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See detailGain-of-function of mutant p53: mutant p53 enhances cancer progression by inhibiting KLF17 expression in invasive breast carcinoma cells.
Ali, Amjad ULg; Shah AS; Ahmad A

in Cancer Letters (2014)

Kruppel-like-factor 17 (KLF17) is a negative regulator of metastasis and epithelial-mesenchymal-transition (EMT). However, its expression is downregulated in metastatic breast cancer that contains p53 ... [more ▼]

Kruppel-like-factor 17 (KLF17) is a negative regulator of metastasis and epithelial-mesenchymal-transition (EMT). However, its expression is downregulated in metastatic breast cancer that contains p53 mutations. Here, we show that mutant-p53 plays a key role to suppress KLF17 and thereby enhances cancer progression, which defines novel gain-of-function (GOF) of mutant-p53. Mutant-p53 interacts with KLF17 and antagonizes KLF17 mediated EMT genes transcription. Depletion of KLF17 promotes cell viability, decreases apoptosis and induces drug resistance in metastatic breast cancer cells. KLF17 suppresses cell migration and invasion by decreasing CD44, PAI-1 and Cyclin-D1 expressions. Taken together, our results show that KLF17 is important for the suppression of metastasis and could be a potential therapeutic target during chemotherapy. [less ▲]

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See detailAntiangiogenic liposomal gene therapy with 16K human prolactin efficiently reduces tumor growth.
Kinet, Virginie ULg; Nguyen, Ngoc-Quynh-Nhu ULg; Sabatel, Céline ULg et al

in Cancer Letters (2009), 284(2), 222-228

Human 16K PRL (16K hPRL) is a potent inhibitor of angiogenesis both in vitro and in vivo. It has been shown to prevent tumor growth in three xenograft mouse models. Here we have used a gene transfer ... [more ▼]

Human 16K PRL (16K hPRL) is a potent inhibitor of angiogenesis both in vitro and in vivo. It has been shown to prevent tumor growth in three xenograft mouse models. Here we have used a gene transfer method based on cationic liposomes to produce 16K hPRL and demonstrate that 16K hPRL inhibits tumor growth in a subcutaneous B16F10 mouse melanoma model. Computer-assisted image analysis shows that 16K hPRL treatment results in the reduction of tumor vessel length and width, leading to a 57% reduction in average vessel size. We thus show, for the first time, that administration of the 16K hPRL gene complexed to cationic liposomes is effective to maintain antiangiogenic activities of 16K hPRL level. [less ▲]

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See detailPrevalence and characteristics of the MMTV-like associated breast carcinomas in Tunisia
Hachana, Mohamed Ridha ULg; Trimeche, Mounir; Ziadi, Sonia et al

in Cancer Letters (2008), 271(2), 222-230

The involvement of a retrovirus homologous to the mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV) in the pathogenesis of human breast cancer (BC) has long been assumed, but has never been proven. Previous studies have ... [more ▼]

The involvement of a retrovirus homologous to the mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV) in the pathogenesis of human breast cancer (BC) has long been assumed, but has never been proven. Previous studies have reported the detection of MMTV-like env sequences in variable proportions that did not exceed 40% of BC cases in several countries. However, these viral sequences have been found in higher proportion (74%) in Tunisian diagnosed with BC during the seventies. This study is an attempt to evaluate the current prevalence of MMTV-like env gene in BC in Tunisian women. We used semi-nested PCR that amplify a 190-bp MMTV-like env sequence, followed by direct sequencing to screen a series of 122 cases of BC randomly selected. The findings were correlated to clinicopathological data and immunohistochemical expression status of progesterone and oestrogen receptors, HER2, and P53. Specific MMTV-like env sequences were found in 17 (13.9%) cases of breast carcinomas, whereas the same sequences were not detected in matched normal breast tissues. The presence of the viral sequences correlates inversely with progesterone receptor expression (6.8% versus 20.3%; P = 0.03) and HER2 overexpression (3.1% versus 17.7%; P = 0.04). This present study confirms the presence of MMTV-like env sequences in BC in Tunisian women but describes an important decrease in the prevalence of the viral sequences compared with pervious studies. This reduction may be due to some changes in the virological characteristics or exposure to the virus. [less ▲]

