Short-term Effect of Infliximab Is Reflected in the Clot Lysis Profile of Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Prospective Study.
; ; et al
in Inflammatory bowel diseases (2015), 21(3), 570-8
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is recognized as an independent risk factor for thrombosis. First, we investigate whether the concentration of fibrinolysis inhibitors is increased in patients ... [more ▼]
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is recognized as an independent risk factor for thrombosis. First, we investigate whether the concentration of fibrinolysis inhibitors is increased in patients with IBD. Second, we investigate the effect of infliximab induction therapy on the hemostatic profile. METHODS: This prospective study included 103 patients with IBD starting infliximab therapy and 113 healthy controls. Plasma was collected before the first infliximab infusion (wk 0) and after induction therapy (wk 14). Patients not showing a clinical response on induction were considered as primary nonresponders. Fibrinolysis inhibitors were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Using a clot lysis assay, the area under the curve (global marker for coagulation/fibrinolysis), 50% clot lysis time (marker for fibrinolytic capacity), and amplitude (indicator for clot formation) were determined. RESULTS: Patients with IBD selected for infliximab treatment have higher area under the curve (median 29 [interquartile range, 20-38]) and amplitude (0.4 [0.3-0.5]) compared with healthy controls (18 [13-24] and 0.3 [0.2-0.3], respectively, P < 0.001). Primary nonresponders showed a decrease neither in inflammatory markers nor in hemostatic parameters, whereas in primary responders, a decrease in inflammatory markers was associated with a decrease in both area under the curve (29 [20-38] (wk 0) to 20 [14-28] (wk 14), P < 0.001) and amplitude (0.4 [0.3-0.5] (wk 0) to 0.3 [0.3-0.4] (wk 14), P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: This is the first prospective study demonstrating that the clot lysis profile differs between patients with IBD and healthy individuals. On infliximab induction treatment, this clot lysis profile normalizes in responders suggesting that infliximab treatment is advisable for patients with IBD with an activated hemostatic profile. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 26 (3 ULg)
Genome-Wide Copy Number Variation Scan Identifies Complement Component C4 as Novel Susceptibility Gene for Crohn's Disease.
; ; et al
in Inflammatory bowel diseases (2015)
BACKGROUND: The genetic component of Crohn's disease (CD) is well known, with 140 susceptibility loci identified so far. In addition to single nucleotide polymorphisms typically studied in genome-wide ... [more ▼]
BACKGROUND: The genetic component of Crohn's disease (CD) is well known, with 140 susceptibility loci identified so far. In addition to single nucleotide polymorphisms typically studied in genome-wide scans, copy number variation is responsible for a large proportion of human genetic variation. METHODS: We performed a genome-wide search for copy number variants associated with CD using array comparative genomic hybridization. One of the found regions was validated independently through real-time PCR. Serum levels of the found gene were measured in patients and control subjects. RESULTS: We found copy number differences for the C4S and C4L gene variants of complement component C4 in the central major histocompatibility complex region on chromosome 6p21. Specifically, we saw that CD patients tend to have lower C4L and higher C4S copies than control subjects (P = 5.00 x 10 and P = 9.11 x 10), which was independent of known associated classical HLA I and II alleles (P = 7.68 x 10 and P = 6.29 x 10). Although C4 serum levels were not different between patients and control subjects, the relationship between C4 copy number and serum level was different for patients and control subjects with higher copy numbers leading to higher serum concentrations in control subjects, compared with CD patients (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: C4 is part of the classical activation pathway of the complement system, which is important for (auto)immunity. Low C4L or high C4S copy number, and corresponding effects on C4 serum level, could lead to an exaggerated response against infections, possibly leading to (auto)immune disease. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 35 (4 ULg)
Anti-Tumor Necrosis Factor Therapy Restores Peripheral Blood B-cell Subsets and CD40 Expression in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases.
