References of "Computer Methods in Biomechanics & Biomedical Engineering"
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See detailAn enhanced version of a bone remodelling model based on the continuum damage mechanics theory.
Mengoni, Marlène ULg; Ponthot, Jean-Philippe ULg

in Computer Methods in Biomechanics & Biomedical Engineering (in press)

The purpose of this work is to propose an enhancement of Doblaré and García's internal bone remodelling model based on the continuum damage mechanics theory. In their paper, they stated that the evolution ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this work is to propose an enhancement of Doblaré and García's internal bone remodelling model based on the continuum damage mechanics theory. In their paper, they stated that the evolution of the internal variables of the bone microstructure, and its incidence on the modification of the elastic constitutive parameters, may be formulated following the principles of Continuum Damage Mechanics, although no actual damage was considered. The resorption and apposition criteria (similar to the damage criterion) were expressed in terms of a mechanical stimulus. However, the resorption criterion is lacking a dimensional consistency with the remodelling rate. We here propose an enhancement to this resorption criterion, insuring the dimensional consistency while retaining the physical properties of the original remodelling model. We then analyse the change in the resorption criterion hypersurface in the stress space for a 2D analysis. We finally apply the new formulation to analyse the structural evolution of a 2D femur. This analysis gives results consistent with the original model but with a faster and more stable convergence rate. [less ▲]

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See detailMechanisms of cell migration in the adult brain: modelling subventricular neurogenesis.
Van Schepdael, An ULg; Ashbourn, J. M. A.; Beard, R. et al

in Computer Methods in Biomechanics & Biomedical Engineering (2013)

Neurogenesis has been the subject of active research in recent years. Although the majority of neurons form during the embryonic period, neurogenesis continues in restricted regions of the mammalian brain ... [more ▼]

Neurogenesis has been the subject of active research in recent years. Although the majority of neurons form during the embryonic period, neurogenesis continues in restricted regions of the mammalian brain well into adulthood. In rodent brains, neuronal migration is present in the rostral migratory stream (RMS), connecting the subventricular zone to the olfactory bulb (OB). The migration in the RMS is characterised by a lack of dispersion of neuroblasts into the surrounding tissues and a highly directed motion towards the OB. This study uses a simple mathematical model to investigate several theories of migration of neuroblasts through the RMS proposed in the literature, including chemo-attraction, chemorepulsion, general inhibition and the presence of a migration-inducing protein. Apart from the general inhibition model, all the models were able to provide results in good qualitative correspondence with the experimental observations. [less ▲]

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See detailDetection of incoherent joint state due to inaccurate bone motion estimation
Schwartz, Cédric ULg; Leboeuf, Fabien; Rémy-Néris, Olivier et al

in Computer Methods in Biomechanics & Biomedical Engineering (2013), 16

In biomechanical modeling and motion analysis, the use of personalized data such as bone geometry would provide more accurate and reliable results. However, there is still a limited number of tools used ... [more ▼]

In biomechanical modeling and motion analysis, the use of personalized data such as bone geometry would provide more accurate and reliable results. However, there is still a limited number of tools used to measure the evolution of articular interactions. This paper proposes a coherence index to describe the articular status of contact surfaces during motion. The index relies on a robust estimation of the evolution of surfacic interactions between the joint surfaces. The index is first compared to distance maps on simulated motions. It is then used to compare two motion capture protocols (two different localizations of the markers for scapula tracking). The results show that the index detects progressive modifications in the joint and allows to distinguish the two protocols, in accordance with the literature. In the future, the index could, among other things, be used to compare / improve biomechanical models and motion analysis protocols. [less ▲]

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See detailA visco-elastic model for the prediction of orthodontic tooth movement.
Van Schepdael, An ULg; De Bondt, Kris; Geris, Liesbet ULg et al

in Computer Methods in Biomechanics & Biomedical Engineering (2012)

This study presents a biomechanical model of orthodontic tooth movement. Although such models have already been presented in the literature, most of them incorporate computationally expensive finite ... [more ▼]

