References of "Europhysics Letters [=EPL]"
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See detailCapillary-driven bi-dimensional buoyancy in vertical soap films
Adami, Nicolas ULg; Caps, Hervé

in Europhysics Letters [=EPL] (2014)

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See detailNuclear forward scattering by the 68.7 keV state of 73Ge in CaGeO3 and GeO2
Simon, RE; Sergueev, I; Persson, J et al

in Europhysics Letters [=EPL] (2013), 104

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See detailXe-129 nuclear resonance scattering on solid Xe and Xe-129 clathrate hydrate
Klobes, B.; Desmedt, A.; Sergueev, I. et al

in Europhysics Letters [=EPL] (2013), 103(3), 36001-6

Nuclear inelastic and nuclear forward-scattering experiments utilizing the Xe-129 Mossbauer resonance were performed on solid Xe and enriched Xe-129 clathrate hydrate. The lifetime and energy of the ... [more ▼]

Nuclear inelastic and nuclear forward-scattering experiments utilizing the Xe-129 Mossbauer resonance were performed on solid Xe and enriched Xe-129 clathrate hydrate. The lifetime and energy of the nuclear resonance were determined to be 1.465(72) ns and 39581.30(4) eV, respectively. Nuclear inelastic scattering spectra could be obtained with an instrumental resolution of 0.93(4) meV. Despite low Lamb-Mossbauer factors, Xe specific densities of phonon states were derived for solid Xe and Xe clathrate hydrate. Their reliability was investigated using 1-phonon terms obtained by fixing Lamb-Mossbauer factor values within the applied Fourier-Log decomposition. ABINIT calculations of the density of phonon states in solid Xe supplement the interpretation of the experimental data for fcc Xe and good agreement with published densities of phonon states could be achieved below 4meV. Results for the Xe clathrate hydrate essentially confirm the rattling nature of the Xe guests and indicate that Xe modes do not contribute to lattice dynamics above 6 meV. Copyright (C) EPLA, 2013 [less ▲]

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See detailDynamical clustering in driven granular gas
Opsomer, Eric ULg; Ludewig, François ULg; Vandewalle, Nicolas ULg

in Europhysics Letters [=EPL] (2012), 99

Driven granular gases present rich dynamical behaviors. Due to inelastic collisions, particles may form dense and slow regions. These clusters emerge naturally during a cooling phenomenon but another ... [more ▼]

Driven granular gases present rich dynamical behaviors. Due to inelastic collisions, particles may form dense and slow regions. These clusters emerge naturally during a cooling phenomenon but another dynamical clustering is observed when the system is continuously excited. In this paper, the physical processes that trigger the transition from a granular gas to a dynamical cluster are evidenced through numerical simulations. At the granular scale, the transition is evidenced by the observation of caging effects. At the scale of the system, the transition is emphasized by density fluctuations. Physical arguments, based on relaxation times, provide an analytical prediction for the edge between dynamical regimes. [less ▲]

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See detailQuerying a quasi-classical Oracle: one bit function identification problem implemented in a single atom transistor
Fresch, Barbara ULg; Verduijn, J.; Mol, J. A. et al

in Europhysics Letters [=EPL] (2012), 99(2), 28004

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See detailNuclear forward and inelastic spectroscopy on 125Te and Sb2 125Te3 2
Wille, H.-C.; Hermann, Raphaël ULg; Sergueev, I. et al

in Europhysics Letters [=EPL] (2010)

We report on the observation of nuclear forward and nuclear inelastic scattering of synchrotron radiation by Te-125 and the application of both spectroscopic methods to tellurium compounds by using a high ... [more ▼]