; ; et al
in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (2015), 21(12), 2787-96
BACKGROUND: Anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) therapy has become a standard therapy for severe inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), but its effect on B lymphocytes is largely unexplored. In this study we ... [more ▼]
BACKGROUND: Anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) therapy has become a standard therapy for severe inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), but its effect on B lymphocytes is largely unexplored. In this study we investigated peripheral blood B cells, B-cell subsets, and CD40 expression in patients with IBD before and during anti-TNF therapy with infliximab (IFX). METHODS: Blood was taken from healthy controls (n = 52) and patients with active IBD before (n = 46) and/or during anti-TNF therapy (n = 55). B-cell markers were detected by immunofluorescent staining and FACS analysis. Patients were classified as responders or nonresponders to anti-TNF therapy. RESULTS: We found a numerical deficiency of circulating CD19 B cells, a lower activation state (CD40 expression) and lower proportions of CD5 B cells and IgMIgDCD27 preswitched memory cells among B cells in active patients with IBD before IFX therapy compared with healthy controls. IFX treatment increased CD19 B-cell numbers as well as the proportions of named B-cell subsets in responders but not in nonresponders. IFX more effectively upregulated CD40 expression in responders than in nonresponders. Restoration of B cells correlated with the biological response to therapy (C-reactive protein). Trough serum levels of IFX correlated with the number of B cells during therapy. CONCLUSIONS: A lower number of circulating B cells, a low CD40 expression, and a decrease in the proportion of CD5 and in the preswitched memory subset characterize active IBD. Restoration of these abnormalities correlates with the clinical response to anti-TNF therapy. The mechanism for this effect on B cells should be further explored. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 9 (1 ULg)
Restoration of Foxp3+ Regulatory T-cell Subsets and Foxp3- Type 1 Regulatory-like T Cells in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases During Anti-tumor Necrosis Factor Therapy.
; ; et al
in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (2015), 21(10), 2418-28
BACKGROUND: A defect in regulatory T cells (Tregs) may be involved in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). Several subsets of human Foxp3+ Tregs (activated and resting Tregs) have now ... [more ▼]
BACKGROUND: A defect in regulatory T cells (Tregs) may be involved in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). Several subsets of human Foxp3+ Tregs (activated and resting Tregs) have now been identified, as well as an IL-10 and IFN-gamma double producing Foxp3 type 1 regulatory-like T cell (Tr1L). We have quantified these Tregs in patients with active IBD and during therapy with infliximab (IFX). METHODS: Blood samples were obtained from healthy controls (n = 54) and patients with active IBD, either before (n = 62) or during IFX therapy (n = 75). Tregs were identified by immunofluorescent staining and flow cytometry analysis. Resting and activated Foxp3+ Tregs can be differentiated from Foxp3+ effector T cells (Foxp3+ Teff) by the expression of CD45RA. Tr1L are identified as CD4+CD45RA-CD25-CD127-Foxp3- T cells. RESULTS: A numerical deficiency of circulating resting Tregs, activated Treg cells, and Tr1L was documented in patients with active IBD. Baseline levels of these Treg subsets predicted clinical responses to IFX. We documented an upregulation of all 3 subsets during IFX therapy. Moreover, after therapy, significant differences in Treg subsets were seen between responders and nonresponders to IFX. Restoration of Tregs correlated with the clinical and biological response to IFX therapy. Trough serum levels of IFX positively correlated with the proportion of activated Treg cells and Tr1L during therapy. CONCLUSIONS: IFX therapy, when successful, results in upmodulation of the different types of Treg cells in the blood of patients with IBD. This effect might be relevant for understanding the mechanism of action of anti-TNF agents. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 17 (1 ULg)
Alterations in the intestinal microbiome (dysbiosis) as a predictor of relapse after infliximab withdrawal in Crohn's disease.
; ; Louis, Edouard et al
in Inflammatory bowel diseases (2014), 20(6), 978-86
BACKGROUND: Crohn's disease (CD)-associated dysbiosis could predispose patients to relapse. Gut microbiota composition of patients from the prospective cohort study designed to identify predictive factors ... [more ▼]
BACKGROUND: Crohn's disease (CD)-associated dysbiosis could predispose patients to relapse. Gut microbiota composition of patients from the prospective cohort study designed to identify predictive factors of clinical relapse after infliximab discontinuation (STORI Study) was investigated to determine the impact of dysbiosis in CD relapse. METHODS: Fecal samples from 33 patients with CD in this cohort were collected at baseline, 2 months, 6 months, and at the end of the follow-up period (19 relapsers and 14 nonrelapsers). Healthy volunteers subjects (n = 29) were used as a control group. The fecal microbiota composition was assessed using quantitative PCR, and comparisons between the patient groups were made at different time points using the Wilcoxon test. The analysis of the time-to-relapse was performed according to the baseline median level of each bacterial signal. RESULTS: Dysbiosis was observed in patients with CD compared with healthy subjects, and it was characterized by low mean counts of Firmicutes (Clostridium coccoides [P = 0.0003], C. leptum [P < 0.0001], and Faecalibacterium prausnitzii [P = 0.003]). Lower rates of Firmicutes were seen in relapsers compared with nonrelapsers. Moreover, a low rate of F. prausnitzii (P = 0.014) and a low rate of Bacteroides (P = 0.030) predicted relapse independently from high C reactive protein level (P = 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: In this work, we report that CD-associated dysbiosis, characterized by a decrease in Firmicutes, correlates with the time-to-relapse after infliximab withdrawal. A deficit in some bacterial groups or species, such as F. prausnitzii, may represent a predictive factor for relapse. Restoring normobiosis in CD could be a new goal for optimal CD management. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 24 (0 ULg)
Neutrophil gelatinase B-associated lipocalin and matrix metalloproteinase-9 complex as a surrogate serum marker of mucosal healing in ulcerative colitis.