This study presents a biomechanical model of orthodontic tooth movement. Although such models have already been presented in the literature, most of them incorporate computationally expensive finite elements (FE) methods to determine the strain distribution in the periodontal ligament (PDL). In contrast, the biomechanical model presented in this work avoids the use of FE methods. The elastic deformation of the PDL is modelled using an analytical approach, which does not require setting up a 3D model of the tooth. The duration of the lag phase is estimated using the calculated hydrostatic stresses, and bone remodelling is predicted by modelling the alveolar bone as a viscous material. To evaluate the model, some typically used motion patterns were simulated and a sensitivity analysis was carried out on the parameters. Results show that despite some shortcomings, the model is able to describe commonly used motion patterns in orthodontic tooth movement, in both single- and multi-rooted teeth. [less ▲]

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See detailMultiscale Computational Modeling of a New Scaffold for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tissue Engineering
Laurent, Cédric ULg

in Computer Methods in Biomechanics & Biomedical Engineering (2012)

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See detailContinuum-level modelling of cellular adhesion and matrix production in aggregates.
Geris, Liesbet ULg; Ashbourn, Joanna M A; Clarke, Tim

in Computer Methods in Biomechanics & Biomedical Engineering (2011), 14(5), 403-10

Key regulators in tissue-engineering processes such as cell culture and cellular organisation are the cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions. As mathematical models are increasingly applied to investigate ... [more ▼]

Key regulators in tissue-engineering processes such as cell culture and cellular organisation are the cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions. As mathematical models are increasingly applied to investigate biological phenomena in the biomedical field, it is important, for some applications, that these models incorporate an adequate description of cell adhesion. This study describes the development of a continuum model that represents a cell-in-gel culture system used in bone-tissue engineering, namely that of a cell aggregate embedded in a hydrogel. Cell adhesion is modelled through the use of non-local (integral) terms in the partial differential equations. The simulation results demonstrate that the effects of cell-cell and cell-matrix adhesion are particularly important for the survival and growth of the cell population and the production of extracellular matrix by the cells, concurring with experimental observations in the literature. [less ▲]

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See detailPrediction of the morphological and mechanical properties of a novel scaffold ACL tissue engineering
Laurent, Cédric ULg

in Computer Methods in Biomechanics & Biomedical Engineering (2011)

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See detailMechanical comparison of eight vertical jump exercises
Jidovtseff, Boris ULg; Cronin, John; Harris, Nigel et al

in Computer Methods in Biomechanics & Biomedical Engineering (2010, September), 13(S1), 77-78

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See detailAcceleration and gravity power: A concept for understanding total power output
Quievre, Jacques; Cronin, John; Harris, Nigel et al

in Computer Methods in Biomechanics & Biomedical Engineering (2010, August), 13(S1), 113-114

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See detailDesigning a new scaffold for Anterior Cruciate Ligament tissue engineering
Laurent, Cédric ULg

in Computer Methods in Biomechanics & Biomedical Engineering (2010)

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See detailModelling the early phases of bone regeneration around an endosseous oral implant
Amor, N.; Geris, Liesbet ULg; Vander Sloten, J. et al

in Computer Methods in Biomechanics & Biomedical Engineering (2009), 12(4), 459-468

The objective of this study was to see whether a mathematical model of fracture healing was able to mimic bone formation around an unloaded screw-shaped titanium implant as it is well-believed that both ... [more ▼]

The objective of this study was to see whether a mathematical model of fracture healing was able to mimic bone formation around an unloaded screw-shaped titanium implant as it is well-believed that both processes exhibit many biological similarities. This model describes the spatio-temporal evolution of cellular activities, ranging from mesenchymal stem cell migration, proliferation, differentiation to bone formation, which are initiated and regulated by the growth factors present at the peri-implant site. For the simulations, a finite volume code was used and adequate initial and boundary conditions were applied. Two sets of analyses have been performed, in which either initial and boundary condition or model parameter values were changed with respect to the fracture healing model parameter values. For a number of combinations, the spatio-temporal evolution of bone density was well-predicted. However reducing cell proliferation rate and increasing osteoblast differentiation and osteogenic growth factor synthesis rates, the simulation results were in agreement with the experimental data. [less ▲]

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See detailThe influence of mechanical parameters on tissue differentiation and bone formation around immediately loaded implants in the bone chamber model
Vandamme, Katleen; Duyck, Joke; Geris, Liesbet ULg et al

in Computer Methods in Biomechanics & Biomedical Engineering (2005, September), 8(4), 275-276

