, Thierry ULg et al

in Journal of Equine Veterinary Science (2012), (32), 32-37

Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is a pro-oxidant enzyme contained in and released by neutro- phils during degranulation or after lysis. Post-thaw semen contains MPO, and concen- tration of this enzyme is associated ... [more ▼]

Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is a pro-oxidant enzyme contained in and released by neutro- phils during degranulation or after lysis. Post-thaw semen contains MPO, and concen- tration of this enzyme is associated with decreased motility. The aim of this study was to determine kinetics of MPO concentration during freezing, its origin, and its impact on frozenethawed semen. Forty ejaculates were used. Semen was frozen using the classical freezing procedure. MPO concentrations were assayed in fresh semen, after centrifuga- tion, and after cooling down to 4 C. Post-thaw MPO assay results and spermogram characteristics were determined. MPO immunocytochemistry was performed on 4 different ejaculates at each step of freezing procedure. MPO concentration increased after cooling down to 4 C and thawing compared with fresh semen. As temperature decreased, MPO was higher or tended to be higher in post-thaw poor quality samples. Nonsperm cells showed various degrees of MPO immunostaining and were observed as epithelial cells with nuclear pyknosis and keratinization. MPO immunostaining increased in medium and decreased in nonsperm cells during freezing. Our study shows that MPO concentration in equine semen increases when temperature decreases. We hypothesize that nonsperm cells present in fresh semen could release MPO. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of the sedative and hemodynamic effects of acepromazine and promethazine in the standing horse.
Pequito, Manuel; Amory, Hélène ULg; Serteyn, Didier ULg et al

in Journal of Equine Veterinary Science (2012), 32(12), 1-6

The objective of this study was to compare the sedative and peripheral hemodynamic effects of acepromazine (ACP) and promethazine (PTZ) in the standing healthy horse. Nine healthy Warmblood horses ... [more ▼]

The objective of this study was to compare the sedative and peripheral hemodynamic effects of acepromazine (ACP) and promethazine (PTZ) in the standing healthy horse. Nine healthy Warmblood horses randomly received either intravenous ACP at 0.1 mg/kg or PTZ at 0.1, 0.2, and 0.3 mg/kg. A sedation score based on clinical examination was recorded, and systolic arterial blood pressure was noninvasively evaluated using a Doppler flow detector at the tail, just before and every 15 minutes until 60 minutes after drug injection. Hemodynamics of the median artery of the left forelimb was studied using Doppler ultrasonography just before and 45 minutes after injection of the drug, which allowed calculation of surface (SURF), diameter (DIAM), and circumference (CIRC) of the vessel and peak systolic velocity (PSV), end diastolic velocity (EDV), mean velocity (MV), volumetric flow (VF), and resistivity index (RI) of the blood flow. Regardless of the dose used, PTZ had lesser sedative and hypotensive effects than ACP at 0.1 mg/kg and did not induce significant variations in SURF, DIAM, CIRC, PSV, EDV, MV, VF, and RI of the studied standing horses. Conversely, the vasodilatory properties of ACP were illustrated by a significant increase in SURF, DIAM, CIRC, PSV, EDV, MV, and VF and a significant reduction of the RI. Unlike ACP, PTZ did not induce alterations on the morphology of the Doppler waveform. PTZ appears to have less sedative and peripheral vasodilator effects than ACP, thus it could be safer than ACP in patients suffering from hypotension. [less ▲]

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See detailEchocardiographic assessment of left ventricular systolic function in colic horses
Borde, Laura ULg; Amory, Hélène ULg; Leroux, Aurélia ULg et al

in Journal of Equine Veterinary Science (2011), 31(8), 481-487

Background: Echocardiography has not been reported to study hemodynamic disturbances in colic horses. Objectives: To non invasively assess the impact of colic-related endotoxin shock on equine cardiac ... [more ▼]

