Indoleamine 2,3 dioxygenase gene polymorphisms correlate with CD8+ Treg impairment in systemic sclerosis.
in Human Immunology (2013), 74(2), 166-9
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is characterized by tissue fibrosis, vasculopathy and autoimmunity. Indoleamine 2,3 dioxygenase (IDO) plays a pivotal role in immunological tolerance modulating regulatory T cell ... [more ▼]
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is characterized by tissue fibrosis, vasculopathy and autoimmunity. Indoleamine 2,3 dioxygenase (IDO) plays a pivotal role in immunological tolerance modulating regulatory T cell (Treg) generation and function. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of IDO gene could impact on Treg function and predispose to autoimmunity. Here, the existence of an association between specific IDO SNPs and SSc was analyzed. Five specific SNPs in IDO gene were searched in 31 SSc patients and 37 healthy controls by gene sequencing or restriction fragment length polymorphism. The function of both CD4+CD25+ and CD8+ Treg from SSc patients was analyzed by proliferation suppression assay. SNP rs7820268 was statistically more frequent in SSc patients than in controls. Notably, SSc patients bearing the T allelic variant of the rs7820268 SNP showed impaired CD8+ Treg function. Our unprecedented data show that a specific IDO gene SNP is associated with an autoimmune disease such as SSc. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 4 (0 ULg)
Genetic variations in toll-like receptor pathway and lung function decline in Cystic fibrosis patients.
; Mahachie John, Jestinah ; Van Steen, Kristel et al
in Human immunology (2013), 74(12), 1649-55
The toll-like receptor (TLR) family maintains pulmonary homeostasis by pathogen recognition, clearance and regulation of inflammation. Genes affecting inflammation response play a key role in modifying ... [more ▼]
The toll-like receptor (TLR) family maintains pulmonary homeostasis by pathogen recognition, clearance and regulation of inflammation. Genes affecting inflammation response play a key role in modifying Cystic fibrosis (CF) lung disease severity. We assessed the impact of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of TLR genes (TLR1 to TLR10, CD14, lipopolyssacharide-binding protein (LBP)) on lung function in CF patients. Each SNP was tested for time-dependent effect on FEV1, using six genetic models. In addition, we investigated associations between SNP genotypes and extreme subject specific slopes of FEV1 decline. Variant alleles of polymorphisms of TLR2 rs1898830, rs5743708, and rs3804100 demonstrated a consistent association with lung disease severity (p = 0.008, p = 0.006 and p = 0.029 respectively). Patients homozygous for variant C allele of TLR5 polymorphism rs5744174 are more frequently associated with extreme fast FEV1 decline (OR: 20 (95% Confidence Interval:1.85-216.18)). Patients homozygous AA for TLR1 polymorphism rs5743551 are more frequently associated with faster decline of FEV1 compared to heterozygous genotype (OR:7.33 (95% CI:1.63-33.11). Our findings indicate that variations in TLR1, TLR2 and TLR5 genes may influence CF lung function decline. Further functional analysis is required to provide new insights into the pathogenesis of TLRs in CF lung disease severity. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 13 (2 ULg)
Cyclophosphamide inhibits the generation and function of CD8(+) regulatory T cells
in Human Immunology (2012), 73(3), 207-13
CD8(+) regulatory T cells (Treg) and CD4(+)CD25(+) Treg infiltrate human cancers, thus favoring tumor immune escape. Therefore, in the setting of antitumor therapeutic protocols, it is important to ... [more ▼]
CD8(+) regulatory T cells (Treg) and CD4(+)CD25(+) Treg infiltrate human cancers, thus favoring tumor immune escape. Therefore, in the setting of antitumor therapeutic protocols, it is important to associate antitumor treatment with agents that are able to inhibit Treg function. Cyclophosphamide (CY) has been demonstrated to be effective in counteracting CD4(+)CD25(+) Treg activity. Hence, we tested its inhibitory efficacy on human CD8(+) Treg. Because CY is a prodrug, 4-hydroperoxycyclophosphamide (4-HC), a derivative of CY that in aqueous solution is converted to 4-hydroxycyclophosphamide, an active metabolite of CY, was used. 4-HC significantly inhibited CD8(+) Treg generation and function but only at the higher tested concentration (0.5 μg/mL), that is, in the therapeutic range of the drug. The lower 4-HC concentration tested (0.1 μg/mL) was almost ineffective. 4-HC inhibitory effects were related to apoptosis/necrosis induction. When CD8(+)CD28(+) non-Treg were analyzed for comparative purposes, significantly lower cytotoxic rates among these cells were observed than among CD8(+) Treg, which were differentiated because they did not express the CD28 molecule. These data demonstrate that CD8(+) Treg are inhibited through cytotoxic phenomena by CY, thus supporting the use of this drug at adequate concentrations and schedules of administration as a Treg inhibitor in combinatorial chemo- or immunotherapeutic anticancer protocols. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 6 (0 ULg)
Polymorphisms in the lectin pathway genes as a possible cause of early chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa colonization in cystic fibrosis patients.
; Van Steen, Kristel ; et al
in Human Immunology (2012)Detailed reference viewed: 28 (2 ULg)