References of "Histoire des Sciences Médicales"
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See detailLes références à la maladie et à son traitement dans les archives de Zénon
Ricciardetto, Antonio ULiege

in Histoire des Sciences Médicales (2017, September), LI(2), 153-162

Amongst the 1837 papyri from the archive of Zenon, the private secretary to Apollonius, finance minister to Ptolemy II Philadelphus (285-246 BC), about twenty private Greek letters refer to ailments ... [more ▼]

Amongst the 1837 papyri from the archive of Zenon, the private secretary to Apollonius, finance minister to Ptolemy II Philadelphus (285-246 BC), about twenty private Greek letters refer to ailments suffered either by the sender or the recipient of the letter, or by a third party. How do these letters, which were not written by medical professionals, designate and describe diseases, their evolution and their outcome? This paper attempts to answer this question, while highlighting the contribution of these documents to the history of health and illness in Ptolemaic Egypt. [less ▲]

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See detailLes modes d'acquisition et de transmission du savoir médical dans l'antiquité gréco-romaine
Marganne, Marie-Hélène ULiege

in Histoire des Sciences Médicales (2017, September), 51(2), 163-173

This paper aims to define and describe the ways of acquiring and transmitting medical knowledge in Greco-Roman Antiquity through an analysis of literary, archaeological, and, primarily, papyrological ... [more ▼]

This paper aims to define and describe the ways of acquiring and transmitting medical knowledge in Greco-Roman Antiquity through an analysis of literary, archaeological, and, primarily, papyrological sources. The methods and practices revealed by these sources include experiment, analogy, and imitation, oral and written teaching, the composition and copying of books (illustrated or not), as well as the elaboration of commentaries, abridgments, questionnaires, and word lists. These modes of knowledge transfer were intended not only for medical practitioners and students, but also for philiatroi, for generally educated people, as well as for scribes, and eventually tachygraphers, of medical books. [less ▲]

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See detailLa circulation du livre médical dans les anciens Pays-Bas au second tiers du XVIe siècle
Adam, Renaud ULiege

in Histoire des Sciences Médicales (2017), 51(1), 47-59

In the years 1565-1566, the Low Countries were shaken by a vast politico-religious revolt directed against Philip II. In response to the uprising and misbehaviour of parts of the population, the king ... [more ▼]

In the years 1565-1566, the Low Countries were shaken by a vast politico-religious revolt directed against Philip II. In response to the uprising and misbehaviour of parts of the population, the king established the so-called Council of Troubles, a special court active from 1567 to 1576. This institution was led in its early years by Fernando Àlvarez de Toledo, Duke of Alba and Governor General of the Low Countries. The Council of Troubles had a very close look at the production, the distribution as well as at the possession of books. At the request of the Duke of Alba, inquisitors were sent during the spring and summer of 1569 in various provinces of the Low Countries still under Spanish rule to examine bookshops and find out heretical books. These archives offer a sort of radioscopy of the book market of the Low-Countries on the eve of the Counter-Reformation. We will focus here on the situation of the city of Mons, in the county of Hainaut. The book lists written by the Duke of Alba’s emissaries describe more than 1600 books. The descriptions of the books found there are extremely high: names of authors, title, place and date of printing. The care and rigour shown by the notary in the performance of his task make this source a valuable document to study the book market in Hainaut in the second third of the 16th century and, more specifically, to study the medical book market. We will be able to discover which authors and which genres are preferred, the importance of the scientific literature compared with the popular literature, and the origin of these books. [less ▲]

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See detailFourcroy et l'Encyclopédie méthodique: article "Anti-cancéreux" (1790)
Droixhe, Daniel ULiege

in Histoire des Sciences Médicales (2016), 50(4), 477-486

Fourcroy (1755-1809) first dealt with the question of « Cancer », as the word was understood during the XVIIIth century, in the article “Anti-cancéreux” of the l’Encyclopédie méthodique. Médecine, t. III ... [more ▼]

Fourcroy (1755-1809) first dealt with the question of « Cancer », as the word was understood during the XVIIIth century, in the article “Anti-cancéreux” of the l’Encyclopédie méthodique. Médecine, t. III, 1790. He divides the remedies between « external » and « internal ». He distinguishes among the firsts the « actual cauteries » (sometimes called « actual caustics” in another article by Fourcroy) which use fire and the instruments carrying the latter or a strong heat upon the “glands and the parts affected by cancer”. We particularly focus on the Chinese moxa and on the technic of concentration of sun’s rays established by some “Lecomte, surgeon in Arcueil ». We discuss the notion of cancerous “virus” in the prospect of an awakening of the principle of metastasis, notably in Le Dran and from the point if view of a possible crossing from the traditional humoral theory to a sort of “localizer-solidism”. The “external” remedies also consist of “chemical caustics” (nitrate of mercury, muriate of antominy, caustic potassium, nitrate of silver, etc.). Fourcroy mentions three types of “painkillers” or “ narcotic” whose “external applying has been recommended”, but “which are only likely to soothe the pains”: the “swam-skin” (?) , the virous lettuce and the carrot. He deals elsewhere with opium. We distinguish, among the remedies applied externally and internally the hemlock, to which Fourcroy will devote another article in the Méthodique. We point the relationship linking this article to Johan Andreas Murray’s Apparatus medicaminum (1776) and to Christoph Jakob Mellin’s Praktische materia medica (1778). Other internal remedies are quoted, especially from the famous Anton Störck: the aconite, the datura stramonium, the arsenic, the mercury, etc. But all those enemies of the disease have failed, Fourcroy concludes: “How could we admit, after those facts, that exist some anti-cancerous remedies; it is just a word that can give to the ill persons some hope; man needs illusions, even in the greatest misfortune”. [less ▲]