; ; et al
in Inflammatory bowel diseases (2014), 20(7), 1198-207
BACKGROUND: The current standard for the assessment of mucosal healing after therapy in inflammatory bowel diseases is endoscopy. However, a high need exists for noninvasive, accurate surrogate markers ... [more ▼]
BACKGROUND: The current standard for the assessment of mucosal healing after therapy in inflammatory bowel diseases is endoscopy. However, a high need exists for noninvasive, accurate surrogate markers. METHODS: In 2 independent cohorts, levels of serum neutrophil gelatinase B-associated lipocalin and matrix metalloproteinase-9 complex (NGAL-MMP-9) from patients with active ulcerative colitis (UC) before and after first treatment with infliximab and from healthy controls (HC) were determined with zymography and sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The response to infliximab was defined as complete mucosal healing (Mayo endoscopic subscore 0-1) at control endoscopy. Data were analyzed with SPSS, and P values <0.05 were considered significant. RESULTS: In cohort 1 (n = 66; median age, 30 yr; 38% female), serum NGAL-MMP-9 levels significantly increased at baseline in UC patients versus HC (103.8 versus 42.4 ng/mL; P < 0.0001), whereas 55% of the patients had normal C-reactive protein levels. NGAL-MMP-9 levels significantly decreased after therapy in UC responders (from 116.3 ng/mL to 32.0 ng/mL; P < 0.0001) and in nonresponders (from 94.7 ng/mL to 54.1 ng/mL; P = 0.047). In cohort 2 (n = 132; median age, 39 yr; 53% female), NGAL-MMP-9 levels increased at baseline in active UC patients versus HC (86.5 versus 60.4 ng/mL; P = 0.10), whereas 45% of the patients had normal C-reactive protein levels. NGAL-MMP-9 levels significantly decreased after therapy in responders (from 87.5 ng/mL to 16.3 ng/mL; P < 0.0001) but not in nonresponders (from 82.7 ng/mL to 57.8 ng/mL; P = 0.19). After pooling the data, a cutoff value of 97.7 ng/mL for NGAL-MMP-9 complex was determined to predict complete mucosal healing with high specificity (91%). CONCLUSIONS: Serum NGAL-MMP-9 is suggested as a new surrogate marker for the assessment of mucosal healing in UC patients treated with infliximab. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 41 (1 ULg)
Evolving definitions of remission in Crohn's disease.
; ; Louis, Edouard et al
in Inflammatory bowel diseases (2013), 19(8), 1645-53
BACKGROUND: Using clinical symptoms alone to inform treatment decisions in Crohn's disease (CD) may increase the risk of disease progression and complications. Treatment beyond symptoms may offer improved ... [more ▼]
BACKGROUND: Using clinical symptoms alone to inform treatment decisions in Crohn's disease (CD) may increase the risk of disease progression and complications. Treatment beyond symptoms may offer improved outcomes. METHODS: We explore alternative definitions of remission, beyond traditional clinical remission, incorporating more objective parameters of inflammation control, which may support prevention or delay the disease progression. These definitions could serve as a platform for future clinical research, evaluating whether treating beyond symptoms alters the natural history of CD. RESULTS: Proposed definitions may include endoscopic remission (mucosal healing), normalization of serologic or fecal markers of inflammation, and even radiographic remission, in addition to clinical remission (symptom control). Endoscopic remission is the leading candidate for inclusion because it is the best studied. The definition should include considerations for both early and late disease given that in late disease, which may be associated with operation-related symptoms or irreversible bowel damage, symptomatic remission may not achievable. Desired outcomes in early disease are complete absence of symptoms, no disease progression, no complications or disability, and normal quality of life. In late disease, there are stabilization of noninflammatory symptoms, no progression of damage or disability, and improved quality of life. CONCLUSIONS: Over time, we anticipate that a working definition of remission that includes both biological remission and clinical remission will evolve and be evaluated in clinical trials. Our proposed definition is a possible starting point for that evolution. Ultimately, the goal in evolving the definition of remission is to improve the outcomes in patients with CD. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 24 (0 ULg)
Consecutive fecal calprotectin measurements to predict relapse in patients with ulcerative colitis receiving infliximab maintenance therapy.
