References of "Immunity"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA Beneficial Role for Immunoglobulin E in Host Defense against Honeybee Venom.
Marichal, Thomas ULg; Starkl, Philipp; Reber, Laurent L. et al

in Immunity (2013), 39(5), 963-75

Allergies are widely considered to be misdirected type 2 immune responses, in which immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies are produced against any of a broad range of seemingly harmless antigens. However ... [more ▼]

Allergies are widely considered to be misdirected type 2 immune responses, in which immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies are produced against any of a broad range of seemingly harmless antigens. However, components of insect venoms also can sensitize individuals to develop severe IgE-associated allergic reactions, including fatal anaphylaxis, upon subsequent venom exposure. We found that mice injected with amounts of honeybee venom similar to that which could be delivered in one or two stings developed a specific type 2 immune response that increased their resistance to subsequent challenge with potentially lethal amounts of the venom. Our data indicate that IgE antibodies and the high affinity IgE receptor, FcepsilonRI, were essential for such acquired resistance to honeybee venom. The evidence that IgE-dependent immune responses against venom can enhance survival in mice supports the hypothesis that IgE, which also contributes to allergic disorders, has an important function in protection of the host against noxious substances. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailIns(1,3,4,5)P4 negatively regulates PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 signaling in neutrophils
Jia, Y.; Subramanian, K. K.; Erneux, C. et al

in Immunity (2007), 27

Many neutrophil functions are regulated by phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate (PtdIns(3,4,5)P3) that mediates protein membrane translocation via binding to pleckstrin homolog (PH) domains within ... [more ▼]

Many neutrophil functions are regulated by phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate (PtdIns(3,4,5)P3) that mediates protein membrane translocation via binding to pleckstrin homolog (PH) domains within target proteins. Here we show that inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate(Ins(1,3,4,5)P4), a cytosolic small molecule, bound the same PH domain of target proteins and competed for binding to PtdIns(3,4,5)P3. In neutrophils, chemoattractant stimulation triggered rapid elevation in Ins(1,3,4,5)P4 concentration. Depletion of Ins(1,3,4,5)P4 by deleting the gene encoding InsP3KB, which converts Ins(1,4,5)P3 to Ins(1,3,4,5)P4, enhanced membrane translocation of the PtdIns(3,4,5)P3-specific PH domain. This led to enhanced sensitivity to chemoattractant stimulation, elevated superoxide production, and enhanced neutrophil recruitment to inflamed peritoneal cavity. On the contrary, augmentation of intracellular Ins(1,3,4,5)P4 concentrationblockedPHdomainmediated membrane translocation of target proteins and dramatically decreased the sensitivity of neutrophils to chemoattractant stimulation. These findings establish a role for Ins(1,3,4,5)P4 in cellular signal transduction pathways and provide another mechanism for modulating PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 signaling in neutrophils. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (7 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailHDAC7, a thymus-specific class II histone deacetylase, regulates Nur77 transcription and TCR-mediated apoptosis.
Dequiedt, Franck ULg; Kasler, Herbert; Fischle, Wolfgang et al

in Immunity (2003), 18(5), 687-98

We report that HDAC7, a class II histone deacetylase, is highly expressed in CD4(+)CD8(+) double-positive thymocytes. HDAC7 inhibits the expression of Nur77, an orphan receptor involved in apoptosis and ... [more ▼]

We report that HDAC7, a class II histone deacetylase, is highly expressed in CD4(+)CD8(+) double-positive thymocytes. HDAC7 inhibits the expression of Nur77, an orphan receptor involved in apoptosis and negative selection, via the transcription factor MEF2D. HDAC7 is exported from the nucleus during T cell receptor activation, leading to Nur77 expression. A triple HDAC7 mutant (S155A, S318A, S448A) is not exported from the nucleus in response to TCR activation and suppresses TCR-mediated apoptosis. Conversely, a fusion of HDAC7 to the transcriptional activator VP16 activates Nur77 expression. Inhibition of HDAC7 expression by RNA interference causes increased apoptosis in response to TCR activation. These observations define HDAC7 as a regulator of Nur77 and apoptosis in developing thymocytes. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (7 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe lymphotoxin-beta receptor induces different patterns of gene expression via two NF-kappaB pathways.
Dejardin, Emmanuel ULg; Droin, Nathalie; Delhase, Mireille et al

in Immunity (2002), 17

The lymphotoxin-beta receptor (LTbetaR) plays critical roles in inflammation and lymphoid organogenesis through activation of NF-kappaB. In addition to activation of the classical NF-kappaB, ligation of ... [more ▼]

The lymphotoxin-beta receptor (LTbetaR) plays critical roles in inflammation and lymphoid organogenesis through activation of NF-kappaB. In addition to activation of the classical NF-kappaB, ligation of this receptor induces the processing of the cytosolic NF-kappaB2/p100 precursor to yield the mature p52 subunit, followed by translocation of p52 to the nucleus. This activation of NF-kappaB2 requires NIK and IKKalpha, while NEMO/IKKgamma is dispensable for p100 processing. IKKbeta-dependent activation of canonical NF-kappaB is required for the expression but not processing of p100 and for the expression of proinflammatory molecules including VCAM-1, MIP-1beta, and MIP-2 in response to LTbetaR ligation. In contrast, IKKalpha controls the induction by LTbetaR ligation of chemokines and cytokines involved in lymphoid organogenesis, including SLC, BLC, ELC, SDF1, and BAFF. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailBage - A New Gene Encoding An Antigen Recognized On Human Melanomas By Cytolytic T-Lymphocytes
Boel, P.; Wildmann, C.; Sensi, Ml. et al

in Immunity (1995), 2(2), 167-75

Several tumor antigens are recognized by autologous cytolytic T lymphocytes (CTL) on human melanoma MZ2-MEL. Some of them are encoded by genes MAGE-1 and MAGE-3, which are not expressed in normal tissues ... [more ▼]

Several tumor antigens are recognized by autologous cytolytic T lymphocytes (CTL) on human melanoma MZ2-MEL. Some of them are encoded by genes MAGE-1 and MAGE-3, which are not expressed in normal tissues except in testis. Here, we report the identification of a new gene that codes for another of these antigens. This gene, named BAGE, codes for a putative protein of 43 aa and seems to belong to a family of several genes. The antigen recognized by the autologous CTL consists of BAGE-encoded peptide AARAVFLAL bound to an HLA-Cw 1601 molecule. Gene BAGE is expressed in 22% of melanomas, 30% of infiltrating bladder carcinomas, 10% of mammary carcinomas, 8% of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas, and 6% of non-small cell lung carcinomas. Like the MAGE genes, it is silent in normal tissues with the exception of testis. Because of its tumor-specific expression, the BAGE-encoded antigen may prove useful for cancer immunotherapy. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (1 ULg)