Background: Echocardiography has not been reported to study hemodynamic disturbances in colic horses. Objectives: To non invasively assess the impact of colic-related endotoxin shock on equine cardiac function. Animals: Fifty horses admitted in clinic on emergency for colic. Methods: A shock score from 1 to 4 was established for each horse based on clinical evaluation, non invasive systolic blood pressure and blood tests measurements. Left ventricular echocardiographic and Doppler parameters were compared between the 4 groups according to the shock score (1 = no or discrete signs of shock, n=11; 2 = mild shock, n=17; 3 = moderate shock, n=12; 4 = severe shock, n=10) using a multivariable analysis. Horses with a score shock of 1 were considered as control. Significance was set at P < 0.05. Results: The stroke volume, stroke index, ejection time, ejection time index corrected for heart rate, aortic velocity time integral, aortic flow acceleration time and aortic flow deceleration time were significantly lower whereas acceleration rate of aortic flow ejection and heart rate were significantly higher in shocked horses than in controls. Cardiac output was not significantly different between groups. Conclusions and Clinical importance: Even if those results are difficult to interpret because of the shock-induced changes in loading conditions of the heart, they suggest that alterations in some indicators of systolic function can be quantified by Doppler echocardiography in horses with colic-induced endotoxemic shock. Ultrasonographic monitoring of cardiovascular function could thus be of interest in equine intensive care. [less ▲]

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See detailComputed Tomographic Features of Choanal Atresia in a Friesian Foal
Van Galen, Gaby ULg; Bolen, Géraldine ULg; Verwilghen, Denis ULg et al

in Journal of Equine Veterinary Science (2010), 30(8), 436-440

A 3 week old Friesian foal colt was presented with a history of respiratory distress since birth. Endoscopy showed obstruction of the right nasal passage to the nasopharynx. Computed tomography (CT) was ... [more ▼]

A 3 week old Friesian foal colt was presented with a history of respiratory distress since birth. Endoscopy showed obstruction of the right nasal passage to the nasopharynx. Computed tomography (CT) was performed to further characterize this unilateral blockage: images showed demonstrated a complete membranous obstruction of the ventral meatus, together with a deviation of the vomer bone to the left. The diagnosis of unilateral choanal atresia was confirmed. This is the first report describing CT features of choanal atresia in a foal. [less ▲]

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See detailQualitative comparison of 0.27T, 1.5T and 3T Magnetic Resonance Images of the normal equine foot.
Bolen, Géraldine ULg; Audigié, Fabrice; Spriet, Mathieu et al

in Journal of Equine Veterinary Science (2010), 30(1), 9-20

Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging has become an important diagnostic tool in the investigation of foot pain in horses. The aim of this study was to qualitatively compare ex-vivo MR images of the same equine ... [more ▼]

Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging has become an important diagnostic tool in the investigation of foot pain in horses. The aim of this study was to qualitatively compare ex-vivo MR images of the same equine feet obtained at three magnetic field strengths: 0.27, 1.5, and 3 tesla (T). Ten cadaver feet were used. All feet were imaged with two high-field (HF) systems (3T, 1.5T) and with a low-field (LF) system at 0.27T designed for standing horses. Images were acquired using similar pulse sequences in all 3 MR units. MR images were subjectively evaluated by three independent experienced image analysts for image quality and clarity of visualization of individual anatomical structures using a four-point grading scale. The images from all of the examinations were considered to be of diagnostic value except for the hoof capsule where substantial artifacts were present in LF images with distortion and loss of signal at the dorsal/distal aspect of the hoof capsule in LF images. Anatomical structure scoring values of images obtained at 3T and 1.5T were significantly greater than scores of images obtained at 0.27T. Scores for images obtained at 3T were significantly higher than those for images obtained at 1.5T. Mean score differences between 1.5T and 3T were higher for cartilage of the distal interphalangeal joint and for the ungular cartilages. [less ▲]

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See detailOccurrence of equine coital exanthema in mares from an embryo transfer center
Barrandeguy, Maria; Perkins, Julio; Mac Donough, Jorge et al

in Journal of Equine Veterinary Science (2010), 30

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See detailComparison of the Repeatability of Echocardiographic Measurements from Different Modes and Views in Horses of Various Breeds and Sizes
Al Haidar, Ali; Farnir, Frédéric ULg; Deleuze, Stefan ULg et al

in Journal of Equine Veterinary Science (2010), 30(6), 287-297

The objective of this study was to compare the repeatability of echocardiographic measurements obtained from different echocardiographic modes and views in healthy adult equids of various sizes, breeds ... [more ▼]