We report on the observation of nuclear forward and nuclear inelastic scattering of synchrotron radiation by Te-125 and the application of both spectroscopic methods to tellurium compounds by using a high-resolution backscattering sapphire monochromator in combination with fast detection electronics. The lifetime of the nuclear resonance and the energy of the transition were determined to be 2.131(12) ns and 35493.12(30) eV, respectively. As applications, the nuclear inelastic spectrum in Sb2Te3 and the nuclear forward scattering by Te metal were measured. These measurements open the field of nuclear resonance spectroscopy on tellurium compounds such as thermoelectric and superconducting materials. [less ▲]

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See detailWave propelled ratchets and drifting rafts
Eddi, Antonin; Terwagne, Denis ULg; Fort, Emmanuel et al

in Europhysics Letters [=EPL] (2008), 82

Several droplets, bouncing on a vertically vibrated liquid bath, can form various types of bound states, their interaction being due to the waves emitted by their bouncing. Though they associate droplets ... [more ▼]

Several droplets, bouncing on a vertically vibrated liquid bath, can form various types of bound states, their interaction being due to the waves emitted by their bouncing. Though they associate droplets which are individually motionless, we show that these bound states are self- propelled when the droplets are of uneven size. The driving force is linked to the assymetry of the emitted surface waves. The direction of this ratchet-like displacement can be reversed, by varying the amplitude of forcing. This direction reversal occurs when the bouncing of one of the drops becomes sub-harmonic. As a generalization, a larger number of bouncing droplets form crystalline rafts which are also shown to drift or rotate when assymetrical. [less ▲]

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See detailEnergetic approach for the characterization of taps in granular compaction
Ludewig, François ULg; Dorbolo, Stéphane ULg; Gilet, Tristan ULg et al

in Europhysics Letters [=EPL] (2008), 84(4),

We report numerical investigations for the compaction dynamics of dense granular assemblies. The studies are based on the non-smooth contact dynamics model. Our work suggests that the dimensionless ... [more ▼]

We report numerical investigations for the compaction dynamics of dense granular assemblies. The studies are based on the non-smooth contact dynamics model. Our work suggests that the dimensionless acceleration parameter Gamma, used by a large majortiy of authors, is not appropriate for rescaling the data. We prove that the dimensionless energy Xi, injected in the granular system at lift-off, is more appropriate and leads to robust interpretations of the compaction dynamics. Indeed, the injected energy allows to pass energy barriers that separate local equilibrium states. Using the Eyring picture of relaxation dynamic, we show that the consideration of Xi leads to a new law for compaction. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of electromagnetic waves on the electrical properties of contacts between grains
Dorbolo, Stéphane ULg; Merlen, A.; Creyssels, M. et al

in Europhysics Letters [=EPL] (2007), 79(5),

A DC electrical current is injected through a chain of metallic beads. The electrical resistance of each bead- bead contacts is measured. At low current, the distribution of these resistances is large and ... [more ▼]

A DC electrical current is injected through a chain of metallic beads. The electrical resistance of each bead- bead contacts is measured. At low current, the distribution of these resistances is large and log- normal. At high enough current, the resistance distribution becomes sharp and Gaussian due to the creation of microweldings between some beads. The action of nearby electromagnetic waves ( sparks) on the electrical conductivity of the chain is also studied. The spark effect is to lower the resistance values of the more resistive contacts, the best conductive ones remaining unaffected by the spark production. The spark is able to induce through the chain a current enough to create microweldings between some beads. This explains why the electrical resistance of a granular medium is so sensitive to the electromagnetic waves produced in its vicinity. [less ▲]

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See detailAging of an antibubble
Dorbolo, Stéphane ULg; Reyssat, E.; Vandewalle, Nicolas ULg et al

in Europhysics Letters [=EPL] (2005), 69(6), 966-970

Antibubbles are unusual fluid objects consisting of a thin spherical air shell surrounding a liquid globule. Here we study and analyze the aging of these inverted bubbles. The lifetime is found to be ... [more ▼]