; Louis, Edouard ; et al
in Inflammatory bowel diseases (2013), 19(10), 2111-7
BACKGROUND: This study examined whether fecal calprotectin can be used in daily practice as a marker to monitor patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) receiving infliximab maintenance therapy. METHODS ... [more ▼]
BACKGROUND: This study examined whether fecal calprotectin can be used in daily practice as a marker to monitor patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) receiving infliximab maintenance therapy. METHODS: This prospective multicenter study enrolled adult patients with UC in clinical remission under infliximab maintenance therapy. Fecal calprotectin levels were measured every 4 weeks. Sigmoidoscopies were performed at inclusion and at study end. Relapse was defined as a clinical need for change in treatment or an endoscopic Mayo subscore of >/=2 at week 52. Sustained deep remission was defined as a partial Mayo score <3 at all points and an endoscopic Mayo score 0 at week 52. RESULTS: Full analysis was possible for 87 of 113 included patients with UC (77%). Of these patients, 30 (34.4%) were considered to be in sustained deep remission and 13 (14.9%) to have relapsed. Calprotectin levels in patients with sustained deep remission remained very low (median < 40 mg/kg at all time points). Patients who flared had significantly higher calprotectin levels (median > 300 mg/kg) already 3 months before the flare. Further receiver operator curve analysis suggested that a calprotectin level >300 mg/kg had a reasonable sensitivity (58.3%) and specificity (93.3%) to model flare. Two consecutive calprotectin measurements of >300 mg/kg with 1-month interval were identified as the best predictor of flare (61.5% sensitivity and 100% specificity). CONCLUSIONS: Fecal calprotectin can be used in daily practice to monitor patients with UC receiving infliximab maintenance therapy. Two consecutive measurements >300 mg/kg is more specific than a single measurement for predicting relapse. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 93 (2 ULg)
Serum adalimumab concentration and clinical remission in patients with Crohn's disease.
; ; et al
in Inflammatory bowel diseases (2013), 19(6), 1112-22
BACKGROUND: Drug concentration monitoring may be useful to guide therapeutic adjustments for anti-tumor necrosis factor agents in Crohn's disease. The relationship between serum adalimumab concentrations ... [more ▼]
BACKGROUND: Drug concentration monitoring may be useful to guide therapeutic adjustments for anti-tumor necrosis factor agents in Crohn's disease. The relationship between serum adalimumab concentrations and clinical outcomes was assessed using data from CLinical Assessment of Adalimumab Safety and Efficacy Studied as Induction Therapy in Crohn's Disease (CLASSIC) I/II. METHODS: Serum adalimumab concentrations at week 4 of CLASSIC I and weeks 4, 24, and 56 of CLASSIC II were compared by clinical remission status (yes/no). Logistic regression and Classification and Regression Tree analyses explored factors associated with remission at weeks 4, 24, and 56. Threshold analyses and receiver operating characteristic curves evaluated the relationship between serum concentrations and clinical remission/response. RESULTS: Serum adalimumab concentrations for 275 patients were available. Median adalimumab concentrations were significantly higher in patients who achieved clinical remission than those who did not at week 4 of CLASSIC I (8.10 versus 5.05 microg/mL, P < 0.05). At all time points, adalimumab concentrations demonstrated considerable variability and overlap between patients with and without remission. With Classification and Regression Tree analyses, baseline Crohn's Disease Activity Index, baseline C-reactive protein, and adalimumab concentrations were associated with early remission at week 4 of CLASSIC I and week 4 of CLASSIC II, but not at weeks 24 and 56. Receiver operating characteristic curves demonstrated low utility of cutoff thresholds to discriminate by clinical response/remission status. CONCLUSIONS: A positive association between serum adalimumab concentration and remission was identified at several time points. A threshold concentration reliably associated with remission was not identified. Further prospective evaluations are needed before recommendations for adalimumab concentration monitoring can be made. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 104 (1 ULg)
Natalizumab to kill two birds with one stone: A case of celiac disease and multiple sclerosis.