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See detailMuscular and physical features correlated with ball velocity during the volleyball spike
Forthomme, Bénédicte ULg; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Ciccarone, Guido et al

in Computer Methods in Biomechanics & Biomedical Engineering (2005, September), 8(Supp 1), 105-106

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See detailCinematic and electromyographic analysis of a basic athletic test: the walkover in well trained and beginners young female gymnasts
Foidart-Dessalle, Marguerite ULg; Krier, P.; De Pasqua, Victor ULg et al

in Computer Methods in Biomechanics & Biomedical Engineering (2005, September), 8(Supp 1), 027

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See detailAdapted eccentric training in chronic lateral epicondylitis rehabilitation
Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Foidart-Dessalle, Marguerite ULg; Crielaard, Jean-Michel ULg et al

in Computer Methods in Biomechanics & Biomedical Engineering (2005, September), 8(Supp 1), 55-56

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See detailThe effect of micromotion on tissues surrounding immediately loaded implants
Duyck, Joke; Vandamme, Katleen; Geris, Liesbet ULg et al

in Computer Methods in Biomechanics & Biomedical Engineering (2005), 8(S1), 93-94

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See detailEffects of reperfusion on left ventricular hemodynamics and ventriculo-arterial coupling in acutely ischemic pigs
Lanoye, Lieve; KOLH, Philippe ULg; Rolin, Stéphanie et al

in Computer Methods in Biomechanics & Biomedical Engineering (2005), 8(suppl. 1), 169-170

Rapid restoration of coronary blood flow following a period of myocardial ischemia (due to coronary occlusion) is mandatory to preserve the cardiac muscle. Reperfusion, however, not necessarily restores ... [more ▼]

Rapid restoration of coronary blood flow following a period of myocardial ischemia (due to coronary occlusion) is mandatory to preserve the cardiac muscle. Reperfusion, however, not necessarily restores cardiac function, and cellular damage of the cardiac muscle cells following reperfusion (reperfusion injury) is well documented. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of reperfusion on left ventricular (LV) hemodynamics and on left ventriculo-arterial (VA) coupling in acutely ischemic pigs. [less ▲]

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See detailAssessment of mechanobiological models for the numerical simulation of tissue differentiation around immediately loaded implants.
Geris, Liesbet ULg; Van Oosterwyck, H.; Vander Sloten, J. et al

in Computer Methods in Biomechanics & Biomedical Engineering (2003), 6(5-6), 277-88

Nowadays, there is a growing consensus on the impact of mechanical loading on bone biology. A bone chamber provides a mechanically isolated in vivo environment in which the influence of different ... [more ▼]

Nowadays, there is a growing consensus on the impact of mechanical loading on bone biology. A bone chamber provides a mechanically isolated in vivo environment in which the influence of different parameters on the tissue response around loaded implants can be investigated. This also provides data to assess the feasibility of different mechanobiological models that mathematically describe the mechanoregulation of tissue differentiation. Before comparing numerical results to animal experimental results, it is necessary to investigate the influence of the different model parameters on the outcome of the simulations. A 2D finite element model of the tissue inside the bone chamber was created. The differentiation models developed by Prendergast, et al. ["Biophysical stimuli on cells during tissue differentiation at implant interfaces", Journal of Biomechanics, 30(6), (1997), 539-548], Huiskes et al. ["A biomechanical regulatory model for periprosthetic fibrous-tissue differentiation", Journal of Material Science: Materials in Medicine, 8 (1997) 785-788] and by Claes and Heigele ["Magnitudes of local stress and strain along bony surfaces predict the course and type of fracture healing", Journal of Biomechanics, 32(3), (1999) 255-266] were implemented and integrated in the finite element code. The fluid component in the first model has an important effect on the predicted differentiation patterns. It has a direct effect on the predicted degree of maturation of bone and a substantial indirect effect on the simulated deformations and hence the predicted phenotypes of the tissue in the chamber. Finally, the presence of fluid also causes time-dependent behavior. Both models lead to qualitative and quantitative differences in predicted differentiation patterns. Because of the different nature of the tissue phenotypes used to describe the differentiation processes, it is however hard to compare both models in terms of their validity. [less ▲]

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