The objective of this study was to compare the repeatability of echocardiographic measurements obtained from different echocardiographic modes and views in healthy adult equids of various sizes, breeds and thorax shapes. Ten, free of cardiac disease, equids (body weight: 120 to 662 kg; age: 1 to 26 years) from various breeds were used in this study. Each animal was submitted to a standardized echocardiographic and Doppler protocol 3 times at 1 day interval. This protocol included the measurements of left and right ventricular, aortic, pulmonary, and left atrial parameters obtained from different views using the bidimensional (2D) or the motion (M) modes, and the measurement of several parameters of blood flow obtained from the pulsed wave Doppler mode. Repeatability of each measurement was estimated on the basis of the residual variance using a linear model and the coefficient of variation of repeated measurements. A two by two comparison of the repeatability of measurements performed in different views was performed using the residual variances in a variance ratio F test. Results showed that repeatability of echocardiographic or Doppler measurements in equids of various sizes, breeds and thorax shapes are comparable to previously reported results in thoroughbred and standardbred horses. Left ventricular morphologic parameters showed a good repeatability in the classic M-mode right parasternal short axis (Sax) view at the level of the chordae tendinae, but the 2D-mode right parasternal long axis (LAx) four- chambers view appeared to offer an interesting alternative to measure them. This latter view also allowed obtaining the mostre repeatable measurement of right ventricular internal diameter. The left atrial diameter was maximal and most repeatable in the 2D-mode left parasternal long axisLAx four- chambers angled view, and the repeatability of the aortic diameter was best in the 2D-mode right parasternal long axisLAx five-chambers view. Finally, aortic systolic time intervals were more repeatable when measured from the Doppler mode as compared to the M-mode. ThusIn conclusion, best repeatability of echocardiographic measurements in horses could be optimized following an echocardiographicthe following protocol in equids: 1-M-mode right parasternal short axis view at the level of chordae tendinae, to measure left ventricular morphologic parameters, and 2D-mode right parasternal long axis four-chamber as an alternative view. 2-2D-mode right parasternal long axis five-chambersre, to measure the aortic diameter. 3-2D-mode left parasternal long axis four-chambersre angled view, to measure the left atrial diameter. [less ▲]

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See detailCardiac Power Output during Dobutamine Stress
Sandersen, Charlotte ULg; Mc Entee, Kathleen ULg; Deleuze, Stefan ULg et al

in Journal of Equine Veterinary Science (2009)

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See detailAutosomic 27 Trisomy in a Standardbred Colt
Brito, Leonardo F.C.; Sertich, Patricia L.; Durkin, Keith ULg et al

in Journal of Equine Veterinary Science (2008), 28(7), 431-436

A 19-month-old Standardbred colt was donated to the University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medi- cine with a suspicion of intersexuality. The anal􏰏genital distance and penis were normal, and ... [more ▼]

A 19-month-old Standardbred colt was donated to the University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medi- cine with a suspicion of intersexuality. The anal􏰏genital distance and penis were normal, and there was no evi- dence of intersexuality, but the colt was bilaterally crypt- orchid. Several aspects of the colt’s behavior appeared unusual, including general temperament and behavior described as sympathetically dull and affable. With herd mates, the colt appeared slow to perceive or to learn the usual intraspecies social cues. An atypical gait characterized by intermittent unnatural shuffle of the hind limbs, sliding them along in short rhythmic strides for 3 to 10 seconds at a time was noted at times when a horse might normally transition from a slow walk to a fast walk or a slow trot. Occasionally the colt exhibited slight protrusion of the tongue through the teeth and lips with jaw movements and smacking of the tongue against the teeth as if struggling to retract the tongue to the normal position. Evaluation of the karyotype combined with fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) revealed an abnormal male karyotype showing trisomy of chromosome 27 (65, XY þ 27). The colt was euthanized at 24 months of age, and a necropsy re- vealed no significant abnormalities. This case of trisomy was not associated with developmental abnormalities described in other rare reports of trisomy in horses; however, some features were strikingly similar to that of humans with trisomy 21. FISH was demonstrated to be an excellent method for correct identification of equine chromosomes. [less ▲]

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See detailMeniscal damage diagnosed by ultrasonography in horses: A retrospective study of 74 femorotibial joint ultrasonographic examinations - (2000-2005)
De Busscher, Virginie; Verwilghen, Denis ULg; Bolen, Géraldine ULg et al

in Journal of Equine Veterinary Science (2006), 26(10), 453-461

This retrospective study reports diagnostic findings in 74 horses with ultrasonographic diagnosis of femorotibial joint damage; it describes the ultrasonographic features of meniscal tears and determines ... [more ▼]

