References of "European Journal of Paediatric Neurology : Official Journal of the European Paediatric Neurology Society"
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See detailLong-term outcome of speech and language in children after corrective surgery for cyanotic or acyanotic cardiac defects in infancy.
Hovels-Gurich, Hedwig H; Bauer, Sebastian B; Schnitker, Ralph et al

in European Journal of Paediatric Neurology : Official Journal of the European Paediatric Neurology Society (2008), 12(5), 378-386

The purpose of this prospective study was to assess whether outcome of speech and language in children 5-10 years after corrective surgery for tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) or ventricular septal defect (VSD ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this prospective study was to assess whether outcome of speech and language in children 5-10 years after corrective surgery for tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) or ventricular septal defect (VSD) in infancy was influenced by the preoperative condition of hypoxemia or cardiac insufficiency and whether it was associated with perioperative risk factors and neurodevelopmental outcome. A total of 35 unselected children, 19 with TOF and hypoxemia and 16 with VSD and cardiac insufficiency, operated with combined deep hypothermic circulatory arrest and low-flow cardiopulmonary bypass at mean age 0.7+/-0.3 (mean+/-standard deviation) years, underwent, at mean age 7.4+/-1.6 years, standardized evaluation of speech and language functions. Results were compared between subgroups and related to perioperative factors, sociodemographic and neurodevelopmental status. Age at testing, socioeconomic status and history of speech and language development were not different between the subgroups. In contrast, total scores on oral and speech motor control functions (TFS) as well as on oral and speech apraxia (Mayo Test) were significantly reduced (p<0.02 to <0.05), and scores on anatomical oral structures tended to be lower (p<0.09) in the TOF group as compared to the VSD group. No differences were found for auditory word recognition and phonological awareness as assessed by the Auditory Closure subtest of the Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities and the test of auditory analysis skills, respectively. In all children, higher age at testing and better socioeconomic status were associated with better results in all domains of assessment (p<0.001 to <0.04). Consistent impairments of all oral and speech motor control functions (TFS and Mayo Test) were present in 29% of all children with a mean age of 6.5 years in contrast to 43% with normal performance and a mean age of 8.3 years. On the receptive speech tasks, only 6% scored below the normal range of their age group. TFS subscores were significantly correlated with age, bypass duration and motor function, but not correlated with socioeconomic status, duration of cardiac arrest, intelligence and academic achievement. Children with preoperative hypoxemia due to cyanotic cardiac defects in infancy are at higher risk for dysfunction in speech and language than those with cardiac insufficiency due to acyanotic heart defects. Age at testing, socioeconomic status, and duration of cardiopulmonary bypass influenced test results. Long-term outcome in speech and language functions can be considered as a sensitive indicator of overall child development after cardiac surgery. [less ▲]

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See detailEpilepsy in children with cerebral palsy
Peduzzi, M.; Defontaine, E.; Leroy, P. et al

in European Journal of Paediatric Neurology : Official Journal of the European Paediatric Neurology Society (2005)

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See detailSpontaneous arachnoid cyst rupture in a previously asymptomatic child: a case report
Poirrier, Anne-Lise ULg; Ngosso-Tetanye, I.; Mouchamps, M. et al

in European Journal of Paediatric Neurology : Official Journal of the European Paediatric Neurology Society (2004), 8(5), 247-251

Arachnoid cysts are benign congenital cavities arising in the subarachnoid space. Non-traumatic subdural effusion of cerebrospinal fluid is a rare complication requiring surgical treatment. Case Report: A ... [more ▼]

Arachnoid cysts are benign congenital cavities arising in the subarachnoid space. Non-traumatic subdural effusion of cerebrospinal fluid is a rare complication requiring surgical treatment. Case Report: A 15-year-old boy was admitted to the hospital because of symptoms related to acute intracranial hypertension (headache and vomiting). The cerebral CT-scan revealed a subdural hygroma adjoining a voluminous Sylvian arachnoid cyst. Two arachnoid cysts were incidentally discovered 11 years before this dramatic complication. Moreover, the patient had suffered a cerebral concussion 2 years earlier, but interestingly did not develop cystic hemorrhage or rupture, contrary to numerous cases previously described in the literature. The location of the cysts and their regular follow-up did not allow foreseeing a cystic rupture. Hygroma evacuation was first performed after which a subdural peritoneal. shunting, using a programmable opening pressure valve, was implanted. Spontaneous rupture into the subdural space represents an unusual complication of arachnoid cysts. Clinical aspects, radiographic findings, pathogenesis and surgical management are described. It is important to point out that subdural hygroma or haematoma should never be excluded in the absence of trauma history, even in the case of small non-progressive cysts regularly supervised. (C) 2004 European Paediatric Neurology Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailNew hope for CSWS/ESES treatment: Topiramate?
Symann, S.; Rucquoy, M.; Misson, Jean-Paul ULg et al

in European Journal of Paediatric Neurology : Official Journal of the European Paediatric Neurology Society (1999)

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