References of "Geologica Belgica"
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See detailDerivation of flow and transport parameters from outcropping sediments of the Neogene aquifer, Belgium
Rogiers, Bart; Beerten, K.; Smeekens, T. et al

in Geologica Belgica (2013), 16(3), 129-147

Centimetre-scale saturated hydraulic conductivities (K) are derived from air permeability measurements on a selection of outcrops of the Neogene aquifer in the Campine area, Belgium. Outcrop sediments are ... [more ▼]

Centimetre-scale saturated hydraulic conductivities (K) are derived from air permeability measurements on a selection of outcrops of the Neogene aquifer in the Campine area, Belgium. Outcrop sediments are of Miocene to Quaternary age and have a marine to continental origin. Grain size analyses for the same outcrops and corresponding K predictions using previously developed models are also presented. We discuss outcrop hydrogeological properties and quantify the heterogeneity within the outcrops in detail using geostatistical variography. Moreover, outcrop-scale K values, their anisotropy and dispersivities are numerically calculated as a means to upscale such small-scale measurements to a larger scale commensurate with the scale of flow and transport modelling. By studying the small-scale variability as observed in outcrops, we gain crucial understanding of the larger-scale behaviour of the corresponding hydrogeological units within the Neogene aquifer, the most important groundwater reservoir of Flanders. The results of this study will equally improve conceptual hydrogeological model building and parameterization. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Red Marble of Baelen, a particular historical bulding stone with global geological importance and local use
Dreesen, Roland; Marion, Jean-Marc ULg; Mottequin, Bernard ULg

in Geologica Belgica (2013), 16(3), 179-190

The Red Marble of Baelen is a local ornamental stone from the Limbourg area (Vesdre valley, Eastern Belgium), where it has been quarried at least since the 16th century, possibly even from the 9th century ... [more ▼]

The Red Marble of Baelen is a local ornamental stone from the Limbourg area (Vesdre valley, Eastern Belgium), where it has been quarried at least since the 16th century, possibly even from the 9th century. It represents a local Member of the Middle Famennian (late Upper Devonian) Souverain-Pré Formation. It is the only known or at least the only well-documented Mid Famennian red-stained carbonate mudmound complex worldwide. Carbonate microfacies comprise nodular to lenticular algospongal pack/bindstones and massive stromatactis-bearing microbialitic mudstones, both enclosing lenticular crinoidal grain- to rudstones. Silty nodular bioclastic wacke/packstones, strongly affected by pressure solution, mark the transition with underlying and overlying micaceous sandstones and occur as interbeds within the mudmound core. The Red Marble of Baelen displays a few varieties that have been used for a large spectrum of building and decorative purposes, mostly within a short radius of the production sites, in the former Duchy of Limbourg. Its usage was rural and vernacular, although it has been exceptionally employed in prestigious buildings such as the Antwerp town hall. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh resolution miospore stratigraphy of the Upper Famennian of eastern Belgium, and correlation with the conodont zonation.
Higgs, K; Prestianni, C; Streel, Maurice ULg et al

in Geologica Belgica (2013), 16(1-2), 84-94

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See detailRelationship between sedimentary features and permeability at different scales in the Brussels Sands
Possemiers, Mathias; Huysmans, Marijke; Peeters, Luk et al

in Geologica Belgica (2012), 15(3), 156-164

The Brussels Sands display a complex three-dimensional subsurface architecture. This sedimentological heterogeneity induces a highly heterogeneous spatial distribution of hydrogeological parameters at ... [more ▼]

The Brussels Sands display a complex three-dimensional subsurface architecture. This sedimentological heterogeneity induces a highly heterogeneous spatial distribution of hydrogeological parameters at different scales and may consequently influence subsurface fluid flow and solute migration. This study aims at characterizing spatial variability of permeability at different scales in the Brussels Sands. Firstly, a literature review on the permeability distribution of the Brussels Sands was performed. Secondly, a field campaign was carried out consisting of field observations of the small-scale sedimentary structures and in situ measurements of air permeability. A total of 6550 cm-scale air permeability measurements were carried out in situ in three Brussels Sands quarries in the central part of Belgium: Bierbeek, Mont Saint Guibert and Chaumont Gistoux. On the large basin scale, substantial differences in permeability are observed. A literature data analysis shows that there is no clear correlation between hydraulic conductivity and sedimentary facies. At the small scale, results show that permeability heterogeneity and anisotropy are strongly influenced by sedimentary heterogeneity in all three quarries. Clay-rich sedimentary features such as bottomsets and distinct mud drapes exhibit a different statistical and geostatistical permeability distribution compared to the cross-bedded lithofacies, where the permeability anisotropy is dominated by the foreset lamination orientation. [less ▲]

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See detailLes sédiments du Dévonien de Saïda (Algérie nord occidentale): nature et genèse
Bougara, Mohamed; Belkebir, Lahcene; Boulvain, Frédéric ULg

in Geologica Belgica (2012), 15(3), 137-146

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See detailA new representative of the lichid genus Ohleum (Trilobita) from the Eifelian (Middle Devonian) of southern Belgium
Taghon, Peter; Bonino, Enrico; Mottequin, Bernard ULg

in Geologica Belgica (2012), 15(3), 120-125

Trilobites of the family Lichidae are relatively poorly diversified within the Eifelian mixed siliciclastic-carbonate succession of the southern margin of the Dinant Synclinorium (Belgium). Until now ... [more ▼]