Antibubbles are unusual fluid objects consisting of a thin spherical air shell surrounding a liquid globule. Here we study and analyze the aging of these inverted bubbles. The lifetime is found to be distributed along an exponential law. Moreover, the breakdown of the air film is observed to be the analogue of dewetting by spinodal decomposition. We interpret the long lifetime of the antibubbles as resulting from the slow drainage of the air until the film reaches a critical thickness. Then, van der Waals forces act, leading to the collapse of the film. [less ▲]

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See detailDecay rates of planar helium
Madronero, J.; Schlagheck, Peter ULg; Hilico, L. et al

in Europhysics Letters [=EPL] (2005), 70(2), 183-189

We compare the autoionization rates of characteristic configurations of the doubly excited helium atom, in one, two and three dimensions. We find that the decay rates of the two-dimensional restriction ... [more ▼]

We compare the autoionization rates of characteristic configurations of the doubly excited helium atom, in one, two and three dimensions. We find that the decay rates of the two-dimensional restriction are in quantitative agreement with those of the real physical system, whilst the one-dimensional model can underestimate the actual decay rates by orders of magnitude. [less ▲]

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See detailBlock-to-granular-like transition in dense bubble flows
Vandewalle, Nicolas ULg; Trabelsi, Samy ULg; Caps, Hervé ULg

in Europhysics Letters [=EPL] (2004), 65(3), 316-322

We have experimentally investigated 2-dimensional dense bubble flows underneath inclined planes. Velocity profiles and velocity fluctuations have been measured. A broad second-order phase transition ... [more ▼]

We have experimentally investigated 2-dimensional dense bubble flows underneath inclined planes. Velocity profiles and velocity fluctuations have been measured. A broad second-order phase transition between two dynamical regimes is observed as a function of the tilt angle theta. For low theta values, a block motion is observed. For high theta values, the velocity pro. le becomes curved and a shear velocity gradient appears in the flow. [less ▲]

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See detailNon-Gaussian electrical fluctuations in a quasi-2d packing of metallic beads
Vandewalle, Nicolas ULg; Lenaerts, Cedric ULg; Dorbolo, Stéphane ULg

in Europhysics Letters [=EPL] (2001), 53(2), 197-201

The electrical properties of a two-dimensional packing of metallic beads are studied. Small mechanical perturbations of the packing lead to giant voltage fluctuations. Fluctuations are found to be non ... [more ▼]

The electrical properties of a two-dimensional packing of metallic beads are studied. Small mechanical perturbations of the packing lead to giant voltage fluctuations. Fluctuations are found to be non-Gaussian and seem to belong to Levy stable distributions. Anticorrelations have been also found for the sign of these fluctuations. [less ▲]

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See detailNondispersive two-electron wave packets in the collinear driven helium atom
Schlagheck, Peter ULg; Buchleitner, A.

in Europhysics Letters [=EPL] (1999), 46(1), 24-30

Nondispersive two-electron wave packets are found in the Floquet spectrum of the driven, one-dimensional helium atom. In classical phase space, they are anchored to the principal nonlinear resonance ... [more ▼]

Nondispersive two-electron wave packets are found in the Floquet spectrum of the driven, one-dimensional helium atom. In classical phase space, they are anchored to the principal nonlinear resonance between the collinear frozen planet orbit and the driving field linearly polarized along the orbit. These novel, highly correlated eigenstates of the driven three-body Coulomb problem, exhibit lifetimes of the order of 10(3)...10(7) periods of the driving field, with strong fluctuations reminiscent of chaos-assisted tunneling. [less ▲]

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See detailDifferent universality classes for SOC in models driven by extremal dynamics
Vandewalle, Nicolas ULg; Ausloos, Marcel ULg

in Europhysics Letters [=EPL] (1997), 37(1), 1-6

We investigate a simple growth model. The model considers the growth of trees driven by extremal dynamics. Self-organized criticality (SOC) exhibited by the model is discussed. We point out that this tree ... [more ▼]