Phan-Ba, Rémy ; LAMBINET, Nadine ; Louis, Edouard et al
in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (2011), 17(6), 62-63Detailed reference viewed: 54 (18 ULg)
Identification of a novel autoantigen in inflammatory bowel disease by protein microarray.
; ; et al
in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (2011), 17(6), 1291-300
BACKGROUND: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) display immunoreactivity to self-antigens and microbial antigens. We used a protein microarray approach to identify novel autoantigens in IBD ... [more ▼]
BACKGROUND: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) display immunoreactivity to self-antigens and microbial antigens. We used a protein microarray approach to identify novel autoantigens in IBD. METHODS: ProtoArray Human Protein Microarray v4.0 containing 8268 human proteins from Invitrogen (La Jolla, CA) was used. RESULTS: Twenty-five IBD patients and five healthy controls were screened for candidate autoantigens. For 256 antigens, IBD patients had a higher seroreactivity than controls. Twenty antigens were selected for further evaluation in a larger cohort (60 ulcerative colitis [UC] patients, 60 Crohn's disease [CD] patients, 60 healthy controls, and 60 gastrointestinal-diseased controls) by means of a customized protein microarray. Out of these 20 antigens, one antigen, family with sequence similarity 84 member A (FAM84A), was identified as a target antigen in IBD. Antibodies to FAM84A were significantly more prevalent in IBD patients (19%) than in gastrointestinal-diseased controls (1.7%) (P = 0.0008) and healthy controls (5%) (P = 0.01). Anti-FAM84A antibodies were found in 26.6% of UC patients and in 11.7% of CD patients. FAM84A was confirmed as target antigen in IBD by means of Western blotting in a large independent cohort (100 UC patients, 106 CD patients, 102 healthy controls, and 100 gastrointestinal-diseased controls). Antibodies to FAM84A were significantly more prevalent in IBD patients (20%) than in gastrointestinal-diseased controls (5%) (P = 0.0004) and healthy controls (0%) (P < 0.0001). Anti-FAM84A antibodies were found in 18% of UC patients and in 22% of CD patients. CONCLUSIONS: We identified FAM84A as a novel autoantigen in IBD. (Inflamm Bowel Dis 2011;). [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 18 (3 ULg)
Development of the Crohn's disease digestive damage score, the Lemann score.
; ; et al
in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (2011), 17(6), 1415-22
Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic progressive destructive disease. Currently available instruments measure disease activity at a specific point in time. An instrument to measure cumulative structural ... [more ▼]
Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic progressive destructive disease. Currently available instruments measure disease activity at a specific point in time. An instrument to measure cumulative structural damage to the bowel, which may predict long-term disability, is needed. The aim of this article is to outline the methods to develop an instrument that can measure cumulative bowel damage. The project is being conducted by the International Program to develop New Indexes in Crohn's disease (IPNIC) group. This instrument, called the Crohn's Disease Digestive Damage Score (the Lemann score), should take into account damage location, severity, extent, progression, and reversibility, as measured by diagnostic imaging modalities and the history of surgical resection. It should not be "diagnostic modality driven": for each lesion and location, a modality appropriate for the anatomic site (for example: computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging enterography, and colonoscopy) will be used. A total of 24 centers from 15 countries will be involved in a cross-sectional study, which will include up to 240 patients with stratification according to disease location and duration. At least 120 additional patients will be included in the study to validate the score. The Lemann score is expected to be able to portray a patient's disease course on a double-axis graph, with time as the x-axis, bowel damage severity as the y-axis, and the slope of the line connecting data points as a measure of disease progression. This instrument could be used to assess the effect of various medical therapies on the progression of bowel damage. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 98 (2 ULg)
Adalimumab produces clinical remission and reduces extraintestinal manifestations in Crohn's disease: Results from CARE.