This retrospective study reports diagnostic findings in 74 horses with ultrasonographic diagnosis of femorotibial joint damage; it describes the ultrasonographic features of meniscal tears and determines the prevalence of medial or lateral meniscal involvement and of associated synovial effusions. Horses were classified into four groups: with medial meniscal damage, with lateral meniscal damage, with lesions in both menisci, and with no ultrasonographic evidence of meniscal damage. After ultrasonographic appearance, meniscal lesions were described as central degeneration, horizontal tear, partial oblique tear of the distal angle, combined horizontal and oblique tears, or complex tear. Meniscal protrusion or other associated ultrasonographic or radiographic abnormalities were recorded. Of the 74 horses, 54 (73%) had medial meniscal damage, 5 (6.75%) had lateral meniscal damage, 5 (6.75%) had lesions in both menisci, and 10 (13.5%) had no meniscal lesion. Meniscal protrusion occurred in 20 cases (27%). Horizontal tears were the most frequent type of meniscal lesion (26 horses). Complex lesions were found in 6 lateral menisci and 14 medial menisci. Lesions of the cranial meniscal ligaments were seen in 10 horses. Synovial effusion of one or several joint compartments was found in 51 cases (68.9%). This study demonstrates the high prevalence of meniscal tears and synovitis in horses with ultrasonographic evidence of femorotibial derangement. Based on this series of clinical cases, horizontal tears of the medial meniscus appear to be the most frequent soft tissue injury of the equine stifle. [less ▲]

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See detailAnatomic variations and degenerative changes in the collateral cartilages and middle and distal phalanges of the forelimb in Ardenner colts
Lejeune, Jean-Philippe ULg; Audigie, Fabrice; Schneider, Nicole ULg et al

in Journal of Equine Veterinary Science (2006), 26(3), 102-112

The anatomic variations and the degenerative changes in the collateral cartilages and middle and distal phalanges in 6 Ardenner colts were characterized by radiography, scintigraphy, and magnetic ... [more ▼]

The anatomic variations and the degenerative changes in the collateral cartilages and middle and distal phalanges in 6 Ardenner colts were characterized by radiography, scintigraphy, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The radiographic changes were assessed between the ages of 16.5 and 25 months. An anatomic variation of the middle and distal phalanges was demonstrated in some of the colts. MRI examination of the 6 colts revealed an association between the deep digital flexor tendon cross-sectional area and body weight as well as foot circumference. Also, a thin collateral sesamoidean (suspensory navicular) ligament was observed subjectively. The presence of an extensive ossification of the collateral cartilages of the foot was found in these young horses. The ossification was characterized by the existence of 2 separate ossification centers, which had a tendency to unite. The radiographic interphalangeal degenerative lesions seen appear as bone remodeling of the dorsal edges of the middle and distal phalanx, on the insertion sites of collateral ligaments of the distal interphalangeal joint, the digital extensor tendon, and the distal interphalangeal joint capsule. [less ▲]

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See detailTranscuneal ultrasonographic findings in the podotrochlear apparatus: Comparison with postmortem in 14 equine digits
Busoni, Valeria ULg; Lahaye, Benoit; Denoix, Jean-Marie

in Journal of Equine Veterinary Science (2006), 26(3), 113-119

The objective was to describe the ultrasonographic features of the lesions of the podotrochlear apparatus identified when the foot is imaged through the frog in equine cadaver digits and to compare the ... [more ▼]

The objective was to describe the ultrasonographic features of the lesions of the podotrochlear apparatus identified when the foot is imaged through the frog in equine cadaver digits and to compare the ultrasonographic graphic changes with macroscopic findings. Fourteen cadaver feet with abnormalities of the podotrochlear apparatus detected by transcuneal ultrasonography were used for the study. The palmarodistal portion of the podotrochlear apparatus was studied and imaged using the transcuneal approach. The detectable ultrasonographic findings suggesting pathology of the podotrochlear apparatus were described. Ultrasonographic and gross findings in the podotrochlear apparatus were compared to interpret the transcuneal ultrasonographic changes. [less ▲]

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