We investigate a simple growth model. The model considers the growth of trees driven by extremal dynamics. Self-organized criticality (SOC) exhibited by the model is discussed. We point out that this tree-like model does not seem to belong to any already studied SOC universality class. This is shown through a discussion of the dynamics and the so-called gap equation which does not hold here. [less ▲]

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See detailCoulomb interaction and ferroelectric instability of BaTiO3
Ghosez, Philippe ULg; Gonze, X.; Michenaud, J. P.

in Europhysics Letters [=EPL] (1996), 33(9), 713-718

Using first-principles calculations, the phonon frequencies at the Gamma-point and the dielectric tensor are determined and analysed for the cubic and rhombohedral phases of BaTiO3. The dipole-dipole ... [more ▼]

Using first-principles calculations, the phonon frequencies at the Gamma-point and the dielectric tensor are determined and analysed for the cubic and rhombohedral phases of BaTiO3. The dipole-dipole interaction is then separated a la Cochran from the remaining short-range forces, in order to investigate their respective influence on lattice dynamics. This analysis highlights the delicate balance of forces leading to an unstable phonon in the cubic phase and demonstrates its extreme sensitivity to effective charge changes. Within our decomposition, the stabilization of the unstable mode in the rhombohedral phase or under isotropic pressure has a different origin. [less ▲]

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See detailThe robustness of self-organized criticality against extinctions in a tree-like model of evolution
Vandewalle, Nicolas ULg; Ausloos, Marcel ULg

in Europhysics Letters [=EPL] (1995), 32(7), 613-618

We investigate a so-called punctuated-equilibrium model of tree-like evolution containing extinctions for the weakest species with respect to a strength parameter r. Without extinctions (for r = 0), the ... [more ▼]

We investigate a so-called punctuated-equilibrium model of tree-like evolution containing extinctions for the weakest species with respect to a strength parameter r. Without extinctions (for r = 0), the model leads to self-organized criticality. For r not equal 0, a transition from growing trees to finite ones takes place at some critical r(c) = 0.48 +/- 0.01 value. For 0 less than or equal to r less than or similar to r(c), self-organized criticality is thus robust against extinctions of the weakest species. The size distribution of avalanches follows a power law behaviour with an exponent 3/2 which seems to be independent of the parameter r. The growing trees are found to be self-similar with a non-universal fractal dimension D-f non-trivially ranging from 2 to 1 depending on the parameter r. This constraint model opens up the field of description of various possible physical events for such an evolution model. [less ▲]

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See detailMagnetic Eden model
Ausloos, Marcel ULg; Vandewalle, Nicolas ULg; Cloots, Rudi ULg

in Europhysics Letters [=EPL] (1993), 24(8), 629-634

We introduce the <<Magnetic Eden Model(s)>>. It consists in the usual Eden growth model(s), but allowing for the elements of the growth to have an extra degree of freedom (a <<spin>>). The growth is ... [more ▼]

We introduce the <<Magnetic Eden Model(s)>>. It consists in the usual Eden growth model(s), but allowing for the elements of the growth to have an extra degree of freedom (a <<spin>>). The growth is controlled by a condition depending on the <<magnetic state>> of the perimeter (through some <<spin coupling>>) and an external parameter, the <<magnetic field>>. Even though these words seem to refer to some <<energetic condition>> the growth model is of purely kinetic origin. This is demonstrated by exactly solving the 1-dimensional growth model for a semi-open chain, and, e.g. finding the correlation functions. In two-dimensions, simulations of clusters lead us to show that the perimeter growth exponent is coupling dependent. We show the morphologies of growth clusters on a <<phase diagram>> and indicate the <<physical origin>> and transition(s) between compact and lacunar clusters. [less ▲]

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See detailVector mesons and partial restoration of chiral symmetry
Mendez Galain, Ramon; Ripka, Georges; Jaminon, Martine ULg et al

in Europhysics Letters [=EPL] (1991), 14

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