; Louis, Edouard ; et al
in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (2011)
BACKGROUND: Data regarding the effectiveness of anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) agents for resolution of extraintestinal manifestations (EIMs) are scarce. The CARE study evaluated clinical effectiveness ... [more ▼]
BACKGROUND: Data regarding the effectiveness of anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) agents for resolution of extraintestinal manifestations (EIMs) are scarce. The CARE study evaluated clinical effectiveness, EIM resolution, and safety of adalimumab in a large pan-European cohort of patients with moderate to severe Crohn's disease (CD). METHODS: In all, 945 patients with a Harvey-Bradshaw Index (HBI) >/=7 enrolled in this multicenter, open-label phase IIIb trial. Patients received subcutaneous adalimumab, 160/80 mg at weeks 0/2, then 40 mg every other week. Dose adjustments were allowed for CD-related concomitant medications (from week 8) and adalimumab (from week 12). Clinical endpoints were analyzed through week 20 for all patients, and after stratification by prior infliximab exposure and by reason for discontinuing infliximab (primary nonresponse [PNR] or other). RESULTS: The remission rate (HBI <5) at week 20 was 52% (95% confidence interval, 49%-55%) overall, and was higher for infliximab-naive versus infliximab-exposed patients (62% versus 42%, P < 0.001). Remission rates were similar for PNR (37%) and other reasons (43%; P = 0.278). Of 497 patients with baseline EIMs, 51% were free of EIM signs and symptoms at week 20. Serious infectious adverse events were reported in 5% of patients. Opportunistic infections and malignancies were rare (</=1%). There was one case of demyelinating disease, but no occurrences of lupus, tuberculosis, or death. CONCLUSIONS: In this large cohort of patients, adalimumab treatment resulted in rates of clinical remission and EIM resolution exceeding 50%, and substantial rates of effectiveness in patients who had PNR to infliximab. Adalimumab was well tolerated, with safety consistent with prior reports. (Inflamm Bowel Dis 2011). [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 47 (5 ULg)
Outcome of pregnancy in women with inflammatory bowel disease treated with antitumor necrosis factor therapy.
Schnitzler, François ; ; Boukerroucha, Meriem et al
in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (2011), 17(9), 1846-1854
BACKGROUND:: Infliximab (IFX) and adalimumab (ADA) are attractive treatment options in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) also during pregnancy but there is still limited data on the benefit ... [more ▼]
BACKGROUND:: Infliximab (IFX) and adalimumab (ADA) are attractive treatment options in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) also during pregnancy but there is still limited data on the benefit/risk profile of IFX and ADA during pregnancy. METHODS:: This observational study assessed pregnancy outcomes in 212 women with IBD under antitumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF) treatment at our IBD unit. Pregnancy outcomes in 42 pregnancies with direct exposure to anti-TNF treatment (35 IFX, 7 ADA) were compared with that in 23 pregnancies prior to IBD diagnosis, 78 pregnancies before start of IFX, 53 pregnancies with indirect exposure to IFX, and 56 matched pregnancies in healthy women. RESULTS:: Thirty-two of the 42 pregnancies ended in live births with a median gestational age of 38 weeks (interquartile range [IQR] 37-39). There were seven premature deliveries, six children had low birth weight, and there was one stillbirth. One boy weighed 1640 g delivered at week 33, died at age of 13 days because of necrotizing enterocolitis. A total of eight abortions (one patient wish) occurred in seven women. Trisomy 18 was diagnosed in one fetus of a mother with CD at age 37 under ADA treatment (40 mg weekly) and pregnancy was terminated. Pregnancy outcomes after direct exposure to anti-TNF treatment were not different from those in pregnancies before anti-TNF treatment or with indirect exposure to anti-TNF treatment but outcomes were worse than in pregnancies before IBD diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS:: Direct exposure to anti-TNF treatment during pregnancy was not related to a higher incidence of adverse pregnancy outcomes than IBD overall. (Inflamm Bowel Dis 2011;). [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 63 (24 ULg)
Genetic variation in the autophagy gene ULK1 and risk of Crohn's disease
; ; et al
in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (2011), 17(6), 1392-1397Detailed reference viewed: 27 (5 ULg)
Should patients under long-term anti-TNF therapies be followed for tuberculosis contamination?
Reenaers, Catherine ; Belaiche, Jacques ; Louis, Edouard
in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (2010), 16(8), 1271-2Detailed reference viewed: 23 (5 ULg)
Familial aggregation and antimicrobial response dose-dependently affect the risk for Crohn's disease.