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See detailPotentiation of cyclophosphamide chemotherapy using the anti-angiogenic drug thalidomide: Importance of optimal scheduling to exploit the ‘normalization’ window of the tumor vasculature
SEGERS, Jérôme; DI FAZIO, Vincent; ANSIAUX, Réginald et al

in Cancer Letters (2006), 244(1), 12935

The aim of this work was to study how administration schedule affects potentiation of cyclophosphamide, an alkylating agent, by thalidomide, an anti-angiogenic agent. Tumor oxygenation after thalidomide ... [more ▼]

The aim of this work was to study how administration schedule affects potentiation of cyclophosphamide, an alkylating agent, by thalidomide, an anti-angiogenic agent. Tumor oxygenation after thalidomide administration was determined over time by EPR oximetry. Such measurements provide a surrogate marker for determining the timing of ‘normalization’ of tumor vasculature. Re-growth delays were measured using different combinations and schedules of treatments. Additionally, the uptake of the metabolite of cyclophosphamide (hydroxycyclophosphamide or OH-CP) into tumors was determined by high performance liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC/MS/MS). A significant increase in pO2 was observed after 2 and 3 days of treatment before eventually declining on day 4. Thalidomide potentiated the effect of cyclophosphamide only when cyclophosphamide was administered after 2 days of treatment with thalidomide (no significant benefit using other schedules). In this time frame, the HPLC/MS/MS measurements showed that the quantity of OH-CP penetrating into the tumor was about twice in mice treated by thalidomide compared to controls. In conclusion, the present study demonstrates that the benefit of combined therapy using an anti-angiogenic agent with a cytotoxic agent requires knowledge of the time window during which the vessels initially become normalized. [less ▲]

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See detailReduction of the transcription level of the mitochondrial genome in human glioblastoma.
Dmitrenko, Vladimir; Shostak, Kateryna ULg; Boyko, Oxana et al

in Cancer Letters (2005), 218(1), 99-107

Screening of human fetal brain cDNA library by glioblastoma (GB) and normal human brain total cDNA probes revealed 80 differentially hybridized clones. Hybridization of the DNA from selected clones and ... [more ▼]

Screening of human fetal brain cDNA library by glioblastoma (GB) and normal human brain total cDNA probes revealed 80 differentially hybridized clones. Hybridization of the DNA from selected clones and the same cDNA probes confirmed this difference for 38 clones, of which eight clones contained Alu-repeat inserts with increased levels in GB. Thirty clones contained cDNAs corresponding to mitochondrial genes for ATP synthase subunit 6 (ATP6), cytochrome c oxidase subunit II (COXII), cytochrome c oxidase subunit III (COXIII), NADH dehydrogenase subunit 1 (ND1), NADH dehydrogenase subunit 4 (ND4), and mitochondrial 12S rRNA. The levels of all these mitochondrial transcripts were decreased in glioblastomas as compared to tumor-adjacent histologically normal brain. Earlier we found the same for cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COXI) Serial Analysis of Gene Expression (SAGE) showed lower content of the tags for all mitochondrial genes in GB SAGE libraries and together with our experimental data could serve as evidence of general inactivation of the mitochondrial genome in glioblastoma--the most malignant and abundant form of human brain tumor. [less ▲]

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See detailHC gp-39 gene is upregulated in glioblastomas.
Shostak, Kateryna ULg; Labunskyy, Vyacheslav; Dmitrenko, Vladimir et al

in Cancer Letters (2003), 198(2), 203-10

Public databases of the Cancer Genome Anatomy Project were used to quantify the relative gene expression levels in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) and normal brain by Serial Analysis of Gene Expression ... [more ▼]

Public databases of the Cancer Genome Anatomy Project were used to quantify the relative gene expression levels in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) and normal brain by Serial Analysis of Gene Expression (SAGE). Analysis revealed HC gp-39 among the genes with the most pronounced changes of expression in tumor cells. Northern hybridization confirmed the results of computer analysis and showed that enhanced expression of the HC gp-39 gene was mainly in GBMs and occasionally in anaplastic astrocytomas. Neither SAGE nor Northern analysis revealed the presence of HC gp-39 mRNA in the glioblastoma cell line, thus the detection of increased quantities of this mRNA in GBMs may be associated with activated macrophages. Since the numbers of infiltrating macrophages and small vessel density are higher in glioblastomas than in anaplastic astrocytomas or astrocytomas, the HC gp-39 gene can be used as a molecular marker in the analysis of malignant progression of astrocytic gliomas. [less ▲]

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See detailExpression of the pX products of the bovine leukemia virus
Willems, Luc ULg; Chen, G.; Kettmann, Richard ULg et al

in Cancer Letters (1987)

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