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See detailthe metalloproteinase ADAM-12 regulates bronchial epithelial cell proliferation and apoptosis.
Rocks, Natacha ULg; Estrella, C.; Paulissen, Geneviève ULg et al

in Cell Proliferation (2008), 41(6), 988-1001

Objectives: The ADAMs (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase) enzymes compose a family of membrane-bound proteins characterized by their multi-domain structure and ADAM-12 expression is elevated in human ... [more ▼]

Objectives: The ADAMs (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase) enzymes compose a family of membrane-bound proteins characterized by their multi-domain structure and ADAM-12 expression is elevated in human non-small cell lung cancers. The aim of this study was to investigate the roles played by ADAM-12 in critical steps of bronchial cell transformation during carcinogenesis. Materials and methods: To assess the role of ADAM-12 in tumorigenicity, BEAS-2B cells were transfected with a plasmid encoding human full-length ADAM-12 cDNA, and then the effects of ADAM-12 overexpression on cell behaviour were explored. Treatment of clones with heparin-binding epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like growth factor (HB-EGF) neutralizing antibodies as well as an EGFR inhibitor allowed the dissection of mechanisms regulating cell proliferation and apoptosis. Results: Overexpression of ADAM-12 in BEAS-2B cells promoted cell proliferation. ADAM-12 overexpressing clones produced higher quantities of HB-EGF in their culture medium which may rely on membrane-bound HB-EGF shedding by ADAM-12. Targeting HB-EGF activity with a neutralizing antibody abrogated enhanced cell proliferation in the ADAM-12 overexpressing clones. In sharp contrast, targeting of amphiregulin, EGF or transforming growth factor-α failed to influence cell proliferation; moreover, ADAM-12 transfectants were resistant to etoposide-induced apoptosis and the use of a neutralizing antibody against HB-EGF activity restored rates of apoptosis to be similar to controls. Conclusions: ADAM-12 contributes to enhancing HB-EGF shedding from plasma membranes leading to increased cell proliferation and reduced apoptosis in this bronchial epithelial cell line. [less ▲]

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See detailShemin Pathway and Peroxidase Deficiency in a Fully Habituated and Fully Heterotrophic Non-Organogenic Sugarbeet Callus: An Adaptative Strategy or the Consequence of Modified Hormonal Balances and Sensitivities in These Cancerous Cells? A Review an
Gaspar, Thomas ULg; Kevers, Claire ULg; Bisbis, Badia et al

in Cell Proliferation (1999), 32(5), 249-70

There are many arguments for considering a specific fully habituated (auxin and cytokinin-independent) and fully heterotrophic non-organogenic (HNO) sugarbeet callus cell line as terminating a neoplastic ... [more ▼]

There are many arguments for considering a specific fully habituated (auxin and cytokinin-independent) and fully heterotrophic non-organogenic (HNO) sugarbeet callus cell line as terminating a neoplastic progression, and thus to be made of cancerous cells. The similarities with animal tumour and cancer cells are recalled. All types of habituated tissues examined in the literature share at least three common biochemical characteristics: low apparent peroxidase activity, high content of polyamines (PAs) and low production of ethylene. However, results concerning their auxin and cytokinin levels are not consistent. Peroxidase synthesis in the achlorophyllous HNO callus appears to arise from aminolevulinic acid (ALA) synthesis through the Shemin pathway, commonly used by animals and fungi. This pathway is limited by disturbed nitrogen metabolism that diverts glutamate (directly used for ALA synthesis in green higher plants) from the Kreb's cycle into PA synthesis. There is no argument to suggest that the low ethylene production is caused by a competition with PAs for their common precursor, S-adenosylmethionine. The results we report here indicate modified anabolic and catabolic pathways of auxins and cytokinins but also the possibilities of unusual compounds playing similar roles (dehydrodiconiferyl alcohol glucosides, for instance). A higher turnover of PAs is shown in the HNO callus, which could suggest a role for H2O2 and gamma-aminobutyric acid, products or intermediates in the PA catabolic pathway, as secondary messengers. The habituated cells retain some sensitivity towards exogenous auxins and cytokinins. Their increased sensitivity to PAs and ethylene suggests modified hormonal balances for the control of these actively dividing cells. [less ▲]

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