; Van Steen, Kristel ; et al
in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (2010), 16(1), 58-67
BACKGROUND:: An increased risk of Crohn's disease (CD) has been reported consistently in first-degree relatives of patients. Our aim was to test whether a combination of CD-associated genes involved in ... [more ▼]
BACKGROUND:: An increased risk of Crohn's disease (CD) has been reported consistently in first-degree relatives of patients. Our aim was to test whether a combination of CD-associated genes involved in innate immunity and/or antibody responses to microbial antigens may be valuable in identifying healthy relatives at risk. METHODS:: We investigated 86 families from Belgium and northern France, 45 with at least 3 first-degree relatives with CD, 24 with a single case, and 17 control families without inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The cohort consisted of 186 CD patients, 290 healthy relatives, and 142 controls (total 618). Genetic (NOD2, NOD1, TLR4, CARD8) and serologic markers (ASCA, ACMA, ALCA, ACCA, ASigmaMA, OmpC, CBir1, I2) were determined in all subjects. All Belgian families were prospectively followed up for 54 months. RESULTS:: In multiple-affected families, an increment of affected first-degree relatives and of positive antibodies were additive risks factors for CD (P < 0.0001), independent of NOD2 mutations. When comparing subjects from multiple-affected families, having 3 additional first-degree relatives with CD and 1 additional positive antibody increased the odds for CD to 9.19 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 4.07-20.80). After a follow-up of 54 months among all Belgian families, a total of 4 new diagnoses of IBD were confirmed in the multiple-affected families only, resulting in a 57-fold increase in incidence within multiple-affected families compared to the known incidence of IBD in our region. CONCLUSIONS:: We found an additive risk increment for CD in subjects from multicase families per additional affected relative and per additional positive antibody, independent of NOD2. Furthermore, a very high disease incidence was observed in these multiple-affected families. Inflamm Bowel Dis 2010. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 33 (3 ULg)
Immunosuppressant combined with infliximab in Crohn's Disease: For 6 months, for 2 years, or forever?
in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (2010)Detailed reference viewed: 16 (5 ULg)
Predictive value of epithelial gene expression profiles for response to infliximab in Crohn’s disease
; ; et al
in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (2010), 16(12), 2090-2098Detailed reference viewed: 31 (9 ULg)
Mucosal Healing Predicts Long-term Outcome of Maintenance Therapy with Infliximab in Crohn's Disease
; ; et al
in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (2009), 15(9), 1295-1301
Background: Infliximab (IFX) treatment induces mucosal healing (MH) in patients with Crohn's disease (CD) but the impact of MH oil the long-term outcome of IFX treatment in CID is still debated. Methods ... [more ▼]
Background: Infliximab (IFX) treatment induces mucosal healing (MH) in patients with Crohn's disease (CD) but the impact of MH oil the long-term outcome of IFX treatment in CID is still debated. Methods: We studied MH during long-term treatment with IFX in 214 CID patients. A total of 193 patients (85.5%) responded to induction therapy and 31 patients (14.5%) were primary nonresponders. They underwent lower gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy within a median of 0.7 months (interquartile range [IQR] 0.1-6.9) prior to first IFX and after a median of 6.7 months (IQR 1.4-24.6) after start of IFX and were further analyzed. The relationship between the outcome of IFX treatment long-term and MH was studied. Results: MH was observed in 67.8% of the 183 initial responders (n = 124), with 83 patients having complete healing (45.4%) and 41 having partial healing (22.4%). Scheduled IFX treatment from the start resulted in MH more frequently (76.9% MH rate) than episodic treatment (61.0% MH rate; P = 0.0222, odds ratio [OR] 2.14, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.11-4.12). Concomitant treatment with corticosteroids (CS) had a negative impact on MH (37.9% in patients with CS versus 63.2% in patients without CS; P = 0.021, OR 0.36, 95% CI 0.16-0.80). MH was associated with a significantly lower need for major abdominal surgery (MAS) during long-term follow-up (14.1% of patients with MH needed MAS versus 38.4% of patients Without MH: P < 0.0001). Conclusions: MH induced by long-term maintenance IFX treatment is associated with an improved long-term outcome of the I disease especially with a lower need for major abdominal surgeries. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 31 (5 ULg)