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See detailIBR and BVD control : the key to successful herd management
Makoschey, B.; Franken, P.; Mars, J. M. H. et al

in Berliner und Munchener Tierarztliche Wochenschrift (2010), 123

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See detailBluetongue control in Europe - New challenges and achievements
Makoschey, B.; MacLachlan, J.; Van Wuijckhuise, L. et al

in Berliner und Munchener Tierarztliche Wochenschrift (2009), 122

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See detailNeonatal health in calves - Comprehensive solutions for complex enteric disorders
Makoschey, B.; Klee, W.; Martella, V. et al

in Berliner und Munchener Tierarztliche Wochenschrift (2009), 122

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See detailConcepts in the prevention of bovine respiratory disease.
Makoschey, B.; Lekeux, Pierre ULg; Lacroux, C. et al

in Berliner und Munchener Tierarztliche Wochenschrift (2008), 121(11-12), 446-449

The bovine respiratory disease (BRD) complex requires further research both, to fully understand the disease from the different perspectives as well as to develop new tools and strategies for vaccination ... [more ▼]

The bovine respiratory disease (BRD) complex requires further research both, to fully understand the disease from the different perspectives as well as to develop new tools and strategies for vaccination and treatment was the conclusion at a recent BRD symposium in Rome, Italy. A group of scientist across Europe followed the invitation of Prof. E. Thiry (University of Liège, Belgium) to convene for a 2 days workshop type symposium sponsored by Intervet/Schering-Plough Animal Health (Fig. 1 – group picture) [less ▲]

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See detailBluetongue control--a new challenge for Europe.
Makoschey, Birgit; Beer, M.; Zientara, S. et al

in Berliner und Munchener Tierarztliche Wochenschrift (2008), 121(7-8), 306-13

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See detailAtmungsmechanik beim Tier. 4. Mitteilung : Die diagnostische Aussagefähigkeit von Untersuchungen mit dem Impuls-Oszilloresistometrie-System (IOS) beim Kalb
Reinhold, Petra; Langenberg, Annelie; Lekeux, Pierre ULg

in Berliner und Munchener Tierarztliche Wochenschrift (1998), 111(7-8), 262-267

Taking methodological and physiological aspects into account (see Part 3), the impulse oscillometry system (IOS) was found to be sensitive to detecting and to quantifying clinically relevant changes in ... [more ▼]

Taking methodological and physiological aspects into account (see Part 3), the impulse oscillometry system (IOS) was found to be sensitive to detecting and to quantifying clinically relevant changes in respiratory mechanics in calves. Therefore, the complex respiratory impedance needs to be measured in terms of resistance and reactance within the frequency range between 5 Hz and 20 Hz. The behaviour of resistance and reactance in dependence of frequency allows to differentiate and to localise airway obstructions. Obstructions of upper (extrathoracic) airways were mainly characterised by a frequency independent increase in the resistance. Within the reactance curve, no change in the resonant frequency could be observed. In a peripheral airway obstruction both resistance and reactance changed. The most typical finding concerning resistance was that a negative frequency dependence occurred. The reactance became more negative. Following this, the resonant frequency increased. With progressive obstruction of the peripheral airways, the reactance became more informative than resistance. [less ▲]

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See detailAtmungsmechanik beim Tier. 3. Mitteilung : Methodische und physiologische Aspekte bei der Anwendung des Impuls-Oszilloresistometrie-Systems (IOS)
Reinhold, Petra; Steinbach, Günther; Langenberg, Annelie et al

in Berliner und Munchener Tierarztliche Wochenschrift (1998), 111

The impulse oscillometry system (IOS) which was originally developed for human medicine was found to be suitable for analysing respiratory mechanics in spontaneously breathing animals. This technique is ... [more ▼]

The impulse oscillometry system (IOS) which was originally developed for human medicine was found to be suitable for analysing respiratory mechanics in spontaneously breathing animals. This technique is non-invasive. METHODOLOGICAL ASPECTS: In order to use the IOS-technique in animals, a tightly fitting face mask is necessary. Furthermore, a flexible tube needs to be inserted into the measuring system. While the tube does not influence the measured results significantly, the face mask may affect the measurements. Therefore, its influence on the measured respiratory impedance must be taken into account. To prevent methodological errors, the head and body position of the animal should be standardised during the IOS-measurement. Since the methodological variability of the system is very small, the measuring results are highly reproducible. PHYSIOLOGICAL ASPECTS: In growing subjects, all parameters of respiratory mechanics depend on body weight. Since respiratory physiology is influenced by circadian rhythms, measurements of different days are only comparable when they have been done each day at the same hour. Comparing the respiratory impedance of different animals of similar age and body weight, a considerable inter-individual variability was observed. Due to the low level of physiological intra-individual variability, the method seems to be especially useful for studying influences on the respiratory system (i.e. pharmaceutics, therapeutics) in long-term studies using the same group of subjects. [less ▲]

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