Trilobites of the family Lichidae are relatively poorly diversified within the Eifelian mixed siliciclastic-carbonate succession of the southern margin of the Dinant Synclinorium (Belgium). Until now, they were only represented by species belonging to the genera Ceratarges and Eifliarges. The recent discovery of a well-preserved specimen within the Eifelian-aged Jemelle Formation in the Couvin area led us to propose the first detailed description of a representative of the genus Ohleum (Ohleum magreani sp. nov.) in the Ardennes. [less ▲]

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See detailRedéfinition des unités structurales du front varisque utilisées dans le cadre de la nouvelle Carte géologique de Wallonie (Belgique)
Belanger, Isabelle; Delaby, Serge; Delcambre, Bernard et al

in Geologica Belgica (2012), 15(3), 169-175

The new geological map of Wallonia permits to obtain a more global view of the tectonic organization of the Palaeozoic terrains around the Variscan Front in southern Belgium. This zone oriented WSW-ENE ... [more ▼]

The new geological map of Wallonia permits to obtain a more global view of the tectonic organization of the Palaeozoic terrains around the Variscan Front in southern Belgium. This zone oriented WSW-ENE and passing south of an axis Charleroi-Namur, was firstly highlighted by the coal mining works, but has been significantly documented notably through deep boreholes and seismic profiles. A coherent structural sketch of the Variscan Front is proposed for its entire longitudinal course, where the following structural units are distinguished, from north to south: the Brabant Massif and the base of the cover unaffected by the Variscan orogeny, the Brabant Parautochthon, the Haine-Sambre-Meuse Overturned Thrust sheets (HSM-OTS) and the Ardenne Allochthon. Undeformed terrains during Variscan event constitute the northern border of the Variscan Front. The Brabant Parautochthon includes Devono-Carboniferous terrains, which are folded and faulted. The HSM-OTS are formed by the superposition of several sheets (e.g. La Tombe sheet), which are supported by various thrust faults (e.g. Masse fault). The Ardenne Allochthon, which has been displaced during the Variscan orogeny, rests on the Brabant Parautochthon and the HSM-OTS through a faulted zone, which is locally known as the Midi Fault. [less ▲]

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See detailNumerical simulation of heat transfer associated with low enthalpy geothermal pumping in an alluvial aquifer
Fossoul, Frédérique ULg; Orban, Philippe ULg; Dassargues, Alain ULg

in Geologica Belgica (2011), 14(1-2),

In a context favourable to renewable energies, various aquifers are studied to supply heating and/or cooling systems. The groundwater flow and heat transport are modelled in the alluvial aquifer of the ... [more ▼]

In a context favourable to renewable energies, various aquifers are studied to supply heating and/or cooling systems. The groundwater flow and heat transport are modelled in the alluvial aquifer of the river Meuse in providing an integrated tool for assessing the feasibility of a low energy air cooling/heating system for a large office building by pumping groundwater and discharging it in the river after being heated/cooled by using heat pumps. First, a comparative sensitivity analysis is performed using different codes for assessing the influence of coupling and non linearities on the main parameters due to the temperature evolution in function of time. Then, assuming that the aquifer temperature variation is weak enough to neglect its influence on hydrodynamics and thermal parameters, the MT3DMS and HydroGeoSphere codes are used for modelling the actual case-study. In practice, the worst case scenario considered by the project manager is the cooling of the office building during the hottest summer conditions. So, the influence of the warm water from the river Meuse is computed as it constitutes the major limiting factor. An optimisation of the pumping schema is computed to maximise the efficiency of the system. [less ▲]

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See detailShort note: Synthetic ilmenite as a blank to XRF trace element determination
Duchesne, Jean-Clair ULg; Bologne, Guy

in Geologica Belgica (2011), 14(1-2), 103-106

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See detailMagnetic susceptibility correlation of km-thick Eifelian-Frasnian sections (Belgium-Czech Republic)
Boulvain, Frédéric ULg; Da Silva, Anne-Christine ULg; Mabille, Cedric et al

in Geologica Belgica (2010, December), 13(4), 5-7

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See detailDetailed sedimentological study and magnetic susceptibility of and Eifelian mixed ramp-related system in the Eifel area
Pas, Damien ULg; Mabille, Cédric; Aretz, Markus et al

in Geologica Belgica (2010, December), 13(4),

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See detailApplication of magnetic susceptibility to the Maastrichtian-Eocene phosphatic deposits of Séjla section in Gafsa-Métlaoui basin (Southern Tunisia)
Akermi, Souha; Abdallah, H.; Da Silva, Anne-Christine ULg et al

in Geologica Belgica (2010, December), 13(4),

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See detailMagnetic susceptibility records in recent (Cenozoic) and Ancient (Devonian – Palaeozoic) mound systems.
Foubert, Anneleen; Da Silva, Anne-Christine ULg; Boulvain, Frédéric ULg et al

in Geologica Belgica (2010, December), 13(4),

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See detailMagnetic susceptibility on different sedimentary settings, example from the Devonian of Belgium
Da Silva, Anne-Christine ULg; Mabille, Cédric; Boulvain, Frédéric ULg

in Geologica Belgica (2010, December), 13(4),

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