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See detailLes recherches sur la médecine dans l’Égypte gréco-romaine au Centre de Documentation de Papyrologie Littéraire (CEDOPAL) de l’Université de Liège
Marganne, Marie-Hélène ULiege

in Histoire des Sciences Médicales (2015, August), 49(2), 233-237

The paper presents the research on medicine in Greco-Roman Egypt conducted in the last forty years at the Centre de Documentation de Papyrologie Littéraire (CEDOPAL) at the University of Liège. It ... [more ▼]

The paper presents the research on medicine in Greco-Roman Egypt conducted in the last forty years at the Centre de Documentation de Papyrologie Littéraire (CEDOPAL) at the University of Liège. It describes the main results obtained by deciphering, editing, translating and commenting Greek and Latin medical papyri, be they literary, documentary or magical. [less ▲]

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See detailL'école liégeoise de physiologie aux 19e et 20e siècles
Geenen, Vincent ULiege

in Histoire des Sciences Médicales (2015), XLIX(2), 209-218

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See detailL’Anonyme de Londres et les papyrus documentaires grecs de médecine au CEDOPAL
Ricciardetto, Antonio ULiege

in Histoire des Sciences Médicales (2015), XLIX(2), 239-245

The present paper proposes an account of my research on human and veterinary medicine in Graeco-Roman and Byzantine Egypt, undertaken since 2008 at the CEDOPAL at the University of Liège. This research ... [more ▼]

The present paper proposes an account of my research on human and veterinary medicine in Graeco-Roman and Byzantine Egypt, undertaken since 2008 at the CEDOPAL at the University of Liège. This research focuses on literary papyri, particularly on the Anonymus Londiniensis (Hermopolis?, 2d half of the Ist century A.D.), the longest known Greek medical papyrus, as well as on documentary fragments, far more numerous than their literary counterparts, of which several categories have been studied in my PhD dissertation defended in Liège in March 2015. [less ▲]

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See detailLa construction incertaine d'un discours médical sur le zinc au 19e siècle
Peters, Arnaud ULiege

in Histoire des Sciences Médicales (2015), XLIX(2), 255-268

Sous l'angle de l'histoire de la médecine, l'étude de l'essor industriel du zinc revêt un intérêt certain. Premièrement, le développement de cette industrie, à l'aube du 19e s., précède de peu un examen ... [more ▼]

Sous l'angle de l'histoire de la médecine, l'étude de l'essor industriel du zinc revêt un intérêt certain. Premièrement, le développement de cette industrie, à l'aube du 19e s., précède de peu un examen toxicologique qui révèle de vives contradictions. Deuxièmement, l'expertise scientifique qui se construit se déploie de Liège, où les sites de productions se multiplient, vers Paris, où s'écoule une partie de la production. Troisièmement, le débat médical repose sur deux dimensions parallèles mais qui se recoupent : la première est interne à l' usine ; la seconde concerne son environnement. En décrivant les technologies en cause et le nouveau paysage industriel qui se constitue, cette contribution examine à la lumière d'une série de sources documentaires le déploiement, semé d'embûches, de biais et d'incertitudes, du discours médical sur le zinc, depuis l'émergence du nouveau métal à l'aube du 19e s. jusqu'au développement d'une législation consacrée à la protection des travailleurs, un siècle plus tard. [less ▲]

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See detailLe dossier des ouvrages médicaux attribués à Cléopâtre dans le fonds M.D. Grmek conservé à l'IMEC
Marganne, Marie-Hélène ULiege

in Histoire des Sciences Médicales (2011, June), 45(2), 149-154

After describing the dossier of the medical works attributed to Cleopatra in the M.D. Grmek fund deposited at IMEC (Institut Mémoires de l'Édition Contemporaine, Abbaye d'Ardenne, Saint-Germain-la-Blanche ... [more ▼]

After describing the dossier of the medical works attributed to Cleopatra in the M.D. Grmek fund deposited at IMEC (Institut Mémoires de l'Édition Contemporaine, Abbaye d'Ardenne, Saint-Germain-la-Blanche-Herbe, near Caen), this paper reports some recent papyrological discoveries (P. Oxy. 71.4809, third century AD, and P. Berol. inv. 25239, BC 33), as well as some new studies in the field over the past ten years, and presents the project of the Centre de Documentation de Papyrologie Littéraire (CEDOPAL, University of Liège) for an edition of the fragments of Cleopatra's Kosmetikon. [less ▲]

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See detailRecherches sur l’Anonyme de Londres (P.Lit.Lond. 165, Brit.Libr. inv. 137 = MP³ 2339) : texte grec, traduction française et commentaire
Ricciardetto, Antonio ULiege

in Histoire des Sciences Médicales (2011), XLV(2), 147-148

Résumé du mémoire de fin d'études (couronné du Prix J.-Ch. Sournia 2010 de la Société Française d'Histoire de la Médecine)

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See detailApport de la papyrologie à l'histoire de la médecine
Marganne, Marie-Hélène ULiege

in Histoire des Sciences Médicales (2004), 38(2, Apr-Jun), 157-64

Two papyri are very interesting for Medicine history of the Antiquity. The first one (a Greek papyrus prolifically illustrated between 100 B.C. and 100 A.D.) reveals the value of the illustrators of works ... [more ▼]

Two papyri are very interesting for Medicine history of the Antiquity. The first one (a Greek papyrus prolifically illustrated between 100 B.C. and 100 A.D.) reveals the value of the illustrators of works in the Greek and Roman period and the second (the famous papyrus of Milan 300 B.C.) includes a part about the epigrams of curing. [less ▲]

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See detailHommage à M.D. Grmek
Marganne, Marie-Hélène ULiege

in Histoire des Sciences Médicales (2001), 35(4), 345-346

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