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See detailEstimation of GFR by different creatinine- and cystatin-C-based equations in anorexia nervosa.
Delanaye, Pierre ULg; Cavalier, Etienne ULg; Radermecker, Régis ULg et al

in Clinical Nephrology (2009), 71(5), 482-91

Background: Patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) are at high risk of renal failure. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is overestimated when estimated by the creatinine-based equations. We have studied the ... [more ▼]

Background: Patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) are at high risk of renal failure. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is overestimated when estimated by the creatinine-based equations. We have studied the accuracy and precision of cystatin C-based equations. Method: 27 AN patients were included. GFR was measured with the chromium-51-ethylenediaminetetraacetate (51Cr-EDTA) method. We have compared the accuracy and precision of creatinine-based equations (MDRD and Cockcroft) with those of different new cystatin C-based equations. Results: The creatinine-based equations overestimate measured GFR, especially the MDRD study equation. All the cystatin C-based equations also overestimate measured GFR. The Cockcroft and Gault formula and the cystatin C-based equation published by Rule have the best accuracy and precision, but these last performances remain unsatisfactory. Conclusion: Both creatinine and cystatin C-based equations strongly overestimate measured in patients with AN. [less ▲]

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See detailTenofovir-related acute kidney injury and proximal tubule dysfunction precipitated by diclofenac: a case of drug-drug interaction.
Morelle, J.; Labriola, L.; Lambert, Michel et al

in Clinical Nephrology (2009), 71(5), 567-70

We describe an HIV1-positive patient under long-term tenofovir treatment who developed a severe, biopsy-proven, acute tubular necrosis with proximal tubule (PT) dysfunction, precipitated by the very ... [more ▼]

We describe an HIV1-positive patient under long-term tenofovir treatment who developed a severe, biopsy-proven, acute tubular necrosis with proximal tubule (PT) dysfunction, precipitated by the very recent start of diclofenac, a nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID). Recent studies show that NSAIDs not only alter glomerular filtration but also multidrug resistance protein (MRP) 4-mediated PT secretion of several substrates. Since the patient tolerated tenofovir well for several years prior to diclofenac use, our observation suggests that diclofenac interfered with tenofovir clearance, thereby favoring its nephrotoxicity. NSAIDs should be avoided in patients under tenofovir. [less ▲]

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See detailFracture and Bone Mineral Density in Hemodialysis Patients
Fontaine, M. A.; Albert, Adelin ULg; Dubois, Bernard ULg et al

in Clinical Nephrology (2000), 54(3), 218-26

AIM: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine in hemodialysis patients the pattern of low trauma fracture, the ability of dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) to discriminate between patients ... [more ▼]

AIM: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine in hemodialysis patients the pattern of low trauma fracture, the ability of dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) to discriminate between patients with and without fracture, and the magnitude, distribution and mechanism of bone loss. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eighty-eight patients were studied. Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured by DXA at lumbar spine (LS), femoral neck (FN) and 3 radius sites (UD, MID and 1/3R). In 11 patients (12.5%), 16 fractures occurred and were predominant at the distal forearm and ribs. RESULTS: Patients with fracture had a significatively lower BMD Z-score at LS (-1.34 +/- 1.66 vs -0.42 +/- 1.23), at FN (-1.58 +/- 1.25 vs -0.60 +/- 1.01), at MID radius (-2.59 +/- 1.34 vs -0.93 +/- 1.76) and 1/3 radius (-1.62 +/- 1.60 vs -0.39 +/- 1.32). They also had a longer history of dialysis (113 +/- 64 vs 53 +/- 65 months). Prevalence of osteoporosis varied from 23% at LS to 50% at MID radius. CONCLUSION: Multiple regression analysis showed that there was no influence of gender, age, parathormone status and primary renal disease on BMD. However, at FN, UD, MID and 1/3 radius, a significantly negative correlation was found between length of dialysis and BMD Z-score. By contrast at LS, there was a positive correlation between age at onset of dialysis and BMD Z-score. Despite occurrence of fracture at the fistula forearm, BMD levels were similar in both arms. [less ▲]

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